Psychology Terms

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Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
No erection
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
The self; balances other two
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Boy loves mother and hates father
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Motivation from within (internal)
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Distancing from sex
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
The process of forming impressions of others
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Attributing your feelings to another
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Yielding to social pressure
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Contributions to attraction: four things
No interest in sexuality
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Girl loves father and hates mother
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
No sweating
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex

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