Physiology part A

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Temperature in women rises by how much on which day of the cycle?range, day
Anaesthetics ____ VQ mismatch
Local inflammation leads to increased
Plasma K+ conc is sensed by the
Where in the hypothalamus is ADH synthesised?
Above core temp, above thermoneutral zone
Ascending 4000m over 24 hours would lead to a PaCO2 of (mmHg)
Do beta adrenoreceptor antagonists affect transmission at the ganglion?
Left sided heart failure is commonly associated with
Type of pH disturbance: Renal failure
3 stimuli that when increased increase local blood flow:full names
ADH is released into the blood from the
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in
ECG after 130% K+ would show
Anaesthetics ____ ventilatory drive
Calcitonin is synthesised in the
Diuretic with anti-androgen effects
Mineralocorticooid receptor antagonist
25-hydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in the
pH 6.9
Precursor of NO
Anaesthetic decreasing intracellular calcium accumulation in cardiac myocytes
Treat hyperkalaemia with 2 things
ACTH stimulates release of which 2 hormones?
3 Calcitonin targets,
Below core temp, outside thermoneutral zone (2 responses)
Hormone regulation plasma iron
Type of pH disturbance: Insulin deficiency
Protein binding iron in plasma
Hypothalamus function: Ventromedial nucleus
Below core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Above core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Daily sweat loss (ml)
Conn's syndrome
Main stimulus for NO production
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperventilation due to anxiety
Main problem at altitude is lowabbreviation
A few days at altitude causes pulmonary ____
HPA stands for
Supine to standing causes CO to
Inflammatory cytokines decrease the
Hypothalamus function: Lateral hypothalamus
Anaesthetics ____ myocardial contractility
PlasmaK+ rises causes the secretion of which hormone
2 PTH targets,
Cushing's syndrome heightens, cause:
Long term effects of aldosterone
Type of pH disturbance: Vomiting
Hormone that affects renal hydroxylation of vitamin D3
Submersion in water increases skin
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperaldosteronism
Daily water production from metabolism of carbs & lipid (ml)
Nerve that carries afferent signals from the carotid sinus barorecptors
Stimulating HPA increases blood ____ conc, this is mediated by _____
Which part of the adrenals secretes cortisol?
Peripheral chemoreceptors sense (x3)abbreviations
Sudden increase in SVR causes CO to
pH 7.45
Signals from peripheral chemoreceptors are relayed toabbreviation
Hypothalamus function: Hormone acting on the arcuate nucleus
pH 7.5
Iron efflux from macrophages and enterocytes is via
Type of pH disturbance: COPD
Minimum daily urine production (litres)
Duodenal iron transporter
pH 7.3
Hypothalamus function: Supraoptic/paraventricular nucleus
Eccrine glandular secretion is increased by topical
Widespread poor perfusion of tissues leads to
pH 7.35
Central chemoreceptors sense (x2)
Endothelin 1 is raised in
Time of day with lowest temperaturetime range (with units)
2 causes of hypokalaemia
Rate of heat loss is related to body mass to the power:fraction
Normal K+ intake/output (mEq)
Septic shock is characterised by a fall in
Infusion of a B1 antagonist causes CO to
Type of pH disturbance: Acetozolamide
Type of pH disturbance: Exercise
Prostacyclins cause vsm to ___ via activation of?
2 physiological adaptations to altitude
Time of day with highest temperaturetime range (with units)
Enzyme that NO activates on binding to SM receptor
Protein binding intracellular iron
Anaesthetics ____ SVR
Infusion of 1l normal saline over 20 mins causes CO to
Osmolarity of blood supplying the hypothalamus affects the release of
Mean pressure in the vascular system if the circulation stops is defined as
Anaesthetics ____ Upper airway resistance
Local metabolites from active muscle cause primary
Amiloride directly blocks
Hypothalamus function: Anterior nucleus
Type of pH disturbance: Narcotic drugs
Short term effects of aldosterone
Exposing skin to moving air increases
HPA stimulation causes decreased proliferation of ___ but increased numbers of
Addison's syndrome is a reduction in
Short duration local anaesthetics reduce postoperative
Which part of the adrenals secretes aldosterone?

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Created Apr 5, 2012ReportNominate