Physiology part A

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Stimulating HPA increases blood ____ conc, this is mediated by _____
Hormone that affects renal hydroxylation of vitamin D3
Long term effects of aldosterone
Precursor of NO
Rate of heat loss is related to body mass to the power:fraction
HPA stimulation causes decreased proliferation of ___ but increased numbers of
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperventilation due to anxiety
Mineralocorticooid receptor antagonist
Short duration local anaesthetics reduce postoperative
2 causes of hypokalaemia
Infusion of 1l normal saline over 20 mins causes CO to
Protein binding intracellular iron
pH 6.9
Minimum daily urine production (litres)
Nerve that carries afferent signals from the carotid sinus barorecptors
Above core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Ascending 4000m over 24 hours would lead to a PaCO2 of (mmHg)
Daily sweat loss (ml)
Plasma K+ conc is sensed by the
Mean pressure in the vascular system if the circulation stops is defined as
Anaesthetics ____ ventilatory drive
Anaesthetics ____ myocardial contractility
Do beta adrenoreceptor antagonists affect transmission at the ganglion?
Left sided heart failure is commonly associated with
Anaesthetic decreasing intracellular calcium accumulation in cardiac myocytes
Short term effects of aldosterone
Where in the hypothalamus is ADH synthesised?
Central chemoreceptors sense (x2)
Calcitonin is synthesised in the
Diuretic with anti-androgen effects
Anaesthetics ____ SVR
Osmolarity of blood supplying the hypothalamus affects the release of
Type of pH disturbance: Renal failure
Type of pH disturbance: Acetozolamide
???
ACTH stimulates release of which 2 hormones?
Time of day with highest temperaturetime range (with units)
Iron efflux from macrophages and enterocytes is via
Septic shock is characterised by a fall in
Conn's syndrome
pH 7.45
Hormone regulation plasma iron
Which part of the adrenals secretes cortisol?
Endothelin 1 is raised in
25-hydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in the
Type of pH disturbance: Narcotic drugs
Eccrine glandular secretion is increased by topical
Above core temp, above thermoneutral zone
Hypothalamus function: Supraoptic/paraventricular nucleus
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperaldosteronism
pH 7.35
HPA stands for
Below core temp, outside thermoneutral zone (2 responses)
Supine to standing causes CO to
Cushing's syndrome heightens, cause:
Hypothalamus function: Lateral hypothalamus
ECG after 130% K+ would show
PlasmaK+ rises causes the secretion of which hormone
Exposing skin to moving air increases
Main stimulus for NO production
pH 7.3
3 Calcitonin targets,
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in
Submersion in water increases skin
Treat hyperkalaemia with 2 things
Below core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Local inflammation leads to increased
Type of pH disturbance: Exercise
Sudden increase in SVR causes CO to
???
Amiloride directly blocks
3 stimuli that when increased increase local blood flow:full names
Duodenal iron transporter
ADH is released into the blood from the
Protein binding iron in plasma
Inflammatory cytokines decrease the
Which part of the adrenals secretes aldosterone?
Anaesthetics ____ Upper airway resistance
Type of pH disturbance: COPD
2 physiological adaptations to altitude
Infusion of a B1 antagonist causes CO to
Peripheral chemoreceptors sense (x3)abbreviations
Hypothalamus function: Hormone acting on the arcuate nucleus
Normal K+ intake/output (mEq)
Hypothalamus function: Ventromedial nucleus
Addison's syndrome is a reduction in
Main problem at altitude is lowabbreviation
Type of pH disturbance: Insulin deficiency
pH 7.5
Hypothalamus function: Anterior nucleus
Time of day with lowest temperaturetime range (with units)
Enzyme that NO activates on binding to SM receptor
Widespread poor perfusion of tissues leads to
Daily water production from metabolism of carbs & lipid (ml)
Signals from peripheral chemoreceptors are relayed toabbreviation
Prostacyclins cause vsm to ___ via activation of?
A few days at altitude causes pulmonary ____
Local metabolites from active muscle cause primary
Anaesthetics ____ VQ mismatch
Type of pH disturbance: Vomiting
Temperature in women rises by how much on which day of the cycle?range, day
2 PTH targets,

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Created Apr 5, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:physiology