Physiology part A

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Which part of the adrenals secretes aldosterone?
Above core temp, within thermoneutral zone
2 PTH targets,
Time of day with lowest temperaturetime range (with units)
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in
pH 6.9
Anaesthetics ____ Upper airway resistance
Signals from peripheral chemoreceptors are relayed toabbreviation
Main stimulus for NO production
Minimum daily urine production (litres)
Submersion in water increases skin
Sudden increase in SVR causes CO to
Protein binding intracellular iron
pH 7.5
Short duration local anaesthetics reduce postoperative
Exposing skin to moving air increases
PlasmaK+ rises causes the secretion of which hormone
Hypothalamus function: Lateral hypothalamus
Infusion of a B1 antagonist causes CO to
Type of pH disturbance: Renal failure
Rate of heat loss is related to body mass to the power:fraction
Type of pH disturbance: Insulin deficiency
Above core temp, above thermoneutral zone
Diuretic with anti-androgen effects
Type of pH disturbance: Vomiting
Below core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Below core temp, outside thermoneutral zone (2 responses)
A few days at altitude causes pulmonary ____
Anaesthetics ____ myocardial contractility
Anaesthetic decreasing intracellular calcium accumulation in cardiac myocytes
Precursor of NO
Do beta adrenoreceptor antagonists affect transmission at the ganglion?
Daily water production from metabolism of carbs & lipid (ml)
Main problem at altitude is lowabbreviation
???
Infusion of 1l normal saline over 20 mins causes CO to
Local inflammation leads to increased
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperaldosteronism
Type of pH disturbance: Acetozolamide
Widespread poor perfusion of tissues leads to
Mineralocorticooid receptor antagonist
Septic shock is characterised by a fall in
3 Calcitonin targets,
Calcitonin is synthesised in the
Stimulating HPA increases blood ____ conc, this is mediated by _____
Prostacyclins cause vsm to ___ via activation of?
Type of pH disturbance: Narcotic drugs
Hypothalamus function: Hormone acting on the arcuate nucleus
Type of pH disturbance: COPD
Where in the hypothalamus is ADH synthesised?
Anaesthetics ____ VQ mismatch
pH 7.35
Amiloride directly blocks
Cushing's syndrome heightens, cause:
Temperature in women rises by how much on which day of the cycle?range, day
Daily sweat loss (ml)
Iron efflux from macrophages and enterocytes is via
Anaesthetics ____ SVR
2 physiological adaptations to altitude
Osmolarity of blood supplying the hypothalamus affects the release of
Local metabolites from active muscle cause primary
Hypothalamus function: Supraoptic/paraventricular nucleus
Plasma K+ conc is sensed by the
Enzyme that NO activates on binding to SM receptor
HPA stimulation causes decreased proliferation of ___ but increased numbers of
25-hydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in the
Mean pressure in the vascular system if the circulation stops is defined as
Long term effects of aldosterone
Central chemoreceptors sense (x2)
???
Conn's syndrome
Inflammatory cytokines decrease the
Type of pH disturbance: Exercise
2 causes of hypokalaemia
3 stimuli that when increased increase local blood flow:full names
Treat hyperkalaemia with 2 things
Eccrine glandular secretion is increased by topical
Time of day with highest temperaturetime range (with units)
Anaesthetics ____ ventilatory drive
Normal K+ intake/output (mEq)
Duodenal iron transporter
Which part of the adrenals secretes cortisol?
ECG after 130% K+ would show
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperventilation due to anxiety
Left sided heart failure is commonly associated with
Addison's syndrome is a reduction in
Hormone that affects renal hydroxylation of vitamin D3
Peripheral chemoreceptors sense (x3)abbreviations
Ascending 4000m over 24 hours would lead to a PaCO2 of (mmHg)
Short term effects of aldosterone
Endothelin 1 is raised in
Hypothalamus function: Ventromedial nucleus
pH 7.3
ACTH stimulates release of which 2 hormones?
HPA stands for
Nerve that carries afferent signals from the carotid sinus barorecptors
Protein binding iron in plasma
Hypothalamus function: Anterior nucleus
pH 7.45
Hormone regulation plasma iron
Supine to standing causes CO to
ADH is released into the blood from the

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Created Apr 5, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:physiology