Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
-lith
sphygm/o
pulmon/o
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides
aden/o
-tripsy
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body
-iasis, -esis
involuntary discharge of urine
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
plas/o
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
interior space of a vessel
aort/o
-penia
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve
-rrhage
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
inflammation of the renal pelvis
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
painful urination
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
pertaining to the anterior left chest
automated count of all blood cells
small vein
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
protrusion of the bladder
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
inflammation of a vein
excision of the bladder
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
noct/i
disease of the heart muscles
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
inflammation of the valves of the heart
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
enur/o
-stenosis
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
blockage or closure
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
olig/o
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
poly-
outer lining of the heart
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
-oid
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
pertaining to both artria and ventricles
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
pertaining to the pulse
steth/o
varic/o
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
radiologic recording of the bladder
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
cyst/o, vesicul/o
thromb/o
scler/o
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
condition of fluid in the ureters
dys-
-emia
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
ARF
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
-ectasia
ather/o
recording of the force and flow of urine
tel-
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
process of releasing urine from the bladder
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
abnormal heart sound
suturing of the bladder
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
examination of the bladder
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
sudden
-scopy
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
open or exposed
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
coron/o
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
py/o
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
meat/o
-ptosis
-cele
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
inner lining of the heart
pancytopenia
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
absence of urine formation
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats
pyel/o
pertaining to both arteries and veins
the lower pointed end of the heart

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