Science / Chapter 1 Earth, Moon, and Sun Terms

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Can you name the Chapter 1 Earth, Moon, and Sun Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Craters were formed by the impacts of ______, which are chunks of rock or dust from space.
The shape of Earth's orbit
The darker, smaller part of the moon's shadow
True or false: The maria are seas on the moon.
The path of an object as it revolves around another object in space
Type of tide that occurs during a first-quarter moon and third-quarter moon, when the moon, sun, and Earth are at a right angle
A measure of the force of gravity on an object
The tendency of an object to resist a change in motion
This law states that an object at rest will stay at rest and an object in motion will stay in motion with a constant speed and direction unless acted on by a force.
The imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the North and South poles
If the Northern Hemisphere is tilted away from the sun, what season is it experiencing?
The movement of one object around another
What two factors combine to keep Earth in orbit around the sun and the moon in orbit around Earth?
The two days of the year when the Earth is tilted the most towards or away from the sun
Are spring and fall equinoxes or solstices?
If the distance between two objects increases, with the gravitational force between them increase or decrease?
Are winter and summer equinoxes or solstices?
During a(n) _____, there are equal amounts of time of day and night.
The dark, flat areas on the moon
If the mass of an object increases, will it exert a stronger or weaker gravitational force?
Temperatures on the moon's surface are either extremely hot or extremely cold because the moon has no _____.
The two days of the year when neither hemisphere is tilted toward or away from the sun
Earth has seasons because its axis is _____.
DefinitionTerm
The light-colored features of the moon
Type of tide that occurs during a new moon, when the moon, sun, and Earth are lined up
Large round pits on the moon
When an object in space comes between the sun and a third object, it casts a shadow on that object, causing this
Type of tide with the greatest difference between consecutive low and high tides
Which has a higher mass, the moon or Earth?
Type of tide with the least difference between consecutive low and high tides
The rise and fall of ocean water that occurs every 12.5 hours or so
Which can change depending on its location, mass or weight?
The larger part of the moon's shadow
Type of eclipse that occurs when the moon passes directly between Earth and the sun, blocking sunlight from Earth
If the Northern Hemisphere is tilted towards the sun, what season is it experiencing?
The different shapes of the moon you see from Earth
The amount of matter in an object
The spinning of Earth on its axis
The number of hours it takes for Earth to rotate once
Type of eclipse that occurs at a full moon when Earth is directly between the moon and the sun
Newton's law of ______ states that every object in the universe attracts every other object.
Motion of the Earth that causes night and day
The force that attracts all objects toward each other
Which is larger in size, the moon or Earth?
Theory that explains how the moon formed

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