Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
blockage or closure
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
pertaining to the anterior left chest
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
the lower pointed end of the heart
-lith
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats
ARF
inflammation of the valves of the heart
pertaining to the pulse
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
pulmon/o
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
excision of the bladder
painful urination
meat/o
abnormal heart sound
noct/i
-penia
-iasis, -esis
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
pancytopenia
outer lining of the heart
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
suturing of the bladder
inner lining of the heart
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
olig/o
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
enur/o
dys-
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
poly-
protrusion of the bladder
process of releasing urine from the bladder
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
scler/o
-ectasia
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
steth/o
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
recording of the force and flow of urine
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
py/o
disease of the heart muscles
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
tel-
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
-stenosis
sphygm/o
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
inflammation of the renal pelvis
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
pyel/o
thromb/o
cyst/o, vesicul/o
ather/o
-ptosis
-cele
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
open or exposed
-oid
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
inflammation of a vein
pertaining to both arteries and veins
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides
involuntary discharge of urine
interior space of a vessel
small vein
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
-scopy
aden/o
examination of the bladder
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
automated count of all blood cells
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
-emia
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
sudden
radiologic recording of the bladder
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
plas/o
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
condition of fluid in the ureters
-rrhage
aort/o
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
varic/o
pertaining to both artria and ventricles
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
absence of urine formation
coron/o
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
-tripsy
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever

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