Roman History Chronology

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Euboean trading post on Pithecusae
Creation of Narbonese Gaul
Battle of Magnesia, Romans defeat Antiochus III
Peace of Apamea; Asia Minor divided between Rhodes and Pergamum - Rhodes gets huge
Caesarian victory at Thapsus, suicide of Cato
Defeat, capture, and destruction of Etruscan city Veii
Battle of Cannae, 1 consul killed
Battle of Cynoscephalae, Q. Flaminius beats P5
Slave revolt in Ittaly and Sicily led by Spartacus
Death of Attalus III, King of Pergamum; bequeaths it to the Roman people
Battle of Mutina
Death (suicide) of Gaius Semp. Gracchus
Pompey's settlement of the east
Social War / Italian War / War of the Allies
Reign of Caligula
2nd Consulship of Caesar
3rd Macedonian War
Pompey's war against the Pirates
1st Macedonian War
Battle of Philippi in Macedonia (defeat and death of Cassius, then Brutus)
Reign of Augustus
Reign of Domitian
Elagabalus killed, Alexander declared emperor
Death of Lucius Aelius Caesar
Reign of Tiberius
The Illyrean Wars, part 1
Commodus is assassinated
Reign of Nero
Year of the Tribunate; Death of Tibberius Sempronius Gracchus
The Jugurthian War
Battle of Allia river - Gauls destroy Rome
Greeks start colonizing Sicily and S. Italy
Meeting of Mark Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian, beginning of 2nd Triumverate
Deification of Caesar, dedication of a temple to him in the forum
Civil war
Perusine War (Octavian vs. Lucius Antonius and wife Fulvia)
2nd Macedonian War
War against Cimbri and the Teutones
Pertinax killed by mutinous soldiers, Didius Julianus & Septimus Severus & Pescennius Niger all hailed as emperor by troops/praetorians in different places
Battle of Actium (defeat of Mark Antony and Cleopatra)
Battle of Zama/Naggara - Scipio's troops defeat Hannibal's army
Treaty of Brundisium
Septimus Severus dies of gout at Eburacum
Romans get Sardinia
Defeat and death of Crassus near Carrhae
Nerva proclaimed emperor
3rd Punic War; Scipio Africanus Aemilius; creation of Roman province of Africa
War of the Romans against Antiochus III
The Twelve Tables - 1st codification of Roman law
Introduction of new coinage - denarius
Death of Hadrian
Rome founded by Romulus
Reign of Vespasian
Tarentum falls to Rome
Trajan dies of a stroke
3rd Mithridatic War
Rome can be considered a city/state
End of the Jewish Revolt
Caracalla murdered near Carrhae, Macrinus has himself declared emperor
Reign of Claudius
Consulship of Cicero; Conspiracy off Catilina
Founding of the Republic after Tarquin expelled
Reign of Galba
The Ebro Treaty
Severe treaty for P5 - give up fleet, Greece, Asia Minor, huge war indemnity; Q. Flam. declares freedom of Greek states at the Isthmian Games
Carthage founded by Phoenicians
Caesar assassinated
2nd Punic War
Battle of Pydna; Lucius Aemilius Paullus beats King Perseus
Year of the 4 Emperors
The Truceless War - Carthage vs. revolted mercenaries
Battle of Lake Trasimene, 1 consul killed
Gallic Wars and conquest of N. Italy
Revolt of Vindex
2 successive tribunates of Gaius Sempronius Gracchus
Dictatorship of Sulla
Temple of Jerusalem destroyed; Titus captures the city; Vespasian becomes Pontifex Maximus an Pater Patriae
Battle at Trebia River - Po valley falls to Hannibal
Caesar elected consul for 59; creation of 1st Triumverate
Two new provinces created beyond the Danube, Death of Marcus Aurelius, Commodus becomes emperor and celebrates a triumph
Alexander, wintering in Germany, is murdered together with his mother, Julia Mamaea, by the equestrian commander Maximinus
Death of Antonius Pius, Marcus Aurelius becomes emperor
Death of Scipio Aemilius 'Africanus'
Death of Mark Antony and Cleopatra
The army acclaimed Hadrian emperor
Creation of Greek alphabet
Gallic Wars (Caesar defeats Helvetians and German king Ariovistus)
Caesar given dictatorship for life (Feb. 14)
Renewal of Triumverate at Luca
Elagabalus declared emperor by some troops, Macrinus killed
4th Macedonian War; Macedon becomes Roman province
Banishment of Cicero
Death of Clodius in a brawl against partisans of Milo
Reign of Titus
Carthage asks for peace
Romans get Corsica
Death of Catilina
1st Punic War
The Pyrrhic Wars against Pyrrhus of Epirus
The Illyrean Wars, part 2
Pompey elected sole consul for the year

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