Disputed Books of the New Testament

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Can you name the Disputed Books of the New Testament?

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DescriptionDisputed BookC = canon; R = rejected; anc.citations
Epistle traditionally ascribed to the beloved disciple. Warns against Docetics who denied the reality of Christ's Humanity.C; Disputed: Origen, Eusebius, Amphilocius, Junilius; Omitted: Peshitta
Traditionally ascribed to a 'brother' of Jesus, it contains a quotation from the apocryphal work The Apocalypse of Enoch.C; Disputed: Origen, Eusebius, Amphilocius, Junilius; Omitted: Cheltenham, Peshitta
Ascribed to a companion of the Apostle Paul, this work emphasizes that Christians are freed from the Law.R; Accepted: Codex Claromontanus, Codex Siniaticus, Jerusalem Codex; Rejected: Eusebius
Traditionally ascribed to the chief of the Apostles, though many modern scholars reject it as pseudepigraphical.C; Disputed: Origen, Eusebius, Amphilocius, Junilius; Omitted: Muratorian, Peshitta
Probably written by several authors, contains a series of visions. Its Christology is suspect, distinguishing the Son of God from JesusR; Accepted: Sinaitic Codex; Codex Claromontanos; Rejected: Muratorian Fragment, Eusebius, Athanasius, Rufinus, Decree of Galasius
Early church accepted almost universally authorship of St. Paul, though some important sources omit naming it, implying rejection. Almost rejected by Luther: too Jewish.C; Omitted: Muratorian Fragment, Cheltenham List
Traditionally ascribed to the only Apostle not to be executed. Written from the Island of Patmos. Almost rejected by Luther.C; Rejected: Gregory the Theologian; Disputed: Eusebius, Amphilocius, Junilius; Omitted: Cyril of Jerusalem, Council of Laodicea, Apostolic Canons, Peshitta
Shortest epistle in the New Testament by word count. Written by the elder, who is traditionally identified with the beloved disciple.C; Disputed: Origen, Eusebius, Amphilocius, Junilius; Omitted: Peshitta
Has visions of heaven and hell containing vivid descriptions of the blessings and punishments meted out in the afterlife.R; Accepted: Codex Claromontanus; Disputed: Muratorian Canon; Rejected: Eusebius, Innocent I
Not only did some early Christian writers list this work as disputed, but Martin Luther called it an 'Epistle of Straw' and thought about removing it from the Bible.C; Disputed: Origen, Eusebius, Amphilocius; Junilius; Omitted: Muratorian, Cheltnham
Ascribed to an early bishop of Rome and disciple of both Apostles Peter and Paul. It is an epistle to the Corinthians.R; Accepted: Apostolic Canons

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