Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
trich/o
lei/o
eu-
-stasis
hem/hemat/o
-cele
reythr/o
dermat-
proxim/o
brachi/o
quad-,quadri-
gluc,glyc/o
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
anter-
per-
micro-
bucc/o
aliment/o
fibr/o
post-
ad-
xanth/o
dys-
a-,an-
lith/o
ex-
aden/o
neo-
-plasia
ab-
gastr-
-plasty
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
viscer/o
Burp or belch
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
ecto-, exo-
tri-
labi, cheil/o
-meter
related to a disease of unknown cause
en-,end-,endo-
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
infer/o
-rrhea
pre-
hypo-
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
chlor/o
ile/o
lying face up
proct/o
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
cervic/o
epitheli/o
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
de-
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
brady-
-oma
-rrhaphy
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
-scope
sub-, infra-
pulmon/o
xer/o
chrom/o
sial/o
dors/o
-emia
py/o
lingu/o
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
Col, colon
hemi-,semi-
hist/o
abdominal region above the umbilical region
homo-,homeo-
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
oste/o
macro-
leuk/o
cholecyst/o
-ectomy
-gram
-stomy
-ium
-megaly
-itis
pachy/o
-oid
thorac/o
supra-, super-
crani
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
mega-, megalo-
ventr/o
blast/o
cerebr-
normo-
lapar, abdomin/o
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
later/o
central abdominal region
inter-
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
-algia
-graphy
bi-, di-
in-,im-,non-
caud/o
cec/o
sym-,syn-
hyper-
rhytid/o
anti-, contra-
poly-
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
iso-
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
melan/o
multi-
acr/o
-osis
cephal/o
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
lumb/o
relating to the groin
pan-
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
-genic, -genesis
-ism,-ia,-y
abdominal region below the umbilical region
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
-ole
-centesis
hetero-
the study of cause of disease
pseudo-
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
troph/o
Means 'lying down'
nephr, ren
intra-
-logy
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
medi/o
ultra-
Cardi-
peps/o
trans-
commonly called a scar
cyt/o
-logist, -ist
jejun/o
seb/o
uni-, mono-
cyan/o
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
-tripsy
peri-
outer layer of skin
onych/o
tachy-
-pathy
a scratch mark on the skin
dis-
-tomy
disk
lip/o
chol/o
-scopy
re-
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves

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