Roman History Chronology

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Caesar elected consul for 59; creation of 1st Triumverate
War against Cimbri and the Teutones
Treaty of Brundisium
Battle of Actium (defeat of Mark Antony and Cleopatra)
The Ebro Treaty
End of the Jewish Revolt
Pompey's settlement of the east
Caesarian victory at Thapsus, suicide of Cato
Defeat and death of Crassus near Carrhae
Death of Antonius Pius, Marcus Aurelius becomes emperor
Elagabalus killed, Alexander declared emperor
Reign of Augustus
Civil war
Battle of Pydna; Lucius Aemilius Paullus beats King Perseus
Battle of Magnesia, Romans defeat Antiochus III
Social War / Italian War / War of the Allies
Renewal of Triumverate at Luca
3rd Punic War; Scipio Africanus Aemilius; creation of Roman province of Africa
Creation of Greek alphabet
Romans get Corsica
Dictatorship of Sulla
Gallic Wars (Caesar defeats Helvetians and German king Ariovistus)
Death of Mark Antony and Cleopatra
Reign of Claudius
Euboean trading post on Pithecusae
Tarentum falls to Rome
3rd Mithridatic War
Meeting of Mark Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian, beginning of 2nd Triumverate
Reign of Titus
2nd Punic War
Defeat, capture, and destruction of Etruscan city Veii
Battle of Zama/Naggara - Scipio's troops defeat Hannibal's army
Gallic Wars and conquest of N. Italy
Battle of Lake Trasimene, 1 consul killed
Battle of Philippi in Macedonia (defeat and death of Cassius, then Brutus)
Peace of Apamea; Asia Minor divided between Rhodes and Pergamum - Rhodes gets huge
Two new provinces created beyond the Danube, Death of Marcus Aurelius, Commodus becomes emperor and celebrates a triumph
Death of Catilina
Battle at Trebia River - Po valley falls to Hannibal
Death of Scipio Aemilius 'Africanus'
Battle of Allia river - Gauls destroy Rome
Caesar given dictatorship for life (Feb. 14)
Consulship of Cicero; Conspiracy off Catilina
Death of Clodius in a brawl against partisans of Milo
Nerva proclaimed emperor
Revolt of Vindex
Carthage founded by Phoenicians
The Pyrrhic Wars against Pyrrhus of Epirus
Greeks start colonizing Sicily and S. Italy
Pompey's war against the Pirates
Creation of Narbonese Gaul
Reign of Caligula
Temple of Jerusalem destroyed; Titus captures the city; Vespasian becomes Pontifex Maximus an Pater Patriae
Commodus is assassinated
Pompey elected sole consul for the year
Caesar assassinated
Slave revolt in Ittaly and Sicily led by Spartacus
Romans get Sardinia
Deification of Caesar, dedication of a temple to him in the forum
Battle of Cynoscephalae, Q. Flaminius beats P5
Founding of the Republic after Tarquin expelled
2nd Consulship of Caesar
Death of Attalus III, King of Pergamum; bequeaths it to the Roman people
Septimus Severus dies of gout at Eburacum
Alexander, wintering in Germany, is murdered together with his mother, Julia Mamaea, by the equestrian commander Maximinus
Reign of Nero
Battle of Cannae, 1 consul killed
Perusine War (Octavian vs. Lucius Antonius and wife Fulvia)
4th Macedonian War; Macedon becomes Roman province
The Twelve Tables - 1st codification of Roman law
Year of the 4 Emperors
2 successive tribunates of Gaius Sempronius Gracchus
Battle of Mutina
Year of the Tribunate; Death of Tibberius Sempronius Gracchus
The Jugurthian War
Caracalla murdered near Carrhae, Macrinus has himself declared emperor
Elagabalus declared emperor by some troops, Macrinus killed
The Illyrean Wars, part 1
War of the Romans against Antiochus III
Rome can be considered a city/state
Carthage asks for peace
Introduction of new coinage - denarius
Reign of Domitian
Death of Lucius Aelius Caesar
Banishment of Cicero
Reign of Tiberius
Reign of Vespasian
3rd Macedonian War
1st Punic War
The army acclaimed Hadrian emperor
Reign of Galba
Death (suicide) of Gaius Semp. Gracchus
Severe treaty for P5 - give up fleet, Greece, Asia Minor, huge war indemnity; Q. Flam. declares freedom of Greek states at the Isthmian Games
The Truceless War - Carthage vs. revolted mercenaries
2nd Macedonian War
Trajan dies of a stroke
Death of Hadrian
1st Macedonian War
Rome founded by Romulus
Pertinax killed by mutinous soldiers, Didius Julianus & Septimus Severus & Pescennius Niger all hailed as emperor by troops/praetorians in different places
The Illyrean Wars, part 2

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