Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
-scopy
absence of urine formation
automated count of all blood cells
pertaining to both artria and ventricles
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
the lower pointed end of the heart
sphygm/o
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
excision of the bladder
steth/o
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
noct/i
-lith
aort/o
inflammation of a vein
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
condition of fluid in the ureters
inner lining of the heart
suturing of the bladder
pertaining to the anterior left chest
cyst/o, vesicul/o
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
tel-
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
protrusion of the bladder
pancytopenia
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
abnormal heart sound
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
thromb/o
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
inflammation of the valves of the heart
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
inflammation of the renal pelvis
recording of the force and flow of urine
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries
enur/o
painful urination
aden/o
pulmon/o
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
-stenosis
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
-rrhage
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
dys-
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever
coron/o
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
process of releasing urine from the bladder
-cele
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
pertaining to both arteries and veins
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
meat/o
interior space of a vessel
poly-
scler/o
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
involuntary discharge of urine
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
small vein
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
ather/o
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
-oid
disease of the heart muscles
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
-iasis, -esis
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
py/o
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
-emia
plas/o
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
open or exposed
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
examination of the bladder
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
radiologic recording of the bladder
-ectasia
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
varic/o
outer lining of the heart
olig/o
-ptosis
-tripsy
sudden
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
pertaining to the pulse
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
blockage or closure
ARF
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
-penia
pyel/o

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