Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
jejun/o
rhytid/o
lying face up
acr/o
hetero-
sym-,syn-
-oid
-tomy
cerebr-
peri-
lapar, abdomin/o
-logy
tri-
epitheli/o
bi-, di-
chol/o
proct/o
inter-
crani
iso-
blast/o
homo-,homeo-
leuk/o
ab-
-scopy
a-,an-
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
brachi/o
neo-
uni-, mono-
medi/o
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
-plasty
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
outer layer of skin
hist/o
-rrhea
-scope
commonly called a scar
onych/o
troph/o
-logist, -ist
-centesis
ile/o
dys-
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
cyt/o
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
-emia
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
per-
thorac/o
gastr-
cephal/o
aden/o
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
eu-
abdominal region above the umbilical region
-ism,-ia,-y
abdominal region below the umbilical region
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
-tripsy
-genic, -genesis
pachy/o
peps/o
cyan/o
-cele
pseudo-
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
-ium
post-
xanth/o
trans-
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
hemi-,semi-
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
-pathy
cervic/o
en-,end-,endo-
anti-, contra-
lip/o
hem/hemat/o
de-
-algia
-stomy
hypo-
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
central abdominal region
nephr, ren
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
quad-,quadri-
labi, cheil/o
xer/o
lei/o
mega-, megalo-
later/o
caud/o
brady-
anter-
ultra-
fibr/o
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
multi-
relating to the groin
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
a scratch mark on the skin
-itis
sub-, infra-
dermat-
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
related to a disease of unknown cause
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
-megaly
the study of cause of disease
cec/o
hyper-
reythr/o
lumb/o
normo-
macro-
oste/o
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
micro-
-oma
pan-
ventr/o
in-,im-,non-
ecto-, exo-
-plasia
dis-
Cardi-
viscer/o
-ectomy
py/o
chrom/o
aliment/o
ad-
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
-graphy
-osis
-ole
supra-, super-
chlor/o
lingu/o
-rrhaphy
ex-
bucc/o
Col, colon
Burp or belch
pulmon/o
cholecyst/o
-stasis
seb/o
-gram
re-
sial/o
pre-
lith/o
intra-
disk
dors/o
poly-
melan/o
-meter
infer/o
Means 'lying down'
gluc,glyc/o
trich/o
proxim/o
tachy-

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