Psychology GCSE Unit 1 Core Studies

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Can you name the Psychology GCSE Unit 1 Core Studies?

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S&G: names of psychologists (case study)
S&G: year of case study
S&G: year of birth of the twins
S&G: name of the twin who suffered the accident
S&G: name of psychologist who suggested he was raised as a girl
S&G: 'Babies are not born with their _____, it is their upbringing that makes them masculine or feminine.'
S&G: the patient had his _____ removed at 17 months
S&G: the patient was fine until _____, at which point she developed problems
S&G: the patient started to develop a _______ appearance and mannerisms
S&G: the patient was given ______ to giver her a more feminine shape
S&G: the patient was ______ when, at age 13, she was told the truth
S&G: the conclusion was that the patient's _________ has outweighed any attempt to socialise him as a girl
S&G: also to conclude, gender is more a product of ______ than nurture
S&G Limitation: as only one person was tested, the patient may have been the _______ to the rule
S&G Limitation: the patient had a twin brother, and so he had a masculine ____ ______ that may have skewed the results
S&G Limitation: the psychologist was so keen to gather data that followed his hypothesis that he was accused of ______ Brenda's behaviour to suit his approach
M: name of psychologist
M: year of study
M: what the psychologist asked participants to watch
M: to ensure fairness, the psychologist used a _______ _______ _____, so that participants took part in both conditions
M: what particpants had to complete for 3 minutes after the initial viewing
M: what the particpants had to recall, in any order
M: the effect that the results demonstrated
M: the primacy effect showed that retrieval was good because the participants had had time to ______ and store in LTM
M: the recency effect demonstrated that things could be recalled quickly because they were still in ___
M: middle things could not be recalled easily due to _____
M: the conclusion was that the patients' recollection was due to _____ ________ and not their meaning
M Limitation: there is a lack of ecological validity, as people watching TV would not give the same amount of ______ than they would in lab conditions
M Limitation: this experiment had a very _____ measure of the characteristics of memory
M Limitation: it may have been obvious to the participants what was being measured, so the experiment may have been compromised by _____ ________
A: names of psychologists
A: year of study
A: amount of questionnaires anaylsed
A: what the test purported to be
A: the first variable measured: _____ _________ Type
A: the second variable measured: the person's attitude to their most important ____ __________
A: adults that had happy, friendly relationships tended to have _____ __________ as infants
A: adults that had a fear of intimacy and were more prone to jealousy had ______ _________ as infants
A: adults that had a problem with obsession and a high divorce rate had _______ _________ as infants
A: average length of relationship for those who had secure attachments
A: average length of relationship for those that had avoidant attachments
A: average length of relationship for those who had ambivalent attachments
A Limitation: there was an unrepresentative sample as the respondents were mostly ____
A Limitation: there was an unrepresentative sample as those with ____ relationships may not want to send the results back
A Limitation: answers on the questionnaire relied on accurate memories of the participants' childhoods and so may lack _______
A Limitation: as there is no comeback to the answers, participants may be more willing to ___ or _________
A Limitation: the closed questions may not give enough scope to cover ______ intimate relationships
O: name of psychologist
O: year of study
O: aspect of a person that was being tested
O: type of experiment
O: number of strangers given orders to
O: first order, 'Pick up this bag for me.'
O: second order, 'This man is overparked at the meter but doesn't have any change - give him a dime.'
O: third order, 'Don't you know you have to stand on the other side of the pole? This sign says no standing.'
O: the conclusion was that people were _ to _ times more likely to give a dime when ordered to by the 'guard' than the 'civilian'
O Limitation: street variables, such as crowding, noise and weather, were uncontrolled or ______
O Limitation: there was no knowledge of the personality or circumstance of each participant, so the experiment's results were weakened by ________ _______
O Limitation: distress or embarassment to the participants meant that the experiment was potentially ________
O Limitation: all the particpants were men, so there may well have been a _____ bias
O Limitation: the experiment was only carried out in one city, so factors of _____ were not tested
AB: names of psychologists
AB: year of study
AB: the experiment is to test if phobias can be learnt through the principles of ________ ________
AB: the type of stimuli that the animals and other objects were
AB: the only stimulus that triggered a fear response was a hammer striking a ____ ___
AB: the animal that the experiment aimed to make Little Albert afraid of
AB: after 7 trials, the rat alone was enough to cause a ____ _______ in Little Albert
AB: the impact of the experiment was ____ ______ after time
AB Limitation: the experiment showed that you can condition a phobia in the lab, but this does not prove that the same would happen in a _____ setting
AB Limitation: naturally occuring phobias usually manifest themselves through ___-trial learning, not after 7 attempts
AB Limitation: using a baby, we do not know if this conditioning would work on children or _____
AB Limitation: the psychologists made no attempt to reverse (______-_______) Little Albert's phobia, so the experiment was unethical

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