Science / Genetics Unit Review

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Can you name the the Genetics unit definition?

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Gender that a circle represents on a pedigree
A coiled thread-like structure that contains the DNA
Are the building blocks of life. Every living thing is made up of one or more
Characteristics of the way one acts. A sheepdogs herding instinct and a retrievers desire to fetch are good examples
The nucleic acid that contains the genetic information for cell growth, division, and function
The process of cell divsion which results in the production of two daughter cells from a single parent cell.
Different parts of the cell that have specialized functions
The center of the cell, the ‘brain’ of the cell
Genes are located on structures called
Dividing of the chromosomes (including the DNA)
Different forms (versions) of the same gene are called
When two different alleles are present
A tool that shows the combinations of alleles
The pair of genes you are carrying is called your
Characteristics of one’s physical makeup. These include hair colour, eye colour and height
When you can see the chromosomes (the string has condensed and become thick enough to see)
Pictorial family trees where individuals showing a particular trait are marked.
Father of genetics (the guy in in the pea garden)
Hereditary unit that controls a particular characteristic or trait
When chromosmes get pulled all the way to the poles and you start to see two cells.
Short name for deoxyribonucleic acid
How many chromosomes do humans have?
The gene or allele that is expressed (seen) in an organism’s genotype. This trait masks the recessive trait
Gender that a square represents on a pedigree
People with two of the same allele for a trait
This trait is not expressed in the organism’s phenotype even if it is present (unless is homozygous)
Actual division of the cells
The study of inherited traits
Spindle fibers move chromosomes to middle of the cell
Characteristic of a person or organism eg. eye colour
Type of trait that you show (is expressed like eye color)

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