Music / GCSE EDEXCEL Key Terms Revision P - Z

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Can you name the GCSE EDEXCEL Key Terms Revision P - Z?

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Literally means robbed time. A technique where the player can pull back or speed up the tempo for expressive effect
The second theme or melody in a piece in Sonata form
Common 16 beat (4+4+4+4) rhythmic cycle
Effects made by the voice using vowel sounds such as Eh, Ah, Oh
A three-part structure in A-B-A form where the A and B sections contrast
A compositional technique invented by Schoenberg and used by many composers of the 20th Century
Notes accented off the beats
Chord with the fifth in the bass
The rapid scalic flourishes on the Sitar, Sarod or Sarangai
A large scale form invented in the classical era, comprising three sections - Exposition, Development and Recapitulation
The first beat of the rhythmic cycle in Indian music
A three-note chord
Pedal on a piano that when pressed softens the tone of the music
Long note lasting for four crotchet beats
A method of developing a series by reversing the order in which the pitches of the inverted series are heard
Chord with the root in the bass
The number of parts in a piece of music and how they relate to one another
A pedal that when pressed sustains all the strings on the piano by removing the dampers from all strings and allowing them to vibrate freely
The reflection of sound off surfaces to give the impression of space, maybe natural or electronically applied to a sound
The next most important melodic line after the principle voice
Classic form comprising a series of Rondo sections interspersed with contrasting episodes
A triad with the major or minor third replaced by the second degree of the chord
Particular tone colour of an instrument or voice
A method of developing a series by reversing the order in which the pitches are heard
Improvised music in several contrasting sections, based on a series of notes from a particular rag
The five parallel lines upon which music notation is written
A development of Big Band Jazz. The term is also used to describe a particular type of rhythmic groove desirable in Jazz music
A large scale genre for orchestra in three or four movements
A double reed Indian instrument similar to the oboe
A person in music or art who has mastered the skills or technique of their artform
In African music, language is made up of only a few pictures. The pitch determines the meaning of the word
Speed of the music
The peace settlement signed after WW1 had ended in 1918
Mood created by the sounds of the pitches of a particular rag
A short chord pattern at the end of a sequence signalling the return to the beginning of the sequence
The first degree of the scale
A new melody produced when a variety of parts each play their melodies at the same time
A style used in operas, oratorios and cantatas, in which the text is told in the rhythm of natural speech
Interval of two semitones
Rapidly alternating between two notes
A time signature where the beat can be divided into two
Music concentrating on the manipulation on Tibre and Texture to create a musical landscape or atmosphere rather than the statement and development of musical themes
An artistic movement in Europe, 1825-1900 in which the artist was more concerned with emotions, than with form
The two numbers at the beginning of a piece of music. Top number refers to the number of beats per bar, the bottom indicates a type of beat.
Half a tone, the distance between a white note and an adjacent black note on a keyboard

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