Physiology part A

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Diuretic with anti-androgen effects
Supine to standing causes CO to
Long term effects of aldosterone
Which part of the adrenals secretes aldosterone?
Hypothalamus function: Supraoptic/paraventricular nucleus
Addison's syndrome is a reduction in
pH 6.9
A few days at altitude causes pulmonary ____
Left sided heart failure is commonly associated with
Daily water production from metabolism of carbs & lipid (ml)
Time of day with lowest temperaturetime range (with units)
Protein binding intracellular iron
pH 7.35
Below core temp, outside thermoneutral zone (2 responses)
Mean pressure in the vascular system if the circulation stops is defined as
Hormone that affects renal hydroxylation of vitamin D3
Treat hyperkalaemia with 2 things
Hypothalamus function: Hormone acting on the arcuate nucleus
2 PTH targets,
pH 7.45
Ascending 4000m over 24 hours would lead to a PaCO2 of (mmHg)
Prostacyclins cause vsm to ___ via activation of?
Inflammatory cytokines decrease the
Anaesthetics ____ SVR
Peripheral chemoreceptors sense (x3)abbreviations
Daily sweat loss (ml)
3 Calcitonin targets,
Type of pH disturbance: Narcotic drugs
Local inflammation leads to increased
HPA stands for
Anaesthetics ____ VQ mismatch
Signals from peripheral chemoreceptors are relayed toabbreviation
Temperature in women rises by how much on which day of the cycle?range, day
Short duration local anaesthetics reduce postoperative
Precursor of NO
Time of day with highest temperaturetime range (with units)
Protein binding iron in plasma
Nerve that carries afferent signals from the carotid sinus barorecptors
Type of pH disturbance: COPD
Amiloride directly blocks
Normal K+ intake/output (mEq)
Eccrine glandular secretion is increased by topical
Minimum daily urine production (litres)
Infusion of 1l normal saline over 20 mins causes CO to
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperaldosteronism
pH 7.5
Hypothalamus function: Ventromedial nucleus
ECG after 130% K+ would show
Infusion of a B1 antagonist causes CO to
Rate of heat loss is related to body mass to the power:fraction
Short term effects of aldosterone
Below core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Iron efflux from macrophages and enterocytes is via
Type of pH disturbance: Acetozolamide
Main stimulus for NO production
ACTH stimulates release of which 2 hormones?
Type of pH disturbance: Vomiting
Stimulating HPA increases blood ____ conc, this is mediated by _____
HPA stimulation causes decreased proliferation of ___ but increased numbers of
Do beta adrenoreceptor antagonists affect transmission at the ganglion?
Hormone regulation plasma iron
Conn's syndrome
ADH is released into the blood from the
Duodenal iron transporter
Main problem at altitude is lowabbreviation
Type of pH disturbance: Insulin deficiency
Where in the hypothalamus is ADH synthesised?
Anaesthetic decreasing intracellular calcium accumulation in cardiac myocytes
Enzyme that NO activates on binding to SM receptor
Anaesthetics ____ ventilatory drive
Type of pH disturbance: Renal failure
Widespread poor perfusion of tissues leads to
Type of pH disturbance: Exercise
Central chemoreceptors sense (x2)
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in
Exposing skin to moving air increases
2 causes of hypokalaemia
Mineralocorticooid receptor antagonist
Cushing's syndrome heightens, cause:
Septic shock is characterised by a fall in
3 stimuli that when increased increase local blood flow:full names
Osmolarity of blood supplying the hypothalamus affects the release of
Above core temp, above thermoneutral zone
PlasmaK+ rises causes the secretion of which hormone
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperventilation due to anxiety
Calcitonin is synthesised in the
Anaesthetics ____ myocardial contractility
Anaesthetics ____ Upper airway resistance
Local metabolites from active muscle cause primary
Plasma K+ conc is sensed by the
Submersion in water increases skin
Which part of the adrenals secretes cortisol?
Hypothalamus function: Anterior nucleus
Sudden increase in SVR causes CO to
2 physiological adaptations to altitude
Endothelin 1 is raised in
Above core temp, within thermoneutral zone
25-hydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in the
Hypothalamus function: Lateral hypothalamus
pH 7.3

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Created Apr 5, 2012ReportNominate