Chapter 3 Volcanoes

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Any characteristic of a substance that can be observed or measured withough changing the composition of the substance
The resistance of a liquid to flowing
Magma that forces itself across rock layers and then hardens
A substance that cannot be broken down into other substances
Type of volcano that is erupting or has shown signs that it may erupt in the near future
Fast-moving, hot loava that has low viscosity
A mass of rock formed when a large body of magma cools inside the crust
An area where material from deep within the mantle rises and then melts, forming magma
U.S. state that formed over millions of years as the Pacific plate drifted over a hot spot
A wide, gently sloping mountain made of layers of lava and formed by quiet eruptions.
A fountain of water and steam that erupts from the ground
A volcano that may awaken in the future and become active
The lower the viscosity of a liquid, the ______ it flows.
Where volcanic belts form
Pocket beneath a volcano where magma collects
As the amount of silica in magma increases, the viscosity of the magma _____.
A substance made of two or more elements that have been chemically combined
Any property that produces a change in the composition of matter
Boundary where two plates move apart
The area covered by lava as it pours out of a vent
A bowl-shaped area that may form at the top of a volcano around the central vent
When magma squeezes between horizontal layers of rock, it forms this
The less silica magma contains, the _____ its viscosity.
________ among a liquid's particles causes liquids to have different viscosities.
Density, harndess, melting point, boiling point, and magnetism are all this type of property
A steep, cone-shaped hill or small mountain made of volcanic ash, cinders, and bombs piled up around a volcano's opening
Forms when magam hardens in a volcano' pipe
This occurs when an explosive eruption hurls out a mixture of hot gases, ash, cinders, and bombs
A major volcanic belt formed b y the many volcanoes that rim the Pacific Ocean
A tall, cone-shaped mountain in which layers of lava alternate with layers of ash and other volcanic materials
Boundary where two plates move together
Opening in a volcano where molten rock and gas leave
Large pieces that come out of a volcano
A weak spot in the crust where molten material, or magma, comes to the surface
The greater the viscosity of a liquid, the ____ it flows.
Fine, rocky particles as small as a speck of dust that come out of a volcano
Ability to burn and ability to reach are this type of property
A long tube in the ground that connects the magma chamber to Earth's surface
As the temperature of magma decreases, its viscosity _____.
When magma reaches the surface, this is what it's called
The factor that the viscosity of magma depends on
A dead volcano that is unlikely to erupt again
Magma beneath Earth's surface heats underground water
Lava that is cool and slow moving
Magma that is high in silica produces this type of eruption
Magma that is low in silica produces this type of eruption
The huge hole left by the collapse of a volcanic mountain
As the temperature of magma increases, its viscosity _____.
Pebble-sized particles that come out of a volcano
A natural pool of water that is heated by geothermal activity

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