Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
cyan/o
sial/o
-oma
cec/o
quad-,quadri-
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
trich/o
en-,end-,endo-
mega-, megalo-
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
proct/o
-ism,-ia,-y
related to a disease of unknown cause
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
lingu/o
blast/o
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
pulmon/o
Col, colon
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
chol/o
iso-
leuk/o
fibr/o
thorac/o
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
Cardi-
crani
dermat-
trans-
abdominal region above the umbilical region
-logist, -ist
tachy-
-ium
anti-, contra-
in-,im-,non-
later/o
viscer/o
bucc/o
ab-
infer/o
pan-
hypo-
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
neo-
labi, cheil/o
a scratch mark on the skin
ex-
-ectomy
xanth/o
-oid
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
-scopy
hem/hemat/o
de-
-osis
intra-
commonly called a scar
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
gastr-
pachy/o
troph/o
post-
pre-
ventr/o
tri-
hetero-
per-
medi/o
eu-
-gram
abdominal region below the umbilical region
ecto-, exo-
dis-
-scope
-meter
inter-
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
-tripsy
Burp or belch
-stasis
epitheli/o
dors/o
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
cephal/o
aden/o
central abdominal region
brachi/o
-graphy
relating to the groin
chlor/o
hemi-,semi-
macro-
supra-, super-
Means 'lying down'
-tomy
chrom/o
oste/o
-megaly
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
jejun/o
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
hyper-
cervic/o
the study of cause of disease
nephr, ren
anter-
peps/o
-plasty
lapar, abdomin/o
uni-, mono-
ad-
onych/o
brady-
hist/o
gluc,glyc/o
multi-
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
-genic, -genesis
melan/o
-ole
ile/o
xer/o
pseudo-
lip/o
-algia
rhytid/o
poly-
-cele
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
lying face up
disk
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
acr/o
ultra-
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
bi-, di-
-rrhea
aliment/o
lumb/o
micro-
cyt/o
lei/o
-logy
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
homo-,homeo-
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
reythr/o
-stomy
normo-
cerebr-
outer layer of skin
proxim/o
-plasia
cholecyst/o
seb/o
peri-
-centesis
-rrhaphy
sub-, infra-
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
lith/o
caud/o
py/o
-emia
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
sym-,syn-
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
a-,an-
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
-itis
re-
-pathy
dys-

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