Psychology Terms

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The self; balances other two
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Girl loves father and hates mother
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Boy loves mother and hates father
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
No interest in sexuality
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Motivation from within (internal)
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
No sweating
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Contributions to attraction: four things
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Yielding to social pressure
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
The process of forming impressions of others
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Distancing from sex
No erection
Over-analysis of difficult realties
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Attributing your feelings to another
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.

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