Psychology Terms

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Can you name the Psychology Terms?

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DefinitionAnswer
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
No interest in sexuality
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Boy loves mother and hates father
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Yielding to social pressure
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
No erection
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
DefinitionAnswer
Girl loves father and hates mother
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
No sweating
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
The process of forming impressions of others
Attributing your feelings to another
The self; balances other two
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
DefinitionAnswer
Motivation from within (internal)
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Distancing from sex
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Contributions to attraction: four things
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)

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