Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
-ectasia
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
open or exposed
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
process of releasing urine from the bladder
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
excision of the bladder
-iasis, -esis
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
recording of the force and flow of urine
abnormal heart sound
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
aden/o
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
absence of urine formation
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve
noct/i
poly-
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
disease of the heart muscles
pertaining to the pulse
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture
inner lining of the heart
pulmon/o
-penia
inflammation of the renal pelvis
-lith
inflammation of the valves of the heart
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
enur/o
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
suturing of the bladder
thromb/o
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
pertaining to the anterior left chest
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
-scopy
aort/o
painful urination
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
inflammation of a vein
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
olig/o
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
-ptosis
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen
-stenosis
sphygm/o
automated count of all blood cells
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
varic/o
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
-emia
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
the lower pointed end of the heart
examination of the bladder
-rrhage
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body
cyst/o, vesicul/o
involuntary discharge of urine
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
sudden
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
condition of fluid in the ureters
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
-tripsy
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
small vein
pertaining to both artria and ventricles
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
-cele
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
blockage or closure
coron/o
protrusion of the bladder
steth/o
plas/o
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
scler/o
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
pertaining to both arteries and veins
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
pancytopenia
radiologic recording of the bladder
py/o
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
dys-
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins
outer lining of the heart
interior space of a vessel
ather/o
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
ARF
pyel/o
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
meat/o
-oid
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
tel-
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats

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