Figurative Language Terms

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DefinitionTermExample
a 19-line lyric poem the relies heavily on repetition. the 1st and 3rd lines alternate throughout the poem, which is strucutred in 6 stanzas - 5 tercets and a concluding quatrainThomas's 'Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night'
a type of structure or form in poetry chracterized by freedom from regularity and consistency in such elemnts as rhyme, length and metrical pattern and overall structure
a lyric poem the laments the deadRobert Hayden's 'Those Winter Sundays'
a division or unit of a poem that is repeated in the same form
an intesification of the conflict in a story or play
an object or action in a literary work that means more than itself, that stands for something beyond itself
what a story or play is about
a type of poem characterized by brevity, compression, and the expression of feeling
the voice and implied speaker of a fictional work, to be distinguished from the actual living author
poetic meters such as trochaic and dactylic that move or fall from a stressed to an unstressed syllable'Higgledy, piggledy' (dactylic); 'Hip hop, be-bop, treetop' (trochaic)
hints of what is to come in the action of a play or story
a poem of thirty-nine lines and written in iambic pentameter.
the matching of a final vowel or consonant sounds in two or more words. cat, bat, hat
a love lyric in which the speaker complains about the arrival of the dawn, when he must part from his loverJohn Donne's 'The Sun Rising'
a 14 line poem in iambic pentametershakespearian/english, petrarchan/italian
the time and place of a literary work that establish its context
a strong pause within a line of verse'Off-hand-like--just as I--
in the plot of a story or play, the action following the climax of the work that moves it towards its resolution or denouement
an imaginary person that inhabits a literary workDesdemona in Othello
the grammatical order of words in a sentence or line of verse or dialogue
an interruption of a work's chronology to describe or present an incident that occured prior to the mai nframe of a work's action
the means by which writers present and reveal a characterdone through speech, dress, manner, actions
the first stage of a fictional or dramatic plot, in which necessary background information is providedopening dialog in 'A Doll's House' fills audience in on details which occured before the action begins
the idea of a literary work abstracted from its details of language, character and action, and cast in the form of a generalization
two unaccented syllables followed by an accented onecom-pre-HEND
an imagined story, whether in prose, poetry or drama
poetry without a regular pattern or meter or rhyme
the endowment of inanimate objects or abstract concepts with animate or living qualities'the yellow leaves flaunted'
a figure of speech involving exaggeration
a comparison between essentially unlike things without an explicitly comparative word such as like or a'my love is a red, red rose'
DefinitionTermExample
a subsidiary or subordinate or parallel plot in a play or story that coexists with the main plotRosencrants and Guildenstern in Hamlet
a literary work the criticizes human misconduct and ridicules vices, stupidities and follies. Swift's 'Gulliver's Travels'
a long, stately poem in stanzas of varied length, meter and form. usually a serious poem on an exalted subjectHorace's 'Eheu fugaces'
a struggle between opposing forces in a story or play, usually resolved by the end of the workcharacter vs. character, character vs. self, etc
the measured pattern of rhythmic accents in poems
a metrical foot represented by two stressed syllablesKNICK-KNACK
a type of form or structure in poetry chracterized by regularity and constency in such elements as rhyme, line length, and metrical patternFrost's 'Stopping By Woods on a Snowy Evening'
the omission of an unstressed vowel or syllable to preserve the meter of a line of poetry'Flies o'er th' unbending corn'
the long narrative poem that records the adventures of a hero. typically chronicles the origins of a civilication and embody its central valuesHomer's 'Odyssey' and 'Iliad'
the implied attitude of a writer toward the subject and characters if a wirj
a figure of speech in which a part is substituted for the whole'lend me a hand'
the main character of a literary workhamlet, othello
a form of language in which writers and speakers mean exactly what their words denote
a pair of rhymed lines that may or may not constitute a separate stanza in a pom'For thy sweet love remembered such wealth brings/that then I scorn to change my state with kings'
an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one'to-DAY'
the use of words to imitate the sound they describebuzz! crack!
a poem that tells a story
the angle of vision from which a story is narratedfirst person, objective, omniscient, limited
a brief witty poem, often satirical'I am his Highness' dog at Kew;/Pray tell me, sir, whose dog are you?'
the way an author chooses words, arranges them in sentences, and develops ideas and actions
a humorous, mocking imitation of a literary work, sometimes sarcastic, but often playful and even respectful in its playful imitation
a metrical unit composed of stressed and unstressed syllables'Who woods these are I think I know' = an iambic ____
the dictionary meaning of a wordwriters typically play off a word's meaning against its connotations, or suggested and implied associational implications
the run on line of poetry in which logical and grammatical sense carries over from one line into the next'That's my last duchess painted on the wal,/Looking as if she were alive. I call'...
a set of conlicts and crises that constitute the part of a play's or story's plot leading up to the climax
a figure of speech in which a writer or speaker says less than what he or she meansopposition of exaggeration
a contrast or discrepancy between what is said and what is meant or between what happens and what is expected to happen in life and in literatureverbal, situational, dramatic
the associations called up by a word that goes beyond its dictioniary meaning'Good men, the last wave by, crying how bright...'
the recurrence of accent or stress in lines of verse
the selection of words in a literary workused to convey action, character, attitudes, themes, etc
DefinitionTermExample
a metrical foot with two unstressed syllables'of the'
the turning point of the action in the plot of the play or story
a figure of speech in which a closely related term is substituted for an object or idea'we have always remained loyal to the crown'
repetition of similar vowel sounds'I became tired and sick'
a narrative poem written in four-line stanzas'Barbara Allan'
a line of poetry or prose in unrhymed iambic pentameterWhen I see birches bend to left and right/Acros the lines of straighter darker trees
the point at which the action of the plot turns in an unexpected direction for the protagonist.
a character or force against which another character strugglesCreon in 'Antigone'
a customary feature of a literary workmorals in fables, chorus in a greek tragedy, rhyme scheme in an avillanelle
a character who contrasts and parallels the main character in a play or storyEmilia and Bianca vs. Desdemona
the sorting out or unraveling of a plot at the end of play, novel or story
Repetition of consonant sounds'fetched fresh'
the conversation of characters in a literary work
a figure of speech involving the comparison between unlike things useing like, as, or as though'my love is like a red, red rose'
a four-line stanza in a poem, the first four lines of the second four lines in a Petrarchan sonnetshakespearian sonnet contains 3 of these followed by a couplet
the pattern of related comparative aspects of language, particularly of images, in a lliterary work
poetic meters such as iambic and anapestic that move or ascent from an unstressed syllable to a stressed syllable
a concrete representation of a sense impression, a feeling, or an idea
a stressed syllable followed by two unstressed onesFLUT-ter-ing
an accented syllable followed by an unaccented one'FOOT-ball'
the unified structure or incidents of a literary work
a 3-line stanza
an eight-line unit, which may constitute a stanza or a section of a poem
A symbolic narrative in which the surface details imply a secondary meaningJohn Bunyan's 'Pilgrim's Progress'
the point at which a character understands his or her situation as it really is
a six-line unite of verse constitutiing a stanza or section of a poemthe last six lines of an italian sonnet
the resolution of the plot of a literary work
a form of language used in which writers and speakers convey something other than the literal meaning of their wordshyperbole, metaphor, litotes, simile, etc

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