Miscellaneous / Psychology Terms

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Forced Order
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
The process of forming impressions of others
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
The self; balances other two
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Girl loves father and hates mother
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Distancing from sex
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Yielding to social pressure
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
No interest in sexuality
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
No erection
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Motivation from within (internal)
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Boy loves mother and hates father
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Attributing your feelings to another
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Contributions to attraction: four things
No sweating
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus

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