Psychology Terms

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DefinitionAnswer
No sweating
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Motivation from within (internal)
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Distancing from sex
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Boy loves mother and hates father
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Contributions to attraction: four things
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
DefinitionAnswer
No interest in sexuality
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
The process of forming impressions of others
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
Girl loves father and hates mother
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
The self; balances other two
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
DefinitionAnswer
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Yielding to social pressure
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
No erection
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Attributing your feelings to another
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm

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