Physiology part A

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3 Calcitonin targets,
Anaesthetic decreasing intracellular calcium accumulation in cardiac myocytes
Type of pH disturbance: COPD
Nerve that carries afferent signals from the carotid sinus barorecptors
Exposing skin to moving air increases
Local inflammation leads to increased
pH 7.5
HPA stimulation causes decreased proliferation of ___ but increased numbers of
Infusion of a B1 antagonist causes CO to
Hormone that affects renal hydroxylation of vitamin D3
Time of day with highest temperaturetime range (with units)
Temperature in women rises by how much on which day of the cycle?range, day
Type of pH disturbance: Renal failure
Precursor of NO
pH 7.45
3 stimuli that when increased increase local blood flow:full names
Cushing's syndrome heightens, cause:
Below core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Hormone regulation plasma iron
Above core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Plasma K+ conc is sensed by the
Widespread poor perfusion of tissues leads to
25-hydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in the
Short duration local anaesthetics reduce postoperative
Hypothalamus function: Lateral hypothalamus
Anaesthetics ____ VQ mismatch
Endothelin 1 is raised in
Above core temp, above thermoneutral zone
Anaesthetics ____ ventilatory drive
Eccrine glandular secretion is increased by topical
Mineralocorticooid receptor antagonist
Short term effects of aldosterone
Normal K+ intake/output (mEq)
Left sided heart failure is commonly associated with
Sudden increase in SVR causes CO to
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in
Type of pH disturbance: Acetozolamide
Diuretic with anti-androgen effects
Protein binding intracellular iron
Daily water production from metabolism of carbs & lipid (ml)
Time of day with lowest temperaturetime range (with units)
Hypothalamus function: Hormone acting on the arcuate nucleus
A few days at altitude causes pulmonary ____
Central chemoreceptors sense (x2)
Main stimulus for NO production
HPA stands for
2 physiological adaptations to altitude
Treat hyperkalaemia with 2 things
Anaesthetics ____ SVR
ECG after 130% K+ would show
Stimulating HPA increases blood ____ conc, this is mediated by _____
Addison's syndrome is a reduction in
Below core temp, outside thermoneutral zone (2 responses)
Peripheral chemoreceptors sense (x3)abbreviations
2 PTH targets,
pH 7.35
Local metabolites from active muscle cause primary
Do beta adrenoreceptor antagonists affect transmission at the ganglion?
Protein binding iron in plasma
pH 6.9
ACTH stimulates release of which 2 hormones?
Septic shock is characterised by a fall in
Anaesthetics ____ Upper airway resistance
Infusion of 1l normal saline over 20 mins causes CO to
Enzyme that NO activates on binding to SM receptor
Submersion in water increases skin
Minimum daily urine production (litres)
Rate of heat loss is related to body mass to the power:fraction
ADH is released into the blood from the
Conn's syndrome
Mean pressure in the vascular system if the circulation stops is defined as
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperventilation due to anxiety
Hypothalamus function: Anterior nucleus
Supine to standing causes CO to
Hypothalamus function: Ventromedial nucleus
Ascending 4000m over 24 hours would lead to a PaCO2 of (mmHg)
Osmolarity of blood supplying the hypothalamus affects the release of
Where in the hypothalamus is ADH synthesised?
Iron efflux from macrophages and enterocytes is via
Main problem at altitude is lowabbreviation
Type of pH disturbance: Exercise
Amiloride directly blocks
Prostacyclins cause vsm to ___ via activation of?
Signals from peripheral chemoreceptors are relayed toabbreviation
Long term effects of aldosterone
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperaldosteronism
Duodenal iron transporter
Calcitonin is synthesised in the
Which part of the adrenals secretes aldosterone?
Hypothalamus function: Supraoptic/paraventricular nucleus
2 causes of hypokalaemia
Type of pH disturbance: Narcotic drugs
PlasmaK+ rises causes the secretion of which hormone
Anaesthetics ____ myocardial contractility
Inflammatory cytokines decrease the
pH 7.3
Which part of the adrenals secretes cortisol?
Type of pH disturbance: Insulin deficiency
Daily sweat loss (ml)
Type of pH disturbance: Vomiting

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Created Apr 5, 2012ReportNominate