Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
excision of the bladder
open or exposed
steth/o
inflammation of the valves of the heart
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
dys-
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve
blockage or closure
suturing of the bladder
meat/o
automated count of all blood cells
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
pertaining to both arteries and veins
noct/i
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
pertaining to both artria and ventricles
pyel/o
plas/o
poly-
-stenosis
-lith
pancytopenia
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
olig/o
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen
the lower pointed end of the heart
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
inflammation of a vein
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
sphygm/o
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
pertaining to the pulse
-ectasia
condition of fluid in the ureters
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
-scopy
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
interior space of a vessel
enur/o
cyst/o, vesicul/o
-tripsy
varic/o
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
inner lining of the heart
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
absence of urine formation
painful urination
aort/o
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
-ptosis
involuntary discharge of urine
protrusion of the bladder
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body
-rrhage
pulmon/o
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
outer lining of the heart
-oid
ather/o
ARF
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
coron/o
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
thromb/o
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
-penia
tel-
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
examination of the bladder
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
-iasis, -esis
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
disease of the heart muscles
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
scler/o
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
small vein
inflammation of the renal pelvis
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
recording of the force and flow of urine
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
radiologic recording of the bladder
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
sudden
-emia
process of releasing urine from the bladder
aden/o
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
-cele
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
abnormal heart sound
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
pertaining to the anterior left chest
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides
py/o

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