Chapter 3 Erosion and Deposition

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Headlands, sea caves, wave-cut cliffs, sea arches, and sea stacks are all landforms that are formed by what process?
A part of the shore that sticks out into the ocean
This forms when storm waves pile up large amounts of sand above sea level forming a long, narrow island parallel to the shore
A beach that projects like a finger out into the water
A tiny groove in the soil made by flowing water
Besides abrasion, wind causes erosion by what process?
Type of mass movement that is the rapid downhill movement of a mixture of water, rock, and soil
A wide, sloping deposit of sediment formed where a stream leaves a mountain range
A type of movement of water in which, rather than moving downstream, the water moves every which way
If the volume of water that a river carries increases, the speed of the water _____.
An area of wave-washed sediment along a coast
A large groove, or channel, in the soil that carries runoff after a rainstorm
Alluvial fans and deltas are landforms formed by what process?
A stream or river that flows into a larger river
This is formed as wave action hollows out a cliff
Water moves _____ near the center of a river.
Water that moves over Earth's surface
A long ridge of sand parallel to the shore
As the amount of friction in a river increases, the speed of the water _____.
The mixture of sediments that a glacier deposits directly on the surface
Does groundwater cause erosion through mechanical or chemical weathering?
Process by which a glacier picks up rocks as it flows over the land
This forms when waves erode a layer of softer rock that is underneath a layer of harder rock
The force that moves rock and other materials downhill
A deposit of wind-blown sand
Will a deep river have more or less friction than a shallow river?
A loop-like bend in the course of a river
This forms when a sea arch collapses
A long, narrow glacier that forms when snow and ice build up high in a mountain valley
A ridge formed when till is deposited at the edges of a glacier
If a river's slope increases, the speed of the water _____.
A deposit that hangs like an icicle from the roof of a cave
Process in which sediment moves down the beach with the current as waves repeatedly hit the beach
As the amount of runoff increases, the amount of erosion _____.
Does water move fastest along the inside or the outside of a curve?
The type of mass movement where a mass of rock and soil suddenly slips down a slope
Water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil and rock layers
Type of mass movement that occurs when rock and soil slide quickly down a steep slope
A wind-formed deposit made of fine particles of clay and silt
Where does the energy in waves come from?
A meander that has been cut off from the river
Beaches, spits, sandbars, and barrier beaches are all landforms formed by what process?
The material moved by erosion
Occurs where a river meets an area of rock that is very hard and erodes slowly
The force that opposes the motion of one surface as it moves across another surface
Occurs where the agents of erosion deposit, or lay down, sediment
The ability to do work or cause change
A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river flows into an ocean or lake
The process by which natural forces move weathered rock and soil from one place to another
A small depression that forms when a chunk of ice is left in glacial till
Slow drippings built up in a cone-shaped structure on the floor of a cave
The process by which wind removes surface materials
A channel along which water is continually flowing down a slope
Waterfalls, flood plains, meanders, and oxbow lakes are all landforms formed by what process?
Type of energy that is stored and waiting to be used later
The energy an object has due to its motion
The very slow downhill movement of rock and soil
Time in the past when continental glaciers covered large parts of Earth's surface
This is formed when waves erode the base of a cliff so much that the rock above collapses
The flat, wide area of land along a river
A glacier that covers much of a continent or large island
The wearing away of rock by a grinding action
Any large mass of ice that moves slowly over land
Any one of several processes that move sediment downhill
Besides abrasion the other process in which glaciers erode the land

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