Psychology Terms

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Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Motivation from within (internal)
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Boy loves mother and hates father
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Contributions to attraction: four things
No sweating
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Girl loves father and hates mother
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Distancing from sex
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
The self; balances other two
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
No interest in sexuality
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
Attributing your feelings to another
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
The process of forming impressions of others
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
No erection
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Yielding to social pressure
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act

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