Ch 3 The Solar System Key Terms

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Can you name the Ch 3 The Solar System Key Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
The dwarf planet in our solar system
Part of a comet that is made up of the nucleus and coma
The corona gradually thins into streams of electrically charged particles called _____.
Part of the sun's interior where loops of gas move energy toward the sun's surface
Middle region of the sun's interior
A doughnut-shaped region where most comets are found
Dark areas of gas on the sun's surface that are cooler than the gases around them.
A chunk of rock or dust in space
Innermost region of the sun's atmosphere
Kepler found that the shape of the orbit of each planet is a(n)
Huge reddish loops of gas that often link different parts of sunspot regions
Second planet from the sun
Planet with the hottest surface temperature
Phobos and Deimos are the two moons of this planet
The largest and most massive planet
The solid inner core of a comet
Type of system where Earth is at the center of the revolving planets and stars
Innermost region of the sun's interior
Smallest terrestrial planet
Region of the sun's atmosphere that looks like a white halo or crown
Rocky objects revolving around the sun that are too small and numerous to be considered planets
DefinitionTerm
Eruptions that occur when loops in sunspot regions suddenly connect, releasing large amounts of magnetic energy
Fuzzy outer layer of a comet
Scientist who discovered four moons revolving around Jupiter and the phases of Venus to support the heliocentric system
Planet that appears to rotate from top to bottom instead of from side to side
The planet in our solar system that we are looking for life on
Region of the sun's atmosphere that we see as a reddish glow
Fifth planet from the sun
This occurs when the solar wind enters Earth's atmosphere near the poles
Loose collection of ice, dust, and small rocky particles whose orbit is usually a very long, narrow ellipse
Only planet in our solar system with liquid water on its surface
Third planet from the sun
Process in which hydrogen atoms join together to form helium, producing energy
Does Mercury have an atmosphere?
Another name for the favorable conditions on Earth
Kepler supported this type of system
Ptolemy supported this type of system
True or false: Scientists think that a large amount of liquid water flowed on Mars's surface in the distant past.
The four outer planets are often called these
Type of system where Earth and the other planets revolve around the sun
Probes have had difficulty landing on this planet because the pressure of its atmosphere would crush them.
Region of the sun's atmosphere that gives off visible light
DefinitionTerm
Outermost region of the sun's atmosphere
Middle region of the sun's atmosphere
Sixth planet from the sun
Part of the sun's interior that produces huge amounts of energy
Trapping of heat by the atmosphere
Copernicus supported this type of system
Outermost region of the sun's interior
A meteoroid that enters Earth's atmosphere and produces a streak of light in the sky
A spherical region of comets that surrounds our solar system
Tycho Brahe supported this type of system
Planet that was discovered by observing that Uranus was not following the orbit predicted for it
Second largest planet in our solar system
Planet that is closest to the sun
Region of the solar system between the orbits of Jupiter and Mars where most asteriods are found
Called the 'red planet'
Fourth planet from the sun
Eighth planet from the sun
True or false: All of the outer planets have many moons.
Planet that the Great Red Spot is located on
Meteoroids that pass through the atmosphere and hit Earth's surface
Seventh planet from the sun

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