Science / Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
the lower pointed end of the heart
radiologic recording of the bladder
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
excision of the bladder
-ectasia
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
-tripsy
-oid
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
-emia
sudden
-penia
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
scler/o
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
plas/o
inflammation of the valves of the heart
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
ather/o
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
involuntary discharge of urine
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
painful urination
ARF
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
condition of fluid in the ureters
examination of the bladder
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
pertaining to both arteries and veins
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
aort/o
interior space of a vessel
cyst/o, vesicul/o
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
protrusion of the bladder
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
pulmon/o
outer lining of the heart
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
varic/o
coron/o
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
aden/o
inflammation of a vein
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
-cele
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
abnormal heart sound
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture
suturing of the bladder
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
pertaining to both artria and ventricles
sphygm/o
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
-stenosis
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
noct/i
pertaining to the anterior left chest
small vein
-scopy
automated count of all blood cells
enur/o
pyel/o
meat/o
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
pertaining to the pulse
-rrhage
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins
inner lining of the heart
py/o
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
disease of the heart muscles
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
-iasis, -esis
process of releasing urine from the bladder
recording of the force and flow of urine
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
-lith
inflammation of the renal pelvis
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body
tel-
pancytopenia
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
dys-
olig/o
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats
open or exposed
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
steth/o
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
thromb/o
poly-
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
-ptosis
blockage or closure
absence of urine formation
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries

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