Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
relating to the groin
lying face up
-oid
-logy
infer/o
ultra-
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
homo-,homeo-
-emia
micro-
bi-, di-
proct/o
medi/o
bucc/o
cholecyst/o
-cele
brady-
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
iso-
-tripsy
tachy-
disk
thorac/o
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
anter-
anti-, contra-
uni-, mono-
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
-stomy
a scratch mark on the skin
later/o
Means 'lying down'
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
hist/o
trans-
pan-
hyper-
sym-,syn-
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
blast/o
cyan/o
per-
intra-
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
rhytid/o
multi-
lapar, abdomin/o
-plasty
gluc,glyc/o
-oma
labi, cheil/o
Col, colon
seb/o
a-,an-
hem/hemat/o
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
fibr/o
in-,im-,non-
ab-
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
the study of cause of disease
chlor/o
dermat-
aden/o
neo-
commonly called a scar
dors/o
-ium
abdominal region below the umbilical region
epitheli/o
-gram
hemi-,semi-
post-
lingu/o
ex-
-genic, -genesis
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
-tomy
hetero-
viscer/o
pre-
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
reythr/o
melan/o
-megaly
abdominal region above the umbilical region
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
tri-
de-
jejun/o
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
nephr, ren
leuk/o
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
-ole
central abdominal region
lip/o
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
-ectomy
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
aliment/o
trich/o
proxim/o
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
ad-
chrom/o
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
pulmon/o
-algia
xanth/o
normo-
py/o
oste/o
acr/o
brachi/o
onych/o
peps/o
lei/o
-logist, -ist
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
dis-
ile/o
inter-
sub-, infra-
cerebr-
mega-, megalo-
supra-, super-
cyt/o
macro-
lith/o
-scopy
-plasia
-rrhaphy
troph/o
-centesis
ecto-, exo-
peri-
sial/o
-osis
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
outer layer of skin
caud/o
-rrhea
related to a disease of unknown cause
Burp or belch
crani
poly-
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
cervic/o
xer/o
-pathy
pachy/o
ventr/o
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
Cardi-
re-
cec/o
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
gastr-
-stasis
quad-,quadri-
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
hypo-
-ism,-ia,-y
-meter
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
-scope
chol/o
cephal/o
pseudo-
eu-
dys-
-graphy
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
lumb/o
-itis
en-,end-,endo-

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