Physiology part A

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Endothelin 1 is raised in
Main problem at altitude is lowabbreviation
2 causes of hypokalaemia
Long term effects of aldosterone
Time of day with lowest temperaturetime range (with units)
Conn's syndrome
PlasmaK+ rises causes the secretion of which hormone
Widespread poor perfusion of tissues leads to
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperaldosteronism
Main stimulus for NO production
Cushing's syndrome heightens, cause:
Addison's syndrome is a reduction in
ACTH stimulates release of which 2 hormones?
Type of pH disturbance: Exercise
Minimum daily urine production (litres)
ECG after 130% K+ would show
3 Calcitonin targets,
Normal K+ intake/output (mEq)
HPA stimulation causes decreased proliferation of ___ but increased numbers of
Iron efflux from macrophages and enterocytes is via
Above core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Supine to standing causes CO to
2 PTH targets,
Central chemoreceptors sense (x2)
pH 7.35
ADH is released into the blood from the
Hormone regulation plasma iron
Where in the hypothalamus is ADH synthesised?
Temperature in women rises by how much on which day of the cycle?range, day
Local metabolites from active muscle cause primary
Type of pH disturbance: Insulin deficiency
Local inflammation leads to increased
Anaesthetics ____ Upper airway resistance
Hypothalamus function: Hormone acting on the arcuate nucleus
???
HPA stands for
Mean pressure in the vascular system if the circulation stops is defined as
Protein binding intracellular iron
Anaesthetics ____ myocardial contractility
Inflammatory cytokines decrease the
Daily sweat loss (ml)
Peripheral chemoreceptors sense (x3)abbreviations
Hypothalamus function: Ventromedial nucleus
Type of pH disturbance: Renal failure
Precursor of NO
Duodenal iron transporter
3 stimuli that when increased increase local blood flow:full names
pH 7.45
Osmolarity of blood supplying the hypothalamus affects the release of
Anaesthetic decreasing intracellular calcium accumulation in cardiac myocytes
Hormone that affects renal hydroxylation of vitamin D3
Left sided heart failure is commonly associated with
Diuretic with anti-androgen effects
Infusion of a B1 antagonist causes CO to
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in
Hypothalamus function: Lateral hypothalamus
Hypothalamus function: Supraoptic/paraventricular nucleus
Short duration local anaesthetics reduce postoperative
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperventilation due to anxiety
Protein binding iron in plasma
Short term effects of aldosterone
Calcitonin is synthesised in the
Above core temp, above thermoneutral zone
25-hydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in the
Enzyme that NO activates on binding to SM receptor
Prostacyclins cause vsm to ___ via activation of?
Septic shock is characterised by a fall in
Eccrine glandular secretion is increased by topical
Mineralocorticooid receptor antagonist
???
Sudden increase in SVR causes CO to
Time of day with highest temperaturetime range (with units)
2 physiological adaptations to altitude
Type of pH disturbance: COPD
Type of pH disturbance: Narcotic drugs
pH 7.3
Treat hyperkalaemia with 2 things
A few days at altitude causes pulmonary ____
Rate of heat loss is related to body mass to the power:fraction
pH 6.9
Which part of the adrenals secretes cortisol?
Submersion in water increases skin
Amiloride directly blocks
Below core temp, outside thermoneutral zone (2 responses)
Which part of the adrenals secretes aldosterone?
Type of pH disturbance: Acetozolamide
Infusion of 1l normal saline over 20 mins causes CO to
Daily water production from metabolism of carbs & lipid (ml)
Anaesthetics ____ VQ mismatch
Type of pH disturbance: Vomiting
Plasma K+ conc is sensed by the
Stimulating HPA increases blood ____ conc, this is mediated by _____
Do beta adrenoreceptor antagonists affect transmission at the ganglion?
Ascending 4000m over 24 hours would lead to a PaCO2 of (mmHg)
Nerve that carries afferent signals from the carotid sinus barorecptors
pH 7.5
Signals from peripheral chemoreceptors are relayed toabbreviation
Hypothalamus function: Anterior nucleus
Anaesthetics ____ SVR
Exposing skin to moving air increases
Anaesthetics ____ ventilatory drive
Below core temp, within thermoneutral zone

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Created Apr 5, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:physiology