Psychology Terms

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Can you name the Psychology Terms?

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DefinitionAnswer
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
No erection
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Girl loves father and hates mother
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
No sweating
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
The self; balances other two
The process of forming impressions of others
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
DefinitionAnswer
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
No interest in sexuality
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Over-analysis of difficult realties
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Contributions to attraction: four things
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Boy loves mother and hates father
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Distancing from sex
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Yielding to social pressure
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
DefinitionAnswer
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Attributing your feelings to another
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Motivation from within (internal)
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.

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