Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
post-
proxim/o
-gram
ventr/o
blast/o
-plasty
hypo-
-cele
in-,im-,non-
py/o
abdominal region below the umbilical region
sial/o
-ole
brachi/o
labi, cheil/o
pulmon/o
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
lapar, abdomin/o
supra-, super-
-logy
-oma
onych/o
ile/o
-plasia
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
macro-
-tripsy
Means 'lying down'
leuk/o
chlor/o
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
infer/o
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
cyan/o
cephal/o
de-
multi-
-ium
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
chol/o
uni-, mono-
Col, colon
inter-
aliment/o
peri-
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
peps/o
pachy/o
-emia
micro-
acr/o
sub-, infra-
-oid
-rrhaphy
tachy-
hyper-
-scopy
epitheli/o
anti-, contra-
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
xer/o
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
disk
Cardi-
outer layer of skin
viscer/o
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
-tomy
aden/o
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
-centesis
neo-
troph/o
dermat-
per-
cervic/o
hist/o
caud/o
ecto-, exo-
commonly called a scar
reythr/o
lumb/o
later/o
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
gastr-
-ectomy
anter-
rhytid/o
trich/o
bucc/o
mega-, megalo-
ad-
ultra-
-logist, -ist
homo-,homeo-
Burp or belch
pseudo-
lying face up
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
lingu/o
brady-
gluc,glyc/o
en-,end-,endo-
cerebr-
-scope
intra-
crani
-pathy
fibr/o
pre-
poly-
cec/o
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
lip/o
dys-
-itis
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
tri-
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
hemi-,semi-
normo-
the study of cause of disease
-meter
abdominal region above the umbilical region
lith/o
seb/o
lei/o
jejun/o
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
ab-
a-,an-
-stasis
relating to the groin
bi-, di-
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
xanth/o
sym-,syn-
-rrhea
thorac/o
-megaly
dis-
iso-
hetero-
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
-osis
central abdominal region
pan-
-algia
dors/o
eu-
-graphy
-stomy
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
re-
ex-
a scratch mark on the skin
medi/o
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
related to a disease of unknown cause
melan/o
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
nephr, ren
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
hem/hemat/o
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
cyt/o
trans-
chrom/o
-ism,-ia,-y
-genic, -genesis
quad-,quadri-
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
cholecyst/o
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
proct/o
oste/o
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood

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