Chapter 1 Earth, Moon, and Sun Terms

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Can you name the Chapter 1 Earth, Moon, and Sun Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Type of tide that occurs during a first-quarter moon and third-quarter moon, when the moon, sun, and Earth are at a right angle
The darker, smaller part of the moon's shadow
The rise and fall of ocean water that occurs every 12.5 hours or so
The movement of one object around another
The amount of matter in an object
This law states that an object at rest will stay at rest and an object in motion will stay in motion with a constant speed and direction unless acted on by a force.
True or false: The maria are seas on the moon.
Temperatures on the moon's surface are either extremely hot or extremely cold because the moon has no _____.
Large round pits on the moon
Theory that explains how the moon formed
During a(n) _____, there are equal amounts of time of day and night.
Are winter and summer equinoxes or solstices?
What two factors combine to keep Earth in orbit around the sun and the moon in orbit around Earth?
Which can change depending on its location, mass or weight?
The light-colored features of the moon
The two days of the year when the Earth is tilted the most towards or away from the sun
Craters were formed by the impacts of ______, which are chunks of rock or dust from space.
The different shapes of the moon you see from Earth
If the Northern Hemisphere is tilted away from the sun, what season is it experiencing?
When an object in space comes between the sun and a third object, it casts a shadow on that object, causing this
The spinning of Earth on its axis
If the mass of an object increases, will it exert a stronger or weaker gravitational force?
The imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the North and South poles
DefinitionTerm
If the distance between two objects increases, with the gravitational force between them increase or decrease?
A measure of the force of gravity on an object
The larger part of the moon's shadow
The number of hours it takes for Earth to rotate once
Which is larger in size, the moon or Earth?
Motion of the Earth that causes night and day
The shape of Earth's orbit
The tendency of an object to resist a change in motion
If the Northern Hemisphere is tilted towards the sun, what season is it experiencing?
The force that attracts all objects toward each other
Type of eclipse that occurs at a full moon when Earth is directly between the moon and the sun
Earth has seasons because its axis is _____.
Are spring and fall equinoxes or solstices?
The path of an object as it revolves around another object in space
Type of tide with the greatest difference between consecutive low and high tides
Which has a higher mass, the moon or Earth?
The dark, flat areas on the moon
Newton's law of ______ states that every object in the universe attracts every other object.
The two days of the year when neither hemisphere is tilted toward or away from the sun
Type of tide with the least difference between consecutive low and high tides
Type of eclipse that occurs when the moon passes directly between Earth and the sun, blocking sunlight from Earth
Type of tide that occurs during a new moon, when the moon, sun, and Earth are lined up

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