Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
cyan/o
outer layer of skin
-centesis
hemi-,semi-
anti-, contra-
-ium
inter-
-gram
mega-, megalo-
a scratch mark on the skin
xanth/o
Means 'lying down'
ultra-
-tripsy
central abdominal region
sym-,syn-
-rrhaphy
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
-tomy
a-,an-
Col, colon
bucc/o
fibr/o
chol/o
post-
-pathy
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
lumb/o
-plasty
-algia
pseudo-
Burp or belch
xer/o
later/o
-stasis
aliment/o
troph/o
-rrhea
hyper-
-osis
cholecyst/o
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
ab-
ad-
-genic, -genesis
pan-
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
related to a disease of unknown cause
-scope
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
dys-
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
leuk/o
lapar, abdomin/o
proct/o
cerebr-
poly-
lip/o
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
acr/o
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
pulmon/o
supra-, super-
anter-
trans-
chlor/o
labi, cheil/o
-plasia
-ectomy
en-,end-,endo-
pre-
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
sial/o
-logy
infer/o
ex-
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
crani
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
multi-
lith/o
relating to the groin
nephr, ren
neo-
-cele
ventr/o
thorac/o
brachi/o
pachy/o
in-,im-,non-
ecto-, exo-
quad-,quadri-
-emia
medi/o
re-
onych/o
-itis
-scopy
macro-
cervic/o
tachy-
epitheli/o
py/o
-ism,-ia,-y
proxim/o
-megaly
the study of cause of disease
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
dermat-
per-
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
trich/o
intra-
lying face up
-meter
sub-, infra-
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
brady-
hem/hemat/o
chrom/o
hist/o
-graphy
reythr/o
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
cephal/o
micro-
rhytid/o
hypo-
cec/o
normo-
-oid
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
peri-
gluc,glyc/o
disk
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
-ole
blast/o
viscer/o
uni-, mono-
ile/o
abdominal region above the umbilical region
Cardi-
iso-
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
melan/o
abdominal region below the umbilical region
de-
gastr-
dis-
caud/o
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
lei/o
lingu/o
-stomy
dors/o
hetero-
eu-
peps/o
aden/o
-oma
oste/o
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
bi-, di-
-logist, -ist
commonly called a scar
cyt/o
homo-,homeo-
jejun/o
tri-
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
seb/o

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