Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
aden/o
-osis
proct/o
pan-
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
homo-,homeo-
tachy-
ab-
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
-scopy
-itis
troph/o
en-,end-,endo-
de-
per-
lying face up
hem/hemat/o
disk
a scratch mark on the skin
pulmon/o
-emia
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
inter-
seb/o
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
-meter
dors/o
blast/o
poly-
lith/o
anter-
hypo-
-oid
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
rhytid/o
aliment/o
Burp or belch
uni-, mono-
relating to the groin
pre-
leuk/o
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
cerebr-
-genic, -genesis
sub-, infra-
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
outer layer of skin
-cele
mega-, megalo-
abdominal region below the umbilical region
viscer/o
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
dis-
oste/o
ventr/o
-algia
lumb/o
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
py/o
micro-
ad-
peps/o
chol/o
-rrhea
hyper-
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
xer/o
chrom/o
pachy/o
acr/o
neo-
thorac/o
Col, colon
xanth/o
bucc/o
related to a disease of unknown cause
sym-,syn-
quad-,quadri-
anti-, contra-
-pathy
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
onych/o
gluc,glyc/o
melan/o
commonly called a scar
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
-tripsy
iso-
jejun/o
-centesis
brady-
dys-
lingu/o
ecto-, exo-
re-
-logy
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
cec/o
-graphy
brachi/o
chlor/o
ex-
caud/o
-oma
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
-ole
-megaly
hemi-,semi-
dermat-
a-,an-
-logist, -ist
pseudo-
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
Cardi-
bi-, di-
lapar, abdomin/o
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
trich/o
proxim/o
later/o
nephr, ren
post-
ile/o
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
cyt/o
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
intra-
gastr-
lei/o
-plasty
-rrhaphy
cyan/o
peri-
-gram
ultra-
crani
-ium
cholecyst/o
-ism,-ia,-y
-ectomy
epitheli/o
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
-stasis
hetero-
-stomy
supra-, super-
in-,im-,non-
reythr/o
cephal/o
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
-plasia
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
lip/o
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
medi/o
the study of cause of disease
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
infer/o
fibr/o
Means 'lying down'
macro-
labi, cheil/o
abdominal region above the umbilical region
trans-
sial/o
cervic/o
central abdominal region
tri-
multi-
hist/o
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
eu-
-tomy
-scope
normo-

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