Ch 3 The Solar System Key Terms

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Can you name the Ch 3 The Solar System Key Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Scientist who discovered four moons revolving around Jupiter and the phases of Venus to support the heliocentric system
A spherical region of comets that surrounds our solar system
Another name for the favorable conditions on Earth
The planet in our solar system that we are looking for life on
Eighth planet from the sun
True or false: All of the outer planets have many moons.
Eruptions that occur when loops in sunspot regions suddenly connect, releasing large amounts of magnetic energy
Kepler found that the shape of the orbit of each planet is a(n)
Outermost region of the sun's atmosphere
A meteoroid that enters Earth's atmosphere and produces a streak of light in the sky
Phobos and Deimos are the two moons of this planet
Outermost region of the sun's interior
Innermost region of the sun's atmosphere
Rocky objects revolving around the sun that are too small and numerous to be considered planets
Meteoroids that pass through the atmosphere and hit Earth's surface
Planet with the hottest surface temperature
Region of the solar system between the orbits of Jupiter and Mars where most asteriods are found
This occurs when the solar wind enters Earth's atmosphere near the poles
Fourth planet from the sun
Part of the sun's interior that produces huge amounts of energy
Part of the sun's interior where loops of gas move energy toward the sun's surface
DefinitionTerm
Loose collection of ice, dust, and small rocky particles whose orbit is usually a very long, narrow ellipse
Sixth planet from the sun
Fuzzy outer layer of a comet
Seventh planet from the sun
Tycho Brahe supported this type of system
Process in which hydrogen atoms join together to form helium, producing energy
Type of system where Earth is at the center of the revolving planets and stars
Smallest terrestrial planet
Middle region of the sun's interior
Probes have had difficulty landing on this planet because the pressure of its atmosphere would crush them.
The solid inner core of a comet
Only planet in our solar system with liquid water on its surface
Second largest planet in our solar system
Copernicus supported this type of system
Does Mercury have an atmosphere?
Region of the sun's atmosphere that gives off visible light
True or false: Scientists think that a large amount of liquid water flowed on Mars's surface in the distant past.
Dark areas of gas on the sun's surface that are cooler than the gases around them.
Fifth planet from the sun
Type of system where Earth and the other planets revolve around the sun
Part of a comet that is made up of the nucleus and coma
DefinitionTerm
A doughnut-shaped region where most comets are found
Kepler supported this type of system
The four outer planets are often called these
Third planet from the sun
Huge reddish loops of gas that often link different parts of sunspot regions
Planet that appears to rotate from top to bottom instead of from side to side
The dwarf planet in our solar system
A chunk of rock or dust in space
Trapping of heat by the atmosphere
Planet that the Great Red Spot is located on
Region of the sun's atmosphere that we see as a reddish glow
The largest and most massive planet
Region of the sun's atmosphere that looks like a white halo or crown
Planet that is closest to the sun
Middle region of the sun's atmosphere
Innermost region of the sun's interior
Ptolemy supported this type of system
The corona gradually thins into streams of electrically charged particles called _____.
Called the 'red planet'
Planet that was discovered by observing that Uranus was not following the orbit predicted for it
Second planet from the sun

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