Science / Chapter 3 Erosion and Deposition

Random Science or definition Quiz

Can you name the Chapter 3 Erosion and Deposition Terms?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

Forced Order
This is formed when waves erode the base of a cliff so much that the rock above collapses
Beaches, spits, sandbars, and barrier beaches are all landforms formed by what process?
The material moved by erosion
Type of mass movement that occurs when rock and soil slide quickly down a steep slope
Headlands, sea caves, wave-cut cliffs, sea arches, and sea stacks are all landforms that are formed by what process?
A wide, sloping deposit of sediment formed where a stream leaves a mountain range
Waterfalls, flood plains, meanders, and oxbow lakes are all landforms formed by what process?
The energy an object has due to its motion
This forms when a sea arch collapses
A wind-formed deposit made of fine particles of clay and silt
Does water move fastest along the inside or the outside of a curve?
Type of energy that is stored and waiting to be used later
A beach that projects like a finger out into the water
The force that opposes the motion of one surface as it moves across another surface
Will a deep river have more or less friction than a shallow river?
The very slow downhill movement of rock and soil
A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river flows into an ocean or lake
Time in the past when continental glaciers covered large parts of Earth's surface
This is formed as wave action hollows out a cliff
Besides abrasion, wind causes erosion by what process?
The process by which natural forces move weathered rock and soil from one place to another
A deposit that hangs like an icicle from the roof of a cave
A stream or river that flows into a larger river
A glacier that covers much of a continent or large island
The flat, wide area of land along a river
If a river's slope increases, the speed of the water _____.
Slow drippings built up in a cone-shaped structure on the floor of a cave
Any large mass of ice that moves slowly over land
This forms when waves erode a layer of softer rock that is underneath a layer of harder rock
The process by which wind removes surface materials
Alluvial fans and deltas are landforms formed by what process?
A long ridge of sand parallel to the shore
Occurs where the agents of erosion deposit, or lay down, sediment
A ridge formed when till is deposited at the edges of a glacier
Where does the energy in waves come from?
If the volume of water that a river carries increases, the speed of the water _____.
Water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil and rock layers
A deposit of wind-blown sand
A type of movement of water in which, rather than moving downstream, the water moves every which way
Besides abrasion the other process in which glaciers erode the land
The force that moves rock and other materials downhill
An area of wave-washed sediment along a coast
Type of mass movement that is the rapid downhill movement of a mixture of water, rock, and soil
The wearing away of rock by a grinding action
The type of mass movement where a mass of rock and soil suddenly slips down a slope
As the amount of runoff increases, the amount of erosion _____.
A loop-like bend in the course of a river
A long, narrow glacier that forms when snow and ice build up high in a mountain valley
Occurs where a river meets an area of rock that is very hard and erodes slowly
A part of the shore that sticks out into the ocean
Water moves _____ near the center of a river.
The mixture of sediments that a glacier deposits directly on the surface
The ability to do work or cause change
Does groundwater cause erosion through mechanical or chemical weathering?
Water that moves over Earth's surface
This forms when storm waves pile up large amounts of sand above sea level forming a long, narrow island parallel to the shore
A large groove, or channel, in the soil that carries runoff after a rainstorm
As the amount of friction in a river increases, the speed of the water _____.
Any one of several processes that move sediment downhill
A small depression that forms when a chunk of ice is left in glacial till
A meander that has been cut off from the river
A channel along which water is continually flowing down a slope
Process by which a glacier picks up rocks as it flows over the land
A tiny groove in the soil made by flowing water
Process in which sediment moves down the beach with the current as waves repeatedly hit the beach

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments


Your Account Isn't Verified!

In order to create a playlist on Sporcle, you need to verify the email address you used during registration. Go to your Sporcle Settings to finish the process.