Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
lith/o
leuk/o
nephr, ren
en-,end-,endo-
reythr/o
aliment/o
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
homo-,homeo-
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
neo-
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
lying face up
peps/o
epitheli/o
oste/o
-algia
brady-
hem/hemat/o
the study of cause of disease
relating to the groin
hist/o
dis-
-ium
hypo-
hemi-,semi-
cyan/o
viscer/o
anti-, contra-
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
post-
related to a disease of unknown cause
later/o
cephal/o
mega-, megalo-
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
inter-
cholecyst/o
cervic/o
peri-
-graphy
Cardi-
-emia
-ole
-tripsy
sub-, infra-
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
de-
normo-
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
-stasis
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
-logist, -ist
xer/o
proxim/o
trich/o
chlor/o
Col, colon
anter-
ventr/o
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
infer/o
-gram
in-,im-,non-
supra-, super-
micro-
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
fibr/o
abdominal region above the umbilical region
-itis
pseudo-
jejun/o
-logy
ad-
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
intra-
brachi/o
tri-
hetero-
-centesis
multi-
seb/o
commonly called a scar
-scopy
hyper-
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
py/o
pre-
-osis
-ism,-ia,-y
trans-
cyt/o
xanth/o
dys-
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
-megaly
lapar, abdomin/o
a-,an-
bi-, di-
-rrhaphy
sym-,syn-
-oid
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
-ectomy
Burp or belch
sial/o
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
onych/o
quad-,quadri-
dermat-
ile/o
a scratch mark on the skin
bucc/o
ex-
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
cec/o
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
pachy/o
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
melan/o
troph/o
gluc,glyc/o
caud/o
pan-
ab-
-stomy
labi, cheil/o
-rrhea
per-
Means 'lying down'
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
dors/o
aden/o
lumb/o
uni-, mono-
-scope
crani
blast/o
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
thorac/o
pulmon/o
-oma
cerebr-
ultra-
medi/o
poly-
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
lingu/o
-cele
re-
gastr-
-pathy
-tomy
tachy-
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
macro-
-genic, -genesis
ecto-, exo-
-plasty
iso-
lip/o
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
disk
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
-meter
acr/o
eu-
lei/o
-plasia
chrom/o
outer layer of skin
abdominal region below the umbilical region
chol/o
central abdominal region
proct/o
rhytid/o

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