Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
crani
Means 'lying down'
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
re-
en-,end-,endo-
chol/o
pre-
de-
-logist, -ist
a-,an-
-logy
ab-
pan-
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
viscer/o
cervic/o
-tomy
acr/o
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
lith/o
-genic, -genesis
dys-
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
tachy-
-itis
melan/o
-pathy
related to a disease of unknown cause
caud/o
poly-
homo-,homeo-
inter-
jejun/o
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
-graphy
nephr, ren
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
brady-
anti-, contra-
-oma
lying face up
supra-, super-
-gram
labi, cheil/o
intra-
peps/o
hem/hemat/o
hyper-
-oid
bi-, di-
onych/o
ventr/o
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
quad-,quadri-
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
fibr/o
aliment/o
per-
hemi-,semi-
trans-
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
normo-
pseudo-
sub-, infra-
abdominal region above the umbilical region
neo-
proxim/o
Burp or belch
cec/o
later/o
lingu/o
disk
Col, colon
-ectomy
-rrhaphy
cyt/o
central abdominal region
blast/o
dermat-
cyan/o
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
-ism,-ia,-y
uni-, mono-
medi/o
cholecyst/o
post-
micro-
reythr/o
commonly called a scar
-rrhea
-ole
in-,im-,non-
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
cerebr-
anter-
multi-
hist/o
ad-
epitheli/o
trich/o
-meter
peri-
sym-,syn-
abdominal region below the umbilical region
sial/o
infer/o
a scratch mark on the skin
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
-emia
hetero-
-cele
xer/o
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
chlor/o
troph/o
pulmon/o
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
seb/o
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
chrom/o
bucc/o
ecto-, exo-
brachi/o
dors/o
ultra-
dis-
xanth/o
eu-
relating to the groin
-scope
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
-ium
thorac/o
-plasty
-algia
lapar, abdomin/o
rhytid/o
iso-
aden/o
cephal/o
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
lei/o
mega-, megalo-
leuk/o
Cardi-
-megaly
macro-
-plasia
the study of cause of disease
-stasis
-osis
proct/o
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
lumb/o
pachy/o
ile/o
oste/o
-centesis
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
lip/o
py/o
gastr-
ex-
outer layer of skin
-scopy
tri-
-stomy
hypo-
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
-tripsy
gluc,glyc/o

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