Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
aden/o
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
-scopy
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
excision of the bladder
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
pertaining to both arteries and veins
-penia
sphygm/o
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
-iasis, -esis
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
tel-
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
suturing of the bladder
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
cyst/o, vesicul/o
plas/o
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
-cele
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
py/o
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture
process of releasing urine from the bladder
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
thromb/o
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
examination of the bladder
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen
ather/o
-stenosis
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
inner lining of the heart
inflammation of the renal pelvis
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
steth/o
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
the lower pointed end of the heart
-lith
interior space of a vessel
automated count of all blood cells
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
blockage or closure
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries
protrusion of the bladder
-tripsy
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
-ptosis
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
olig/o
radiologic recording of the bladder
coron/o
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
pancytopenia
condition of fluid in the ureters
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats
-oid
-rrhage
pulmon/o
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
pyel/o
ARF
painful urination
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
-emia
pertaining to both artria and ventricles
-ectasia
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
noct/i
open or exposed
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
abnormal heart sound
disease of the heart muscles
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
involuntary discharge of urine
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
dys-
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
enur/o
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
meat/o
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
sudden
outer lining of the heart
pertaining to the anterior left chest
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
recording of the force and flow of urine
pertaining to the pulse
inflammation of the valves of the heart
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
inflammation of a vein
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
varic/o
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
aort/o
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
scler/o
absence of urine formation
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
small vein
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
poly-

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