Chapter 3 Erosion and Deposition

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Can you name the Chapter 3 Erosion and Deposition Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
The energy an object has due to its motion
Besides abrasion, wind causes erosion by what process?
Type of energy that is stored and waiting to be used later
Occurs where the agents of erosion deposit, or lay down, sediment
Any large mass of ice that moves slowly over land
A deposit of wind-blown sand
This forms when a sea arch collapses
The ability to do work or cause change
Water moves _____ near the center of a river.
Type of mass movement that occurs when rock and soil slide quickly down a steep slope
Does groundwater cause erosion through mechanical or chemical weathering?
Waterfalls, flood plains, meanders, and oxbow lakes are all landforms formed by what process?
A long, narrow glacier that forms when snow and ice build up high in a mountain valley
If a river's slope increases, the speed of the water _____.
A type of movement of water in which, rather than moving downstream, the water moves every which way
This forms when waves erode a layer of softer rock that is underneath a layer of harder rock
Any one of several processes that move sediment downhill
Besides abrasion the other process in which glaciers erode the land
A beach that projects like a finger out into the water
Time in the past when continental glaciers covered large parts of Earth's surface
The type of mass movement where a mass of rock and soil suddenly slips down a slope
A stream or river that flows into a larger river
DefinitionTerm
A long ridge of sand parallel to the shore
A loop-like bend in the course of a river
A wind-formed deposit made of fine particles of clay and silt
This forms when storm waves pile up large amounts of sand above sea level forming a long, narrow island parallel to the shore
Process in which sediment moves down the beach with the current as waves repeatedly hit the beach
As the amount of runoff increases, the amount of erosion _____.
A channel along which water is continually flowing down a slope
The force that moves rock and other materials downhill
A meander that has been cut off from the river
Alluvial fans and deltas are landforms formed by what process?
This is formed as wave action hollows out a cliff
The very slow downhill movement of rock and soil
If the volume of water that a river carries increases, the speed of the water _____.
The wearing away of rock by a grinding action
Occurs where a river meets an area of rock that is very hard and erodes slowly
Water that moves over Earth's surface
A large groove, or channel, in the soil that carries runoff after a rainstorm
Slow drippings built up in a cone-shaped structure on the floor of a cave
Type of mass movement that is the rapid downhill movement of a mixture of water, rock, and soil
Beaches, spits, sandbars, and barrier beaches are all landforms formed by what process?
The flat, wide area of land along a river
A glacier that covers much of a continent or large island
DefinitionTerm
Will a deep river have more or less friction than a shallow river?
The process by which natural forces move weathered rock and soil from one place to another
A small depression that forms when a chunk of ice is left in glacial till
Does water move fastest along the inside or the outside of a curve?
The material moved by erosion
A part of the shore that sticks out into the ocean
The process by which wind removes surface materials
The force that opposes the motion of one surface as it moves across another surface
Process by which a glacier picks up rocks as it flows over the land
As the amount of friction in a river increases, the speed of the water _____.
A wide, sloping deposit of sediment formed where a stream leaves a mountain range
Water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil and rock layers
This is formed when waves erode the base of a cliff so much that the rock above collapses
A tiny groove in the soil made by flowing water
The mixture of sediments that a glacier deposits directly on the surface
A ridge formed when till is deposited at the edges of a glacier
A deposit that hangs like an icicle from the roof of a cave
A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river flows into an ocean or lake
Where does the energy in waves come from?
An area of wave-washed sediment along a coast
Headlands, sea caves, wave-cut cliffs, sea arches, and sea stacks are all landforms that are formed by what process?

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