Supreme Court Cases

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Constitutional IssuesCaseYear
Supreme Court gives itself the power of Judicail Review 1803
First time a state law is considered unconstitutional 1810
Advanced the doctorine of implied powers by ruling that the US Congress could create a Bank of the United States1819
Broadly defined Congress's ability to regulate interestate commerce. John Marshall's decision here helped uphold civil rights in the 20th century1824
Eminent domain case where the Supreme Court ruled that the Bill of Rights applied only to the Federal government, not the states1833
A slave who had escaped to a free state sued for his freedom. The Supreme Court ruled that blacks were not were not citizens and could not sue in Federal Court1857
Ruled that the 14th amendment does not prohibit discrimination by bussinesses and individuals. To be overturned in 19441883
Made segregation constitutionaly valid by ruling that 'equal but seperate accomodations' for blacks on railroad cars did not violate the 14th amendment1896
Certain words can be considered 'Clear and present danger' during wartime and are not protected under the 1st amendment1919
The Supreme Court ruled that the 1st amendment DOES apply to the states in a case where a socialist sued New York for violating his free speech. (incorporation)1925
Incorporated the rights of the press clause in the 1st amendment to the states1931
Upheld a man's 2nd conviction for the same crime, leading to his execution. Court incorporated the 2nd amendment to the states except the 'double jeopordy' part.1937
Ruled that all-white primaries are unconstitutional1944
Incorporated the Establishment clause (seperation of church and state) to the states. Ruled that School districts can supply religious schools with busses1947
Ruling: The Smith Act does not violate the 1st amendment because Communism is a clear and present danger to the United States1948
Incorporates constitutional right of no unreasonable searches and seizures to the states1949
Invalidating Plessy v Ferguson, This ruling said that it was unconstitutional to segregate schools and led to the unraveling of segregation in all walks of public life1954
Incorporated the Freedom of Assembly. 'State' could not keep a list of members of 'organization' because it would keep them from organizing1958
Evidence that is seized illegally cannot be used in court. (Incorporation of the exclusionary rule into the 14th amedment and extended it to the states)1961
Established the principle of 'one man, one vote' for congressional districts1962
Federal Courts could hear redistricting cases for state legislatures1962
Ruled that New York's state prayer, though non denominational and voluntary, still violated the Establisment clause of he first amendment 1962
Required Bible readings and Lord's Prayer is ruled to violate the 1st amendment and a township's law is deemed unconstitutional1963
Florida violated a person's right to a lawyer by not providing one1963
Supreme Court ruled that hotels could not discriminate guests because they dealt in interstate commerce. Since Congress regualtes interstate commerce, the Hotel had to adhear to th1964
Statements about public figures are libelous only if made with malice and reckless disregard for the truth. Public figures don’t have as much protection as regular private person1964
Held that various guarantees within the Bill of Rights create penumbras that establish a right to privacy in marital relations. The state could not regulate Birth Control.1965
Constitutional IssuesCaseYear
The court would not uphold any conviction on appeal if the accused had not been informed of their constitutional rights before being questioned1966
Found Poll taxes in any election to be unconstitutional.1966
Ruling: There is no “rational purpose” for discrimination by banning races from marrying one another.1967
The Court ruled in favor of students' rights to exercise their freedom of speech symbolically by wearing black armbands to protest the war in Vietnam.1968
Federal Court remedies to segregation were lawful. Busing students to achieve racial integration was permitted.1971
Pa law regarding funding for nonpublic school violated 3 part test of Does the law 1.entangle, 2.promote , or 3. have a religious purpose?1971
The Court ruled in this case that the government could not exercise prior restraint to prevent a newspaper from publishing negative information about the country's involvement in V1971
Held that it was unconstitutional to mandate gender discrimination by preferring men to women in choosing the administrators of estates1971
Legalized Abortion. The Court ruled that a woman has the right to an abortion in the first trimester of pregnancy, contending that it is part of her “right to privacy.” 1973
Case which ruled that executive privilege was not unqualified. SC asserted point that president was not more important than the law.1974
Upheld campaign contribution limits in elections, but said that candidates could spend their own money in regards to of Freedom of Speech. Outside groups could spend unlimited mone1976
“Medium scrutiny” standard established for gender discrimination. Means that there might be times when discrimination based on gender may be acceptable. 1976
Supremes upheld notion of affirmative action but said race could be only one factor in determining admission. Significant bc race could no longer be a predominant factor.1978
Ruled that the legislative veto was unconstitutional. Saying the legislative process must proceed that is House – Senate –President.1982
Upheld Congressional legislation requiring states to raise the legal drinking age as a condition of receiving all their fed. hwy. funds. 1987
Held that the Due Process Clause does not require states to enter into the business of abortion (state facilities) and did not mandate governmental aid1989
Struck down a Texas law banning the burning of the American flag on the grounds that such action was symbolic speech protected by the First Amendment.1989
The Court reaffirmed a woman's right to have an abortion but upheld restrictions such as a 24-hour waiting period prior to an abortion and requiring minors to get a parent's consen1992
Race may be one factor but not be the only factor in drawing district boundaries.1993
Ruled that the Fed. Gun Control Act prohibiting the possession of a gun within 1000 ft. of a school was unconstitutional. Limited the power of the Commerce Clause, Congress overste1994
Racial gerrymandering is a violation of equal protection clause of 14 th Amendment.1995
Held that the fed. govt. could not require state and local police to enforce a fed. law w/o providing money and state acceptance of that fed. Support.1996
Held that racial classifications must pass strict scrutiny review to see if they serve a 'compelling government interest.' Thus federal programs cannot require that contracts go to2000
Struck down part of the Violence Against Women Act; limitation of application of Commerce Clause 2000
States may not prohibit private homosexual activity between consenting adults2003
upheld the University of Michigan Law School's consideration of race and ethnicity in admissions2003

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