Psychology Terms

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One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Motivation from within (internal)
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
The self; balances other two
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
The process of forming impressions of others
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Contributions to attraction: four things
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
No sweating
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Girl loves father and hates mother
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Attributing your feelings to another
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Yielding to social pressure
No interest in sexuality
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
No erection
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Boy loves mother and hates father
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Distancing from sex

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