Physiology part A

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Type of pH disturbance: Hyperaldosteronism
Treat hyperkalaemia with 2 things
Hypothalamus function: Anterior nucleus
Type of pH disturbance: Acetozolamide
Daily water production from metabolism of carbs & lipid (ml)
Nerve that carries afferent signals from the carotid sinus barorecptors
Anaesthetics ____ myocardial contractility
Anaesthetic decreasing intracellular calcium accumulation in cardiac myocytes
Hormone that affects renal hydroxylation of vitamin D3
Anaesthetics ____ Upper airway resistance
Below core temp, outside thermoneutral zone (2 responses)
2 physiological adaptations to altitude
Main problem at altitude is lowabbreviation
3 stimuli that when increased increase local blood flow:full names
Diuretic with anti-androgen effects
ADH is released into the blood from the
Time of day with lowest temperaturetime range (with units)
Anaesthetics ____ SVR
pH 7.45
Hypothalamus function: Lateral hypothalamus
Local inflammation leads to increased
HPA stimulation causes decreased proliferation of ___ but increased numbers of
Cushing's syndrome heightens, cause:
Anaesthetics ____ ventilatory drive
pH 7.5
Time of day with highest temperaturetime range (with units)
Daily sweat loss (ml)
Peripheral chemoreceptors sense (x3)abbreviations
HPA stands for
Ascending 4000m over 24 hours would lead to a PaCO2 of (mmHg)
Type of pH disturbance: Insulin deficiency
Hypothalamus function: Supraoptic/paraventricular nucleus
Left sided heart failure is commonly associated with
Type of pH disturbance: Vomiting
Septic shock is characterised by a fall in
Protein binding iron in plasma
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperventilation due to anxiety
Which part of the adrenals secretes aldosterone?
Type of pH disturbance: Renal failure
Normal K+ intake/output (mEq)
Osmolarity of blood supplying the hypothalamus affects the release of
Eccrine glandular secretion is increased by topical
Enzyme that NO activates on binding to SM receptor
Sudden increase in SVR causes CO to
Hypothalamus function: Hormone acting on the arcuate nucleus
Mineralocorticooid receptor antagonist
Type of pH disturbance: Exercise
Rate of heat loss is related to body mass to the power:fraction
Where in the hypothalamus is ADH synthesised?
pH 7.3
Protein binding intracellular iron
PlasmaK+ rises causes the secretion of which hormone
Long term effects of aldosterone
ACTH stimulates release of which 2 hormones?
Infusion of 1l normal saline over 20 mins causes CO to
ECG after 130% K+ would show
Above core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Prostacyclins cause vsm to ___ via activation of?
Short duration local anaesthetics reduce postoperative
Widespread poor perfusion of tissues leads to
3 Calcitonin targets,
Which part of the adrenals secretes cortisol?
Above core temp, above thermoneutral zone
Addison's syndrome is a reduction in
pH 7.35
Precursor of NO
Temperature in women rises by how much on which day of the cycle?range, day
Exposing skin to moving air increases
Local metabolites from active muscle cause primary
Amiloride directly blocks
Type of pH disturbance: COPD
Central chemoreceptors sense (x2)
Type of pH disturbance: Narcotic drugs
Do beta adrenoreceptor antagonists affect transmission at the ganglion?
Supine to standing causes CO to
Short term effects of aldosterone
Submersion in water increases skin
Plasma K+ conc is sensed by the
Mean pressure in the vascular system if the circulation stops is defined as
Stimulating HPA increases blood ____ conc, this is mediated by _____
Calcitonin is synthesised in the
Inflammatory cytokines decrease the
Main stimulus for NO production
2 PTH targets,
A few days at altitude causes pulmonary ____
Conn's syndrome
Anaesthetics ____ VQ mismatch
Endothelin 1 is raised in
25-hydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in the
Duodenal iron transporter
Infusion of a B1 antagonist causes CO to
Hypothalamus function: Ventromedial nucleus
Iron efflux from macrophages and enterocytes is via
2 causes of hypokalaemia
Signals from peripheral chemoreceptors are relayed toabbreviation
Minimum daily urine production (litres)
Below core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Hormone regulation plasma iron
pH 6.9

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Created Apr 5, 2012ReportNominate