Physiology part A

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3 Calcitonin targets,
Exposing skin to moving air increases
Submersion in water increases skin
3 stimuli that when increased increase local blood flow:full names
Nerve that carries afferent signals from the carotid sinus barorecptors
Plasma K+ conc is sensed by the
Sudden increase in SVR causes CO to
ECG after 130% K+ would show
Type of pH disturbance: Acetozolamide
ADH is released into the blood from the
Hypothalamus function: Supraoptic/paraventricular nucleus
Type of pH disturbance: Vomiting
A few days at altitude causes pulmonary ____
Above core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Signals from peripheral chemoreceptors are relayed toabbreviation
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperaldosteronism
Time of day with highest temperaturetime range (with units)
Hypothalamus function: Ventromedial nucleus
Infusion of a B1 antagonist causes CO to
Enzyme that NO activates on binding to SM receptor
Type of pH disturbance: Renal failure
Hormone that affects renal hydroxylation of vitamin D3
Local metabolites from active muscle cause primary
Long term effects of aldosterone
Endothelin 1 is raised in
Short duration local anaesthetics reduce postoperative
Conn's syndrome
Anaesthetics ____ ventilatory drive
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in
Do beta adrenoreceptor antagonists affect transmission at the ganglion?
pH 7.35
Peripheral chemoreceptors sense (x3)abbreviations
Mean pressure in the vascular system if the circulation stops is defined as
Hormone regulation plasma iron
Duodenal iron transporter
Type of pH disturbance: Narcotic drugs
Hypothalamus function: Hormone acting on the arcuate nucleus
Left sided heart failure is commonly associated with
Ascending 4000m over 24 hours would lead to a PaCO2 of (mmHg)
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperventilation due to anxiety
Temperature in women rises by how much on which day of the cycle?range, day
Type of pH disturbance: COPD
Which part of the adrenals secretes cortisol?
PlasmaK+ rises causes the secretion of which hormone
Calcitonin is synthesised in the
Septic shock is characterised by a fall in
Below core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Anaesthetic decreasing intracellular calcium accumulation in cardiac myocytes
Prostacyclins cause vsm to ___ via activation of?
Precursor of NO
Hypothalamus function: Anterior nucleus
Protein binding iron in plasma
2 causes of hypokalaemia
2 physiological adaptations to altitude
Anaesthetics ____ SVR
Central chemoreceptors sense (x2)
Above core temp, above thermoneutral zone
Time of day with lowest temperaturetime range (with units)
Inflammatory cytokines decrease the
Which part of the adrenals secretes aldosterone?
Eccrine glandular secretion is increased by topical
Stimulating HPA increases blood ____ conc, this is mediated by _____
Protein binding intracellular iron
Type of pH disturbance: Insulin deficiency
pH 7.45
Main stimulus for NO production
Daily water production from metabolism of carbs & lipid (ml)
Type of pH disturbance: Exercise
Where in the hypothalamus is ADH synthesised?
Mineralocorticooid receptor antagonist
pH 7.3
Widespread poor perfusion of tissues leads to
Osmolarity of blood supplying the hypothalamus affects the release of
Below core temp, outside thermoneutral zone (2 responses)
Daily sweat loss (ml)
Amiloride directly blocks
HPA stimulation causes decreased proliferation of ___ but increased numbers of
Treat hyperkalaemia with 2 things
Addison's syndrome is a reduction in
Anaesthetics ____ Upper airway resistance
Infusion of 1l normal saline over 20 mins causes CO to
Anaesthetics ____ myocardial contractility
HPA stands for
Cushing's syndrome heightens, cause:
Rate of heat loss is related to body mass to the power:fraction
Main problem at altitude is lowabbreviation
2 PTH targets,
Diuretic with anti-androgen effects
Minimum daily urine production (litres)
ACTH stimulates release of which 2 hormones?
Short term effects of aldosterone
pH 7.5
Anaesthetics ____ VQ mismatch
pH 6.9
25-hydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in the
Normal K+ intake/output (mEq)
Hypothalamus function: Lateral hypothalamus
Local inflammation leads to increased
Supine to standing causes CO to
Iron efflux from macrophages and enterocytes is via

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