Physiology part A

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Submersion in water increases skin
Anaesthetic decreasing intracellular calcium accumulation in cardiac myocytes
Do beta adrenoreceptor antagonists affect transmission at the ganglion?
Time of day with lowest temperaturetime range (with units)
Calcitonin is synthesised in the
Hypothalamus function: Ventromedial nucleus
Local metabolites from active muscle cause primary
Conn's syndrome
Main problem at altitude is lowabbreviation
Inflammatory cytokines decrease the
Long term effects of aldosterone
Prostacyclins cause vsm to ___ via activation of?
Hypothalamus function: Anterior nucleus
Below core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Where in the hypothalamus is ADH synthesised?
25-hydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in the
Signals from peripheral chemoreceptors are relayed toabbreviation
Type of pH disturbance: Vomiting
Type of pH disturbance: Insulin deficiency
Anaesthetics ____ SVR
Endothelin 1 is raised in
Stimulating HPA increases blood ____ conc, this is mediated by _____
2 physiological adaptations to altitude
Time of day with highest temperaturetime range (with units)
pH 6.9
Main stimulus for NO production
ADH is released into the blood from the
Supine to standing causes CO to
ACTH stimulates release of which 2 hormones?
Duodenal iron transporter
Temperature in women rises by how much on which day of the cycle?range, day
Iron efflux from macrophages and enterocytes is via
Type of pH disturbance: Renal failure
2 PTH targets,
Anaesthetics ____ VQ mismatch
Infusion of a B1 antagonist causes CO to
Eccrine glandular secretion is increased by topical
Anaesthetics ____ ventilatory drive
Treat hyperkalaemia with 2 things
Sudden increase in SVR causes CO to
Infusion of 1l normal saline over 20 mins causes CO to
Minimum daily urine production (litres)
A few days at altitude causes pulmonary ____
Type of pH disturbance: Acetozolamide
2 causes of hypokalaemia
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperaldosteronism
Ascending 4000m over 24 hours would lead to a PaCO2 of (mmHg)
Daily water production from metabolism of carbs & lipid (ml)
Which part of the adrenals secretes aldosterone?
pH 7.35
Mineralocorticooid receptor antagonist
Peripheral chemoreceptors sense (x3)abbreviations
3 stimuli that when increased increase local blood flow:full names
1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol is synthesised in
Septic shock is characterised by a fall in
Central chemoreceptors sense (x2)
Above core temp, within thermoneutral zone
Which part of the adrenals secretes cortisol?
Amiloride directly blocks
HPA stands for
Local inflammation leads to increased
Type of pH disturbance: Exercise
Below core temp, outside thermoneutral zone (2 responses)
Nerve that carries afferent signals from the carotid sinus barorecptors
Anaesthetics ____ Upper airway resistance
pH 7.5
Diuretic with anti-androgen effects
3 Calcitonin targets,
Daily sweat loss (ml)
Normal K+ intake/output (mEq)
PlasmaK+ rises causes the secretion of which hormone
Left sided heart failure is commonly associated with
Type of pH disturbance: Narcotic drugs
Plasma K+ conc is sensed by the
Above core temp, above thermoneutral zone
pH 7.45
Hypothalamus function: Supraoptic/paraventricular nucleus
Precursor of NO
Anaesthetics ____ myocardial contractility
Hypothalamus function: Lateral hypothalamus
Enzyme that NO activates on binding to SM receptor
Hormone regulation plasma iron
Short duration local anaesthetics reduce postoperative
Short term effects of aldosterone
Mean pressure in the vascular system if the circulation stops is defined as
Hormone that affects renal hydroxylation of vitamin D3
Hypothalamus function: Hormone acting on the arcuate nucleus
Protein binding intracellular iron
Protein binding iron in plasma
Cushing's syndrome heightens, cause:
Rate of heat loss is related to body mass to the power:fraction
Widespread poor perfusion of tissues leads to
pH 7.3
Exposing skin to moving air increases
Addison's syndrome is a reduction in
Osmolarity of blood supplying the hypothalamus affects the release of
HPA stimulation causes decreased proliferation of ___ but increased numbers of
Type of pH disturbance: Hyperventilation due to anxiety
Type of pH disturbance: COPD
ECG after 130% K+ would show

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Created Apr 5, 2012ReportNominate