Roman History Chronology

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3rd Macedonian War
Battle of Magnesia, Romans defeat Antiochus III
Revolt of Vindex
Defeat and death of Crassus near Carrhae
Temple of Jerusalem destroyed; Titus captures the city; Vespasian becomes Pontifex Maximus an Pater Patriae
War against Cimbri and the Teutones
1st Macedonian War
Civil war
Two new provinces created beyond the Danube, Death of Marcus Aurelius, Commodus becomes emperor and celebrates a triumph
Battle at Trebia River - Po valley falls to Hannibal
Pompey's settlement of the east
Reign of Domitian
Perusine War (Octavian vs. Lucius Antonius and wife Fulvia)
Rome founded by Romulus
Euboean trading post on Pithecusae
Battle of Actium (defeat of Mark Antony and Cleopatra)
Reign of Galba
Battle of Pydna; Lucius Aemilius Paullus beats King Perseus
Slave revolt in Ittaly and Sicily led by Spartacus
Creation of Narbonese Gaul
2nd Consulship of Caesar
Treaty of Brundisium
Caesar assassinated
Greeks start colonizing Sicily and S. Italy
2nd Macedonian War
End of the Jewish Revolt
Death (suicide) of Gaius Semp. Gracchus
The Illyrean Wars, part 2
Consulship of Cicero; Conspiracy off Catilina
Dictatorship of Sulla
The Truceless War - Carthage vs. revolted mercenaries
Death of Catilina
Caesar given dictatorship for life (Feb. 14)
Battle of Philippi in Macedonia (defeat and death of Cassius, then Brutus)
Alexander, wintering in Germany, is murdered together with his mother, Julia Mamaea, by the equestrian commander Maximinus
Reign of Caligula
The Jugurthian War
1st Punic War
Trajan dies of a stroke
Deification of Caesar, dedication of a temple to him in the forum
The Twelve Tables - 1st codification of Roman law
Death of Scipio Aemilius 'Africanus'
3rd Mithridatic War
4th Macedonian War; Macedon becomes Roman province
Carthage founded by Phoenicians
Elagabalus declared emperor by some troops, Macrinus killed
Battle of Cynoscephalae, Q. Flaminius beats P5
Pompey's war against the Pirates
Reign of Vespasian
The Ebro Treaty
Commodus is assassinated
Battle of Mutina
Death of Mark Antony and Cleopatra
Rome can be considered a city/state
Caesar elected consul for 59; creation of 1st Triumverate
Severe treaty for P5 - give up fleet, Greece, Asia Minor, huge war indemnity; Q. Flam. declares freedom of Greek states at the Isthmian Games
War of the Romans against Antiochus III
Renewal of Triumverate at Luca
Year of the 4 Emperors
Romans get Corsica
Death of Clodius in a brawl against partisans of Milo
Meeting of Mark Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian, beginning of 2nd Triumverate
Creation of Greek alphabet
Reign of Tiberius
Tarentum falls to Rome
Reign of Nero
Nerva proclaimed emperor
Pertinax killed by mutinous soldiers, Didius Julianus & Septimus Severus & Pescennius Niger all hailed as emperor by troops/praetorians in different places
The Pyrrhic Wars against Pyrrhus of Epirus
Reign of Augustus
Defeat, capture, and destruction of Etruscan city Veii
Battle of Zama/Naggara - Scipio's troops defeat Hannibal's army
Caesarian victory at Thapsus, suicide of Cato
Elagabalus killed, Alexander declared emperor
Romans get Sardinia
The army acclaimed Hadrian emperor
Social War / Italian War / War of the Allies
Reign of Titus
Death of Attalus III, King of Pergamum; bequeaths it to the Roman people
3rd Punic War; Scipio Africanus Aemilius; creation of Roman province of Africa
Founding of the Republic after Tarquin expelled
Gallic Wars and conquest of N. Italy
The Illyrean Wars, part 1
Pompey elected sole consul for the year
Death of Antonius Pius, Marcus Aurelius becomes emperor
Death of Hadrian
Battle of Cannae, 1 consul killed
Introduction of new coinage - denarius
Carthage asks for peace
Septimus Severus dies of gout at Eburacum
2nd Punic War
Battle of Lake Trasimene, 1 consul killed
Death of Lucius Aelius Caesar
Caracalla murdered near Carrhae, Macrinus has himself declared emperor
Peace of Apamea; Asia Minor divided between Rhodes and Pergamum - Rhodes gets huge
Gallic Wars (Caesar defeats Helvetians and German king Ariovistus)
Year of the Tribunate; Death of Tibberius Sempronius Gracchus
Battle of Allia river - Gauls destroy Rome
Reign of Claudius
2 successive tribunates of Gaius Sempronius Gracchus
Banishment of Cicero

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