Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
poly-
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
radiologic recording of the bladder
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
tel-
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
meat/o
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen
thromb/o
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
recording of the force and flow of urine
-emia
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
the lower pointed end of the heart
-tripsy
examination of the bladder
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
inflammation of the renal pelvis
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
pyel/o
coron/o
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
py/o
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats
-lith
sudden
varic/o
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
olig/o
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
dys-
inflammation of a vein
pancytopenia
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
excision of the bladder
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
-penia
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
plas/o
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides
aort/o
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
inner lining of the heart
absence of urine formation
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
interior space of a vessel
process of releasing urine from the bladder
-stenosis
disease of the heart muscles
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
open or exposed
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
protrusion of the bladder
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
-rrhage
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
small vein
enur/o
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins
-iasis, -esis
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
pertaining to both artria and ventricles
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
scler/o
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
blockage or closure
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
cyst/o, vesicul/o
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
automated count of all blood cells
pertaining to both arteries and veins
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
-oid
aden/o
-cele
condition of fluid in the ureters
abnormal heart sound
-ectasia
-scopy
pertaining to the anterior left chest
pulmon/o
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
suturing of the bladder
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
outer lining of the heart
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
-ptosis
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
painful urination
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
ARF
ather/o
pertaining to the pulse
involuntary discharge of urine
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
steth/o
sphygm/o
noct/i
inflammation of the valves of the heart

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