Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
iso-
Burp or belch
-megaly
Col, colon
peri-
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
fibr/o
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
cervic/o
-centesis
-rrhaphy
jejun/o
thorac/o
-genic, -genesis
chlor/o
sial/o
post-
related to a disease of unknown cause
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
-pathy
relating to the groin
-algia
labi, cheil/o
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
leuk/o
blast/o
seb/o
-osis
dis-
abdominal region below the umbilical region
-cele
later/o
-oma
-logist, -ist
normo-
a scratch mark on the skin
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
nephr, ren
hyper-
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
-stomy
-scopy
a-,an-
-stasis
lith/o
proxim/o
de-
viscer/o
eu-
ultra-
proct/o
melan/o
ventr/o
pan-
-oid
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
hem/hemat/o
cec/o
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
lumb/o
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
anter-
trans-
pseudo-
lingu/o
brachi/o
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
-graphy
reythr/o
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
cephal/o
lei/o
pre-
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
-emia
ile/o
cyt/o
-logy
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
cyan/o
-tripsy
-plasia
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
homo-,homeo-
-ectomy
hetero-
en-,end-,endo-
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
dors/o
dys-
central abdominal region
cerebr-
micro-
xer/o
intra-
tachy-
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
-ism,-ia,-y
ab-
chrom/o
brady-
the study of cause of disease
Means 'lying down'
medi/o
-itis
epitheli/o
poly-
sub-, infra-
-scope
gastr-
oste/o
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
lapar, abdomin/o
aden/o
ad-
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
gluc,glyc/o
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
lip/o
-rrhea
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
xanth/o
chol/o
hist/o
infer/o
-plasty
troph/o
supra-, super-
hypo-
peps/o
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
disk
inter-
neo-
bi-, di-
ecto-, exo-
mega-, megalo-
py/o
quad-,quadri-
sym-,syn-
pulmon/o
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
trich/o
bucc/o
-gram
rhytid/o
-meter
uni-, mono-
onych/o
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
acr/o
hemi-,semi-
anti-, contra-
re-
aliment/o
abdominal region above the umbilical region
per-
caud/o
outer layer of skin
macro-
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
Cardi-
cholecyst/o
dermat-
multi-
crani
tri-
in-,im-,non-
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
ex-
pachy/o
lying face up
-ole
-tomy
commonly called a scar
-ium

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