Physiology part A

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Temperature in women rises by how much on which day of the cycle?range, day
pH 7.5
Type of pH disturbance: Acetozolamide
Anaesthetics ____ ventilatory drive
Anaesthetic decreasing intracellular calcium accumulation in cardiac myocytes
pH 7.3
Type of pH disturbance: COPD
Submersion in water increases skin
Ascending 4000m over 24 hours would lead to a PaCO2 of (mmHg)
pH 6.9
Daily sweat loss (ml)
Cushing's syndrome heightens, cause:
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperventilation due to anxiety
Mineralocorticooid receptor antagonist
pH 7.45
Prostacyclins cause vsm to ___ via activation of?
Main stimulus for NO production
Type of pH disturbance: Narcotic drugs
Hypothalamus function: Anterior nucleus
Hormone regulation plasma iron
Minimum daily urine production (litres)
Enzyme that NO activates on binding to SM receptor
Treat hyperkalaemia with 2 things
Local inflammation leads to increased
Osmolarity of blood supplying the hypothalamus affects the release of
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperaldosteronism
Plasma K+ conc is sensed by the
Anaesthetics ____ VQ mismatch
Protein binding intracellular iron
Addison's syndrome is a reduction in
Sudden increase in SVR causes CO to
Type of pH disturbance: Exercise
Main problem at altitude is lowabbreviation
Short term effects of aldosterone
???
Eccrine glandular secretion is increased by topical
Hypothalamus function: Supraoptic/paraventricular nucleus
Hypothalamus function: Ventromedial nucleus
Anaesthetics ____ SVR
Time of day with lowest temperaturetime range (with units)
Daily water production from metabolism of carbs & lipid (ml)
Protein binding iron in plasma
Signals from peripheral chemoreceptors are relayed toabbreviation
Infusion of a B1 antagonist causes CO to
Duodenal iron transporter
Hormone that affects renal hydroxylation of vitamin D3
PlasmaK+ rises causes the secretion of which hormone
Endothelin 1 is raised in
Below core temp, outside thermoneutral zone (2 responses)
Diuretic with anti-androgen effects
Precursor of NO
Left sided heart failure is commonly associated with
HPA stands for
ECG after 130% K+ would show
Below core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Widespread poor perfusion of tissues leads to
Hypothalamus function: Lateral hypothalamus
Central chemoreceptors sense (x2)
Type of pH disturbance: Vomiting
Time of day with highest temperaturetime range (with units)
2 physiological adaptations to altitude
Iron efflux from macrophages and enterocytes is via
Above core temp, above thermoneutral zone
Local metabolites from active muscle cause primary
Inflammatory cytokines decrease the
Short duration local anaesthetics reduce postoperative
Conn's syndrome
Mean pressure in the vascular system if the circulation stops is defined as
A few days at altitude causes pulmonary ____
???
Where in the hypothalamus is ADH synthesised?
Normal K+ intake/output (mEq)
25-hydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in the
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in
Exposing skin to moving air increases
Anaesthetics ____ Upper airway resistance
Supine to standing causes CO to
Type of pH disturbance: Renal failure
Above core temp, within thermoneutral zone
ADH is released into the blood from the
Hypothalamus function: Hormone acting on the arcuate nucleus
Rate of heat loss is related to body mass to the power:fraction
Anaesthetics ____ myocardial contractility
Amiloride directly blocks
Do beta adrenoreceptor antagonists affect transmission at the ganglion?
Nerve that carries afferent signals from the carotid sinus barorecptors
Long term effects of aldosterone
3 stimuli that when increased increase local blood flow:full names
pH 7.35
2 PTH targets,
3 Calcitonin targets,
Type of pH disturbance: Insulin deficiency
Peripheral chemoreceptors sense (x3)abbreviations
ACTH stimulates release of which 2 hormones?
Stimulating HPA increases blood ____ conc, this is mediated by _____
Infusion of 1l normal saline over 20 mins causes CO to
2 causes of hypokalaemia
Septic shock is characterised by a fall in
Which part of the adrenals secretes aldosterone?
HPA stimulation causes decreased proliferation of ___ but increased numbers of
Which part of the adrenals secretes cortisol?
Calcitonin is synthesised in the

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