Science / Bonding, Chemical Reactions, and Acids and Bases

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Can you name the Bonding, Chemical Reactions, and Acids and Bases Key Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
The minimum amount of energy needed to start a chemical reaction
Does an atom become positive or negative when it gains an electron?
Compound that changes color when it comes in contact with an acid or base
A number placed in front of a chemical formula in an equation
Does an atom become positive or negative when it loses an electron?
Type of bond that forms when electrons are gained or given up
Able to wear away other materials
A material that increases the reaction rate by lowering the activation energy needed
Chemical reaction where one element replaces another in a compound
This type of ion is produced when a base is in water
Any ionic compound that can be made from a neutralization reaction
A material used to decrease the rate of a chemical reaction
Type of bond that forms between a metal and a nonmetal
A number placed after a chemical symbol in an equation
An atom that has an electric charge
Type of bond that forms when electrons are shared
A negatively charged ion
DefinitionTerm
Tastes bitter, feels slippery, and turns litmus paper blue
A positively charged ion
The amount of a substance in a given volume
True or false: As surface area of a reactant increases, the rate of a chemical reaction increases.
Chemical reaction where two or more elements or compounds combine to make a more complex substance
True or false: As the concentration of reactants increases, the rate of a chemical reaction increases.
True or false: As the temperature increases, the rate of a chemical reaction decreases.
Chemical reaction where compounds break down into simpler products
This type of ion is produced when an acid is in water
Scale used to determine the strength of an acid or base
Chemical reaction where elements in a compound trade places with elements in another compound
A biological catalyst that helps chemical reactions occur at body temperature
Type of bond that forms between nonmetals
Type of electron in the outermost shell
A reaction between an acid and a base
Reacts with metals and carbonates, tastes sour, and turns litmus paper red

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