Miscellaneous / Anti-glycemic Agents

Random Miscellaneous Quiz

Can you name the Anti-glycemic Agents?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

Forced Order
Also try: 'K' Game
Humulin Br class
Glimepiride (Amaryl) class
Humalog 75/25 Mix class
Onset 30 minutes - 1 hour
Regular Ileting II (Lilly) class
Pioglitazone (Actos) class
Novolin R PenFill
Humulin 50/50
Peak: None
Humulin Ultralente class
Novolin N class
SE: Increased plasma volume, edema, CHF, ovulation in PCO, mild anemia, rare liver toxicity, risk of fx in women. No hypoglycemia
Metformin and glyburide combo
Metformin and pioglitazone combo
Nololin 70/30
MOA: Decreases hepatic glucose production, decreases peripheral insulin resistance, increases glucose uptake, decrease gluconeogenesis, decreases fatty liver,
Avapro - Novalog (Novo Nordisk) class
Humalog class
SE: Nausea, other GI effects, rare reports of pancreatitis
MOA: Similar to sulfonureas.
Glyburide (Micronase, Diabeta) class
P-kinetics: Injected SQ BID
Pioglitazone and glimepiride combo
Use: First-line for most DM II, esp. obese.
Use: Human insulin is made by recombinant technology
P-kinetics: Eliminated by renal filtration
Duration 18-24 hours (12-16 hours)
MOA: Lowers threshold for insulin release. Effective early; secondary failure common.
NPH Iletin III (Lilly) class
Use: Combines rapid-acting and intermediate-acting insulin. Controls blood sugar at mealtime and all day and night
Onset 15-30 minutes
Use: Controls blood sugar between meals and during sleep
Novolog Mix 70/30 PenFill class
MOA: Inhibit enzymatic degradation of incretin hormones. Unlike most PO meds for DM, does not promote wt gain, there may even be slight wt loss.
Detemir - Levemir class
Rosiglitazone and metformin combo
MOA: Increases hepatic insulin sensitivity. Works through AMP dependent kinase, a mastor allosteric regulator of metabolism, that senses lack of energy substrates in cells.
Novolin R (Novo Nordisk) class
Duration 5-7 hours (6 - 8 hours)
Onset: 1-2 hours
MOA: Lowers postprandial glucose rise by delaying CHO absorption. Decreases glucose absorption secondary to decreased digestion of carbohydrates.
Humalog Mix 50/50 class
Peak 6-8 hours
Nololin N (NPH) (Lilly) class
Novolog Mix 70/30 class
Peak 2 - 5 hours
Use: DM II. Most effective in lean patients.
Contraindications: Renal dz, liver dz, CHF, dehydration, shock, acidosis, alcoholism
Nolovin R PenFill
Humalog 50/50 class
Metformin class
SE: Similar to sulfonureas but with less risk of prolonged hypoglycemia.
Contraindications: Intestinal dz, cirrhosis, renal dz (creatinine > 2)
Glusine - Apidra (Avemtis) class
MOA: GLP-1 agonist. Has all the properties of human GLP-1. 10 lb or greater wt loss in 1 yr
Exenatide class
Use: Controls blood sugar surges at mealtime
Rosiglitazone (Avandia) class
Lispro - Humalog (Lilly) class
Novolin 70/30 PenFill
Nolvin N PenFill
Repalinide class
Duration: 18-20 hours
Sitagliptin (Januvia) class
Humulin N class
SE: GI effects, occasional low B12, rare lactic acidosis, ovulation in PCO
MOA: Binds to PPAR-gamma, a nuclear receptor regulating differentiation of cells (adipocytes, vascular tissue). Decreased plasma fatty acid levels, decreased central adiposity, res
Novolin R class
P-kinetics: 100 mg once daily
SE: No hypoglycemia
Novolog class
Humulin R (Lilly) class
Rosiglitazone and glimepiride combo
SE: Hypoglycemia, weight gain, GI effects.
Duration ~14 hours
Contraindications: Class III/IV CHF
Miglitol class
Humalog Mix 75/25 class
MOA: Decreases insulin resistance, increase muscle and adipose tissue glucose uptake, decreased hepatic glucose output.
Sitagliptin and metformin combo
P-kinetics: Rapid absorption, short duration.
Humulin N (NPH) (Lilly) class
Peak: 1 hour
SE: GI effects, increased transaminases (monitor). No hypoglycemia
Novolog Mix 70/30 class
Novolin 70/30 class
Use: Onset and duration are rough within the range listed from person to person
Glipizide (Glucotrol; Glucotrol XL) class
MOA: Bind to SU receptor on surface of beta cells, closing K+ATP channels -> to depolarization of cell membrane, allowing Ca++ to enter cell -> in insulin secretion.
Humulin 70/30
Metformin and glipizide combo
Glargine - Lantus class
Apidra class
MOA: Effective in long-duration DM, weight loss, no hypoglycemia, lowers insuling, TG, LDL
Duration 3 - 4 hours (4-5 hours)
Humulin L (Lente) (Lilly) class
Duration: 20-24 hours
Onset 1-4 hours
Acarbose class

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments


Your Account Isn't Verified!

In order to create a playlist on Sporcle, you need to verify the email address you used during registration. Go to your Sporcle Settings to finish the process.