GCSE EDEXCEL Key Terms Revision A - G

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The final section of an instrumental raga, a fixed composition
Instruction for music to be performed in a singing style
Made smaller by a semitone
Two chords at the end of a musical phrase. The 4 types are: Perfect, Imperfect, Interrupted, Plagal.
A strong reinforcement of a 4/4 beat by a bass drum
Rhythms that literally cross the usual pattern of accented and unaccented beats creating a regular irregular accents and syncopated effects
Moving by semi-tones up or down
A chord with the third in the bass
Goblet shaped drum from West Africa
Any chord which contains an augmented interval that is a chord where the interval of the notes is extended by a semi-tone
Short music ideas
A chord made up of super imposed minor third intervals
The simultaneous sounding together of two or more notes
The 6 semitones not used in the first hexachord
A chord in which diatonic notes other than the seventh have been added to the original triad
The chord sequence in a jazz song
Different ways of 'spelling' the same pitch; for example, B flat and A sharp
The opening unmetred and improvised section of a raga
A long note of 8 crotchet beat duration
A jazz style popular in the 1920's and 1930's in which the pieces were generally written for a large ensemble to be played in dance halls
A solo voice piece with instrumental accompaniment in an Opera
Hour glass shaped talking drum held under the arm and played with the hand
A sustained or repeated note (S) on the dominant note of the key
An interval larger than an octave; for example a ninth
A mingling or blending together of more than one musical style
Abbreviation of equalisation, electronically cutting or boosting specific frequencies in a sound
Notes of chords belonging to or literally of a key
The last section of a vocal raga; a fixed composition in the form of a song
An abbreviation for accompanying
A jazz style requiring virtuosic technique, including fast tempo's and complex harmonies
A linking passage often used to change the key of the music (modulate) in preparation for the second subject
The solo instruments in a jazz ensemble
Indian system of master-pupil teaching
Double headed drum (in several different sizes) played with sticks
Doubling or more of the original note values
Music in which notes are used that are not in the key of the piece
The notes of a chord played one after the other rather than together e.g. C-E-G-C
Absence of tonality / key
A chord in which one of the notes has been sharpened or flattened to become a chromatic note
A 'bent' note between the minor and major third
In a Tala, these are the independant rhythm parts that go against the main beat of the cycle creating exciting syncopations
Fifth note of the scale or key, the strongest note after the tonic
A studio effect ranging from subtle swirling sounds to jet plane effects
A time signature where the beat is dotted and subdivides into groups of three
A note repeated or sustained across chord changes
Repetitions of a sound after a set time interval, usually at a lower volume
literally an ornament - 'a crushed note' played as quickly as possible before the main note
Indian flute without keys
The first theme or melody in a piece in Sonato form
Notes used that are foreign to the key of the music
Replacing one chord with another

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Created Feb 11, 2011ReportNominate
Tags:definition, gcse, key, Key Terms, revision, term