Roman History Chronology

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Reign of Augustus
Year of the 4 Emperors
Death of Lucius Aelius Caesar
3rd Macedonian War
Reign of Nero
Battle of Philippi in Macedonia (defeat and death of Cassius, then Brutus)
Gallic Wars (Caesar defeats Helvetians and German king Ariovistus)
End of the Jewish Revolt
Creation of Greek alphabet
Reign of Domitian
Pompey's settlement of the east
Caesar assassinated
Peace of Apamea; Asia Minor divided between Rhodes and Pergamum - Rhodes gets huge
Rome can be considered a city/state
Meeting of Mark Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian, beginning of 2nd Triumverate
Caracalla murdered near Carrhae, Macrinus has himself declared emperor
Death of Attalus III, King of Pergamum; bequeaths it to the Roman people
Carthage asks for peace
Euboean trading post on Pithecusae
Death of Mark Antony and Cleopatra
Reign of Titus
Battle of Cannae, 1 consul killed
Battle of Lake Trasimene, 1 consul killed
Caesarian victory at Thapsus, suicide of Cato
Septimus Severus dies of gout at Eburacum
Consulship of Cicero; Conspiracy off Catilina
3rd Punic War; Scipio Africanus Aemilius; creation of Roman province of Africa
Pompey's war against the Pirates
Carthage founded by Phoenicians
Perusine War (Octavian vs. Lucius Antonius and wife Fulvia)
Greeks start colonizing Sicily and S. Italy
Pertinax killed by mutinous soldiers, Didius Julianus & Septimus Severus & Pescennius Niger all hailed as emperor by troops/praetorians in different places
Elagabalus killed, Alexander declared emperor
4th Macedonian War; Macedon becomes Roman province
Two new provinces created beyond the Danube, Death of Marcus Aurelius, Commodus becomes emperor and celebrates a triumph
Temple of Jerusalem destroyed; Titus captures the city; Vespasian becomes Pontifex Maximus an Pater Patriae
2nd Punic War
Death of Scipio Aemilius 'Africanus'
Reign of Vespasian
Banishment of Cicero
Reign of Tiberius
Gallic Wars and conquest of N. Italy
2nd Consulship of Caesar
Creation of Narbonese Gaul
Battle of Pydna; Lucius Aemilius Paullus beats King Perseus
The Truceless War - Carthage vs. revolted mercenaries
Alexander, wintering in Germany, is murdered together with his mother, Julia Mamaea, by the equestrian commander Maximinus
The Pyrrhic Wars against Pyrrhus of Epirus
The Twelve Tables - 1st codification of Roman law
Rome founded by Romulus
1st Macedonian War
Year of the Tribunate; Death of Tibberius Sempronius Gracchus
Slave revolt in Ittaly and Sicily led by Spartacus
Commodus is assassinated
War against Cimbri and the Teutones
Caesar given dictatorship for life (Feb. 14)
Caesar elected consul for 59; creation of 1st Triumverate
2nd Macedonian War
Death (suicide) of Gaius Semp. Gracchus
Nerva proclaimed emperor
Deification of Caesar, dedication of a temple to him in the forum
Reign of Claudius
Death of Catilina
Elagabalus declared emperor by some troops, Macrinus killed
Tarentum falls to Rome
Romans get Corsica
Severe treaty for P5 - give up fleet, Greece, Asia Minor, huge war indemnity; Q. Flam. declares freedom of Greek states at the Isthmian Games
The Ebro Treaty
Death of Antonius Pius, Marcus Aurelius becomes emperor
Renewal of Triumverate at Luca
Defeat, capture, and destruction of Etruscan city Veii
Treaty of Brundisium
3rd Mithridatic War
Battle of Mutina
Dictatorship of Sulla
2 successive tribunates of Gaius Sempronius Gracchus
Battle of Allia river - Gauls destroy Rome
Introduction of new coinage - denarius
Death of Clodius in a brawl against partisans of Milo
Battle of Magnesia, Romans defeat Antiochus III
Founding of the Republic after Tarquin expelled
Social War / Italian War / War of the Allies
Reign of Caligula
Civil war
Reign of Galba
Battle of Cynoscephalae, Q. Flaminius beats P5
The Jugurthian War
The Illyrean Wars, part 2
Death of Hadrian
Battle of Zama/Naggara - Scipio's troops defeat Hannibal's army
Revolt of Vindex
1st Punic War
Battle at Trebia River - Po valley falls to Hannibal
Defeat and death of Crassus near Carrhae
Battle of Actium (defeat of Mark Antony and Cleopatra)
Trajan dies of a stroke
The army acclaimed Hadrian emperor
Pompey elected sole consul for the year
Romans get Sardinia
War of the Romans against Antiochus III
The Illyrean Wars, part 1

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