Physiology part A

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???
Calcitonin is synthesised in the
Prostacyclins cause vsm to ___ via activation of?
Exposing skin to moving air increases
Hypothalamus function: Lateral hypothalamus
Type of pH disturbance: Insulin deficiency
HPA stands for
Treat hyperkalaemia with 2 things
Which part of the adrenals secretes aldosterone?
Temperature in women rises by how much on which day of the cycle?range, day
Signals from peripheral chemoreceptors are relayed toabbreviation
Endothelin 1 is raised in
Below core temp, outside thermoneutral zone (2 responses)
Which part of the adrenals secretes cortisol?
Type of pH disturbance: Vomiting
A few days at altitude causes pulmonary ____
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in
Plasma K+ conc is sensed by the
Cushing's syndrome heightens, cause:
Anaesthetics ____ ventilatory drive
Iron efflux from macrophages and enterocytes is via
Left sided heart failure is commonly associated with
Anaesthetics ____ SVR
Local inflammation leads to increased
Type of pH disturbance: Narcotic drugs
ACTH stimulates release of which 2 hormones?
Widespread poor perfusion of tissues leads to
Type of pH disturbance: Renal failure
Ascending 4000m over 24 hours would lead to a PaCO2 of (mmHg)
25-hydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in the
pH 7.35
pH 7.5
Normal K+ intake/output (mEq)
Nerve that carries afferent signals from the carotid sinus barorecptors
Daily water production from metabolism of carbs & lipid (ml)
???
Mean pressure in the vascular system if the circulation stops is defined as
Hormone regulation plasma iron
Mineralocorticooid receptor antagonist
Main problem at altitude is lowabbreviation
Daily sweat loss (ml)
3 Calcitonin targets,
pH 7.45
Above core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Submersion in water increases skin
Enzyme that NO activates on binding to SM receptor
Local metabolites from active muscle cause primary
Long term effects of aldosterone
2 causes of hypokalaemia
Do beta adrenoreceptor antagonists affect transmission at the ganglion?
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperventilation due to anxiety
Anaesthetics ____ myocardial contractility
Protein binding iron in plasma
Osmolarity of blood supplying the hypothalamus affects the release of
Hypothalamus function: Anterior nucleus
Diuretic with anti-androgen effects
Time of day with lowest temperaturetime range (with units)
Time of day with highest temperaturetime range (with units)
Type of pH disturbance: Acetozolamide
Central chemoreceptors sense (x2)
Protein binding intracellular iron
Anaesthetic decreasing intracellular calcium accumulation in cardiac myocytes
Infusion of 1l normal saline over 20 mins causes CO to
Short duration local anaesthetics reduce postoperative
Hypothalamus function: Ventromedial nucleus
Septic shock is characterised by a fall in
Type of pH disturbance: COPD
Infusion of a B1 antagonist causes CO to
Type of pH disturbance: Exercise
Sudden increase in SVR causes CO to
???
Duodenal iron transporter
Short term effects of aldosterone
Hormone that affects renal hydroxylation of vitamin D3
Hypothalamus function: Supraoptic/paraventricular nucleus
Below core temp, within thermoneutral zone
ADH is released into the blood from the
Anaesthetics ____ Upper airway resistance
3 stimuli that when increased increase local blood flow:full names
Addison's syndrome is a reduction in
ECG after 130% K+ would show
Conn's syndrome
Rate of heat loss is related to body mass to the power:fraction
PlasmaK+ rises causes the secretion of which hormone
Above core temp, above thermoneutral zone
Precursor of NO
Amiloride directly blocks
Peripheral chemoreceptors sense (x3)abbreviations
Hypothalamus function: Hormone acting on the arcuate nucleus
Eccrine glandular secretion is increased by topical
2 PTH targets,
2 physiological adaptations to altitude
Where in the hypothalamus is ADH synthesised?
Inflammatory cytokines decrease the
pH 7.3
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperaldosteronism
Stimulating HPA increases blood ____ conc, this is mediated by _____
Anaesthetics ____ VQ mismatch
pH 6.9
Main stimulus for NO production
Minimum daily urine production (litres)
HPA stimulation causes decreased proliferation of ___ but increased numbers of
Supine to standing causes CO to

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Created Apr 5, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:physiology