Figurative Language Terms

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DefinitionTermExample
a figure of speech involving exaggeration
a 14 line poem in iambic pentametershakespearian/english, petrarchan/italian
a long, stately poem in stanzas of varied length, meter and form. usually a serious poem on an exalted subjectHorace's 'Eheu fugaces'
the measured pattern of rhythmic accents in poems
a 3-line stanza
a stressed syllable followed by two unstressed onesFLUT-ter-ing
the selection of words in a literary workused to convey action, character, attitudes, themes, etc
an intesification of the conflict in a story or play
the main character of a literary workhamlet, othello
a narrative poem written in four-line stanzas'Barbara Allan'
a figure of speech in which a part is substituted for the whole'lend me a hand'
in the plot of a story or play, the action following the climax of the work that moves it towards its resolution or denouement
poetry without a regular pattern or meter or rhyme
the pattern of related comparative aspects of language, particularly of images, in a lliterary work
a form of language used in which writers and speakers convey something other than the literal meaning of their wordshyperbole, metaphor, litotes, simile, etc
the voice and implied speaker of a fictional work, to be distinguished from the actual living author
an accented syllable followed by an unaccented one'FOOT-ball'
Repetition of consonant sounds'fetched fresh'
a figure of speech involving the comparison between unlike things useing like, as, or as though'my love is like a red, red rose'
a poem that tells a story
the sorting out or unraveling of a plot at the end of play, novel or story
a humorous, mocking imitation of a literary work, sometimes sarcastic, but often playful and even respectful in its playful imitation
a figure of speech in which a closely related term is substituted for an object or idea'we have always remained loyal to the crown'
the means by which writers present and reveal a characterdone through speech, dress, manner, actions
poetic meters such as iambic and anapestic that move or ascent from an unstressed syllable to a stressed syllable
a pair of rhymed lines that may or may not constitute a separate stanza in a pom'For thy sweet love remembered such wealth brings/that then I scorn to change my state with kings'
a metrical foot with two unstressed syllables'of the'
a comparison between essentially unlike things without an explicitly comparative word such as like or a'my love is a red, red rose'
the turning point of the action in the plot of the play or story
the implied attitude of a writer toward the subject and characters if a wirj
DefinitionTermExample
a contrast or discrepancy between what is said and what is meant or between what happens and what is expected to happen in life and in literatureverbal, situational, dramatic
the unified structure or incidents of a literary work
the conversation of characters in a literary work
a concrete representation of a sense impression, a feeling, or an idea
what a story or play is about
a type of structure or form in poetry chracterized by freedom from regularity and consistency in such elemnts as rhyme, length and metrical pattern and overall structure
two unaccented syllables followed by an accented onecom-pre-HEND
the omission of an unstressed vowel or syllable to preserve the meter of a line of poetry'Flies o'er th' unbending corn'
a character or force against which another character strugglesCreon in 'Antigone'
a 19-line lyric poem the relies heavily on repetition. the 1st and 3rd lines alternate throughout the poem, which is strucutred in 6 stanzas - 5 tercets and a concluding quatrainThomas's 'Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night'
a metrical foot represented by two stressed syllablesKNICK-KNACK
the associations called up by a word that goes beyond its dictioniary meaning'Good men, the last wave by, crying how bright...'
a line of poetry or prose in unrhymed iambic pentameterWhen I see birches bend to left and right/Acros the lines of straighter darker trees
a set of conlicts and crises that constitute the part of a play's or story's plot leading up to the climax
the point at which the action of the plot turns in an unexpected direction for the protagonist.
a brief witty poem, often satirical'I am his Highness' dog at Kew;/Pray tell me, sir, whose dog are you?'
an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one'to-DAY'
the dictionary meaning of a wordwriters typically play off a word's meaning against its connotations, or suggested and implied associational implications
the run on line of poetry in which logical and grammatical sense carries over from one line into the next'That's my last duchess painted on the wal,/Looking as if she were alive. I call'...
the resolution of the plot of a literary work
A symbolic narrative in which the surface details imply a secondary meaningJohn Bunyan's 'Pilgrim's Progress'
a love lyric in which the speaker complains about the arrival of the dawn, when he must part from his loverJohn Donne's 'The Sun Rising'
a four-line stanza in a poem, the first four lines of the second four lines in a Petrarchan sonnetshakespearian sonnet contains 3 of these followed by a couplet
a strong pause within a line of verse'Off-hand-like--just as I--
the point at which a character understands his or her situation as it really is
poetic meters such as trochaic and dactylic that move or fall from a stressed to an unstressed syllable'Higgledy, piggledy' (dactylic); 'Hip hop, be-bop, treetop' (trochaic)
a customary feature of a literary workmorals in fables, chorus in a greek tragedy, rhyme scheme in an avillanelle
a subsidiary or subordinate or parallel plot in a play or story that coexists with the main plotRosencrants and Guildenstern in Hamlet
a form of language in which writers and speakers mean exactly what their words denote
the use of words to imitate the sound they describebuzz! crack!
DefinitionTermExample
the matching of a final vowel or consonant sounds in two or more words. cat, bat, hat
a literary work the criticizes human misconduct and ridicules vices, stupidities and follies. Swift's 'Gulliver's Travels'
the time and place of a literary work that establish its context
the long narrative poem that records the adventures of a hero. typically chronicles the origins of a civilication and embody its central valuesHomer's 'Odyssey' and 'Iliad'
the grammatical order of words in a sentence or line of verse or dialogue
a lyric poem the laments the deadRobert Hayden's 'Those Winter Sundays'
an imaginary person that inhabits a literary workDesdemona in Othello
a type of form or structure in poetry chracterized by regularity and constency in such elements as rhyme, line length, and metrical patternFrost's 'Stopping By Woods on a Snowy Evening'
the recurrence of accent or stress in lines of verse
a poem of thirty-nine lines and written in iambic pentameter.
an eight-line unit, which may constitute a stanza or a section of a poem
an object or action in a literary work that means more than itself, that stands for something beyond itself
the angle of vision from which a story is narratedfirst person, objective, omniscient, limited
a type of poem characterized by brevity, compression, and the expression of feeling
the first stage of a fictional or dramatic plot, in which necessary background information is providedopening dialog in 'A Doll's House' fills audience in on details which occured before the action begins
a struggle between opposing forces in a story or play, usually resolved by the end of the workcharacter vs. character, character vs. self, etc
repetition of similar vowel sounds'I became tired and sick'
the idea of a literary work abstracted from its details of language, character and action, and cast in the form of a generalization
an imagined story, whether in prose, poetry or drama
an interruption of a work's chronology to describe or present an incident that occured prior to the mai nframe of a work's action
hints of what is to come in the action of a play or story
a figure of speech in which a writer or speaker says less than what he or she meansopposition of exaggeration
the endowment of inanimate objects or abstract concepts with animate or living qualities'the yellow leaves flaunted'
a character who contrasts and parallels the main character in a play or storyEmilia and Bianca vs. Desdemona
a division or unit of a poem that is repeated in the same form
the way an author chooses words, arranges them in sentences, and develops ideas and actions
a six-line unite of verse constitutiing a stanza or section of a poemthe last six lines of an italian sonnet
a metrical unit composed of stressed and unstressed syllables'Who woods these are I think I know' = an iambic ____

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