Psychology Terms

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DefinitionAnswer
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
Boy loves mother and hates father
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Distancing from sex
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Impressions are influenced by three things:
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
DefinitionAnswer
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Contributions to attraction: four things
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
No sweating
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
The self; balances other two
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Yielding to social pressure
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
DefinitionAnswer
No interest in sexuality
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
The process of forming impressions of others
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Attributing your feelings to another
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Girl loves father and hates mother
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
No erection
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Motivation from within (internal)
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience

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