Psychology Terms

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DefinitionAnswer
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
No sweating
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
No interest in sexuality
The process of forming impressions of others
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Contributions to attraction: four things
DefinitionAnswer
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Motivation from within (internal)
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
The self; balances other two
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Girl loves father and hates mother
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Distancing from sex
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
DefinitionAnswer
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Impressions are influenced by three things:
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
No erection
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Yielding to social pressure
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Boy loves mother and hates father
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Attributing your feelings to another
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'

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