Psychology Terms

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Can you name the Psychology Terms?

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The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
No sweating
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Attributing your feelings to another
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Contributions to attraction: four things
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Yielding to social pressure
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Boy loves mother and hates father
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
No interest in sexuality
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Distancing from sex
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Motivation from within (internal)
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Girl loves father and hates mother
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
No erection
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
The process of forming impressions of others
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
The self; balances other two

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