Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
ex-
anti-, contra-
outer layer of skin
tachy-
aden/o
abdominal region above the umbilical region
uni-, mono-
-scope
ab-
caud/o
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
abdominal region below the umbilical region
chol/o
pre-
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
melan/o
inter-
nephr, ren
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
the study of cause of disease
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
cephal/o
sub-, infra-
hemi-,semi-
-ole
brady-
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
-centesis
disk
hetero-
reythr/o
pachy/o
macro-
cec/o
-oma
-scopy
-pathy
ecto-, exo-
-graphy
dermat-
gluc,glyc/o
re-
-tomy
in-,im-,non-
Cardi-
ultra-
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
dis-
poly-
lying face up
quad-,quadri-
sym-,syn-
-ectomy
supra-, super-
Col, colon
post-
related to a disease of unknown cause
-ium
acr/o
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
xanth/o
peri-
anter-
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
pseudo-
aliment/o
de-
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
hem/hemat/o
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
-oid
proxim/o
leuk/o
crani
-algia
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
onych/o
en-,end-,endo-
lingu/o
lip/o
cyan/o
lapar, abdomin/o
-stasis
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
epitheli/o
medi/o
hist/o
ventr/o
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
a scratch mark on the skin
commonly called a scar
-rrhaphy
-logy
central abdominal region
-itis
Burp or belch
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
hypo-
peps/o
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
tri-
lei/o
viscer/o
later/o
dys-
iso-
cholecyst/o
infer/o
labi, cheil/o
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
bi-, di-
-gram
mega-, megalo-
neo-
rhytid/o
-cele
chrom/o
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
pan-
blast/o
-stomy
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
multi-
-ism,-ia,-y
troph/o
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
lith/o
xer/o
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
oste/o
intra-
trich/o
-tripsy
-megaly
relating to the groin
pulmon/o
cerebr-
micro-
normo-
ile/o
gastr-
-plasia
cyt/o
lumb/o
-rrhea
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
py/o
-plasty
ad-
fibr/o
bucc/o
sial/o
a-,an-
proct/o
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
-meter
dors/o
Means 'lying down'
homo-,homeo-
cervic/o
brachi/o
chlor/o
seb/o
-osis
-genic, -genesis
-logist, -ist
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
per-
eu-
thorac/o
trans-
-emia
hyper-
jejun/o
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles

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