Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
-tripsy
en-,end-,endo-
-oma
hem/hemat/o
hypo-
-gram
Burp or belch
a scratch mark on the skin
bi-, di-
tachy-
sym-,syn-
abdominal region below the umbilical region
multi-
later/o
-rrhea
chrom/o
epitheli/o
-genic, -genesis
labi, cheil/o
neo-
-centesis
-tomy
melan/o
-oid
peri-
caud/o
the study of cause of disease
tri-
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
troph/o
py/o
-meter
trans-
cholecyst/o
oste/o
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
anter-
dys-
cervic/o
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
-ism,-ia,-y
per-
aden/o
gastr-
brady-
quad-,quadri-
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
disk
micro-
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
onych/o
nephr, ren
ventr/o
mega-, megalo-
normo-
lying face up
-logist, -ist
infer/o
acr/o
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
intra-
crani
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
ad-
Means 'lying down'
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
sub-, infra-
medi/o
-ole
in-,im-,non-
pre-
ile/o
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
-algia
lith/o
post-
cec/o
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
-itis
macro-
-pathy
hyper-
ultra-
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
lei/o
-stasis
bucc/o
xer/o
ex-
thorac/o
a-,an-
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
cephal/o
pseudo-
pulmon/o
sial/o
fibr/o
-cele
cyan/o
seb/o
leuk/o
-stomy
hemi-,semi-
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
cyt/o
dis-
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
supra-, super-
Col, colon
rhytid/o
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
pan-
chol/o
inter-
relating to the groin
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
-plasia
related to a disease of unknown cause
gluc,glyc/o
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
commonly called a scar
re-
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
-scopy
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
trich/o
chlor/o
-plasty
abdominal region above the umbilical region
proct/o
-megaly
proxim/o
reythr/o
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
hetero-
iso-
pachy/o
-emia
dors/o
lingu/o
lip/o
homo-,homeo-
Cardi-
-logy
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
-osis
de-
jejun/o
ecto-, exo-
eu-
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
cerebr-
-ium
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
central abdominal region
-rrhaphy
hist/o
ab-
uni-, mono-
peps/o
outer layer of skin
aliment/o
blast/o
brachi/o
poly-
lapar, abdomin/o
viscer/o
-ectomy
xanth/o
-scope
dermat-
anti-, contra-
-graphy
lumb/o

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