Psychology Terms

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Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Contributions to attraction: four things
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Boy loves mother and hates father
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
The self; balances other two
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Attributing your feelings to another
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
No erection
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Distancing from sex
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Girl loves father and hates mother
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
The process of forming impressions of others
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Yielding to social pressure
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
No interest in sexuality
Motivation from within (internal)
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
No sweating
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.

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