Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
aden/o
ile/o
multi-
onych/o
hyper-
-oid
ultra-
Col, colon
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
intra-
-ium
anter-
abdominal region below the umbilical region
cyan/o
tachy-
-rrhea
thorac/o
dors/o
leuk/o
peri-
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
cyt/o
bucc/o
a scratch mark on the skin
peps/o
mega-, megalo-
proct/o
dys-
labi, cheil/o
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
chol/o
cec/o
-rrhaphy
sym-,syn-
trich/o
-logy
melan/o
-itis
sial/o
Cardi-
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
lip/o
crani
-gram
cerebr-
fibr/o
homo-,homeo-
rhytid/o
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
pulmon/o
trans-
central abdominal region
-ole
-plasty
commonly called a scar
disk
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
-logist, -ist
-ism,-ia,-y
acr/o
hypo-
sub-, infra-
pseudo-
-scope
xer/o
ad-
gastr-
cervic/o
-ectomy
lei/o
-stomy
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
-tomy
hetero-
relating to the groin
-osis
-algia
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
-cele
ex-
ab-
lumb/o
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
later/o
pachy/o
poly-
de-
a-,an-
macro-
dermat-
hist/o
anti-, contra-
py/o
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
-emia
epitheli/o
infer/o
hem/hemat/o
post-
medi/o
lapar, abdomin/o
hemi-,semi-
brachi/o
normo-
en-,end-,endo-
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
-megaly
in-,im-,non-
uni-, mono-
neo-
dis-
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
proxim/o
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
abdominal region above the umbilical region
outer layer of skin
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
xanth/o
supra-, super-
-stasis
pan-
brady-
gluc,glyc/o
-plasia
per-
troph/o
-genic, -genesis
jejun/o
chrom/o
cholecyst/o
eu-
-meter
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
viscer/o
cephal/o
oste/o
lith/o
tri-
-tripsy
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
Means 'lying down'
inter-
re-
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
ventr/o
related to a disease of unknown cause
-graphy
-centesis
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
chlor/o
quad-,quadri-
the study of cause of disease
ecto-, exo-
aliment/o
pre-
nephr, ren
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
Burp or belch
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
-pathy
micro-
caud/o
reythr/o
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
-scopy
lying face up
bi-, di-
-oma
iso-
seb/o
blast/o
lingu/o

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