APWH Vocabulary Practice - Quiz 3

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Can you name the APWH Vocabulary for Quiz 3?

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“Great Vehicle” branch of Buddhism followed in China, Japan, Central Asia
“Way of the Elders” branch of Buddhism followed in Sri Lanka and much of Southeast Asia
governor of a province in the Achaemenid Persian Empire
the first Mesoamerican civilization
Hindu concept of the spirit’s “liberation” from the endless cycle of rebirth
complex of palaces, reception halls and treasury buildings erected by Persian kings Darius I and Xerxes
state that acquires prestige by developing cultural forms and staging public ceremonies
Semitic-speaking Canaanites living on the coast of modern Lebanon and Syria; founded Carthage
group of aristocratic Romans who ruled the Empire
era in which stability and prosperity was brought to Roman rule in the first two centuries CE
person believed to be the first emperor of China
king of Persia who led a vast army against Greece and won the battle of Thermopylae but was eventually defeated
Greek philosopher; student of Socrates; wrote The Republic
ancient Indic language of India, in which the Hindu scriptures and classical Indian Epic poems are written
Early Indian sacred knowledge
Chinese ideology in which the chief deity granted power to the ruler and could take away that power if ruler fails
term Greeks used to describe a person who seized and held power in violation of the normal procedures of the community
period from 507 to 31 BCE, during which Rome was largely governed by the Senate
capital city of a kingdom in southern Nubia
religion originating in ancient Iran centered on a single benevolent deity, Ahuramazda
Greek term for city-state
Greek and Phoenician warship powered by 170 oars arranged in three vertical tiers
term used to characterize Roman government that was based on idea of “first citizen'
aristocratic leader in Athens who guided the state to full participatory democracy for all male citizens

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