Psychology Terms

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DefinitionAnswer
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
No interest in sexuality
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
The self; balances other two
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Distancing from sex
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
The process of forming impressions of others
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
No erection
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
DefinitionAnswer
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Boy loves mother and hates father
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Motivation from within (internal)
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Contributions to attraction: four things
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
DefinitionAnswer
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Yielding to social pressure
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Attributing your feelings to another
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Girl loves father and hates mother
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
No sweating
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal

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