Science / Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
-emia
pachy/o
normo-
medi/o
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
gluc,glyc/o
cervic/o
tri-
related to a disease of unknown cause
lapar, abdomin/o
-logist, -ist
pan-
neo-
the study of cause of disease
multi-
Col, colon
disk
cerebr-
Cardi-
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
-algia
ile/o
-scope
dys-
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
cyan/o
chrom/o
chlor/o
hemi-,semi-
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
later/o
viscer/o
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
relating to the groin
troph/o
-cele
proxim/o
bi-, di-
hist/o
homo-,homeo-
Burp or belch
cephal/o
cec/o
-ole
cyt/o
pseudo-
-megaly
lingu/o
intra-
ventr/o
dermat-
aliment/o
lying face up
labi, cheil/o
py/o
rhytid/o
abdominal region below the umbilical region
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
poly-
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
Means 'lying down'
uni-, mono-
re-
-stomy
trich/o
-plasia
-genic, -genesis
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
nephr, ren
supra-, super-
-tomy
abdominal region above the umbilical region
-logy
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
-ectomy
a-,an-
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
a scratch mark on the skin
jejun/o
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
quad-,quadri-
-rrhea
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
-oma
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
-ium
micro-
en-,end-,endo-
tachy-
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
central abdominal region
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
ex-
blast/o
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
-scopy
anti-, contra-
inter-
xer/o
epitheli/o
mega-, megalo-
aden/o
bucc/o
proct/o
trans-
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
caud/o
hypo-
oste/o
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
seb/o
lumb/o
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
sym-,syn-
-plasty
sub-, infra-
-pathy
brachi/o
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
crani
fibr/o
-centesis
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
-graphy
gastr-
leuk/o
iso-
-ism,-ia,-y
eu-
sial/o
cholecyst/o
-rrhaphy
lei/o
-osis
melan/o
peri-
outer layer of skin
hyper-
-meter
reythr/o
-tripsy
per-
commonly called a scar
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
-itis
acr/o
thorac/o
post-
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
hetero-
ultra-
in-,im-,non-
lith/o
dis-
ad-
-stasis
macro-
peps/o
xanth/o
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
pre-
ecto-, exo-
hem/hemat/o
-gram
-oid
infer/o
dors/o
pulmon/o
de-
brady-
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
onych/o
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
lip/o
anter-
ab-
chol/o

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