Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
seb/o
the study of cause of disease
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
abdominal region above the umbilical region
nephr, ren
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
Cardi-
-megaly
ventr/o
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
crani
Burp or belch
-ectomy
-plasty
iso-
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
-cele
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
bi-, di-
cyt/o
ex-
thorac/o
cervic/o
chol/o
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
quad-,quadri-
xer/o
medi/o
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
hist/o
en-,end-,endo-
reythr/o
-graphy
rhytid/o
viscer/o
acr/o
labi, cheil/o
ecto-, exo-
hem/hemat/o
-emia
-rrhaphy
chlor/o
-oma
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
hypo-
-osis
-stomy
sial/o
inter-
hyper-
ad-
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
oste/o
commonly called a scar
cyan/o
tachy-
leuk/o
-rrhea
Means 'lying down'
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
ab-
de-
brady-
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
re-
-tripsy
dys-
-algia
outer layer of skin
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
bucc/o
sym-,syn-
sub-, infra-
cephal/o
-meter
chrom/o
abdominal region below the umbilical region
anti-, contra-
epitheli/o
lei/o
homo-,homeo-
in-,im-,non-
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
pan-
anter-
Col, colon
cerebr-
hemi-,semi-
dors/o
pseudo-
lapar, abdomin/o
peps/o
a scratch mark on the skin
lying face up
-logy
relating to the groin
py/o
lith/o
trans-
central abdominal region
lingu/o
trich/o
micro-
proxim/o
caud/o
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
cholecyst/o
post-
-ium
-ole
onych/o
gastr-
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
aliment/o
-itis
aden/o
infer/o
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
ile/o
peri-
blast/o
ultra-
-ism,-ia,-y
-gram
supra-, super-
-tomy
eu-
-oid
tri-
melan/o
-logist, -ist
hetero-
pulmon/o
dermat-
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
a-,an-
-pathy
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
xanth/o
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
fibr/o
neo-
macro-
-scope
troph/o
intra-
jejun/o
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
mega-, megalo-
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
proct/o
multi-
poly-
pachy/o
per-
related to a disease of unknown cause
-genic, -genesis
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
disk
later/o
-scopy
gluc,glyc/o
lumb/o
cec/o
-stasis
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
pre-
brachi/o
-centesis
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
-plasia
uni-, mono-
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
dis-
lip/o
normo-

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