Roman History Chronology

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Carthage founded by Phoenicians
Elagabalus killed, Alexander declared emperor
Battle of Lake Trasimene, 1 consul killed
Battle of Cynoscephalae, Q. Flaminius beats P5
Two new provinces created beyond the Danube, Death of Marcus Aurelius, Commodus becomes emperor and celebrates a triumph
Death of Clodius in a brawl against partisans of Milo
Greeks start colonizing Sicily and S. Italy
Death of Attalus III, King of Pergamum; bequeaths it to the Roman people
2 successive tribunates of Gaius Sempronius Gracchus
Civil war
Death of Antonius Pius, Marcus Aurelius becomes emperor
Death of Scipio Aemilius 'Africanus'
Dictatorship of Sulla
Reign of Domitian
Founding of the Republic after Tarquin expelled
Euboean trading post on Pithecusae
Reign of Vespasian
Reign of Titus
Battle of Pydna; Lucius Aemilius Paullus beats King Perseus
Death of Lucius Aelius Caesar
Rome can be considered a city/state
Septimus Severus dies of gout at Eburacum
4th Macedonian War; Macedon becomes Roman province
Battle of Allia river - Gauls destroy Rome
Battle of Mutina
Creation of Narbonese Gaul
Deification of Caesar, dedication of a temple to him in the forum
Caesar assassinated
2nd Punic War
Elagabalus declared emperor by some troops, Macrinus killed
Alexander, wintering in Germany, is murdered together with his mother, Julia Mamaea, by the equestrian commander Maximinus
Death of Catilina
Gallic Wars (Caesar defeats Helvetians and German king Ariovistus)
War against Cimbri and the Teutones
Carthage asks for peace
War of the Romans against Antiochus III
3rd Mithridatic War
Caesar given dictatorship for life (Feb. 14)
The Ebro Treaty
Pompey's war against the Pirates
Battle of Actium (defeat of Mark Antony and Cleopatra)
Caesarian victory at Thapsus, suicide of Cato
Rome founded by Romulus
Reign of Claudius
Trajan dies of a stroke
Severe treaty for P5 - give up fleet, Greece, Asia Minor, huge war indemnity; Q. Flam. declares freedom of Greek states at the Isthmian Games
Reign of Nero
Death of Mark Antony and Cleopatra
1st Macedonian War
Caesar elected consul for 59; creation of 1st Triumverate
Romans get Sardinia
Social War / Italian War / War of the Allies
Defeat and death of Crassus near Carrhae
Peace of Apamea; Asia Minor divided between Rhodes and Pergamum - Rhodes gets huge
Creation of Greek alphabet
End of the Jewish Revolt
Treaty of Brundisium
The Jugurthian War
Romans get Corsica
Reign of Augustus
2nd Consulship of Caesar
Pertinax killed by mutinous soldiers, Didius Julianus & Septimus Severus & Pescennius Niger all hailed as emperor by troops/praetorians in different places
3rd Macedonian War
Battle of Cannae, 1 consul killed
Death of Hadrian
2nd Macedonian War
The Illyrean Wars, part 2
Renewal of Triumverate at Luca
Pompey elected sole consul for the year
The army acclaimed Hadrian emperor
Tarentum falls to Rome
The Truceless War - Carthage vs. revolted mercenaries
Battle of Zama/Naggara - Scipio's troops defeat Hannibal's army
Reign of Tiberius
Defeat, capture, and destruction of Etruscan city Veii
Revolt of Vindex
Year of the 4 Emperors
Nerva proclaimed emperor
Slave revolt in Ittaly and Sicily led by Spartacus
Temple of Jerusalem destroyed; Titus captures the city; Vespasian becomes Pontifex Maximus an Pater Patriae
Reign of Galba
Battle at Trebia River - Po valley falls to Hannibal
Perusine War (Octavian vs. Lucius Antonius and wife Fulvia)
1st Punic War
Battle of Magnesia, Romans defeat Antiochus III
Introduction of new coinage - denarius
Reign of Caligula
Commodus is assassinated
The Illyrean Wars, part 1
Pompey's settlement of the east
Banishment of Cicero
Gallic Wars and conquest of N. Italy
3rd Punic War; Scipio Africanus Aemilius; creation of Roman province of Africa
The Pyrrhic Wars against Pyrrhus of Epirus
The Twelve Tables - 1st codification of Roman law
Death (suicide) of Gaius Semp. Gracchus
Caracalla murdered near Carrhae, Macrinus has himself declared emperor
Consulship of Cicero; Conspiracy off Catilina
Meeting of Mark Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian, beginning of 2nd Triumverate
Battle of Philippi in Macedonia (defeat and death of Cassius, then Brutus)
Year of the Tribunate; Death of Tibberius Sempronius Gracchus

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