Psychology Terms

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Can you name the Psychology Terms?

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DefinitionAnswer
Motivation from within (internal)
Over-analysis of difficult realties
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Contributions to attraction: four things
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
No interest in sexuality
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
DefinitionAnswer
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Boy loves mother and hates father
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Distancing from sex
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
The process of forming impressions of others
Girl loves father and hates mother
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
The self; balances other two
No sweating
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
DefinitionAnswer
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Yielding to social pressure
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Attributing your feelings to another
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
No erection
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Component of attitude formation: what you believe

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