Fundamentals of Earth Science

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Can you name the answers to these fundamental earth science concepts?

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QuestionAnswer
What is the name for liquid rock below the Earth's surface?
What type of rock can scientist use to measure its absolute age?
What is the name for the layer of the Earth that casues the tectonic plates to move?
What is the name for the outermost layer of the Earth?
What main type of rock is formed when a rock is materially changed by intense heat and pressure?
Other than sediment, name two of the other three components of healthy soil.
Name one period in the Mesozoic Era.
What do you call a fossil that is an empty space in the shape of part of an organism?
What is the name of the process of oxygen combining with metal in the presence of water, generally?
What guideline do scientists use to say that older rocks are lower?
What is true of the habitat of nearly all of the animal fossils one might find in the Ordovician limestone?
What do you call the breaking up of rocks due to a molecular or atomic change?
Name one period in the Paleozoic Era other than Ordovician.
What is the name for rocks that allow water and air to pass through easily?
What do you call a fossil that indicates the activities of a long-dead organism?
What is the decayed or broken down organic matter in the soil called?
QuestionAnswer
What main type of rock is formed when liquid rock cools down and hardens?
What is the name of the process of oxygen combining with metal in the presence of water, specifically when that metal is iron?
What is is called when rocks are broken down into tiny bits?
What do you call a fossil that is a hardened copy of part of an organism?
What is the name for liquid rock that has cooled above the Earth's surface?
What main type of rock is formed when bits of other rock and dirt are mashed together by intense pressure?
What is a scientist that studies fossils called?
What is true of the body structure of nearly all of the animal fossils one might find in the Ordovician limestone?
What is the name for liquid rock that has cooled below the Earth's surface?
What is is called when tiny bits of rock are moved to a new place?
How do scientists determine the absolute age of a rock?
What is is called when there is a gap in time as represented by missing rock?
What do you call the breaking up of rocks due to a physical change?
What is the name for liquid rock above the Earth's surface?
What is the name for an organism that breaks down organic matter?

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