Psychology Terms

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DefinitionAnswer
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
The process of forming impressions of others
Boy loves mother and hates father
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Motivation from within (internal)
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Contributions to attraction: four things
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Attributing your feelings to another
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Girl loves father and hates mother
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
DefinitionAnswer
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Distancing from sex
No sweating
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
DefinitionAnswer
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Yielding to social pressure
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
The self; balances other two
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
No erection
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
No interest in sexuality
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Over-analysis of difficult realties

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