Psychology Terms

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DefinitionAnswer
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Yielding to social pressure
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Contributions to attraction: four things
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
No erection
Over-analysis of difficult realties
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
DefinitionAnswer
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
No sweating
No interest in sexuality
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Attributing your feelings to another
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
The process of forming impressions of others
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Girl loves father and hates mother
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
DefinitionAnswer
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Motivation from within (internal)
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
The self; balances other two
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Boy loves mother and hates father
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Distancing from sex
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)

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