Physiology part A

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Hormone regulation plasma iron
Type of pH disturbance: Exercise
Cushing's syndrome heightens, cause:
Type of pH disturbance: Acetozolamide
Local inflammation leads to increased
Normal K+ intake/output (mEq)
3 stimuli that when increased increase local blood flow:full names
Daily water production from metabolism of carbs & lipid (ml)
Supine to standing causes CO to
HPA stimulation causes decreased proliferation of ___ but increased numbers of
Hypothalamus function: Lateral hypothalamus
Short term effects of aldosterone
Endothelin 1 is raised in
Long term effects of aldosterone
Hormone that affects renal hydroxylation of vitamin D3
Time of day with highest temperaturetime range (with units)
Inflammatory cytokines decrease the
Duodenal iron transporter
Above core temp, above thermoneutral zone
Septic shock is characterised by a fall in
Protein binding intracellular iron
Local metabolites from active muscle cause primary
Exposing skin to moving air increases
Hypothalamus function: Ventromedial nucleus
Nerve that carries afferent signals from the carotid sinus barorecptors
Anaesthetics ____ Upper airway resistance
Below core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Conn's syndrome
Type of pH disturbance: Vomiting
Do beta adrenoreceptor antagonists affect transmission at the ganglion?
Eccrine glandular secretion is increased by topical
2 physiological adaptations to altitude
Short duration local anaesthetics reduce postoperative
pH 7.35
2 PTH targets,
Mean pressure in the vascular system if the circulation stops is defined as
Anaesthetics ____ VQ mismatch
Calcitonin is synthesised in the
Plasma K+ conc is sensed by the
Protein binding iron in plasma
2 causes of hypokalaemia
Type of pH disturbance: Renal failure
Signals from peripheral chemoreceptors are relayed toabbreviation
Minimum daily urine production (litres)
Stimulating HPA increases blood ____ conc, this is mediated by _____
Where in the hypothalamus is ADH synthesised?
Infusion of 1l normal saline over 20 mins causes CO to
Anaesthetics ____ ventilatory drive
Anaesthetics ____ myocardial contractility
PlasmaK+ rises causes the secretion of which hormone
Anaesthetics ____ SVR
Peripheral chemoreceptors sense (x3)abbreviations
Diuretic with anti-androgen effects
Enzyme that NO activates on binding to SM receptor
Which part of the adrenals secretes cortisol?
Left sided heart failure is commonly associated with
Hypothalamus function: Hormone acting on the arcuate nucleus
Prostacyclins cause vsm to ___ via activation of?
Central chemoreceptors sense (x2)
Rate of heat loss is related to body mass to the power:fraction
Anaesthetic decreasing intracellular calcium accumulation in cardiac myocytes
Main problem at altitude is lowabbreviation
Amiloride directly blocks
Addison's syndrome is a reduction in
Temperature in women rises by how much on which day of the cycle?range, day
Type of pH disturbance: Narcotic drugs
Type of pH disturbance: COPD
Infusion of a B1 antagonist causes CO to
Time of day with lowest temperaturetime range (with units)
Mineralocorticooid receptor antagonist
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperaldosteronism
Osmolarity of blood supplying the hypothalamus affects the release of
ECG after 130% K+ would show
pH 7.5
25-hydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in the
Widespread poor perfusion of tissues leads to
Submersion in water increases skin
A few days at altitude causes pulmonary ____
Main stimulus for NO production
Hypothalamus function: Supraoptic/paraventricular nucleus
Precursor of NO
HPA stands for
Type of pH disturbance: Insulin deficiency
ACTH stimulates release of which 2 hormones?
pH 7.45
3 Calcitonin targets,
Above core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Iron efflux from macrophages and enterocytes is via
Below core temp, outside thermoneutral zone (2 responses)
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperventilation due to anxiety
Which part of the adrenals secretes aldosterone?
Ascending 4000m over 24 hours would lead to a PaCO2 of (mmHg)
Treat hyperkalaemia with 2 things
pH 7.3
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in
ADH is released into the blood from the
pH 6.9
Daily sweat loss (ml)
Hypothalamus function: Anterior nucleus
Sudden increase in SVR causes CO to

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Created Apr 5, 2012ReportNominate