Psychology Terms

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DefinitionAnswer
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Yielding to social pressure
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
No sweating
Contributions to attraction: four things
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
The process of forming impressions of others
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
DefinitionAnswer
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Motivation from within (internal)
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Girl loves father and hates mother
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Attributing your feelings to another
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Distancing from sex
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
No erection
No interest in sexuality
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Boy loves mother and hates father
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
DefinitionAnswer
The self; balances other two
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty

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