HCHS Ancient Roman History

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Can you name the HCHS Ancient Roman History?

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Battle in AD 9 where Romans under Varus lost 3 legions to Arminius
Emperor who declared Christianity the state religion of the Empire
African city which battled with Rome for supremacy in the Mediterannean in the Punic Wars
Roman general who was initially in charge of subjugating the Jews but returned to Rome to become emporer/began the Flavian dynasty
48 BC battle in Greece in which Julius Caesar defeated Pompey the Great
Brother of the legendary founder of Rome
Roman short sword credited with defeating Hannibal at the Battle of Zama
Wrote, 'All Gaul is divided into three parts.'
Roman politician who defeated Spartacus in 71 BC/joined Julius Caesar & Pompey in the First Triumvirate
Roman deities over local regions, roadways, seaways, towns, cities, local livestock, local agriculture/household gods
Roman author, philosopher, and statesman who was tutor and advisor to Nero
Wife of Lucius Tarquinius Collatinus/was raped by son of King of Rome/committed suicide afterward/led to the overthrow of Kingdom & birth of the Republic/Shakespearean epic poem
Nickname for the year AD 69 in which began with the rule of Galba and ended with the rule of Vespasian
Roman spear designed to attach itself to enemy shields to make them useless
According to legend, he was the first King of Rome, founding the city in 753 BC upon the Palatine Hill
Supervised the financial affairs of the state and conducted audits/elected during the Republic, appointed during the Empire
Twice appointed dictator of Rome and both times resigned his commission after defeating Rome's enemies
Roman imperial dynasty founded by Vespasian and included his sons Titus & Domitian/ruled Rome from (AD 69-96)
General who defeated Roman army at Cannae
Responsible for maintaining the census, supervising public morality, and overseeing certain aspects of the government's finances
Could serve as generals and were peers of the consuls/took some judicial duties from the consuls
War within Italy (90-88 BC) between Rome and disaffected cities frustrated by their lack of say in Roman affairs/Rome won but made obtaining citizenship much more accessible
Ruler of Rome at the birth of Christ
Officials with this title could be appointed as 'of the plebs' or for the military/there were 10 for the plebs
Imperial bodyguards
Gladiator who escaped, formed slave army, and pillaged Rome between 73-71 BC (known as Third Servile War)
Bundle of rods sometimes w/an axe in the middle with its blade emerging/originated w/Etruscans/symbol of magistrate's power in Rome/root of fascism
378 AD battle in which the Roman army under Emeror Valens was crushed by the Goths under Fritigern
Nickname for the year AD 193 which began with the rule of Pertinax and ended with Septimius Severus
Wall separating Scotland from England named after a Roman emperor
31 BC naval battle where Octavian defeated Antony and Cleopatra
Quoted by Shakespeare as saying, 'So were they all, all honorable men.'
Trojan hero who survived fall of Troy/son of Anchises & Venus/became father of Romans (married Lavinia daughter of King Latinus) after first hooking up with Queen Dido of Carthage
Highest elected office during the Republic/2 were elected for 1-year terms
Roman historian who wrote biographies of 12 successive Roman rulers from Julius Caesar to Domitian
Emperor who created the Tetrarchy by splitting up the Empire into four parts
Emperor who supposedly played his fiddle while Rome burned
Group who sacked Rome in 410 AD
Group of emperors including Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, & Marcus Aurelius/phrase coined by Machiavelli
New system instituted by Roman Emperor Diocletian in 293, marking the end of the Crisis of the Third Century and the recovery of the Roman Empire
Number of legendary kings of Rome
Capital city of Western Roman Empire from 402-476/capital of Ostrogoths from 476-504/controlled later by Byzantines & Lombards
42 BC battle that ended the Wars of the Second Triumvirate where Antony & Octavian defeated Brutus and Cassius
312 AD battle where Constantine I defeated Maxentius
3rd member of the 2nd Triumvirate along with Antony and Octavian
Roman general who destroyed Jerusalem in 70 AD
River Julius Caesar crossed to begin the Great Roman Civil War
Had a vision of a cross and heard a voice say, 'In this sign, conquer.'
Roman general defeated by Julius Caesar in 2nd Civil War
Special class of Roman civil servants who served as bodyguards for magistrates and wielded fasces and axes
Prince of Rome who led to the overthrow of the Kingdom when he raped another nobleman's wife
Roman general who defeated Hannibal at the Battle of Zama to end the Second Punic War
Emperor who supposedly made his horse, Incitatus, a consul
Deposed Emperor Augustulus to end the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD
Last king of ancient Rome who was overthrown in 509BC
Leader of the group who sacked Rome in 410 AD

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