Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
aliment/o
nephr, ren
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
cervic/o
-oid
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
inter-
cec/o
outer layer of skin
gluc,glyc/o
-plasia
ultra-
en-,end-,endo-
ab-
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
ile/o
peps/o
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
-tomy
xanth/o
troph/o
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
pulmon/o
commonly called a scar
a scratch mark on the skin
lapar, abdomin/o
trich/o
hyper-
-scopy
-emia
crani
cerebr-
related to a disease of unknown cause
gastr-
abdominal region above the umbilical region
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
hist/o
pseudo-
-stomy
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
pachy/o
-gram
onych/o
-genic, -genesis
anti-, contra-
cephal/o
cyan/o
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
acr/o
-meter
poly-
sial/o
-cele
lei/o
chol/o
brachi/o
seb/o
ex-
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
chrom/o
-pathy
-algia
Col, colon
bucc/o
reythr/o
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
labi, cheil/o
chlor/o
tachy-
multi-
bi-, di-
uni-, mono-
normo-
pre-
Cardi-
hetero-
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
quad-,quadri-
-stasis
brady-
-ole
ecto-, exo-
lith/o
peri-
post-
in-,im-,non-
mega-, megalo-
-logist, -ist
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
micro-
-ectomy
tri-
Means 'lying down'
infer/o
-oma
sym-,syn-
blast/o
-tripsy
supra-, super-
-rrhea
leuk/o
-logy
caud/o
lip/o
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
cholecyst/o
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
de-
dermat-
hemi-,semi-
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
lumb/o
trans-
central abdominal region
-itis
aden/o
relating to the groin
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
py/o
eu-
per-
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
-osis
later/o
-plasty
-graphy
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
lingu/o
dys-
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
-centesis
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
abdominal region below the umbilical region
macro-
-ium
dis-
fibr/o
hypo-
viscer/o
cyt/o
a-,an-
medi/o
the study of cause of disease
-megaly
hem/hemat/o
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
re-
iso-
thorac/o
Burp or belch
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
-ism,-ia,-y
lying face up
rhytid/o
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
homo-,homeo-
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
-rrhaphy
proxim/o
epitheli/o
ventr/o
sub-, infra-
proct/o
anter-
dors/o
pan-
-scope
disk
intra-
xer/o
jejun/o
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
ad-
melan/o
oste/o
neo-

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