Physiology part A

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Can you name the Physiology part A?

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Type of pH disturbance: Insulin deficiency
Exposing skin to moving air increases
Hormone that affects renal hydroxylation of vitamin D3
Anaesthetic decreasing intracellular calcium accumulation in cardiac myocytes
3 stimuli that when increased increase local blood flow:full names
Prostacyclins cause vsm to ___ via activation of?
Iron efflux from macrophages and enterocytes is via
Septic shock is characterised by a fall in
Type of pH disturbance: Vomiting
Local metabolites from active muscle cause primary
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperventilation due to anxiety
PlasmaK+ rises causes the secretion of which hormone
Below core temp, outside thermoneutral zone (2 responses)
Short term effects of aldosterone
Osmolarity of blood supplying the hypothalamus affects the release of
Endothelin 1 is raised in
Type of pH disturbance: Acetozolamide
pH 7.45
Main stimulus for NO production
Infusion of a B1 antagonist causes CO to
Submersion in water increases skin
Diuretic with anti-androgen effects
Do beta adrenoreceptor antagonists affect transmission at the ganglion?
Minimum daily urine production (litres)
Central chemoreceptors sense (x2)
Amiloride directly blocks
Stimulating HPA increases blood ____ conc, this is mediated by _____
Anaesthetics ____ Upper airway resistance
Anaesthetics ____ VQ mismatch
Main problem at altitude is lowabbreviation
Protein binding intracellular iron
Plasma K+ conc is sensed by the
Anaesthetics ____ myocardial contractility
Long term effects of aldosterone
Normal K+ intake/output (mEq)
Calcitonin is synthesised in the
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in
Rate of heat loss is related to body mass to the power:fraction
Signals from peripheral chemoreceptors are relayed toabbreviation
Daily sweat loss (ml)
Infusion of 1l normal saline over 20 mins causes CO to
Nerve that carries afferent signals from the carotid sinus barorecptors
pH 7.5
Short duration local anaesthetics reduce postoperative
Peripheral chemoreceptors sense (x3)abbreviations
Cushing's syndrome heightens, cause:
Time of day with highest temperaturetime range (with units)
Enzyme that NO activates on binding to SM receptor
Precursor of NO
2 causes of hypokalaemia
Mean pressure in the vascular system if the circulation stops is defined as
A few days at altitude causes pulmonary ____
HPA stands for
Eccrine glandular secretion is increased by topical
Daily water production from metabolism of carbs & lipid (ml)
Duodenal iron transporter
Above core temp, within thermoneutral zone
2 physiological adaptations to altitude
Anaesthetics ____ ventilatory drive
Hypothalamus function: Hormone acting on the arcuate nucleus
Hypothalamus function: Anterior nucleus
HPA stimulation causes decreased proliferation of ___ but increased numbers of
pH 6.9
ADH is released into the blood from the
Type of pH disturbance: Narcotic drugs
Addison's syndrome is a reduction in
3 Calcitonin targets,
Sudden increase in SVR causes CO to
Treat hyperkalaemia with 2 things
Hypothalamus function: Lateral hypothalamus
Temperature in women rises by how much on which day of the cycle?range, day
Hormone regulation plasma iron
Ascending 4000m over 24 hours would lead to a PaCO2 of (mmHg)
Type of pH disturbance: Exercise
Hypothalamus function: Ventromedial nucleus
25-hydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in the
Which part of the adrenals secretes cortisol?
Mineralocorticooid receptor antagonist
Type of pH disturbance: Renal failure
ACTH stimulates release of which 2 hormones?
Protein binding iron in plasma
2 PTH targets,
Left sided heart failure is commonly associated with
Type of pH disturbance: COPD
Below core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Conn's syndrome
Inflammatory cytokines decrease the
Time of day with lowest temperaturetime range (with units)
Anaesthetics ____ SVR
Local inflammation leads to increased
Hypothalamus function: Supraoptic/paraventricular nucleus
Above core temp, above thermoneutral zone
Which part of the adrenals secretes aldosterone?
pH 7.35
Widespread poor perfusion of tissues leads to
ECG after 130% K+ would show
pH 7.3
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperaldosteronism
Supine to standing causes CO to
Where in the hypothalamus is ADH synthesised?

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