Psychology Terms

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Can you name the Psychology Terms?

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DefinitionAnswer
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Distancing from sex
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
The self; balances other two
No sweating
Attributing your feelings to another
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
DefinitionAnswer
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
The process of forming impressions of others
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Yielding to social pressure
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Boy loves mother and hates father
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
No interest in sexuality
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
DefinitionAnswer
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Contributions to attraction: four things
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Motivation from within (internal)
No erection
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Girl loves father and hates mother
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)

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