Science / Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
a scratch mark on the skin
lying face up
-stomy
iso-
-ectomy
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
trich/o
ab-
chlor/o
-ism,-ia,-y
macro-
ventr/o
seb/o
medi/o
-osis
hist/o
sial/o
thorac/o
hetero-
blast/o
cyan/o
xanth/o
lei/o
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
crani
-plasia
-logist, -ist
multi-
cerebr-
-centesis
Col, colon
lumb/o
commonly called a scar
abdominal region below the umbilical region
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
-megaly
-tripsy
-stasis
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
fibr/o
-itis
-rrhea
normo-
re-
cyt/o
-tomy
oste/o
pre-
reythr/o
melan/o
cervic/o
-algia
hyper-
cec/o
ile/o
gastr-
-rrhaphy
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
inter-
-ium
-plasty
Means 'lying down'
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
eu-
sub-, infra-
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
lingu/o
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
Burp or belch
-gram
outer layer of skin
-scopy
ecto-, exo-
-graphy
Cardi-
hem/hemat/o
dys-
ex-
ad-
troph/o
proxim/o
micro-
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
-scope
hemi-,semi-
hypo-
the study of cause of disease
disk
infer/o
dermat-
lapar, abdomin/o
-genic, -genesis
rhytid/o
aden/o
-logy
nephr, ren
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
later/o
gluc,glyc/o
aliment/o
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
tachy-
acr/o
per-
ultra-
anter-
py/o
onych/o
a-,an-
leuk/o
post-
anti-, contra-
chrom/o
relating to the groin
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
bi-, di-
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
sym-,syn-
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
related to a disease of unknown cause
-emia
pulmon/o
pseudo-
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
homo-,homeo-
intra-
brachi/o
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
central abdominal region
-cele
in-,im-,non-
lith/o
cholecyst/o
viscer/o
-oid
chol/o
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
labi, cheil/o
-ole
dis-
quad-,quadri-
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
pan-
cephal/o
caud/o
-oma
proct/o
supra-, super-
tri-
peps/o
abdominal region above the umbilical region
epitheli/o
en-,end-,endo-
pachy/o
jejun/o
-pathy
peri-
lip/o
uni-, mono-
-meter
dors/o
de-
mega-, megalo-
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
poly-
neo-
bucc/o
brady-
trans-
xer/o

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