Psychology Terms

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Can you name the Psychology Terms?

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Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Motivation from within (internal)
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
The self; balances other two
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Contributions to attraction: four things
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Attributing your feelings to another
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Distancing from sex
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
No sweating
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Boy loves mother and hates father
The process of forming impressions of others
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Yielding to social pressure
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
No erection
No interest in sexuality
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Girl loves father and hates mother
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts

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