Psychology Terms

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The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
No sweating
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
No interest in sexuality
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Boy loves mother and hates father
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Attributing your feelings to another
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Distancing from sex
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
The self; balances other two
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Girl loves father and hates mother
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
No erection
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Yielding to social pressure
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Contributions to attraction: four things
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Motivation from within (internal)
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
The process of forming impressions of others
Causes great pain; general pain disorder

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