Bonding, Chemical Reactions, and Acids and Bases

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Can you name the Bonding, Chemical Reactions, and Acids and Bases Key Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
An atom that has an electric charge
A negatively charged ion
Type of bond that forms between a metal and a nonmetal
Does an atom become positive or negative when it loses an electron?
Chemical reaction where elements in a compound trade places with elements in another compound
Compound that changes color when it comes in contact with an acid or base
Reacts with metals and carbonates, tastes sour, and turns litmus paper red
Type of bond that forms between nonmetals
Chemical reaction where compounds break down into simpler products
A number placed after a chemical symbol in an equation
This type of ion is produced when a base is in water
Tastes bitter, feels slippery, and turns litmus paper blue
A material used to decrease the rate of a chemical reaction
Able to wear away other materials
Type of electron in the outermost shell
True or false: As the concentration of reactants increases, the rate of a chemical reaction increases.
True or false: As surface area of a reactant increases, the rate of a chemical reaction increases.
DefinitionTerm
Chemical reaction where one element replaces another in a compound
A number placed in front of a chemical formula in an equation
A reaction between an acid and a base
Does an atom become positive or negative when it gains an electron?
Scale used to determine the strength of an acid or base
True or false: As the temperature increases, the rate of a chemical reaction decreases.
This type of ion is produced when an acid is in water
A material that increases the reaction rate by lowering the activation energy needed
Type of bond that forms when electrons are shared
The minimum amount of energy needed to start a chemical reaction
Chemical reaction where two or more elements or compounds combine to make a more complex substance
The amount of a substance in a given volume
A biological catalyst that helps chemical reactions occur at body temperature
A positively charged ion
Any ionic compound that can be made from a neutralization reaction
Type of bond that forms when electrons are gained or given up

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