Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
proct/o
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
macro-
trich/o
intra-
py/o
chol/o
ab-
trans-
bucc/o
quad-,quadri-
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
ile/o
supra-, super-
-algia
de-
cec/o
-pathy
-centesis
-logy
xanth/o
Cardi-
post-
proxim/o
en-,end-,endo-
eu-
cyan/o
neo-
mega-, megalo-
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
troph/o
commonly called a scar
central abdominal region
inter-
lying face up
a scratch mark on the skin
cholecyst/o
hem/hemat/o
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
abdominal region below the umbilical region
-stomy
-itis
-graphy
-plasia
xer/o
-ism,-ia,-y
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
cyt/o
lingu/o
-cele
fibr/o
dors/o
gastr-
normo-
-logist, -ist
seb/o
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
hyper-
leuk/o
-megaly
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
-gram
-rrhea
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
-plasty
cerebr-
lith/o
dys-
chlor/o
caud/o
chrom/o
disk
in-,im-,non-
sym-,syn-
multi-
-stasis
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
-emia
gluc,glyc/o
-oma
Means 'lying down'
epitheli/o
lumb/o
ad-
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
pan-
sub-, infra-
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
blast/o
thorac/o
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
lei/o
labi, cheil/o
peps/o
relating to the groin
a-,an-
cervic/o
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
-oid
pachy/o
-ectomy
lip/o
hetero-
rhytid/o
crani
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
hist/o
pseudo-
-scopy
bi-, di-
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
-rrhaphy
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
pre-
pulmon/o
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
reythr/o
-genic, -genesis
ultra-
abdominal region above the umbilical region
ventr/o
melan/o
poly-
-meter
acr/o
onych/o
aden/o
re-
Col, colon
oste/o
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
outer layer of skin
later/o
tachy-
medi/o
-scope
iso-
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
-tomy
anti-, contra-
dis-
brachi/o
-ium
hypo-
sial/o
anter-
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
jejun/o
homo-,homeo-
infer/o
brady-
per-
lapar, abdomin/o
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
-osis
the study of cause of disease
viscer/o
-ole
dermat-
tri-
-tripsy
Burp or belch
ecto-, exo-
micro-
uni-, mono-
ex-
hemi-,semi-
peri-
related to a disease of unknown cause
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
cephal/o
aliment/o
nephr, ren

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