Psychology Terms

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Can you name the Psychology Terms?

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DefinitionAnswer
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Yielding to social pressure
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
No interest in sexuality
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
DefinitionAnswer
Motivation from within (internal)
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Distancing from sex
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
The process of forming impressions of others
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
No erection
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
DefinitionAnswer
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
The self; balances other two
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
No sweating
Boy loves mother and hates father
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Contributions to attraction: four things
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Girl loves father and hates mother
Attributing your feelings to another

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