Psychology Terms

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Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Attributing your feelings to another
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
The process of forming impressions of others
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Yielding to social pressure
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Over-analysis of difficult realties
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Contributions to attraction: four things
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Motivation from within (internal)
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Boy loves mother and hates father
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
No erection
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
No interest in sexuality
Distancing from sex
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
Girl loves father and hates mother
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
The self; balances other two
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
No sweating
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)

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