Psychology Terms

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Can you name the Psychology Terms?

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The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
No interest in sexuality
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
No erection
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Boy loves mother and hates father
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
The self; balances other two
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Distancing from sex
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Motivation from within (internal)
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
Yielding to social pressure
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Attributing your feelings to another
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
No sweating
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
The process of forming impressions of others
Contributions to attraction: four things
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Girl loves father and hates mother
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions

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