Science / Bonding, Chemical Reactions, and Acids and Bases

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Can you name the Bonding, Chemical Reactions, and Acids and Bases Key Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Type of bond that forms when electrons are gained or given up
A number placed after a chemical symbol in an equation
Type of bond that forms between a metal and a nonmetal
Does an atom become positive or negative when it loses an electron?
A number placed in front of a chemical formula in an equation
This type of ion is produced when an acid is in water
True or false: As the concentration of reactants increases, the rate of a chemical reaction increases.
An atom that has an electric charge
Does an atom become positive or negative when it gains an electron?
Type of bond that forms when electrons are shared
A material used to decrease the rate of a chemical reaction
The minimum amount of energy needed to start a chemical reaction
The amount of a substance in a given volume
A reaction between an acid and a base
Type of electron in the outermost shell
Chemical reaction where one element replaces another in a compound
A negatively charged ion
DefinitionTerm
Type of bond that forms between nonmetals
Tastes bitter, feels slippery, and turns litmus paper blue
A biological catalyst that helps chemical reactions occur at body temperature
Reacts with metals and carbonates, tastes sour, and turns litmus paper red
Any ionic compound that can be made from a neutralization reaction
True or false: As the temperature increases, the rate of a chemical reaction decreases.
Chemical reaction where compounds break down into simpler products
A material that increases the reaction rate by lowering the activation energy needed
True or false: As surface area of a reactant increases, the rate of a chemical reaction increases.
This type of ion is produced when a base is in water
Chemical reaction where elements in a compound trade places with elements in another compound
Scale used to determine the strength of an acid or base
Able to wear away other materials
Chemical reaction where two or more elements or compounds combine to make a more complex substance
Compound that changes color when it comes in contact with an acid or base
A positively charged ion

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