History / HCHS Ancient Greek History (Extreme)

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Eastern Persian capitol taken by Alexander
Servant class of Sparta
Treaty which ended the first phase of the Peloponnesian War signed in 421 BC/lasted 6 years
Oath taken by members of the Athenian Boule stating they would 'advise according to the laws' and do 'what was best for the people'
Role reversal of Thermopylae in Alexander's invasion of Persia
Bronze Age Cretan civilization (2600-1400 BC)/believed to have collapsed after eruption of Thera (volcano)
War between Sparta and Athens (431-404 BC)/broken into 3 phases: Archidamian War, the Sicilian War, and the Ionian (or Decelean) War
Athenian statesman/'father of Athenian democracy'/reorganized politics from 4 clans into many demes decreasing power of nobility/called reforms 'isonomia'/(570-??? BC)
Athenian practice of exiling political leaders (for 10 years)/generally when any citizen was thought to have too much power & deemed a danger to the democracy/first used in 487 BC
338 BC battle in Boeotia, between Philip II of Macedon & an alliance of Greek city-states including Athens &Thebes/decisive victory for Phillip ended Greek resistance
Final battle between Darius III and Alexander
Type of long spear utilized by the Greeks
Fighting formation used by Alexander the Great
Athenian general & statesman/served Athens, Sparta, the Persians, then Athens again/very clever general/initally friends w/Socrates/disputes led to fall of Athens in Pelop. War
First direct encounter of Alexander and Darius III
Historian who recorded the campaigns of Alexander in Anabasis of Alexander
Historian who compared lives of ancient Greeks vs ancient Romans (i.e. Alexander's the Great vs Julius Caesar) in his work Parallel Lives
490 BC battle responsible for inspiring an Olympic race/Athens vs Persians in 1st Persian invasion of Greece
Successor dynasty of Alexander in Greece & Macedonia
Greek sculptor who created the Statue of Zeus at Olympia
Athenian statesman/attempted to legislate against political, economic, & moral decline/reforms failed but laid foundations for Athenian democracy (638-558 BC)
Aristotle's school
Athenian leader who defeated Persians at Salamis (524-459 BC)
Largest land battle fought within Greece during Peloponnesian War/complete Spartan victory which saved Sparta from destruction
Spartan king who died holding off the Persians at Thermopylae (540-480 BC)
Successor dynasty of Alexander in Egypt
Pass where 300 Spartans held off Persian attackers before being betrayed
Suburb of Athens or a subdivision of Attica, the region of Greece surrounding Athens/became basis for political action under Cleisthenes
Collective name of Alexander's generals, friends, & heirs who divided up his empire
Alliance of Greek states established by Phillip II of Macedon in 338 BC/337 BC after the Battle of Chaeronea, to facilitate his use of military forces in his war against Persia
Athenian statesman/son of Miltiades/created Athenian maritime empire after 480-479 Persian invasion/won Battle of Eurymedon River (466BC) vs Persia/exiled by Pericles (510-450 BC)
Popular courts in which citizens argued cases before a group of lottery-selected jurors/created by Cleisthenes
Ongoing curse upon a a powerful noble family of ancient Athens after Megacles killed Cylon though he took refuge in temple of Athena/basis for Cleisthenes ostracism
General responsible for defeating the Persians at Marathon
Random selection of citizens to fill government positions rather than kinship or heredity/instituted under Cleisthenes
Greek ethnographer & explorer (350-290 BC)/author of Indika/ambassador of Seleucus I to India possibly to Chandragupta
Plato's school
Father of Alexander the Great (382-336 BC)
Council of citizens appointed to run daily affairs of Athens
Small kingdom established in Asia Minor after the death of Alexander
Athenian statesman during Golden Age/turned Delian League into Athenian empire/fostered democracy/began building on Acropolis including Parthenon (495-429 BC)
480 BC Naval battle in Saronic Gulf near Athens that defeated Xerxes (2nd Persian invasion of Greece)
Meeting place of Athenian council of nobles
Successor dynasty of Alexander in Mesopotamia and Persia
Judean revolt against Antiochus IV Epiphanes
King of Sparta during the first phase of the Peloponnesian War/attempted to avoid the war but was overruled by Spartan war party
Regime set up in Athens by Sparta at the end of the Peloponnesian War which suspended democracy/overthrown 6 years later (in 403 BC) when democracy was restored by Thrasybulus
Founded in 478 BC/association of Greek city-states numbering between 150-173 under the leadership of Athens to continue fighting the Persians after the Battle of Plataea

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