Science / Bio 105 Exam I

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Can you name the Bio 105 Exam I?

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definitionvocab word
the splitting of a population into 2 or more species
procedures designed to modify traits in domesticated species
when inbreeding produces homozygotes that are less fit, reducing reproductive success of the population
phenomenon in which the size of large animals isolated on an island shrinks over generations
favors individuals at either end of the phenotypic range
a form of natural selection directed at certain traits of sexually reproducing species that make it more likely to choose a mate
molecular changes in genetic material that underlie the phenotypic changes associated with evolution
the tempo of evolution is more sporadic than suggested by gradualism
molecularly similar characteristics in all living cells (suggests that all living species have a common ancestor)
changes in allele frequency due to random chance
homologous genes found in the same species
all members of a species that live in the same area and have the opportunity to interbreed
species concept- a species is a group of individuals who could potentially interbreed to produce viable, fertile offspring but could not interbreed with members of another species
when some members of a species occupy a separate habitat isolated from others, most common way by which cladogenesis occurs
species concept- species are defined based on the separate evolution of lineages
anatomical features that currently serve no purpose but resemble structures of presumed ancestors
similar anatomical features that point to past evolutionary relationships, usually discovered through embryonic development
when 2 species from different lineages sometimes become anatomically similar because they occupy similar environments
structures that are similar to each other because they are derived from a common ancestor
small scale evolution, single gene or allele frequencies
the relative likelihood that a genotype will contribute to the gene pool of the next generation as compared to other genotypes
when 2 or more geographically restricted groups of the same species have one/more traits that are somewhat different, but not different enough to be a new species
subdivision of a genetically distinct population adapted to its local environment (for bacterial species)
a similarity that occurs due to descent from a common ancestor
definitionvocab word
the zones where 2 populations can interbreed
a trait that is similar between 2 species of different lineages
favors individuals with intermediate phenotypes, tends to decrease genetic diversity
two morphologically similar species may not be able to breed with each other in nature
consists of 2 or more paralogous genes with the genome of a single species
the study of the geographic distribution of extinct and living species
a gene that commonly exists as a single gene in a population
homologous genes found in different species
when allele frequencies of the resulting population change due to genetic drift
large scale evolution, relates to formation of new species, etc
a heritable change in one/more characteristics of a population from one generation to the next
when individuals with similar phenotypes are more likely to mate
species concept- each species occupies an ecological niche
reproductive isolating mechanism which prevents formation of a zygote
# copies of a specific allele in a population / total # all alleles for that gene in a population
genetic drift promotes it, does not affect reproductive success
# individuals with a particular genotype in a population / total # individuals in a population
due to different types of genetic changes such as random gene mutations, occurs on individual level, traits are passed from parent to offspring
p^2 + 2pq + q^2 = 1 , p+q=1
an intermediate state between an ancestral form and the form of its descendants
mechanisms which prevent interbreeding between different species
when a smaller group of individuals separates from a larger population and establishes a colony in a new location
the movement of alleles in or out of a population, occurs whenever individuals migrate between populations having different allele frequencies
when an organism has at least one set of chromosomes from 2/more different species
definitionvocab word
phenomenon that a trait displays variation within a population
sexual selection between members of the opposite sex (male-female competition)
'survival of the luckiest', non-darwinian evolution
an organism incorporates genetic material from another organism without being its offspring (common for bacterial species)
when an organism has more than 2 sets of chromosomes
favors individuals at one extreme of the phenotypic range
maintains genetic diversity in a population (type of selection)
species which are only found in one specific location
formation of a new species
2 or more alleles are kept in balance and therefore are maintained in a population over many generation
a gene that commonly exists as 2 or more alleles in a population (most genes are this)
individuals with traits that make them more suited to native environment tend to survive and reproduce whereas others dont
each new species evolves continuously over long spans of time
the mating of 2 genetically related individuals
rare forms have selective advantage, 'it pays to be unique'
the likelihood of an individual contributing fertile offspring to the next generation
when 2 or more genes are derived from the same ancestral gene
reproductive isolating mechanism which blocks development of viable and fertile individuals after fertilization
when members of a species within the same range diverge into 2/more different species although there are no physical barriers to interbreeding
a single ancestral species has evolved into a wide array of descendant species which vary in habitat/behavior/form
new species arise from pre-existing species by the accumulation of genetic changes like gene mutations
members of one sex compete with each other for the opportunity to mate with individuals of the opposite sex
a group of related organisms that share a distinctive form
when balancing selection favors the heterozygote over corresponding homozygote

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