Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
hist/o
abdominal region above the umbilical region
-genic, -genesis
-plasty
lapar, abdomin/o
-oma
lying face up
-ium
peri-
disk
cerebr-
lumb/o
-gram
gastr-
ventr/o
in-,im-,non-
-stasis
pulmon/o
mega-, megalo-
-rrhea
-meter
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
dors/o
-pathy
labi, cheil/o
ile/o
-osis
cholecyst/o
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
-scopy
neo-
-plasia
-scope
lip/o
ad-
proxim/o
seb/o
hem/hemat/o
lingu/o
re-
-oid
aden/o
eu-
-centesis
pseudo-
central abdominal region
-logy
chlor/o
cyt/o
bucc/o
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
trich/o
-logist, -ist
py/o
supra-, super-
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
per-
Burp or belch
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
viscer/o
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
cec/o
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
normo-
proct/o
hyper-
relating to the groin
jejun/o
-tripsy
nephr, ren
-itis
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
intra-
Cardi-
xanth/o
-algia
Means 'lying down'
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
onych/o
iso-
dis-
ab-
inter-
related to a disease of unknown cause
Col, colon
pan-
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
chrom/o
thorac/o
anti-, contra-
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
cephal/o
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
hypo-
caud/o
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
sial/o
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
-cele
reythr/o
-graphy
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
-ectomy
leuk/o
dermat-
abdominal region below the umbilical region
homo-,homeo-
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
the study of cause of disease
xer/o
oste/o
micro-
lei/o
ultra-
commonly called a scar
rhytid/o
-rrhaphy
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
crani
acr/o
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
melan/o
troph/o
bi-, di-
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
en-,end-,endo-
outer layer of skin
sub-, infra-
brady-
brachi/o
tachy-
quad-,quadri-
pachy/o
uni-, mono-
ecto-, exo-
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
de-
-ole
ex-
infer/o
chol/o
-stomy
cervic/o
trans-
post-
later/o
multi-
anter-
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
fibr/o
tri-
epitheli/o
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
gluc,glyc/o
pre-
-tomy
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
a-,an-
cyan/o
hetero-
a scratch mark on the skin
peps/o
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
-ism,-ia,-y
aliment/o
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
-megaly
-emia
hemi-,semi-
medi/o
poly-
macro-
dys-
lith/o
sym-,syn-
blast/o

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