Psychology Terms

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Can you name the Psychology Terms?

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DefinitionAnswer
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Over-analysis of difficult realties
No sweating
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Attributing your feelings to another
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
The self; balances other two
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
DefinitionAnswer
Boy loves mother and hates father
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Impressions are influenced by three things:
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Girl loves father and hates mother
No interest in sexuality
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
No erection
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
DefinitionAnswer
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Contributions to attraction: four things
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Motivation from within (internal)
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
The process of forming impressions of others
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Yielding to social pressure
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Distancing from sex
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty

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