Roman History Chronology

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Introduction of new coinage - denarius
Septimus Severus dies of gout at Eburacum
Reign of Tiberius
Battle at Trebia River - Po valley falls to Hannibal
Carthage asks for peace
Reign of Galba
Pompey's war against the Pirates
2 successive tribunates of Gaius Sempronius Gracchus
Trajan dies of a stroke
Tarentum falls to Rome
Death of Clodius in a brawl against partisans of Milo
2nd Punic War
Battle of Pydna; Lucius Aemilius Paullus beats King Perseus
Greeks start colonizing Sicily and S. Italy
Caesar given dictatorship for life (Feb. 14)
Romans get Sardinia
Founding of the Republic after Tarquin expelled
The Truceless War - Carthage vs. revolted mercenaries
3rd Macedonian War
The army acclaimed Hadrian emperor
Social War / Italian War / War of the Allies
Battle of Mutina
Battle of Cynoscephalae, Q. Flaminius beats P5
Reign of Augustus
Peace of Apamea; Asia Minor divided between Rhodes and Pergamum - Rhodes gets huge
Temple of Jerusalem destroyed; Titus captures the city; Vespasian becomes Pontifex Maximus an Pater Patriae
Commodus is assassinated
Elagabalus declared emperor by some troops, Macrinus killed
Defeat and death of Crassus near Carrhae
The Twelve Tables - 1st codification of Roman law
Battle of Actium (defeat of Mark Antony and Cleopatra)
Reign of Caligula
1st Punic War
Death of Lucius Aelius Caesar
Death of Scipio Aemilius 'Africanus'
Civil war
Rome can be considered a city/state
Caesarian victory at Thapsus, suicide of Cato
Year of the Tribunate; Death of Tibberius Sempronius Gracchus
Gallic Wars and conquest of N. Italy
1st Macedonian War
3rd Mithridatic War
Euboean trading post on Pithecusae
2nd Macedonian War
Perusine War (Octavian vs. Lucius Antonius and wife Fulvia)
Renewal of Triumverate at Luca
The Illyrean Wars, part 2
Pompey elected sole consul for the year
Rome founded by Romulus
Death of Antonius Pius, Marcus Aurelius becomes emperor
Carthage founded by Phoenicians
Creation of Greek alphabet
Banishment of Cicero
Nerva proclaimed emperor
3rd Punic War; Scipio Africanus Aemilius; creation of Roman province of Africa
Caesar elected consul for 59; creation of 1st Triumverate
Battle of Zama/Naggara - Scipio's troops defeat Hannibal's army
The Jugurthian War
Romans get Corsica
Treaty of Brundisium
Pompey's settlement of the east
Deification of Caesar, dedication of a temple to him in the forum
Elagabalus killed, Alexander declared emperor
Dictatorship of Sulla
End of the Jewish Revolt
Reign of Nero
The Pyrrhic Wars against Pyrrhus of Epirus
War against Cimbri and the Teutones
Pertinax killed by mutinous soldiers, Didius Julianus & Septimus Severus & Pescennius Niger all hailed as emperor by troops/praetorians in different places
Consulship of Cicero; Conspiracy off Catilina
War of the Romans against Antiochus III
Death of Hadrian
Two new provinces created beyond the Danube, Death of Marcus Aurelius, Commodus becomes emperor and celebrates a triumph
Slave revolt in Ittaly and Sicily led by Spartacus
The Illyrean Wars, part 1
Death of Mark Antony and Cleopatra
Battle of Cannae, 1 consul killed
Reign of Domitian
Battle of Philippi in Macedonia (defeat and death of Cassius, then Brutus)
Reign of Titus
Defeat, capture, and destruction of Etruscan city Veii
The Ebro Treaty
Severe treaty for P5 - give up fleet, Greece, Asia Minor, huge war indemnity; Q. Flam. declares freedom of Greek states at the Isthmian Games
Death (suicide) of Gaius Semp. Gracchus
Battle of Magnesia, Romans defeat Antiochus III
Alexander, wintering in Germany, is murdered together with his mother, Julia Mamaea, by the equestrian commander Maximinus
2nd Consulship of Caesar
Revolt of Vindex
4th Macedonian War; Macedon becomes Roman province
Death of Catilina
Battle of Allia river - Gauls destroy Rome
Meeting of Mark Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian, beginning of 2nd Triumverate
Year of the 4 Emperors
Gallic Wars (Caesar defeats Helvetians and German king Ariovistus)
Creation of Narbonese Gaul
Reign of Vespasian
Death of Attalus III, King of Pergamum; bequeaths it to the Roman people
Battle of Lake Trasimene, 1 consul killed
Caesar assassinated
Caracalla murdered near Carrhae, Macrinus has himself declared emperor
Reign of Claudius

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