Psychology Terms

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Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Yielding to social pressure
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Contributions to attraction: four things
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Distancing from sex
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
The self; balances other two
No sweating
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Over-analysis of difficult realties
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
No erection
The process of forming impressions of others
Girl loves father and hates mother
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Attributing your feelings to another
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
No interest in sexuality
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Motivation from within (internal)
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Boy loves mother and hates father
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)

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