Psychology Terms

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DefinitionAnswer
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Girl loves father and hates mother
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
No sweating
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Motivation from within (internal)
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
The process of forming impressions of others
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
The self; balances other two
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Distancing from sex
No erection
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
DefinitionAnswer
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Contributions to attraction: four things
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
DefinitionAnswer
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Attributing your feelings to another
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Yielding to social pressure
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Boy loves mother and hates father
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
No interest in sexuality
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus

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