Miscellaneous / Psychology Terms

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Can you name the Psychology Terms?

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DefinitionAnswer
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Attributing your feelings to another
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Yielding to social pressure
Boy loves mother and hates father
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Motivation from within (internal)
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Girl loves father and hates mother
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Distancing from sex
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
DefinitionAnswer
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Impressions are influenced by three things:
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
No sweating
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
The process of forming impressions of others
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
The self; balances other two
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Contributions to attraction: four things
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
DefinitionAnswer
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
No erection
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
No interest in sexuality
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts

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