Historical Figures of Natural Theology

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Can you name the Key Figures in the Development of Natural Theology?

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DescriptionPerson
Developer of physical mechanics and fluid dynamic resulting in the propagation of a system of the world which is entirely ordered (and therefore must have been Designed)
Adaptor of telescope in 1610, subsequently declared heretical
17th-18th Century French author and gourmand who put forward the 'Plurality of Worlds' theory.
Student of Aristotle and conqueror of Three Great Ancient Centers of Civilization (Greece, Egypt, Mesopotamia.)
Priest synthesized Biblical concepts and Aristotelian theory
First Christian Roman Emperor
16th-17th century English Viscount advocate of Inductive Reasoning who developed the scientific motto 'fiat experimentum'. Advocate of a 'Reasonable Utopia.'
'Discoverer' of the Homunculus
Put forward the evolutionary theory of 'Punctuated Equilibrium' as a method of adaptation
Destroyer of Plato's School in 529 AD
Philosopher and Mathematician who believed the gaps in the Great Chain of Being could be prescribed to the fact that all life forms cannot necessarily co-exist
Creator of the Dichotomous Key. 'Greatest Naturalist of the 18th Century' who developed the theory that there is a limited number of original species who evolve toward 'perfection'
DescriptionPerson
The Father of Microbiology and contender for the discovery of spermatozoids
Developed the definition of 'species': that each life form within a species is created with specific, original features, unique to their type regardless of subsequent adaptations
Used Descartes central idea of the mechanization of the body to prove the existence of a Designer. Most famous for extended Watch metaphor.
Author of the Great Chain of Being in conjunction with Aristotle's ideas. Believer in the plenitude, continuity and linear hierarchy of all aspects of earth.
Surgeon of Gladiators who linked Hippocratic concept of humors/bile to the Aristotelian Elements. Advocator of the philosophy that 'the wound is the window into the human body.'
Developer of the nomenclature and the Latin classification system (class, order, genus, species). Specialized in the sexual system of plants. Most famous work Systema Naturae
Creator of the Elemental Theory (Earth, Air, Fire, Water and Ether.) Believer in a Natural Order based on a scale of relative 'perfection' (God at the top.) Creator of Teleology
Outlined mechanization of all corporeal matter (esp. biology), separating the body from the mind
Used data adapted from dutch astronomer Tycho Brahe to calculate the elliptical orbit of earth where time and area are proportionate
Originally posited that the sun was the center of the planetary system
Author of the artificial system of classification in 1694 which used Aristotle's 'essence' concept to organize life forms (esp. plants) by one, predominant feature

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