Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
iso-
oste/o
in-,im-,non-
py/o
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
cyt/o
chol/o
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
cephal/o
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
-logy
ab-
uni-, mono-
pachy/o
lumb/o
xer/o
sial/o
-centesis
acr/o
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
eu-
proxim/o
-logist, -ist
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
tri-
mega-, megalo-
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
bucc/o
the study of cause of disease
reythr/o
cerebr-
gluc,glyc/o
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
-genic, -genesis
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
related to a disease of unknown cause
viscer/o
pulmon/o
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
-graphy
per-
-osis
-cele
abdominal region below the umbilical region
infer/o
neo-
multi-
a-,an-
commonly called a scar
post-
-meter
thorac/o
-scopy
crani
-stomy
intra-
sub-, infra-
micro-
-ism,-ia,-y
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
nephr, ren
aden/o
later/o
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
dermat-
-scope
trich/o
epitheli/o
inter-
brachi/o
-tomy
central abdominal region
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
-rrhaphy
Col, colon
hist/o
lying face up
brady-
ex-
pan-
peps/o
Cardi-
anti-, contra-
macro-
fibr/o
-pathy
cervic/o
aliment/o
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
melan/o
caud/o
-ole
cec/o
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
de-
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
normo-
-plasia
onych/o
cholecyst/o
-plasty
disk
ile/o
-gram
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
trans-
dys-
leuk/o
gastr-
supra-, super-
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
jejun/o
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
-megaly
anter-
abdominal region above the umbilical region
bi-, di-
rhytid/o
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
chlor/o
outer layer of skin
ultra-
blast/o
-oid
proct/o
hyper-
lapar, abdomin/o
sym-,syn-
-rrhea
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
lith/o
labi, cheil/o
cyan/o
lip/o
poly-
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
re-
hypo-
ecto-, exo-
troph/o
relating to the groin
ventr/o
dors/o
en-,end-,endo-
-ium
-oma
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
-stasis
hetero-
lei/o
hem/hemat/o
dis-
ad-
-emia
-tripsy
seb/o
chrom/o
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
lingu/o
quad-,quadri-
Burp or belch
peri-
homo-,homeo-
medi/o
pseudo-
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
Means 'lying down'
-itis
-algia
a scratch mark on the skin
xanth/o
tachy-
-ectomy
pre-
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
hemi-,semi-

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