GCSE EDEXCEL Key Terms Revision P - Z

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Can you name the GCSE EDEXCEL Key Terms Revision P - Z?

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DefinitionAnswer
A new melody produced when a variety of parts each play their melodies at the same time
Interval of two semitones
Long note lasting for four crotchet beats
A pedal that when pressed sustains all the strings on the piano by removing the dampers from all strings and allowing them to vibrate freely
Half a tone, the distance between a white note and an adjacent black note on a keyboard
In African music, language is made up of only a few pictures. The pitch determines the meaning of the word
The first beat of the rhythmic cycle in Indian music
Particular tone colour of an instrument or voice
Chord with the fifth in the bass
The five parallel lines upon which music notation is written
Music concentrating on the manipulation on Tibre and Texture to create a musical landscape or atmosphere rather than the statement and development of musical themes
The peace settlement signed after WW1 had ended in 1918
A style used in operas, oratorios and cantatas, in which the text is told in the rhythm of natural speech
Speed of the music
A large scale genre for orchestra in three or four movements
A development of Big Band Jazz. The term is also used to describe a particular type of rhythmic groove desirable in Jazz music
A method of developing a series by reversing the order in which the pitches are heard
A triad with the major or minor third replaced by the second degree of the chord
The rapid scalic flourishes on the Sitar, Sarod or Sarangai
A short chord pattern at the end of a sequence signalling the return to the beginning of the sequence
Improvised music in several contrasting sections, based on a series of notes from a particular rag
Mood created by the sounds of the pitches of a particular rag
A double reed Indian instrument similar to the oboe
DefinitionAnswer
A large scale form invented in the classical era, comprising three sections - Exposition, Development and Recapitulation
Common 16 beat (4+4+4+4) rhythmic cycle
A compositional technique invented by Schoenberg and used by many composers of the 20th Century
A method of developing a series by reversing the order in which the pitches of the inverted series are heard
Classic form comprising a series of Rondo sections interspersed with contrasting episodes
A three-note chord
A three-part structure in A-B-A form where the A and B sections contrast
Rapidly alternating between two notes
The reflection of sound off surfaces to give the impression of space, maybe natural or electronically applied to a sound
Literally means robbed time. A technique where the player can pull back or speed up the tempo for expressive effect
The second theme or melody in a piece in Sonata form
The number of parts in a piece of music and how they relate to one another
Pedal on a piano that when pressed softens the tone of the music
The next most important melodic line after the principle voice
A person in music or art who has mastered the skills or technique of their artform
An artistic movement in Europe, 1825-1900 in which the artist was more concerned with emotions, than with form
Effects made by the voice using vowel sounds such as Eh, Ah, Oh
The two numbers at the beginning of a piece of music. Top number refers to the number of beats per bar, the bottom indicates a type of beat.
Notes accented off the beats
A time signature where the beat can be divided into two
The first degree of the scale
Chord with the root in the bass

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