Chapter 3 Erosion and Deposition

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Can you name the Chapter 3 Erosion and Deposition Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Besides abrasion, wind causes erosion by what process?
Occurs where the agents of erosion deposit, or lay down, sediment
A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river flows into an ocean or lake
A large groove, or channel, in the soil that carries runoff after a rainstorm
Alluvial fans and deltas are landforms formed by what process?
Besides abrasion the other process in which glaciers erode the land
Water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil and rock layers
The ability to do work or cause change
As the amount of runoff increases, the amount of erosion _____.
The very slow downhill movement of rock and soil
Process in which sediment moves down the beach with the current as waves repeatedly hit the beach
The mixture of sediments that a glacier deposits directly on the surface
The process by which wind removes surface materials
Water moves _____ near the center of a river.
An area of wave-washed sediment along a coast
If a river's slope increases, the speed of the water _____.
The flat, wide area of land along a river
A type of movement of water in which, rather than moving downstream, the water moves every which way
Does water move fastest along the inside or the outside of a curve?
This forms when storm waves pile up large amounts of sand above sea level forming a long, narrow island parallel to the shore
A beach that projects like a finger out into the water
Does groundwater cause erosion through mechanical or chemical weathering?
DefinitionTerm
Occurs where a river meets an area of rock that is very hard and erodes slowly
A channel along which water is continually flowing down a slope
The energy an object has due to its motion
This forms when waves erode a layer of softer rock that is underneath a layer of harder rock
Type of mass movement that occurs when rock and soil slide quickly down a steep slope
Water that moves over Earth's surface
A long, narrow glacier that forms when snow and ice build up high in a mountain valley
A deposit of wind-blown sand
A wind-formed deposit made of fine particles of clay and silt
A loop-like bend in the course of a river
Any large mass of ice that moves slowly over land
This forms when a sea arch collapses
The material moved by erosion
Waterfalls, flood plains, meanders, and oxbow lakes are all landforms formed by what process?
If the volume of water that a river carries increases, the speed of the water _____.
Any one of several processes that move sediment downhill
This is formed when waves erode the base of a cliff so much that the rock above collapses
The wearing away of rock by a grinding action
Will a deep river have more or less friction than a shallow river?
This is formed as wave action hollows out a cliff
Process by which a glacier picks up rocks as it flows over the land
Time in the past when continental glaciers covered large parts of Earth's surface
DefinitionTerm
Slow drippings built up in a cone-shaped structure on the floor of a cave
A small depression that forms when a chunk of ice is left in glacial till
A glacier that covers much of a continent or large island
A tiny groove in the soil made by flowing water
Headlands, sea caves, wave-cut cliffs, sea arches, and sea stacks are all landforms that are formed by what process?
Where does the energy in waves come from?
The force that moves rock and other materials downhill
The type of mass movement where a mass of rock and soil suddenly slips down a slope
Beaches, spits, sandbars, and barrier beaches are all landforms formed by what process?
As the amount of friction in a river increases, the speed of the water _____.
A long ridge of sand parallel to the shore
A part of the shore that sticks out into the ocean
Type of mass movement that is the rapid downhill movement of a mixture of water, rock, and soil
A stream or river that flows into a larger river
A meander that has been cut off from the river
A wide, sloping deposit of sediment formed where a stream leaves a mountain range
The process by which natural forces move weathered rock and soil from one place to another
Type of energy that is stored and waiting to be used later
The force that opposes the motion of one surface as it moves across another surface
A deposit that hangs like an icicle from the roof of a cave
A ridge formed when till is deposited at the edges of a glacier

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