Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
py/o
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
painful urination
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
aden/o
pertaining to both artria and ventricles
varic/o
pulmon/o
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
enur/o
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
noct/i
-penia
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
blockage or closure
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
-ptosis
meat/o
tel-
pancytopenia
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
examination of the bladder
protrusion of the bladder
ARF
absence of urine formation
-scopy
pertaining to both arteries and veins
thromb/o
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
poly-
-ectasia
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
suturing of the bladder
ather/o
-lith
-iasis, -esis
-tripsy
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
inflammation of a vein
-rrhage
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
radiologic recording of the bladder
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
-emia
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
sudden
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
inflammation of the renal pelvis
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
recording of the force and flow of urine
inner lining of the heart
outer lining of the heart
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
disease of the heart muscles
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
sphygm/o
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
small vein
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
plas/o
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever
pyel/o
aort/o
excision of the bladder
inflammation of the valves of the heart
olig/o
open or exposed
-cele
pertaining to the anterior left chest
automated count of all blood cells
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
steth/o
interior space of a vessel
condition of fluid in the ureters
dys-
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
scler/o
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
involuntary discharge of urine
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
abnormal heart sound
-stenosis
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
the lower pointed end of the heart
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
pertaining to the pulse
process of releasing urine from the bladder
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
cyst/o, vesicul/o
-oid
coron/o
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture

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