Science / Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
tel-
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
-rrhage
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture
inner lining of the heart
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
small vein
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
pertaining to both arteries and veins
-iasis, -esis
coron/o
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
absence of urine formation
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats
sudden
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
-penia
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
-oid
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
-ectasia
pertaining to the pulse
-ptosis
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
olig/o
meat/o
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
automated count of all blood cells
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
pulmon/o
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
examination of the bladder
poly-
open or exposed
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries
outer lining of the heart
varic/o
condition of fluid in the ureters
interior space of a vessel
pancytopenia
radiologic recording of the bladder
steth/o
recording of the force and flow of urine
-tripsy
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
the lower pointed end of the heart
suturing of the bladder
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
pyel/o
thromb/o
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
inflammation of the valves of the heart
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
-cele
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
involuntary discharge of urine
cyst/o, vesicul/o
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
inflammation of a vein
process of releasing urine from the bladder
abnormal heart sound
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides
pertaining to the anterior left chest
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
aort/o
painful urination
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
aden/o
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
excision of the bladder
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
ARF
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
disease of the heart muscles
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve
inflammation of the renal pelvis
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
-emia
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
noct/i
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins
sphygm/o
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
blockage or closure
scler/o
dys-
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
-scopy
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
plas/o
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
enur/o
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
protrusion of the bladder
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever
py/o
-lith
ather/o
-stenosis
pertaining to both artria and ventricles

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