Psychology Terms

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Can you name the Psychology Terms?

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DefinitionAnswer
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Girl loves father and hates mother
The process of forming impressions of others
Attributing your feelings to another
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
No erection
The self; balances other two
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Distancing from sex
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Boy loves mother and hates father
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
DefinitionAnswer
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
No sweating
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Yielding to social pressure
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
DefinitionAnswer
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Impressions are influenced by three things:
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
No interest in sexuality
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Contributions to attraction: four things
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Motivation from within (internal)
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response

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