Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
plas/o
recording of the force and flow of urine
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
cyst/o, vesicul/o
coron/o
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries
-lith
-cele
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
absence of urine formation
painful urination
poly-
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
-stenosis
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
varic/o
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen
sphygm/o
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
steth/o
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
-iasis, -esis
-rrhage
interior space of a vessel
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
suturing of the bladder
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
aden/o
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
noct/i
-ectasia
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body
inflammation of a vein
pancytopenia
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
the lower pointed end of the heart
thromb/o
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
outer lining of the heart
aort/o
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
excision of the bladder
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
pertaining to the anterior left chest
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
enur/o
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
process of releasing urine from the bladder
inflammation of the valves of the heart
pertaining to both arteries and veins
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
-penia
pertaining to both artria and ventricles
examination of the bladder
inflammation of the renal pelvis
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
meat/o
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
abnormal heart sound
ather/o
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
blockage or closure
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
disease of the heart muscles
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
py/o
-oid
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
automated count of all blood cells
protrusion of the bladder
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
dys-
open or exposed
olig/o
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
pertaining to the pulse
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
inner lining of the heart
condition of fluid in the ureters
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
radiologic recording of the bladder
pulmon/o
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
-tripsy
pyel/o
tel-
involuntary discharge of urine
-emia
ARF
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
-scopy
-ptosis
sudden
scler/o
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
small vein

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