Exam 6 Drugs

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Can you name the Exam 6 Drugs?

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MechanismDrugDisease / Use
Peripheral µ receptor agonist, intended to reduce peristalsisDiarrhea
Analogue of prostaglandin F2α, agonist for FP receptor, increases outflow of aqueous humour through the uveoscleral routeOpen angle glaucoma
Partial µ receptor agonist, inhibits NE/5-HT transportMild pain
Inhaled glucocorticoid + slow-acting, long duration β2 agonistAsthma prophylaxis (Steps 3-6), prophylaxis for COPD that includes chronic bronchitis
Increase GABAA receptor function, increase amplitude or duration of IPSPs in CNSPrevention of generalized tonic-clonic and partial seizures
Skeletal muscle nicotinic receptor antagonists, relax skeletal muscles during surgeryNon-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents
Block of sodium channel, preferentially block firing in pain fibers (know why)Local anesthetics
Muscarinic antagonist, intended to produce brief mydriasisPreparing the eye for examination
Agonists of benzodiazepine site on GABAA receptorSedation and amnesia
α2 agonist, reduces the production of aqueous humour, increases outflow of aqueous humour through the uveoscleral routeOpen angle glaucoma
µ receptor agonist, activates the dopamine reward pathwayAddictive drug
µ receptor agonist, intended to depress spinal cord and brain pain pathways and to occupy µ receptors in the reward pathway Chronic pain, maintain abstinence from narcotics
Indirect perturbation of ion channel functionGeneral inhalation anesthetics
Muscarinic antagonistBest prophylaxis for COPD
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, reduces the production of aqueous humourOpen angle glaucoma
Stabilize inactivated state of the sodium channel/prevent high frequency firing or bind γ regulatory subunit of voltage-gated calcium channelsNeuropathic pain
H1/muscarinic antagonist Allergy, insomnia, motion sickness, symptoms of upper respiratory infection
Inhaled glucocorticoid + rapidly-acting, long duration β2 agonistAsthma prophylaxis (Steps 3-6), prophylaxis for COPD that includes chronic bronchitis
Partial µ receptor agonist, occupies µ receptors in the reward pathwayMaintain abstinence from narcotics
Binds SV2A synaptic vesicle protein, modulates excessive transmitter releasePrevention of generalized tonic-clonic and partial seizures
Block of NMDA channelDissociative anesthesia
α1 agonists, heteroexchange with NE (vasoconstriction)Nasal allergy
Inhibits PDE4 (bronchodilation and anti-inflammatory activity)Asthma prophylaxis (Alternative Steps 2-4, add-on Step 5)
µ receptor agonists, intended to depress spinal cord and brain pain pathways and the cough reflexPostoperative outpatient analgesia, chronic pain, cough
Increase GABAA receptor functionInduction of general anesthesia
Bind γ regulatory subunit of voltage-gated calcium channels, others?Prevention of generalized tonic-clonic and partial seizures
GABA transport inhibitor, intended to increase extracellular GABA concentration in CNSPrevention of generalized tonic-clonic and partial seizures
MechanismDrugDisease / Use
β1/β2 antagonist, reduces the production of aqueous humourOpen angle glaucoma
Stabilize inactivated state of sodium channel, prevent high frequency firingPrevention of generalized tonic-clonic, partial, and absence seizures
H1 antagonistAllergy
Peripheral µ receptor antagonists, intended to reverse narcotic-induced constipationNarcotic-induced constipation
Skeletal muscle nicotinic receptor agonist, relax skeletal muscles during surgery through depolarization blockDepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent
Rapidly-acting, short duration β2 agonist + muscarinic antagonist (longer bronchodilation than achievable with albuterol alone) Severe acute asthmatic attack (Steps 1-6), acute bronchoconstriction in COPD
Rapidly-acting, short duration β2 agonist (bronchodilation)Acute asthmatic attack (Steps 1-6)
Stabilize inactivated state of sodium channel, prevent high frequency firingPrevention of generalized tonic-clonic and partial seizures
Humanized monoclonal antibody against VEGF, intended to block blood vessel formation behind the retinaWet age-related macular degeneration
µ receptor agonist, intended to depress spinal cord and brain pain pathwaysPostoperative analgesia in hospital, end-of-life analgesia
κ receptor agonist, partial µ receptor agonistAnalgesia without euphoria
Glucocorticoid nasal sprays (inhibition of mast cell mediator synthesis, reduced leukocyte chemotaxis)Chronic nasal allergy
Oral glucocorticoid (inhibition of mast cell mediator synthesis, reduced leukocyte chemotaxis, up regulation of β2 receptor number and agonist sensitivity)Used after albuterol for acute asthmatic attack, asthma prophylaxis (Step 6)
Muscarinic antagonist, intended to produce longer-lasting mydriasis and cycloplegiaPreparing the eye for prolonged examination, diagnosis of refractive errors in children
µ/δ/κ receptor competitive antagonist, blocks all effects of endogenous opioids and narcoticsNarcotic overdose
Stabilizes inactivated state of sodium channel, inhibits GABA metabolism, inhibits low threshold calcium current, inhibits HDAC, others?Prevention of generalized tonic-clonic, partial, and absence seizures
Slow-acting, long duration β2 agonist (long-lasting bronchodilation with some anti-inflammatory activity of uncertain utility)Use only as Advair
Rapidly-acting, long duration β2 agonist (long-lasting bronchodilation with some anti-inflammatory activity of uncertain utility)Use only as Symbicort
GABA aminotransferase inhibitor, intended to increase GABA concentration in CNSPrevention of generalized tonic-clonic and partial seizures
Reversible anticholinesterase, intended to prevent hydrolysis of ACh in peripheryTerminate action of non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents
µ receptor agonists, intended to depress spinal cord and brain pain pathways (highly lipophilic)Pre- and intra-operative analgesia
Partial µ receptor agonist, intended to depress the cough reflexCough
Inhaled glucocorticoid (inhibition of mast cell mediator synthesis, reduced leukocyte chemotaxis, up regulation of β2 receptor number and agonist sensitivity)Asthma prophylaxis (Steps 2-6)
Monoclonal antibody against IgEAsthma-allergy prophylaxis (Consider Steps 5-6)
Inhibition of low threshold calcium current, intended to prevent burst discharge of thalamic relay neuronsPrevention of absence seizures
CysLT1 antagonist (bronchodilation and anti-inflammatory activity)Asthma prophylaxis (Alternative Steps 2-4, add-on Step 5), chronic allergy
Inhibition of cyclo-oxygenases, intended to block production of inflammatory prostaglandinsInflammatory pain, prevention of neuropathic pain

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Created Apr 28, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:disease, drug, exam, mechanism