Psychology Terms

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DefinitionAnswer
Girl loves father and hates mother
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Boy loves mother and hates father
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
No interest in sexuality
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
No sweating
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
DefinitionAnswer
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Motivation from within (internal)
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
The process of forming impressions of others
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Yielding to social pressure
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Contributions to attraction: four things
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
No erection
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Impressions are influenced by three things:
DefinitionAnswer
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Distancing from sex
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Attributing your feelings to another
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
The self; balances other two
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others

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