Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
pertaining to both arteries and veins
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
-lith
scler/o
steth/o
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
-ectasia
poly-
ARF
sudden
pertaining to the pulse
interior space of a vessel
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
the lower pointed end of the heart
-ptosis
-emia
excision of the bladder
blockage or closure
open or exposed
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
inflammation of a vein
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
py/o
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve
-scopy
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
thromb/o
noct/i
painful urination
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
plas/o
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
olig/o
examination of the bladder
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
-rrhage
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
enur/o
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
-stenosis
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
-tripsy
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
inner lining of the heart
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
suturing of the bladder
automated count of all blood cells
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
ather/o
pulmon/o
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
aort/o
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
inflammation of the renal pelvis
pancytopenia
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
-penia
-oid
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
-cele
sphygm/o
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
-iasis, -esis
tel-
dys-
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
aden/o
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
process of releasing urine from the bladder
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
protrusion of the bladder
disease of the heart muscles
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
absence of urine formation
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
coron/o
cyst/o, vesicul/o
outer lining of the heart
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever
radiologic recording of the bladder
abnormal heart sound
pertaining to both artria and ventricles
small vein
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
inflammation of the valves of the heart
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
varic/o
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
involuntary discharge of urine
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
condition of fluid in the ureters
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
pertaining to the anterior left chest
pyel/o
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
meat/o
recording of the force and flow of urine

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