Physiology part A

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Hypothalamus function: Lateral hypothalamus
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperaldosteronism
Anaesthetic decreasing intracellular calcium accumulation in cardiac myocytes
3 Calcitonin targets,
Where in the hypothalamus is ADH synthesised?
Supine to standing causes CO to
Hypothalamus function: Supraoptic/paraventricular nucleus
Stimulating HPA increases blood ____ conc, this is mediated by _____
Below core temp, outside thermoneutral zone (2 responses)
Long term effects of aldosterone
Peripheral chemoreceptors sense (x3)abbreviations
Which part of the adrenals secretes aldosterone?
ACTH stimulates release of which 2 hormones?
Anaesthetics ____ SVR
Type of pH disturbance: Insulin deficiency
Normal K+ intake/output (mEq)
Nerve that carries afferent signals from the carotid sinus barorecptors
Time of day with lowest temperaturetime range (with units)
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in
Exposing skin to moving air increases
Infusion of a B1 antagonist causes CO to
Conn's syndrome
Plasma K+ conc is sensed by the
Anaesthetics ____ myocardial contractility
Signals from peripheral chemoreceptors are relayed toabbreviation
Prostacyclins cause vsm to ___ via activation of?
Submersion in water increases skin
pH 6.9
Type of pH disturbance: Vomiting
Hormone regulation plasma iron
Hormone that affects renal hydroxylation of vitamin D3
25-hydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in the
Addison's syndrome is a reduction in
Local metabolites from active muscle cause primary
Infusion of 1l normal saline over 20 mins causes CO to
HPA stimulation causes decreased proliferation of ___ but increased numbers of
Rate of heat loss is related to body mass to the power:fraction
A few days at altitude causes pulmonary ____
Calcitonin is synthesised in the
HPA stands for
Precursor of NO
Widespread poor perfusion of tissues leads to
Which part of the adrenals secretes cortisol?
Central chemoreceptors sense (x2)
pH 7.45
Above core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Mean pressure in the vascular system if the circulation stops is defined as
3 stimuli that when increased increase local blood flow:full names
2 PTH targets,
Above core temp, above thermoneutral zone
Local inflammation leads to increased
Type of pH disturbance: Exercise
Type of pH disturbance: COPD
Short term effects of aldosterone
Ascending 4000m over 24 hours would lead to a PaCO2 of (mmHg)
Protein binding intracellular iron
Do beta adrenoreceptor antagonists affect transmission at the ganglion?
Main problem at altitude is lowabbreviation
Inflammatory cytokines decrease the
Sudden increase in SVR causes CO to
Anaesthetics ____ ventilatory drive
Temperature in women rises by how much on which day of the cycle?range, day
Osmolarity of blood supplying the hypothalamus affects the release of
2 causes of hypokalaemia
Hypothalamus function: Anterior nucleus
PlasmaK+ rises causes the secretion of which hormone
Minimum daily urine production (litres)
Hypothalamus function: Ventromedial nucleus
Septic shock is characterised by a fall in
Type of pH disturbance: Narcotic drugs
Type of pH disturbance: Renal failure
Diuretic with anti-androgen effects
Anaesthetics ____ Upper airway resistance
Treat hyperkalaemia with 2 things
Amiloride directly blocks
Main stimulus for NO production
pH 7.3
Type of pH disturbance: Acetozolamide
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperventilation due to anxiety
2 physiological adaptations to altitude
Cushing's syndrome heightens, cause:
Anaesthetics ____ VQ mismatch
Endothelin 1 is raised in
Duodenal iron transporter
Enzyme that NO activates on binding to SM receptor
Daily water production from metabolism of carbs & lipid (ml)
Daily sweat loss (ml)
Below core temp, within thermoneutral zone
pH 7.35
Iron efflux from macrophages and enterocytes is via
pH 7.5
Short duration local anaesthetics reduce postoperative
Hypothalamus function: Hormone acting on the arcuate nucleus
Left sided heart failure is commonly associated with
ECG after 130% K+ would show
Eccrine glandular secretion is increased by topical
ADH is released into the blood from the
Mineralocorticooid receptor antagonist
Protein binding iron in plasma
Time of day with highest temperaturetime range (with units)

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Created Apr 5, 2012ReportNominate