Figurative Language Terms

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DefinitionTermExample
a figure of speech in which a part is substituted for the whole'lend me a hand'
the pattern of related comparative aspects of language, particularly of images, in a lliterary work
the associations called up by a word that goes beyond its dictioniary meaning'Good men, the last wave by, crying how bright...'
a brief witty poem, often satirical'I am his Highness' dog at Kew;/Pray tell me, sir, whose dog are you?'
what a story or play is about
A symbolic narrative in which the surface details imply a secondary meaningJohn Bunyan's 'Pilgrim's Progress'
a figure of speech in which a closely related term is substituted for an object or idea'we have always remained loyal to the crown'
the resolution of the plot of a literary work
a metrical foot represented by two stressed syllablesKNICK-KNACK
the voice and implied speaker of a fictional work, to be distinguished from the actual living author
the matching of a final vowel or consonant sounds in two or more words. cat, bat, hat
the point at which a character understands his or her situation as it really is
the run on line of poetry in which logical and grammatical sense carries over from one line into the next'That's my last duchess painted on the wal,/Looking as if she were alive. I call'...
hints of what is to come in the action of a play or story
a pair of rhymed lines that may or may not constitute a separate stanza in a pom'For thy sweet love remembered such wealth brings/that then I scorn to change my state with kings'
an object or action in a literary work that means more than itself, that stands for something beyond itself
the long narrative poem that records the adventures of a hero. typically chronicles the origins of a civilication and embody its central valuesHomer's 'Odyssey' and 'Iliad'
a character who contrasts and parallels the main character in a play or storyEmilia and Bianca vs. Desdemona
Repetition of consonant sounds'fetched fresh'
the grammatical order of words in a sentence or line of verse or dialogue
a metrical unit composed of stressed and unstressed syllables'Who woods these are I think I know' = an iambic ____
a lyric poem the laments the deadRobert Hayden's 'Those Winter Sundays'
an intesification of the conflict in a story or play
the time and place of a literary work that establish its context
the first stage of a fictional or dramatic plot, in which necessary background information is providedopening dialog in 'A Doll's House' fills audience in on details which occured before the action begins
a 14 line poem in iambic pentametershakespearian/english, petrarchan/italian
in the plot of a story or play, the action following the climax of the work that moves it towards its resolution or denouement
the angle of vision from which a story is narratedfirst person, objective, omniscient, limited
an imaginary person that inhabits a literary workDesdemona in Othello
a customary feature of a literary workmorals in fables, chorus in a greek tragedy, rhyme scheme in an avillanelle
DefinitionTermExample
a literary work the criticizes human misconduct and ridicules vices, stupidities and follies. Swift's 'Gulliver's Travels'
a type of structure or form in poetry chracterized by freedom from regularity and consistency in such elemnts as rhyme, length and metrical pattern and overall structure
a six-line unite of verse constitutiing a stanza or section of a poemthe last six lines of an italian sonnet
the measured pattern of rhythmic accents in poems
poetic meters such as iambic and anapestic that move or ascent from an unstressed syllable to a stressed syllable
two unaccented syllables followed by an accented onecom-pre-HEND
a stressed syllable followed by two unstressed onesFLUT-ter-ing
the means by which writers present and reveal a characterdone through speech, dress, manner, actions
the dictionary meaning of a wordwriters typically play off a word's meaning against its connotations, or suggested and implied associational implications
the unified structure or incidents of a literary work
a subsidiary or subordinate or parallel plot in a play or story that coexists with the main plotRosencrants and Guildenstern in Hamlet
an imagined story, whether in prose, poetry or drama
the recurrence of accent or stress in lines of verse
the conversation of characters in a literary work
a 19-line lyric poem the relies heavily on repetition. the 1st and 3rd lines alternate throughout the poem, which is strucutred in 6 stanzas - 5 tercets and a concluding quatrainThomas's 'Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night'
a line of poetry or prose in unrhymed iambic pentameterWhen I see birches bend to left and right/Acros the lines of straighter darker trees
the endowment of inanimate objects or abstract concepts with animate or living qualities'the yellow leaves flaunted'
an eight-line unit, which may constitute a stanza or a section of a poem
a division or unit of a poem that is repeated in the same form
an accented syllable followed by an unaccented one'FOOT-ball'
an interruption of a work's chronology to describe or present an incident that occured prior to the mai nframe of a work's action
the point at which the action of the plot turns in an unexpected direction for the protagonist.
a long, stately poem in stanzas of varied length, meter and form. usually a serious poem on an exalted subjectHorace's 'Eheu fugaces'
a strong pause within a line of verse'Off-hand-like--just as I--
poetry without a regular pattern or meter or rhyme
a struggle between opposing forces in a story or play, usually resolved by the end of the workcharacter vs. character, character vs. self, etc
a narrative poem written in four-line stanzas'Barbara Allan'
a metrical foot with two unstressed syllables'of the'
a type of poem characterized by brevity, compression, and the expression of feeling
the implied attitude of a writer toward the subject and characters if a wirj
DefinitionTermExample
a poem that tells a story
the main character of a literary workhamlet, othello
the way an author chooses words, arranges them in sentences, and develops ideas and actions
a poem of thirty-nine lines and written in iambic pentameter.
the idea of a literary work abstracted from its details of language, character and action, and cast in the form of a generalization
the omission of an unstressed vowel or syllable to preserve the meter of a line of poetry'Flies o'er th' unbending corn'
an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one'to-DAY'
the selection of words in a literary workused to convey action, character, attitudes, themes, etc
a 3-line stanza
the use of words to imitate the sound they describebuzz! crack!
a contrast or discrepancy between what is said and what is meant or between what happens and what is expected to happen in life and in literatureverbal, situational, dramatic
a figure of speech involving the comparison between unlike things useing like, as, or as though'my love is like a red, red rose'
a comparison between essentially unlike things without an explicitly comparative word such as like or a'my love is a red, red rose'
poetic meters such as trochaic and dactylic that move or fall from a stressed to an unstressed syllable'Higgledy, piggledy' (dactylic); 'Hip hop, be-bop, treetop' (trochaic)
a type of form or structure in poetry chracterized by regularity and constency in such elements as rhyme, line length, and metrical patternFrost's 'Stopping By Woods on a Snowy Evening'
a form of language used in which writers and speakers convey something other than the literal meaning of their wordshyperbole, metaphor, litotes, simile, etc
a figure of speech involving exaggeration
a figure of speech in which a writer or speaker says less than what he or she meansopposition of exaggeration
repetition of similar vowel sounds'I became tired and sick'
a set of conlicts and crises that constitute the part of a play's or story's plot leading up to the climax
the sorting out or unraveling of a plot at the end of play, novel or story
a concrete representation of a sense impression, a feeling, or an idea
the turning point of the action in the plot of the play or story
a four-line stanza in a poem, the first four lines of the second four lines in a Petrarchan sonnetshakespearian sonnet contains 3 of these followed by a couplet
a character or force against which another character strugglesCreon in 'Antigone'
a humorous, mocking imitation of a literary work, sometimes sarcastic, but often playful and even respectful in its playful imitation
a form of language in which writers and speakers mean exactly what their words denote
a love lyric in which the speaker complains about the arrival of the dawn, when he must part from his loverJohn Donne's 'The Sun Rising'

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