Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
-logy
abdominal region below the umbilical region
-oma
cerebr-
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
macro-
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
-centesis
-plasty
-logist, -ist
lith/o
xanth/o
ventr/o
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
-stasis
oste/o
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
related to a disease of unknown cause
gluc,glyc/o
abdominal region above the umbilical region
cec/o
pre-
post-
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
tri-
chol/o
later/o
bi-, di-
lying face up
-scope
Cardi-
the study of cause of disease
re-
melan/o
per-
hem/hemat/o
-genic, -genesis
medi/o
homo-,homeo-
a scratch mark on the skin
pseudo-
brady-
-emia
trans-
supra-, super-
de-
ultra-
lip/o
micro-
peri-
aden/o
-gram
seb/o
caud/o
inter-
crani
xer/o
proxim/o
outer layer of skin
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
infer/o
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
sub-, infra-
dors/o
sym-,syn-
troph/o
en-,end-,endo-
lei/o
lapar, abdomin/o
hetero-
-algia
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
relating to the groin
Col, colon
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
hypo-
onych/o
dis-
-stomy
a-,an-
-cele
multi-
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
Burp or belch
lumb/o
pulmon/o
cyan/o
rhytid/o
-scopy
cyt/o
labi, cheil/o
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
blast/o
normo-
epitheli/o
central abdominal region
-pathy
leuk/o
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
ad-
-rrhea
-osis
py/o
iso-
-graphy
trich/o
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
hemi-,semi-
lingu/o
disk
-ium
anter-
nephr, ren
hist/o
sial/o
ex-
fibr/o
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
reythr/o
brachi/o
dermat-
Means 'lying down'
anti-, contra-
commonly called a scar
-plasia
intra-
-oid
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
pan-
-rrhaphy
cholecyst/o
bucc/o
ecto-, exo-
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
mega-, megalo-
uni-, mono-
-meter
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
pachy/o
chlor/o
-tomy
chrom/o
gastr-
ile/o
neo-
thorac/o
-megaly
cervic/o
jejun/o
ab-
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
-ole
dys-
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
peps/o
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
aliment/o
proct/o
cephal/o
quad-,quadri-
-tripsy
-ism,-ia,-y
tachy-
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
poly-
eu-
-itis
acr/o
hyper-
in-,im-,non-
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
-ectomy
viscer/o

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