Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins
examination of the bladder
scler/o
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
-cele
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
pertaining to both artria and ventricles
py/o
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
painful urination
inflammation of the valves of the heart
open or exposed
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
excision of the bladder
involuntary discharge of urine
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
tel-
pertaining to the pulse
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
radiologic recording of the bladder
varic/o
-rrhage
noct/i
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides
-oid
aort/o
aden/o
coron/o
cyst/o, vesicul/o
olig/o
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
blockage or closure
poly-
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve
protrusion of the bladder
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
small vein
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries
sphygm/o
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
pyel/o
outer lining of the heart
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
meat/o
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
interior space of a vessel
-penia
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
inflammation of a vein
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
pertaining to both arteries and veins
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
-ectasia
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
steth/o
disease of the heart muscles
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen
abnormal heart sound
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
absence of urine formation
-ptosis
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
plas/o
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture
sudden
dys-
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
inner lining of the heart
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
automated count of all blood cells
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
pulmon/o
ather/o
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
pancytopenia
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
condition of fluid in the ureters
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
-tripsy
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
-stenosis
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
suturing of the bladder
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
-scopy
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
thromb/o
the lower pointed end of the heart
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
ARF
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
recording of the force and flow of urine
process of releasing urine from the bladder
-lith
inflammation of the renal pelvis
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
-emia
pertaining to the anterior left chest
enur/o
-iasis, -esis
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body

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