Chapter 3 Erosion and Deposition

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Can you name the Chapter 3 Erosion and Deposition Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
A channel along which water is continually flowing down a slope
The material moved by erosion
The force that opposes the motion of one surface as it moves across another surface
Beaches, spits, sandbars, and barrier beaches are all landforms formed by what process?
The force that moves rock and other materials downhill
Besides abrasion the other process in which glaciers erode the land
If a river's slope increases, the speed of the water _____.
This is formed as wave action hollows out a cliff
An area of wave-washed sediment along a coast
This forms when storm waves pile up large amounts of sand above sea level forming a long, narrow island parallel to the shore
A wind-formed deposit made of fine particles of clay and silt
Process in which sediment moves down the beach with the current as waves repeatedly hit the beach
Headlands, sea caves, wave-cut cliffs, sea arches, and sea stacks are all landforms that are formed by what process?
The very slow downhill movement of rock and soil
The mixture of sediments that a glacier deposits directly on the surface
A stream or river that flows into a larger river
Water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil and rock layers
Slow drippings built up in a cone-shaped structure on the floor of a cave
Alluvial fans and deltas are landforms formed by what process?
This forms when waves erode a layer of softer rock that is underneath a layer of harder rock
Water that moves over Earth's surface
A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river flows into an ocean or lake
DefinitionTerm
Type of energy that is stored and waiting to be used later
A meander that has been cut off from the river
A long ridge of sand parallel to the shore
Occurs where the agents of erosion deposit, or lay down, sediment
A deposit of wind-blown sand
The wearing away of rock by a grinding action
Does water move fastest along the inside or the outside of a curve?
A loop-like bend in the course of a river
The energy an object has due to its motion
Process by which a glacier picks up rocks as it flows over the land
As the amount of runoff increases, the amount of erosion _____.
Type of mass movement that occurs when rock and soil slide quickly down a steep slope
Any one of several processes that move sediment downhill
Does groundwater cause erosion through mechanical or chemical weathering?
Water moves _____ near the center of a river.
The process by which wind removes surface materials
Time in the past when continental glaciers covered large parts of Earth's surface
Occurs where a river meets an area of rock that is very hard and erodes slowly
A type of movement of water in which, rather than moving downstream, the water moves every which way
The ability to do work or cause change
Will a deep river have more or less friction than a shallow river?
This is formed when waves erode the base of a cliff so much that the rock above collapses
DefinitionTerm
A long, narrow glacier that forms when snow and ice build up high in a mountain valley
A large groove, or channel, in the soil that carries runoff after a rainstorm
A beach that projects like a finger out into the water
If the volume of water that a river carries increases, the speed of the water _____.
Type of mass movement that is the rapid downhill movement of a mixture of water, rock, and soil
A small depression that forms when a chunk of ice is left in glacial till
A tiny groove in the soil made by flowing water
This forms when a sea arch collapses
Waterfalls, flood plains, meanders, and oxbow lakes are all landforms formed by what process?
As the amount of friction in a river increases, the speed of the water _____.
A wide, sloping deposit of sediment formed where a stream leaves a mountain range
Besides abrasion, wind causes erosion by what process?
The type of mass movement where a mass of rock and soil suddenly slips down a slope
A ridge formed when till is deposited at the edges of a glacier
Any large mass of ice that moves slowly over land
Where does the energy in waves come from?
The flat, wide area of land along a river
A part of the shore that sticks out into the ocean
The process by which natural forces move weathered rock and soil from one place to another
A glacier that covers much of a continent or large island
A deposit that hangs like an icicle from the roof of a cave

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