Chapter 1 Earth, Moon, and Sun Terms

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Can you name the Chapter 1 Earth, Moon, and Sun Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Are spring and fall equinoxes or solstices?
The tendency of an object to resist a change in motion
Type of tide with the greatest difference between consecutive low and high tides
Large round pits on the moon
A measure of the force of gravity on an object
The shape of Earth's orbit
The spinning of Earth on its axis
Which can change depending on its location, mass or weight?
The rise and fall of ocean water that occurs every 12.5 hours or so
The imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the North and South poles
Type of tide with the least difference between consecutive low and high tides
If the Northern Hemisphere is tilted away from the sun, what season is it experiencing?
If the Northern Hemisphere is tilted towards the sun, what season is it experiencing?
The two days of the year when neither hemisphere is tilted toward or away from the sun
This law states that an object at rest will stay at rest and an object in motion will stay in motion with a constant speed and direction unless acted on by a force.
Which has a higher mass, the moon or Earth?
The force that attracts all objects toward each other
Which is larger in size, the moon or Earth?
The dark, flat areas on the moon
When an object in space comes between the sun and a third object, it casts a shadow on that object, causing this
Type of tide that occurs during a new moon, when the moon, sun, and Earth are lined up
During a(n) _____, there are equal amounts of time of day and night.
Theory that explains how the moon formed
DefinitionTerm
The path of an object as it revolves around another object in space
The darker, smaller part of the moon's shadow
Type of eclipse that occurs when the moon passes directly between Earth and the sun, blocking sunlight from Earth
The larger part of the moon's shadow
The two days of the year when the Earth is tilted the most towards or away from the sun
Type of eclipse that occurs at a full moon when Earth is directly between the moon and the sun
Type of tide that occurs during a first-quarter moon and third-quarter moon, when the moon, sun, and Earth are at a right angle
The number of hours it takes for Earth to rotate once
Craters were formed by the impacts of ______, which are chunks of rock or dust from space.
If the distance between two objects increases, with the gravitational force between them increase or decrease?
The different shapes of the moon you see from Earth
What two factors combine to keep Earth in orbit around the sun and the moon in orbit around Earth?
Motion of the Earth that causes night and day
True or false: The maria are seas on the moon.
Earth has seasons because its axis is _____.
If the mass of an object increases, will it exert a stronger or weaker gravitational force?
Temperatures on the moon's surface are either extremely hot or extremely cold because the moon has no _____.
Newton's law of ______ states that every object in the universe attracts every other object.
The movement of one object around another
The amount of matter in an object
Are winter and summer equinoxes or solstices?
The light-colored features of the moon

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