Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
steth/o
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
automated count of all blood cells
inflammation of the valves of the heart
pulmon/o
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries
poly-
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
ather/o
inflammation of a vein
-stenosis
py/o
sudden
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
-ectasia
inner lining of the heart
ARF
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
olig/o
-penia
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
scler/o
-tripsy
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
-lith
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
meat/o
coron/o
painful urination
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
blockage or closure
absence of urine formation
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
outer lining of the heart
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever
abnormal heart sound
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
aort/o
-oid
condition of fluid in the ureters
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
small vein
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
pertaining to the pulse
-cele
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
radiologic recording of the bladder
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
aden/o
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
pertaining to both artria and ventricles
pertaining to both arteries and veins
plas/o
enur/o
examination of the bladder
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
tel-
-scopy
pancytopenia
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
inflammation of the renal pelvis
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
disease of the heart muscles
excision of the bladder
the lower pointed end of the heart
pyel/o
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
recording of the force and flow of urine
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
-ptosis
interior space of a vessel
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body
protrusion of the bladder
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
dys-
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
-rrhage
thromb/o
open or exposed
pertaining to the anterior left chest
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
involuntary discharge of urine
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
suturing of the bladder
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
-iasis, -esis
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
-emia
cyst/o, vesicul/o
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins
varic/o
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
sphygm/o
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
process of releasing urine from the bladder
noct/i
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides

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