CCJS Midterm

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Can you name the Supreme Court Case?

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HoldingCaseYear
First Exclusionary Rule Incorporation Case; did not apply rule to states1949
Police can not initiate a “Terry Stop” based solely on the information provided by an anonymous informant. 2000
Due process clause imposes limitations on states power to take away protected entitlements, and refusal to grant post-conviction entitlements does not violate the 14th amendment.2009
Applied Exclusionary Rule in Federal Cases1914
A reasonable arrest where the officer uses deadly force unjustifiably is not reasonable under the fourth amendment. An otherwise reasonable seizure may be unreasonable if it is car1985
Police may search a container within an automobile without a warrant if the search is justified by probable cause1991
A reasonable seizure pursuant to a violation is still constitutional even if the officer has ulterior motives or deviates from standard procedure1996
Being in the same car as evidence of a felony is sufficient probable cause for arrest2003
Consent to search a home from one resident does not outweigh the objection to the search by a co-tennant2006
Officers may not search a house incident to an in-premises arrest based on an arrest warrant without a search warrant.1969
A warrantless inventory search of a lawfully seized vehicle is reasonable1987
When a vehicle is stopped at a traffic stop, the passengers are seized for the purposes of the Fourth Amendment2007
Observing some one's backyard from a plane or helicpoter does not violate the fourth amendment because their expectation of privacy is not reasonable1989
Knock and Announce rule must be enforced on a case by case basis Exceptions for “reasonable suspicion” that K&A would be “dangerous or futile” or “inhibit effective inves1997
Police may conduct a Terry stop when a suspect flees police unprovoked2000
Thermal imaging of a home constitutes a search under the fourth amendment and requires a warrant2001
While officers may approach someone based on suspicion justified under Terry they may not detain and search someone without a warrant.1983
Suppression is not an automatic consequence of a Fourth Amendment Violation. A clerical error by one police department does not mean the actions of another police department warran2009
Police with probable cause may make arrests for all crimes and offenses, even the most minor ones.2001
Police with probable cause to search a car may search passengers belongings found in the car that are capable of concealing the object of the search1999
Warrant requirement for in-premises arrest. Same requirements as home search apply to seizure1980
HoldingCaseYear
A prolonged seizure goes beyond the narrow authority possessed by police to briefly detain luggage reasonably suspected to contain drugs1983
Established “Totality of Circumstances Analysis” for probable cause determinations1983
Trash that has been discarded outside a house is not protected by the fourth amendment because you have no reasonable expectation of privacy 1988
Exclusionary rule does not apply for Knock and Announce violations2006
When randomly stopping and questioning bus passengers, police are not required to advise the person of their right to not cooperate2002
Permits probable cause searches of a vehicle, under Carroll, even if the vehicle is a motor home1985
Validity of a warrant must be judged based on the information available when it was issued. Execution of a warrant that turns out to be overly-broad after the fact is not a violati1987
Warrants may be executed against news organizations without violating the fourth amendment or the freedom of the press. Warrants may be executed even when the property owner is not1978
Warrantless “stop and frisk” is reasonable if an officer has reason to believe the suspect is armed and dangerous1968
Police may conduct suspicionless, warrantless “regulatory searches” of parolees pursuant to a parole agreement2006
Motor Vehicle Exception for warrantless searches1925
An arrest warrant is not required when officers have probable cause.1976
Established “Good Faith” exception to the Exclusionary Rule1984
Prior case law dictating the retroactive applicability of supreme court decisions does not constrain the ability of states to give broader effect to rules than is required by prece2008
Conversations recorded by a police agent wearing a wire are not protected by the fourth amendment1971
Police must demonstrate the voluntariness of a consent search, but are not required to demonstrate that the subject is aware of his right to refuse1973
Because an arrest based on probable cause is constitutional, a search incident to the arrest is categorically reasonable (constitutional) under the 4th amendment.1973
Incorporated exclusionary rule1961
Explicit selective incorporation of the bill of rights. Jury trial = “Fundamental to the american scheme of justice.”1968
Constitution protects people not places. Warrantless wiretaps violate a person’s right to privacy and thus constitute an illegal search and seizure1967
Police may search a vehicle incident to arrest only if the arrestee is within reaching distance of the area searched or it is reasonable to believe the vehicle contains evidence of2009

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