Jewish Territorial Organization proposed a homeland preferably in some area of the British Empire
Herzl suggests to Chamberlain who quickly rules it out
1935, British Zionist journalist Leo Elton traveled to Albania spurred on by the increasing persecution of German Jews in the Nazi regime & Britain's refusal to increase quotas on Jewish immigration to Mandatory Palestine; seeks to establish a Jewish autonomous region
1941 Lord Moyne suggests to Ben-Gurion Jewish refugees be resettled in East Prussia after German defeat & Germans expelled; Ben-Gurion responded 'the only way to get Jews to go [to East Prussia] would be with machine guns.'
Isaac Nachman Steinberg's Freeland League attempt
19th Century: After Catherine had opened area to Jews to serve as a bulwark against Turks, Jewish activists proposed the region become autonomous; Avraam Firkovich even fabricated tombstones trying to prove that Jews inhabited region before the time of Christ; Jewish adoption of farming did later become instrumental in training those who later settled in Palestine
1923: To buy loyalty against German, Ukrainian, and Tartar anti-Communists, Politburo proposed a Jewish autonomous region; after the Jews of the area had defended the Soviet Union in WWII Molotov reintroduced the idea of an autonomous region, the Politburo briefly entertained the idea, until Stalin initiated his anti-Jewish campaign
1903: Herzl approaches Italy for a section of Tripolitania, modern day Libya
1903: Herzl approaches Portugal for the 'Charter for Mozambique'
1903: Herzl approaches Belgium for territory for a Jewish state, Jewish Colonisation Association in Brussels also suggests this idea as Belgian Congo had lots of land
5000 sq miles in modern day Kenya, referred to as Uganda; Chamberlain suggestion; at 6th Zionist Congress a map of East Africa replaces map of Palestine, sends delegates in an uproar
Chamberlain's suggestion, Herzl's response, 'No, we will not go to Egypt. We have been there.'
Proposed by Nazi government; mentioned by Himmler; earlier Henry Hamilton Beamish, Arnold Leese, Lord Moyne, German scholar Paul de Lagarde and the British, French, and Polish governments had all contemplated the idea
In 1940, the issue of an alternative Jewish Homeland was raised and British Guiana (Guyana) was discussed, but ultimately rejected by British government
Herzl suggests Argentina shortly after his conversion to Zionism
Isaac Nachman Steinberg's Freeland League attempt to resettle 30,000 Jewish displaced persons from Europe in the Saramacca district of Suriname
Herzl suggests western US shortly after his conversion to Zionism
Founded 1825 by Mordecai Manuel Noah as a refuge for Jews
There were several plans to relocate Jews to Australia, at least two of which included the idea of an autonomous region; rejected by both Australia and US
March 28, 1928 decree 'On the attaching for Komzet of free territory near the Amur River in the Far East for settlement of the working Jews.'; In 1938, with formation of the Khabarovsk Territory, the Jewish Autonomous Region (JAR) was included in its structure; was established in 1934, and continues to exist to this day
Herzl suggests Sinai Peninsula to Chamberlain; Mt Sinai is where Moses received the 10 Commandments
The first choice of most Zionists
Supposed suggestion: autonomous region for Jews; allegedly supported by notables such as Inuzuka, Ishiguro Shiro and Norihiro Yasue, but failed after the Tripartite pact; probably not an actual plan
Faisal–Weizmann Agreement (Golan Heights)
Faisal–Weizmann Agreement (Southern Lebanon)
Faisal–Weizmann Agreement (Transjordan)
Asia, Empire that promised refuge, not autonomy
Grand Vizier promised Herzl Ottoman protection anywhere in the empire, except Palestine
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