Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
caud/o
-scopy
pulmon/o
ex-
Col, colon
lumb/o
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
troph/o
ventr/o
pachy/o
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
a-,an-
dors/o
pre-
trans-
chlor/o
reythr/o
-rrhaphy
xanth/o
de-
-cele
-rrhea
a scratch mark on the skin
-meter
infer/o
lith/o
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
central abdominal region
cholecyst/o
pseudo-
the study of cause of disease
commonly called a scar
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
chol/o
cervic/o
trich/o
hist/o
uni-, mono-
-ium
crani
-tripsy
melan/o
-itis
inter-
-centesis
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
en-,end-,endo-
ad-
sym-,syn-
re-
-stomy
intra-
cyan/o
peri-
-logy
dys-
labi, cheil/o
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
micro-
eu-
-algia
aden/o
brachi/o
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
macro-
proxim/o
onych/o
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
lying face up
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
proct/o
lingu/o
-gram
-ism,-ia,-y
iso-
abdominal region above the umbilical region
normo-
-osis
outer layer of skin
-megaly
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
-ole
post-
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
dis-
leuk/o
bucc/o
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
-tomy
gastr-
seb/o
-graphy
Cardi-
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
disk
fibr/o
multi-
ab-
hem/hemat/o
Burp or belch
-logist, -ist
tri-
-emia
-plasia
py/o
lapar, abdomin/o
-pathy
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
gluc,glyc/o
-oma
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
-plasty
aliment/o
tachy-
medi/o
ile/o
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
jejun/o
oste/o
Means 'lying down'
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
-ectomy
lei/o
hemi-,semi-
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
lip/o
cec/o
supra-, super-
-oid
acr/o
hetero-
cephal/o
rhytid/o
-stasis
pan-
-genic, -genesis
nephr, ren
dermat-
sial/o
sub-, infra-
later/o
chrom/o
relating to the groin
blast/o
neo-
related to a disease of unknown cause
quad-,quadri-
anti-, contra-
ultra-
-scope
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
per-
cerebr-
poly-
bi-, di-
in-,im-,non-
hypo-
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
anter-
cyt/o
brady-
abdominal region below the umbilical region
homo-,homeo-
ecto-, exo-
xer/o
hyper-
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
thorac/o
mega-, megalo-
viscer/o
peps/o
epitheli/o

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