Apostolic and Pre-Nicene Church Fathers

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DescriptionFatherDate and/or Works
Pupil of Tatian; Eusebius tells us he intended to furnish original solutions of Scriptural problems sated by Tatian180; Against Appelles
Bishop of Hierapolis; Nothing survives of his writings except for a few extracts, longest of which relates to the date of Passover; traces teachings of heretics to the pagans160-180; two books against the Jews; five books against the pagans; two books on 'Truth'; an eloquent 'Apologia' for the Christians, addressed to Marcus Aurelius
Converted to Christianity by the preaching of the Apostle Paul during the Areopagus sermonfirst century; supposed author of Divine Names, Mystical Theology, Celestial Hierarchy, Ecclesiastical Hierarchy, epistles
Gives valuable evidence of the deaths of Sts. Peter and Paul in Rome; held the Apocalypse was a work of the Gnostic Cerinthus200-220; Disputation against Proclus (A Montanist)
Head of the Catechetical School of Alexandria; the perfect Christian is the true gnostic; wealth is not condemned by the Gospel as intrinsically evil, morality depends on use182-202; Protrepticus (Exhortation to the Greeks); Paedagogus (Tutor); Stromata (Miscellanies); Rich Man's Salvation
A sermon on self-control, repentance, and judgment; fasting is better than prayer, but alms-giving is better than both130-160; not written by the author of an Epistle bearing the same name
Said to have castrated himself; condemned by the 5th Ecumenical Council; extremely influential theologian184/185 – 253/254; 6000 works; On First Principles; Hexapla; On Prayer; On Martyrdom; Against Celsus
Apology addressed to a tutor of the emperor Marcus Aurelius; written during a time of persecution130 -200
Oldest surviving Christian catechism; mentions the Eucharist without any reference to the Resurrection; emphasis on alms and generosity, be careful to whom charity is given50-120
Authorship unknown, possibly multiple authors; included in the Sinaitic Codex and Codex Claromontanus; allegory in the form of 5 visions; Son of God is distinguished from Jesus100-160
Noted for reference to the Gospel of Peter in which he warned of the erroneous character of this Gospel200-210; private letter to Caricus & Pontius against Montanist heresy; treatise to Domninus, who in time of persecution abandoned Christianity for the error of 'Jewish will-worship'; work on the Docetic Gospel attributed to St. Peter, in which the Christian community of Rhossus in Syria is warned of its errors
Left stoic teacher-knew nothing about God; left Peripatetic-demanded money; Pythagorean refused him until he learned music, geometry; Platonic teacher; converted to Christianity150-160; First and Second Apology; Dialogue with Trypho
Taught by Apostle John; Obey bishop, as God the Father, priest, as God the Son, deacon as God the Holy Spirit; tradition says he was the Child Christ took up in His arms Mk 9:35105-115
Bishop of Jerusalem; 'if evil things are qualities of matter, and if the Lord of all changed its qualities for the better, whence, it behooves us to ask, come evil things?'185-196; Concerning Matter, or in Defense of the Proposition that Matter is Created and Not the Cause of Evil; fragment in Eusebius, liberal citations out of this work are also to be found in Methodius, On Free-Will, textually cited by Origen against the Marcionites
Teacher of Clement of Alexandria; head of Catechetical School; anticipated Clement and Origen in the study of Greek philosophy, as an aid to theology190-210; only fragments remain
The Father of Latin Christianity; jurisconsult, at Rome; priest in Carthage; joins Montanists, later leaving them, founding his own sect, which is later reconciled to the Church197-220; Apologeticus; Ad nationes; Liber de praescriptione haereticorum (prescription referred to testimony not admissable - there is no point in even listening to heretics
Anti-Montanist Greek, probably from Asia Minor; work is lost, even title is unknown; quotes St. John's Revelation, mentions tradition of St. John raising a dead man in Ephesus200-210
DescriptionFatherDate and/or Works
Apologist; childishness of pagan teachings contrasted with Scripture on creation, worship of God, and the moral life; creation 5695 years before death of Marcus Aurelius180-185; To Autolycus (3 books, actually 3 different works from three different times)
Athenian philosopher; Apologist; Writes to Emperors Marcus Aurelius and son Commodus on behalf of Christians; establishes principle of monotheism on the basis of pagan writings175-180; Embassy for the Christians; On the Resurrection of the Dead
A jurisconsult, at Rome; very little known about his writings; the one extant work is a supposed argument between the heathen Caecilius and the Christian Octavius160-250; The Octavius
Pupil of Justin Martyr; in his later years became an Encratite; Adam was beyond salvation160-170; Address to the Greeks; Diatessaron
An epistle written to the Corinthians, who still suffer from many of the same problems the Apostle Paul addressed80-140
A eunich, or possibly merely a virgin; held the Quartodeciman theory; taught the duality of Christ's Natures165-175; On Faith; A Discourse Which Was in the Presence of Antoninus Caesar, and He Exhorted The Said Caesar to Acquaint Himself with God, and Showed to Him the Way of Truth; Discourse on Soul and Body
Chaldaeans worship elements/planets; Greeks fallible beings; Egyptians animals; Jews better but worship angels/ritual; Christians best, Jesus Christ, pure love and benevolence120-130; Apology (Addressed to Hadrian)
A lesser known teacher of Clement of Alexandria; opposition to the Quartodecimans; appeals to Alexandria as authoritative175-185; Epistle on the Question of the Passover, Written in the Name of the Synod of Caesarea (Fragment)
Letter from Church of Smyrna; pressed to deny Christ by saying 'Away with the Atheists!', the bishop points to crowd, and says, 'Away with the Atheists!'150-160
Wrote an epistle to the Philippians, in response to a request from them for words of exhortation; disciple of Apostle John; warns against apostasy110-140
All we know of him is from Eusebius; states Dionysius the Areopagite was the first Bishop of Athens; testifies of the generosity of the Roman Church165-175; seven 'Catholic Letters to the Churches'; a private letter of spiritual advice to Chrysophora; a letter to him from Pinytus, Bishop of Cnossus
Eusebius called him a man of small mental capacity; preferred 'the living voice' to books; earliest tradition of the authorship of the Mark110-140; Interpretations of the Sayings (logia) of the Lord, fragments
Taught by a disciple of the Apostle John; emphasizes Apostolic succession because bishops are the guardians of tradition; doctrine of recapitulation175-185; The Demonstration of the Apostolic Preaching; Refutation and Overthrow of Knowledge falsely so-called
Bishop of Ephesus; knew Polycarp, Irenaeus; presided over a local council on the date of Pascha (Easter)130-196; Epistle to Victor and the Roman Church Concerning the Day of Keeping the Passover
The first Christian apologist; hearer of the Apostles; Eusebius erroneously reports that Hadrian responded with a favorable edict120-130; Apology for the Christian Religion, fragment, only preserved in Eusebius, addressed to Hadrian
Rigorist; Antipope; Became reconciled to the Church shortly before his death; fought Modalism to the point that he overemphasized the distinction between the Persons of the Trinity180-230; Principal Work: Refutation of All Heresies; Best preserved: Commentary on Danial; earliest extant Commentary on the Song of Songs; On Christ and the Antichrist
Almost all we know of him is from Eusebius; wrote against Gnostics and Marcion; went on a journey from Corinth to Rome, meeting many bishops -- was amazed at the unity of dogma165-175; Hypomnemata (Memoirs)

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