Since 2005, there has been an ongoing constitutional proposition of replacing the official flag by the civil ensign.
The colours of the flag were first adopted in 1830.
The flag was legally regulated in 1972 only.
Head of state
Married since 1981 to Maria Teresa Mestre y Batista from Cuba.
Head of government/Prime minister
Prime minister since 1995 (longest-serving head of government in the EU).
With a population of approx. 100,000, it is at the same time the country's largest city. It was founded in 963.
Second largest city
Esch/Alzette, an industrially stamped city in the South of the country, has about 30,000 inhabitants.
On June 23 the monarch's birthday is celebrated.
Luxembourg introduced the Euro notes and coins on January 1, 2002.
Before 2002, both, the Belgian and the Luxembourgish Franc were Luxembourg's official currencies.
Luxembourg is and has always been solely located in Europe.
Population (nearest million)
Since 1900, the population has grown by approx. 114%. Since 2000, by 15%.
Luxembourg borders Belgium's Province du Luxembourg.
Luxembourg shares its shortest border with France.
Luxembourg borders the German states of Rheinland-Pfalz and Saarland.
Largest Religious Denomination
In Luxembourg it is illegal to collect statistics on religious beliefs.
French is the primary administrative language. It is also frequently used in daily life.
The use of German is mostly limited to newspapers.
Luxembourgish is spoken by about 390,000 people worldwide.
The most significant populations of Luxembourgers (outside of Luxembourg) live in Brazil and in the US. The former speaker of the House of Representatives (1999-2007), Dennis Hastert, is of Luxembourgish ancestry.
Drives on the...
Luxembourg had left-hand traffic until 1937.
Age of suffrage
Voting is compulsory in Luxembourg.
The Moselle Valley is Luxembourg's most important region for wine production.
Most popular sport
Luxembourg has never participated in a World Cup, and currently ranks on #127 (among 207 teams) on FIFA's ranking.
Internet Country Code
About 79% of people in Luxembourg use the Internet (#9 worldwide).
Country Calling Code
+351 stands for Portugal, +353 for Ireland.
District of Luxembourg #1
In the national language: Dikrech
District of Luxembourg #2
In the national language: Gréiwemaacher
District of Luxembourg #3
In the national language: Lëtzebuerg
The steel company is one of the 30 largest companies in the world (by revenue).
Year of independence
The independence, after having been declared in 1815, was regulated and confirmed in two London treaties
The independence of Luxembourg was declared in the treaty of Paris.
Its main base is Findel Airport, Luxembourg's only international airport.
Year of EU accession
Luxembourg is one of 6 founding members of the European Community.
Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Ethiopia, Liberia, Macedonia, the Netherlands, Singapore, Slovenia, Sri Lanka, Sweden and the UK (England) also have the lion as (one of) their national animal(s).
The goldcrest is the smallest European bird.
Main seat to this EU institution
The Court of Auditors is a professional external investigatory audit agency.
Main seat to this EU institution
The Parliament, the Council and the Commission of the EU also have seats in Luxembourg City, along with those in Brussels resp. Strasbourg.