Science / Physiology part A

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Can you name the Physiology part A?

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???
Peripheral chemoreceptors sense (x3)abbreviations
Central chemoreceptors sense (x2)
Which part of the adrenals secretes cortisol?
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in
Local inflammation leads to increased
Long term effects of aldosterone
Type of pH disturbance: Insulin deficiency
Do beta adrenoreceptor antagonists affect transmission at the ganglion?
Infusion of 1l normal saline over 20 mins causes CO to
Type of pH disturbance: Acetozolamide
Protein binding intracellular iron
Temperature in women rises by how much on which day of the cycle?range, day
Septic shock is characterised by a fall in
Anaesthetics ____ myocardial contractility
Stimulating HPA increases blood ____ conc, this is mediated by _____
Mean pressure in the vascular system if the circulation stops is defined as
pH 7.5
3 Calcitonin targets,
Sudden increase in SVR causes CO to
Mineralocorticooid receptor antagonist
Signals from peripheral chemoreceptors are relayed toabbreviation
Plasma K+ conc is sensed by the
Hypothalamus function: Supraoptic/paraventricular nucleus
Anaesthetics ____ SVR
pH 7.45
pH 6.9
Cushing's syndrome heightens, cause:
Widespread poor perfusion of tissues leads to
3 stimuli that when increased increase local blood flow:full names
Anaesthetics ____ ventilatory drive
Type of pH disturbance: Renal failure
Below core temp, outside thermoneutral zone (2 responses)
Submersion in water increases skin
Hypothalamus function: Lateral hypothalamus
???
Amiloride directly blocks
Daily sweat loss (ml)
Short duration local anaesthetics reduce postoperative
2 PTH targets,
ECG after 130% K+ would show
Infusion of a B1 antagonist causes CO to
Nerve that carries afferent signals from the carotid sinus barorecptors
Main problem at altitude is lowabbreviation
25-hydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in the
Above core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperaldosteronism
Above core temp, above thermoneutral zone
Enzyme that NO activates on binding to SM receptor
Normal K+ intake/output (mEq)
Osmolarity of blood supplying the hypothalamus affects the release of
Addison's syndrome is a reduction in
Hormone regulation plasma iron
Type of pH disturbance: Exercise
Which part of the adrenals secretes aldosterone?
Diuretic with anti-androgen effects
Hypothalamus function: Anterior nucleus
Conn's syndrome
Minimum daily urine production (litres)
Local metabolites from active muscle cause primary
2 causes of hypokalaemia
Eccrine glandular secretion is increased by topical
Short term effects of aldosterone
Precursor of NO
A few days at altitude causes pulmonary ____
Protein binding iron in plasma
Anaesthetics ____ VQ mismatch
Endothelin 1 is raised in
Rate of heat loss is related to body mass to the power:fraction
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperventilation due to anxiety
???
Type of pH disturbance: Narcotic drugs
Daily water production from metabolism of carbs & lipid (ml)
Anaesthetic decreasing intracellular calcium accumulation in cardiac myocytes
Hypothalamus function: Ventromedial nucleus
Hormone that affects renal hydroxylation of vitamin D3
HPA stimulation causes decreased proliferation of ___ but increased numbers of
Where in the hypothalamus is ADH synthesised?
Anaesthetics ____ Upper airway resistance
Iron efflux from macrophages and enterocytes is via
Duodenal iron transporter
ADH is released into the blood from the
pH 7.3
ACTH stimulates release of which 2 hormones?
HPA stands for
Inflammatory cytokines decrease the
Main stimulus for NO production
Below core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Supine to standing causes CO to
Hypothalamus function: Hormone acting on the arcuate nucleus
Prostacyclins cause vsm to ___ via activation of?
pH 7.35
Type of pH disturbance: COPD
Treat hyperkalaemia with 2 things
Time of day with lowest temperaturetime range (with units)
2 physiological adaptations to altitude
Calcitonin is synthesised in the
Time of day with highest temperaturetime range (with units)
Exposing skin to moving air increases
Ascending 4000m over 24 hours would lead to a PaCO2 of (mmHg)
PlasmaK+ rises causes the secretion of which hormone
Type of pH disturbance: Vomiting
Left sided heart failure is commonly associated with

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