Psychology Terms

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Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Yielding to social pressure
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Motivation from within (internal)
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
No interest in sexuality
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Attributing your feelings to another
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
No erection
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
No sweating
The self; balances other two
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Boy loves mother and hates father
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Contributions to attraction: four things
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
Girl loves father and hates mother
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Distancing from sex
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
The process of forming impressions of others
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).

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