Psychology Terms

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The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Attributing your feelings to another
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Girl loves father and hates mother
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Distancing from sex
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Yielding to social pressure
No erection
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Boy loves mother and hates father
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
The process of forming impressions of others
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
No interest in sexuality
Motivation from within (internal)
The self; balances other two
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Contributions to attraction: four things
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Impressions are influenced by three things:
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
No sweating
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)

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