Chapter 2 Ecosystems and Biomes

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Can you name the Chapter 2 Key Terms?

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DefinitionKey Term
An organism that can make its own food
A series of events in which one organism eats another and obtains energy
Where the fresh water of a river meets the salt water of an ocean
Consumers that eat both plants and animals
Consumers that only eat plants
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
Organisms that feed on the waste and remains of dead organisms and return raw materials to the ecosystem
True or false: Most of Earth's water is fresh water.
Trees that shed their leaves and grow new ones
Grassland that is located closer to the equator and receives more rain
The tallest layer of the rain forest
Biome that is very cold and can receive a lot of snow
Layer beneath the emergent layer
Biome that is very grassy and receives 25-75cm of rain each year
A group of ecosystems with similar climates and organisms
Consists of many overlapping food chains
The process by which molecules of liquid water absorb energy and change to a gas
True or false: Mountains and areas covered in ice are not considered to be biomes.
Consumers that only eat animals
The processes of evaporation, condensation, and precipitation make up the _____.
Frozen soil that is present all year in the tundra
DefinitionKey Term
Ocean zone located beyond the neritic zone and extending from the surface to about 200m deep
Ocean zone found below the low-tide line and extending over the continental shelf
The process by which a gas changes to a liquid
Water that falls to Earth's surface, including rain, hail, sleet, and snow
Layer beneath the canopy
A consumer that feeds on the bodies of dead organisms
True or false: Lakes are generally smaller and shallower than ponds.
Biome that is found close to the equator and receives a lot of rain
Biome that has moderate temperatures and receives a lot of rain
Biome that is very cold and dry
The study of where organisms live and how they got there
Ocean zone located beneath the surface zone to the ocean floor
The movement of organisms from one place to another
Biome that has varying temperatures and is found in Randolph
An organism that is carried into a new location by people
Russian name for the boreal forest
The average annual temperature and amount of precipitation
Biome that has large shifts in temperature throughout the day and receives very little rainfall
Trees that produce their seeds in cones and have leaves shaped like needles
Ocean zone located on the shore between the high-tide line and the low-tide line
The process in which the plates move, moing the continents with them

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