Psychology Terms

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The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Contributions to attraction: four things
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
Girl loves father and hates mother
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Yielding to social pressure
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
No sweating
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Boy loves mother and hates father
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Distancing from sex
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Attributing your feelings to another
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
The process of forming impressions of others
No erection
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Motivation from within (internal)
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
The self; balances other two
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
No interest in sexuality

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