Chapter 3 Erosion and Deposition

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Can you name the Chapter 3 Erosion and Deposition Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
A deposit of wind-blown sand
A part of the shore that sticks out into the ocean
Time in the past when continental glaciers covered large parts of Earth's surface
Headlands, sea caves, wave-cut cliffs, sea arches, and sea stacks are all landforms that are formed by what process?
This forms when waves erode a layer of softer rock that is underneath a layer of harder rock
A beach that projects like a finger out into the water
Beaches, spits, sandbars, and barrier beaches are all landforms formed by what process?
Type of energy that is stored and waiting to be used later
Occurs where a river meets an area of rock that is very hard and erodes slowly
Occurs where the agents of erosion deposit, or lay down, sediment
Will a deep river have more or less friction than a shallow river?
The ability to do work or cause change
Alluvial fans and deltas are landforms formed by what process?
A small depression that forms when a chunk of ice is left in glacial till
The wearing away of rock by a grinding action
A wide, sloping deposit of sediment formed where a stream leaves a mountain range
The type of mass movement where a mass of rock and soil suddenly slips down a slope
A ridge formed when till is deposited at the edges of a glacier
The material moved by erosion
This forms when storm waves pile up large amounts of sand above sea level forming a long, narrow island parallel to the shore
An area of wave-washed sediment along a coast
A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river flows into an ocean or lake
DefinitionTerm
A loop-like bend in the course of a river
A long, narrow glacier that forms when snow and ice build up high in a mountain valley
Water that moves over Earth's surface
This forms when a sea arch collapses
Type of mass movement that occurs when rock and soil slide quickly down a steep slope
The force that opposes the motion of one surface as it moves across another surface
Does water move fastest along the inside or the outside of a curve?
A large groove, or channel, in the soil that carries runoff after a rainstorm
The force that moves rock and other materials downhill
A wind-formed deposit made of fine particles of clay and silt
Type of mass movement that is the rapid downhill movement of a mixture of water, rock, and soil
This is formed when waves erode the base of a cliff so much that the rock above collapses
Does groundwater cause erosion through mechanical or chemical weathering?
The very slow downhill movement of rock and soil
Water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil and rock layers
The process by which natural forces move weathered rock and soil from one place to another
As the amount of runoff increases, the amount of erosion _____.
A deposit that hangs like an icicle from the roof of a cave
The flat, wide area of land along a river
Slow drippings built up in a cone-shaped structure on the floor of a cave
Water moves _____ near the center of a river.
A stream or river that flows into a larger river
DefinitionTerm
A type of movement of water in which, rather than moving downstream, the water moves every which way
The energy an object has due to its motion
Waterfalls, flood plains, meanders, and oxbow lakes are all landforms formed by what process?
Besides abrasion the other process in which glaciers erode the land
Process in which sediment moves down the beach with the current as waves repeatedly hit the beach
Any one of several processes that move sediment downhill
Any large mass of ice that moves slowly over land
A meander that has been cut off from the river
The process by which wind removes surface materials
Process by which a glacier picks up rocks as it flows over the land
A channel along which water is continually flowing down a slope
A glacier that covers much of a continent or large island
This is formed as wave action hollows out a cliff
The mixture of sediments that a glacier deposits directly on the surface
If the volume of water that a river carries increases, the speed of the water _____.
Where does the energy in waves come from?
A tiny groove in the soil made by flowing water
As the amount of friction in a river increases, the speed of the water _____.
If a river's slope increases, the speed of the water _____.
Besides abrasion, wind causes erosion by what process?
A long ridge of sand parallel to the shore

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