Chapter 3 Volcanoes

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DefinitionTerm
A mass of rock formed when a large body of magma cools inside the crust
A substance made of two or more elements that have been chemically combined
This occurs when an explosive eruption hurls out a mixture of hot gases, ash, cinders, and bombs
Forms when magam hardens in a volcano' pipe
The resistance of a liquid to flowing
A bowl-shaped area that may form at the top of a volcano around the central vent
The greater the viscosity of a liquid, the ____ it flows.
The area covered by lava as it pours out of a vent
A weak spot in the crust where molten material, or magma, comes to the surface
Magma that forces itself across rock layers and then hardens
Large pieces that come out of a volcano
Boundary where two plates move together
U.S. state that formed over millions of years as the Pacific plate drifted over a hot spot
Fine, rocky particles as small as a speck of dust that come out of a volcano
When magma squeezes between horizontal layers of rock, it forms this
The lower the viscosity of a liquid, the ______ it flows.
Fast-moving, hot loava that has low viscosity
Pocket beneath a volcano where magma collects
Type of volcano that is erupting or has shown signs that it may erupt in the near future
As the amount of silica in magma increases, the viscosity of the magma _____.
Any characteristic of a substance that can be observed or measured withough changing the composition of the substance
Magma beneath Earth's surface heats underground water
A dead volcano that is unlikely to erupt again
A steep, cone-shaped hill or small mountain made of volcanic ash, cinders, and bombs piled up around a volcano's opening
An area where material from deep within the mantle rises and then melts, forming magma
DefinitionTerm
The factor that the viscosity of magma depends on
Density, harndess, melting point, boiling point, and magnetism are all this type of property
Magma that is low in silica produces this type of eruption
Any property that produces a change in the composition of matter
A major volcanic belt formed b y the many volcanoes that rim the Pacific Ocean
A volcano that may awaken in the future and become active
Pebble-sized particles that come out of a volcano
A fountain of water and steam that erupts from the ground
The less silica magma contains, the _____ its viscosity.
A tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lava alternate with layers of ash and other volcanic materials
Boundary where two plates move apart
A natural pool of water that is heated by geothermal activity
A wide, gently sloping mountain made of layers of lava and formed by quiet eruptions.
The huge hole left by the collapse of a volcanic mountain
Lava that is cool and slow moving
When magma reaches the surface, this is what it's called
Opening in a volcano where molten rock and gas leave
A substance that cannot be broken down into other substances
As the temperature of magma decreases, its viscosity _____.
Magma that is high in silica produces this type of eruption
As the temperature of magma increases, its viscosity _____.
________ among a liquid's particles causes liquids to have different viscosities.
Where volcanic belts form
Ability to burn and ability to reach are this type of property
A long tube in the ground that connects the magma chamber to Earth's surface

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