Physiology part A

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2 PTH targets,
Anaesthetics ____ ventilatory drive
Precursor of NO
Calcitonin is synthesised in the
Rate of heat loss is related to body mass to the power:fraction
PlasmaK+ rises causes the secretion of which hormone
Temperature in women rises by how much on which day of the cycle?range, day
Type of pH disturbance: Acetozolamide
Endothelin 1 is raised in
Type of pH disturbance: Insulin deficiency
2 physiological adaptations to altitude
pH 7.45
Type of pH disturbance: COPD
Local inflammation leads to increased
A few days at altitude causes pulmonary ____
Anaesthetics ____ myocardial contractility
Time of day with lowest temperaturetime range (with units)
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in
Where in the hypothalamus is ADH synthesised?
Sudden increase in SVR causes CO to
Enzyme that NO activates on binding to SM receptor
Duodenal iron transporter
Type of pH disturbance: Exercise
pH 7.35
Short term effects of aldosterone
Anaesthetic decreasing intracellular calcium accumulation in cardiac myocytes
Anaesthetics ____ VQ mismatch
Long term effects of aldosterone
2 causes of hypokalaemia
Which part of the adrenals secretes cortisol?
Time of day with highest temperaturetime range (with units)
ECG after 130% K+ would show
Type of pH disturbance: Narcotic drugs
Short duration local anaesthetics reduce postoperative
Normal K+ intake/output (mEq)
Osmolarity of blood supplying the hypothalamus affects the release of
Peripheral chemoreceptors sense (x3)abbreviations
Main problem at altitude is lowabbreviation
Above core temp, above thermoneutral zone
HPA stimulation causes decreased proliferation of ___ but increased numbers of
pH 6.9
Eccrine glandular secretion is increased by topical
Supine to standing causes CO to
Widespread poor perfusion of tissues leads to
3 stimuli that when increased increase local blood flow:full names
Treat hyperkalaemia with 2 things
Hormone regulation plasma iron
Hypothalamus function: Lateral hypothalamus
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperventilation due to anxiety
Infusion of 1l normal saline over 20 mins causes CO to
Hypothalamus function: Hormone acting on the arcuate nucleus
Amiloride directly blocks
Daily water production from metabolism of carbs & lipid (ml)
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperaldosteronism
Anaesthetics ____ Upper airway resistance
Do beta adrenoreceptor antagonists affect transmission at the ganglion?
Signals from peripheral chemoreceptors are relayed toabbreviation
25-hydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in the
Type of pH disturbance: Vomiting
Submersion in water increases skin
Addison's syndrome is a reduction in
Protein binding intracellular iron
ADH is released into the blood from the
Above core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Ascending 4000m over 24 hours would lead to a PaCO2 of (mmHg)
pH 7.5
Exposing skin to moving air increases
Which part of the adrenals secretes aldosterone?
Central chemoreceptors sense (x2)
Protein binding iron in plasma
Minimum daily urine production (litres)
Below core temp, outside thermoneutral zone (2 responses)
HPA stands for
Hormone that affects renal hydroxylation of vitamin D3
Stimulating HPA increases blood ____ conc, this is mediated by _____
Cushing's syndrome heightens, cause:
Diuretic with anti-androgen effects
Iron efflux from macrophages and enterocytes is via
3 Calcitonin targets,
Below core temp, within thermoneutral zone
ACTH stimulates release of which 2 hormones?
Daily sweat loss (ml)
Septic shock is characterised by a fall in
Nerve that carries afferent signals from the carotid sinus barorecptors
Hypothalamus function: Anterior nucleus
Inflammatory cytokines decrease the
Infusion of a B1 antagonist causes CO to
Hypothalamus function: Ventromedial nucleus
Left sided heart failure is commonly associated with
Mineralocorticooid receptor antagonist
Type of pH disturbance: Renal failure
Anaesthetics ____ SVR
Conn's syndrome
Main stimulus for NO production
Hypothalamus function: Supraoptic/paraventricular nucleus
Mean pressure in the vascular system if the circulation stops is defined as
Prostacyclins cause vsm to ___ via activation of?
Plasma K+ conc is sensed by the
pH 7.3
Local metabolites from active muscle cause primary

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Created Apr 5, 2012ReportNominate