Psychology Terms

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Can you name the Psychology Terms?

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DefinitionAnswer
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
The process of forming impressions of others
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Contributions to attraction: four things
No sweating
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
DefinitionAnswer
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
No interest in sexuality
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Yielding to social pressure
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Distancing from sex
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Boy loves mother and hates father
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Attributing your feelings to another
DefinitionAnswer
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
Motivation from within (internal)
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
The self; balances other two
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
No erection
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Girl loves father and hates mother
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal

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