Psychology Terms

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Can you name the Psychology Terms?

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Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
No interest in sexuality
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Contributions to attraction: four things
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Boy loves mother and hates father
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Distancing from sex
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Girl loves father and hates mother
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Motivation from within (internal)
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
The process of forming impressions of others
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
No sweating
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Yielding to social pressure
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
The self; balances other two
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Attributing your feelings to another
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
No erection
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding

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