Italian, wrote one of the earliest calculus texts, an English tranlator's error forever connected her to witchcraft

Greek who gave the conic figures their names

Greek, proved that a sphere inscribed in a cylinder, has two thirds the volume and surface area of the cylinder, killed during the Seige of Syracuse

'Grandfather of the Modern Computer' who in the 1830s developed in England the basic idea for a mechanical digital computer with his macine called the analytic engine

Black mathematician, served as assistant to Major Ellicott in surveying the Territory of Columbia, his calculations were used for 5 years in an almanac bearing his name

After winning a mathematical prize, thrown out of his house by his father, Jean, who had also been competing for the prize

Credited with the discovery of polar coordinates, independent of Newton, has a Lemniscate named after him

Swiss discoverer of exponential calculus, coined the term integral

Progenitor of a amazing group of mathematicians, including sons Jean and James, and grandson Daniel

Earned his Ph.D. in mathematics by age 22, and the first African-American to receive a fellowship to the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton

English born founder of symbolic logic, reduced logic to a type of algebra, work became basis of the modern digital computer

Englishman who proposed a logarithm system to base 10, discovered, in a somewhat concealed form and without proof, the binomial theorem

German inventor of set theory, his work on the nature of the infinite led to persecution from mathematicians and theologians (who viewed it as an attack on the

uniqueness of the infinity of God), bouts of depression led to several hospitalizations

First mathematician to make systematic use of negative numbers, published solutions to cubic and quartic equations, the solution to one particular case of the cubic equation was

communicated to him by Tartaglia in confidence

British student of Harvey, descendant of poet John Donne, first woman president of London Mathematical Society

Frenchman, wrote about 800 research papers, 5 textbooks, more concepts and theorems have been named after him than anyone else (in elasticity alone, 16), started the project

of formulating and proving the theorems of infinitesimal calculus in a rigorous manner

French mathematician, translation of and commentary on Newton's Principia Mathematica is still the standard French translation, Voltaire, her lover, said of her that she was 'a

great man whose only fault was being a woman'

Last and greatest mathematician of the golden age of Chinese mathematics, introduces two concepts later named for Western mathematicians, the Horner method and Pascal's triangle

French, 'Father of Modern Philosophy', founder of Analytical Geometry, developed Cartesian Coordinate System

Sometimes credited as 'Father of Algebra' though his work was derivative of Babylonian mathematics, first to use algebraic notation, concluded that a certain equation had no

solution, Fermat noted without elaboration that he had found 'a truly marvelous proof of this proposition'

His general theory of relativity led scientists to predict the existence of black holes in outer space, which subsequent analysis of space research data seems to confirm.

Invented a system of latitude and longitude, first to calculate the circumference of the Earth, first to calculate the tilt of the Earth's axis, founder of scientific chronology,

fixing dates in relation to the conquest of Troy, famous for his Sieve, a method to find prime numbers

Hungarian who published more papers, 1525 with 511 collaborators, than any other mathematician EVER, do you have his number?

It is said that Baseball Hall of Famer Hank Aaron has an _____ number of 1 because they both autographed the same baseball when Emory University awarded them honorary degrees on the same day, _____ numbers have also been assigned to an infant, a horse, and several actors

Father of Geometry, author of Elements, possibly the most influential mathematical textbook ever written

Swiss founder of pure mathematical analysis, introduced the concept of a function, first to use notation f(x), introduced modern notation for trigonometric functions, the

letter e for the base of the natural logarithm, Σ for summations and i to denote the imaginary unit