Chapter 2 Ecosystems and Biomes

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Can you name the Chapter 2 Key Terms?

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DefinitionKey Term
The study of where organisms live and how they got there
The average annual temperature and amount of precipitation
A series of events in which one organism eats another and obtains energy
The process by which a gas changes to a liquid
Organisms that feed on the waste and remains of dead organisms and return raw materials to the ecosystem
True or false: Mountains and areas covered in ice are not considered to be biomes.
Biome that is very grassy and receives 25-75cm of rain each year
Biome that is very cold and can receive a lot of snow
The processes of evaporation, condensation, and precipitation make up the _____.
Consumers that only eat animals
Ocean zone located beneath the surface zone to the ocean floor
The process in which the plates move, moing the continents with them
Biome that is very cold and dry
The movement of organisms from one place to another
Biome that has large shifts in temperature throughout the day and receives very little rainfall
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
Biome that has moderate temperatures and receives a lot of rain
Water that falls to Earth's surface, including rain, hail, sleet, and snow
Consists of many overlapping food chains
Layer beneath the emergent layer
Consumers that only eat plants
DefinitionKey Term
Where the fresh water of a river meets the salt water of an ocean
The process by which molecules of liquid water absorb energy and change to a gas
True or false: Most of Earth's water is fresh water.
True or false: Lakes are generally smaller and shallower than ponds.
Consumers that eat both plants and animals
Trees that shed their leaves and grow new ones
Frozen soil that is present all year in the tundra
Ocean zone found below the low-tide line and extending over the continental shelf
A group of ecosystems with similar climates and organisms
An organism that can make its own food
Layer beneath the canopy
Ocean zone located beyond the neritic zone and extending from the surface to about 200m deep
Ocean zone located on the shore between the high-tide line and the low-tide line
A consumer that feeds on the bodies of dead organisms
The tallest layer of the rain forest
Biome that has varying temperatures and is found in Randolph
Biome that is found close to the equator and receives a lot of rain
Trees that produce their seeds in cones and have leaves shaped like needles
Grassland that is located closer to the equator and receives more rain
An organism that is carried into a new location by people
Russian name for the boreal forest

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