Chapter 2 Earthquakes

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Can you name the Chapter 2 Earthquakes Key Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
A large area of flat land elevated high above sea level
Type of seismic waves that compress and expand the ground
Type of stress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions
A force that acts on rock to change its shape
A fold in rock that bends downward
True or false: The closer an earthquake is to a seismograph, the higher the lines on the seismogram.
Block of rock that lies below the fault
A fold in rock that bends upward into an arch
This occurs when shaking during an earthquake turns loose, soft soil into liquid mud
Type of fault caused by compression
Type of boundary normal faults form along
Type of stress that pulls on the crust in opposite directions
Type of fault caused by shearing
Type of boundary strike-slip faults form along
Block of rock that lies above the fault
Instrument that measures fault movement by having liquid flow from one bulb to another on either side of a fault
DefinitionTerm
Type of seismic waves that move the ground in all directions
True or false: The more severe an earthquake is, the higher the lines on the seismogram.
Type of seismic waves that cause the most damage
Slowest seimsic waves
Fastest seismic waves
Type of boundary reverse faults form along
Type of seismic waves that move the ground up and down and side to side
The record of an earthquake's waves produced by a seismograph
An earthquake that occurs after a larger earthquake in the same area
The point on the surface directly above the focus
Instrument used to measure and detect seismic waves
The area beneath Earth's surface where rock that is under stress breaks, triggering an earthquake
A large wave that forms when an earthquake occurs undersea
Type of fault caused by tension
Instrument that measures fault movement by having a wire stretched across a fault

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