Roman History Chronology

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Death of Lucius Aelius Caesar
4th Macedonian War; Macedon becomes Roman province
Slave revolt in Ittaly and Sicily led by Spartacus
Pompey's settlement of the east
Caesar assassinated
Greeks start colonizing Sicily and S. Italy
Battle of Allia river - Gauls destroy Rome
Battle of Magnesia, Romans defeat Antiochus III
Battle of Cannae, 1 consul killed
Caesar given dictatorship for life (Feb. 14)
Caesarian victory at Thapsus, suicide of Cato
Reign of Augustus
Death (suicide) of Gaius Semp. Gracchus
Carthage founded by Phoenicians
Revolt of Vindex
Battle of Actium (defeat of Mark Antony and Cleopatra)
Battle of Cynoscephalae, Q. Flaminius beats P5
Gallic Wars (Caesar defeats Helvetians and German king Ariovistus)
Reign of Caligula
Reign of Nero
Death of Catilina
1st Punic War
Temple of Jerusalem destroyed; Titus captures the city; Vespasian becomes Pontifex Maximus an Pater Patriae
War against Cimbri and the Teutones
Euboean trading post on Pithecusae
The Twelve Tables - 1st codification of Roman law
Caesar elected consul for 59; creation of 1st Triumverate
Septimus Severus dies of gout at Eburacum
Treaty of Brundisium
Reign of Titus
Commodus is assassinated
Alexander, wintering in Germany, is murdered together with his mother, Julia Mamaea, by the equestrian commander Maximinus
The Pyrrhic Wars against Pyrrhus of Epirus
Elagabalus killed, Alexander declared emperor
Creation of Narbonese Gaul
2nd Punic War
Death of Antonius Pius, Marcus Aurelius becomes emperor
Death of Attalus III, King of Pergamum; bequeaths it to the Roman people
Founding of the Republic after Tarquin expelled
The Illyrean Wars, part 1
Death of Clodius in a brawl against partisans of Milo
Tarentum falls to Rome
Year of the 4 Emperors
3rd Punic War; Scipio Africanus Aemilius; creation of Roman province of Africa
Civil war
Meeting of Mark Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian, beginning of 2nd Triumverate
Trajan dies of a stroke
1st Macedonian War
The Illyrean Wars, part 2
Battle of Philippi in Macedonia (defeat and death of Cassius, then Brutus)
Death of Mark Antony and Cleopatra
The army acclaimed Hadrian emperor
2nd Macedonian War
Battle of Pydna; Lucius Aemilius Paullus beats King Perseus
Nerva proclaimed emperor
Gallic Wars and conquest of N. Italy
Battle of Lake Trasimene, 1 consul killed
Reign of Domitian
Romans get Corsica
Creation of Greek alphabet
Reign of Galba
Deification of Caesar, dedication of a temple to him in the forum
End of the Jewish Revolt
Social War / Italian War / War of the Allies
Year of the Tribunate; Death of Tibberius Sempronius Gracchus
Rome founded by Romulus
Pertinax killed by mutinous soldiers, Didius Julianus & Septimus Severus & Pescennius Niger all hailed as emperor by troops/praetorians in different places
Caracalla murdered near Carrhae, Macrinus has himself declared emperor
Reign of Claudius
2nd Consulship of Caesar
Romans get Sardinia
2 successive tribunates of Gaius Sempronius Gracchus
Introduction of new coinage - denarius
Two new provinces created beyond the Danube, Death of Marcus Aurelius, Commodus becomes emperor and celebrates a triumph
Battle of Mutina
Severe treaty for P5 - give up fleet, Greece, Asia Minor, huge war indemnity; Q. Flam. declares freedom of Greek states at the Isthmian Games
Carthage asks for peace
Consulship of Cicero; Conspiracy off Catilina
Pompey's war against the Pirates
Renewal of Triumverate at Luca
Pompey elected sole consul for the year
Reign of Vespasian
Defeat, capture, and destruction of Etruscan city Veii
Elagabalus declared emperor by some troops, Macrinus killed
Battle at Trebia River - Po valley falls to Hannibal
Death of Scipio Aemilius 'Africanus'
Rome can be considered a city/state
War of the Romans against Antiochus III
Perusine War (Octavian vs. Lucius Antonius and wife Fulvia)
3rd Macedonian War
3rd Mithridatic War
The Truceless War - Carthage vs. revolted mercenaries
Defeat and death of Crassus near Carrhae
Peace of Apamea; Asia Minor divided between Rhodes and Pergamum - Rhodes gets huge
Death of Hadrian
Battle of Zama/Naggara - Scipio's troops defeat Hannibal's army
Dictatorship of Sulla
The Jugurthian War
The Ebro Treaty
Banishment of Cicero
Reign of Tiberius

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