Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
inflammation of the renal pelvis
painful urination
condition of fluid in the ureters
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
meat/o
open or exposed
-penia
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
dys-
poly-
abnormal heart sound
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
inflammation of a vein
steth/o
ARF
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
-lith
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
-stenosis
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
the lower pointed end of the heart
tel-
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
noct/i
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
suturing of the bladder
pulmon/o
excision of the bladder
py/o
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
sphygm/o
inner lining of the heart
recording of the force and flow of urine
-ectasia
ather/o
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
olig/o
-ptosis
varic/o
aort/o
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
pertaining to both artria and ventricles
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body
enur/o
absence of urine formation
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
small vein
aden/o
pancytopenia
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
coron/o
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
pertaining to the pulse
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
-cele
protrusion of the bladder
automated count of all blood cells
pertaining to the anterior left chest
pertaining to both arteries and veins
-emia
pyel/o
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
blockage or closure
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
process of releasing urine from the bladder
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
outer lining of the heart
examination of the bladder
-rrhage
inflammation of the valves of the heart
-tripsy
-oid
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
radiologic recording of the bladder
scler/o
interior space of a vessel
disease of the heart muscles
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
plas/o
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
involuntary discharge of urine
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
-scopy
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
-iasis, -esis
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
sudden
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
cyst/o, vesicul/o
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
thromb/o
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve

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