Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
-scopy
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
sphygm/o
ather/o
involuntary discharge of urine
cyst/o, vesicul/o
plas/o
process of releasing urine from the bladder
absence of urine formation
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
abnormal heart sound
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
pertaining to the anterior left chest
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
meat/o
recording of the force and flow of urine
protrusion of the bladder
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
pulmon/o
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
pancytopenia
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture
aort/o
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
pertaining to both artria and ventricles
-rrhage
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
condition of fluid in the ureters
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
painful urination
dys-
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body
aden/o
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
outer lining of the heart
pertaining to both arteries and veins
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
small vein
the lower pointed end of the heart
olig/o
varic/o
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen
sudden
inflammation of a vein
excision of the bladder
suturing of the bladder
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
examination of the bladder
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
blockage or closure
-ptosis
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
-tripsy
-emia
pyel/o
-iasis, -esis
pertaining to the pulse
coron/o
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
noct/i
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
-cele
inner lining of the heart
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
scler/o
disease of the heart muscles
inflammation of the renal pelvis
thromb/o
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
enur/o
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
py/o
-stenosis
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
-oid
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
open or exposed
interior space of a vessel
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
-penia
inflammation of the valves of the heart
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
-lith
-ectasia
steth/o
tel-
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins
radiologic recording of the bladder
ARF
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
automated count of all blood cells
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
poly-
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy

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