Chapter 3 Erosion and Deposition

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Headlands, sea caves, wave-cut cliffs, sea arches, and sea stacks are all landforms that are formed by what process?
A type of movement of water in which, rather than moving downstream, the water moves every which way
A long ridge of sand parallel to the shore
Occurs where a river meets an area of rock that is very hard and erodes slowly
The flat, wide area of land along a river
A tiny groove in the soil made by flowing water
This is formed when waves erode the base of a cliff so much that the rock above collapses
A wide, sloping deposit of sediment formed where a stream leaves a mountain range
Besides abrasion the other process in which glaciers erode the land
The force that moves rock and other materials downhill
The force that opposes the motion of one surface as it moves across another surface
If the volume of water that a river carries increases, the speed of the water _____.
As the amount of runoff increases, the amount of erosion _____.
Any large mass of ice that moves slowly over land
Does water move fastest along the inside or the outside of a curve?
A loop-like bend in the course of a river
A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river flows into an ocean or lake
A channel along which water is continually flowing down a slope
Type of mass movement that is the rapid downhill movement of a mixture of water, rock, and soil
A deposit of wind-blown sand
This forms when a sea arch collapses
Waterfalls, flood plains, meanders, and oxbow lakes are all landforms formed by what process?
A deposit that hangs like an icicle from the roof of a cave
Water that moves over Earth's surface
A wind-formed deposit made of fine particles of clay and silt
Process by which a glacier picks up rocks as it flows over the land
A stream or river that flows into a larger river
Will a deep river have more or less friction than a shallow river?
A long, narrow glacier that forms when snow and ice build up high in a mountain valley
If a river's slope increases, the speed of the water _____.
A glacier that covers much of a continent or large island
Beaches, spits, sandbars, and barrier beaches are all landforms formed by what process?
The process by which natural forces move weathered rock and soil from one place to another
Any one of several processes that move sediment downhill
A ridge formed when till is deposited at the edges of a glacier
As the amount of friction in a river increases, the speed of the water _____.
Slow drippings built up in a cone-shaped structure on the floor of a cave
This is formed as wave action hollows out a cliff
The very slow downhill movement of rock and soil
A large groove, or channel, in the soil that carries runoff after a rainstorm
A part of the shore that sticks out into the ocean
This forms when waves erode a layer of softer rock that is underneath a layer of harder rock
A beach that projects like a finger out into the water
Process in which sediment moves down the beach with the current as waves repeatedly hit the beach
A meander that has been cut off from the river
The energy an object has due to its motion
Does groundwater cause erosion through mechanical or chemical weathering?
The process by which wind removes surface materials
Besides abrasion, wind causes erosion by what process?
Alluvial fans and deltas are landforms formed by what process?
The wearing away of rock by a grinding action
The mixture of sediments that a glacier deposits directly on the surface
Where does the energy in waves come from?
This forms when storm waves pile up large amounts of sand above sea level forming a long, narrow island parallel to the shore
A small depression that forms when a chunk of ice is left in glacial till
Type of mass movement that occurs when rock and soil slide quickly down a steep slope
Time in the past when continental glaciers covered large parts of Earth's surface
Type of energy that is stored and waiting to be used later
The type of mass movement where a mass of rock and soil suddenly slips down a slope
An area of wave-washed sediment along a coast
The material moved by erosion
Water moves _____ near the center of a river.
Water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil and rock layers
Occurs where the agents of erosion deposit, or lay down, sediment
The ability to do work or cause change

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