Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
-scope
labi, cheil/o
dors/o
ile/o
-genic, -genesis
-logist, -ist
hem/hemat/o
blast/o
lingu/o
Cardi-
disk
re-
micro-
-oid
proct/o
en-,end-,endo-
cholecyst/o
a-,an-
caud/o
uni-, mono-
chlor/o
pseudo-
inter-
acr/o
-plasty
-meter
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
intra-
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
bi-, di-
homo-,homeo-
dis-
lip/o
related to a disease of unknown cause
rhytid/o
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
tri-
brachi/o
leuk/o
post-
sym-,syn-
lying face up
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
commonly called a scar
cervic/o
Col, colon
relating to the groin
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
medi/o
cyt/o
-ole
ecto-, exo-
gastr-
iso-
macro-
-ectomy
bucc/o
pachy/o
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
outer layer of skin
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
thorac/o
-stasis
neo-
cec/o
brady-
anter-
a scratch mark on the skin
infer/o
poly-
-centesis
cyan/o
reythr/o
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
-oma
central abdominal region
lith/o
normo-
viscer/o
in-,im-,non-
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
nephr, ren
xer/o
ultra-
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
-ism,-ia,-y
chrom/o
hemi-,semi-
per-
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
de-
gluc,glyc/o
pan-
epitheli/o
troph/o
-cele
chol/o
sial/o
-rrhaphy
peps/o
onych/o
oste/o
melan/o
cerebr-
dys-
ab-
abdominal region above the umbilical region
multi-
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
-itis
-tripsy
ex-
ad-
dermat-
abdominal region below the umbilical region
seb/o
sub-, infra-
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
-osis
cephal/o
Burp or belch
-tomy
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
-pathy
-ium
hetero-
hyper-
eu-
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
-logy
supra-, super-
-scopy
fibr/o
lapar, abdomin/o
crani
mega-, megalo-
-gram
-rrhea
py/o
aden/o
peri-
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
proxim/o
-megaly
lumb/o
ventr/o
trich/o
lei/o
-graphy
pulmon/o
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
hist/o
pre-
trans-
-stomy
later/o
anti-, contra-
-algia
aliment/o
xanth/o
the study of cause of disease
-emia
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
Means 'lying down'
jejun/o
hypo-
quad-,quadri-
tachy-
-plasia
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver

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