Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
inflammation of the valves of the heart
process of releasing urine from the bladder
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
pertaining to the anterior left chest
cyst/o, vesicul/o
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
scler/o
olig/o
dys-
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
varic/o
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
-emia
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
-stenosis
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
abnormal heart sound
excision of the bladder
blockage or closure
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
recording of the force and flow of urine
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
absence of urine formation
examination of the bladder
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
aden/o
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
condition of fluid in the ureters
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
-lith
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
open or exposed
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
the lower pointed end of the heart
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture
-tripsy
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
ather/o
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
-ptosis
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
inflammation of a vein
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
-iasis, -esis
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
poly-
automated count of all blood cells
pertaining to both arteries and veins
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries
inner lining of the heart
interior space of a vessel
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
aort/o
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
outer lining of the heart
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
-oid
py/o
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
sudden
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
pyel/o
-ectasia
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
ARF
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
inflammation of the renal pelvis
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
sphygm/o
-rrhage
tel-
small vein
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
meat/o
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
pertaining to the pulse
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
pancytopenia
suturing of the bladder
noct/i
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever
thromb/o
disease of the heart muscles
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
enur/o
plas/o
-penia
-cele
involuntary discharge of urine
steth/o
pertaining to both artria and ventricles
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
radiologic recording of the bladder
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
-scopy
pulmon/o
coron/o
painful urination
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
protrusion of the bladder

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