Chapter 1 Earth, Moon, and Sun Terms

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Can you name the Chapter 1 Earth, Moon, and Sun Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Which has a higher mass, the moon or Earth?
This law states that an object at rest will stay at rest and an object in motion will stay in motion with a constant speed and direction unless acted on by a force.
Type of eclipse that occurs at a full moon when Earth is directly between the moon and the sun
Are winter and summer equinoxes or solstices?
The path of an object as it revolves around another object in space
The dark, flat areas on the moon
The two days of the year when neither hemisphere is tilted toward or away from the sun
During a(n) _____, there are equal amounts of time of day and night.
True or false: The maria are seas on the moon.
Which is larger in size, the moon or Earth?
If the Northern Hemisphere is tilted away from the sun, what season is it experiencing?
Newton's law of ______ states that every object in the universe attracts every other object.
When an object in space comes between the sun and a third object, it casts a shadow on that object, causing this
The number of hours it takes for Earth to rotate once
The two days of the year when the Earth is tilted the most towards or away from the sun
Are spring and fall equinoxes or solstices?
The spinning of Earth on its axis
Temperatures on the moon's surface are either extremely hot or extremely cold because the moon has no _____.
Type of tide with the greatest difference between consecutive low and high tides
Type of eclipse that occurs when the moon passes directly between Earth and the sun, blocking sunlight from Earth
If the distance between two objects increases, with the gravitational force between them increase or decrease?
The shape of Earth's orbit
The movement of one object around another
DefinitionTerm
Type of tide with the least difference between consecutive low and high tides
Craters were formed by the impacts of ______, which are chunks of rock or dust from space.
Motion of the Earth that causes night and day
What two factors combine to keep Earth in orbit around the sun and the moon in orbit around Earth?
The rise and fall of ocean water that occurs every 12.5 hours or so
The larger part of the moon's shadow
The tendency of an object to resist a change in motion
Large round pits on the moon
The darker, smaller part of the moon's shadow
Theory that explains how the moon formed
The imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the North and South poles
Type of tide that occurs during a first-quarter moon and third-quarter moon, when the moon, sun, and Earth are at a right angle
A measure of the force of gravity on an object
If the Northern Hemisphere is tilted towards the sun, what season is it experiencing?
Type of tide that occurs during a new moon, when the moon, sun, and Earth are lined up
If the mass of an object increases, will it exert a stronger or weaker gravitational force?
The force that attracts all objects toward each other
Which can change depending on its location, mass or weight?
The different shapes of the moon you see from Earth
The amount of matter in an object
The light-colored features of the moon
Earth has seasons because its axis is _____.

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