Chapter 3 Erosion and Deposition

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Headlands, sea caves, wave-cut cliffs, sea arches, and sea stacks are all landforms that are formed by what process?
A wide, sloping deposit of sediment formed where a stream leaves a mountain range
Will a deep river have more or less friction than a shallow river?
If the volume of water that a river carries increases, the speed of the water _____.
A long ridge of sand parallel to the shore
The energy an object has due to its motion
The very slow downhill movement of rock and soil
The flat, wide area of land along a river
This forms when a sea arch collapses
A channel along which water is continually flowing down a slope
Water that fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil and rock layers
Where does the energy in waves come from?
A stream or river that flows into a larger river
The process by which wind removes surface materials
Slow drippings built up in a cone-shaped structure on the floor of a cave
A large groove, or channel, in the soil that carries runoff after a rainstorm
A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river flows into an ocean or lake
Water moves _____ near the center of a river.
The wearing away of rock by a grinding action
A small depression that forms when a chunk of ice is left in glacial till
This forms when waves erode a layer of softer rock that is underneath a layer of harder rock
A tiny groove in the soil made by flowing water
A deposit that hangs like an icicle from the roof of a cave
The type of mass movement where a mass of rock and soil suddenly slips down a slope
The force that opposes the motion of one surface as it moves across another surface
A long, narrow glacier that forms when snow and ice build up high in a mountain valley
As the amount of runoff increases, the amount of erosion _____.
A ridge formed when till is deposited at the edges of a glacier
Does water move fastest along the inside or the outside of a curve?
Water that moves over Earth's surface
A wind-formed deposit made of fine particles of clay and silt
Occurs where the agents of erosion deposit, or lay down, sediment
The mixture of sediments that a glacier deposits directly on the surface
A glacier that covers much of a continent or large island
A beach that projects like a finger out into the water
Besides abrasion, wind causes erosion by what process?
This is formed when waves erode the base of a cliff so much that the rock above collapses
Time in the past when continental glaciers covered large parts of Earth's surface
A loop-like bend in the course of a river
Alluvial fans and deltas are landforms formed by what process?
Process by which a glacier picks up rocks as it flows over the land
A deposit of wind-blown sand
A meander that has been cut off from the river
Besides abrasion the other process in which glaciers erode the land
An area of wave-washed sediment along a coast
As the amount of friction in a river increases, the speed of the water _____.
This forms when storm waves pile up large amounts of sand above sea level forming a long, narrow island parallel to the shore
The ability to do work or cause change
The material moved by erosion
Does groundwater cause erosion through mechanical or chemical weathering?
Occurs where a river meets an area of rock that is very hard and erodes slowly
If a river's slope increases, the speed of the water _____.
Type of energy that is stored and waiting to be used later
Type of mass movement that is the rapid downhill movement of a mixture of water, rock, and soil
This is formed as wave action hollows out a cliff
A part of the shore that sticks out into the ocean
The process by which natural forces move weathered rock and soil from one place to another
Any one of several processes that move sediment downhill
Type of mass movement that occurs when rock and soil slide quickly down a steep slope
A type of movement of water in which, rather than moving downstream, the water moves every which way
Any large mass of ice that moves slowly over land
Waterfalls, flood plains, meanders, and oxbow lakes are all landforms formed by what process?
Beaches, spits, sandbars, and barrier beaches are all landforms formed by what process?
The force that moves rock and other materials downhill
Process in which sediment moves down the beach with the current as waves repeatedly hit the beach

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