History / 134 Tudor Rebellion Nuggets

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NuggetRebellion (1st 3 letters)
174 were executed including Aske
Charles V (HRE) only sent ammunition to help them
Hugh O’Neill had been loyal but suddenly turned and looked for support from Spain, France and Scotland – he was declared a traitor. Many people supported him on nationalistic g
Elizabeth I offered him a deal – ‘he could be ‘the o’neill’ if he accepted Elizabeth’s authority’ – he did not accept the deal
Thomas Cromwell replaced the 9th Earl of Kildare (Garret Og) with Englishmen Skeffington
Lord Skeffington and Lord Grey attacked Thomas’s stronghold at Maynorth Castle – those captured were executed
Rumours of his death triggered his son to start a rebellion
The Earl of Surrey put down the rebellion
He routed the English at the battle of Clontibret and then offered the crown of Ireland to Philip of Spain! (He refused)
two brothers left colchester and headed to worcester to start rebellion
In the city of Norwich 6% of the population own 60% of the goods and land
It was led by John Egremont who has some Yorkist links
Although there was no battle the troops gathered to support Mary in 1553 were primed and ready to secure the legal succession with violence if necessary.
led by bigod in response to Henry VIII not keeping his promises to rebels
Henry VII did not fine any of the rebels in 1489.
John Hales (Governments enclosure commission) expressed concerns over Anabaptists and Libertines infiltrating the rebels.
Elizabeth becomes concerned that Spain will become involved and agrees to his title – but he continues, ravages the Pale and MacDonnels
Henry VII wanted money for an army to deal with Warbeck. Tax was 1 subsidy and 2 x 15ths and 10ths
'we are Englishmen'
Norfolk was traditionally a centre for religious reformism. The Lollards were there in the 14th century. Trade with the low countries increased this.
Henry VII issued a papal bull excommunicating all rebels a day before the battle
Troops involved, namely the Germans and ‘wild’ Irish put people off joining.
Many of his ‘friends’ deserted him
Henry VIII sent a false message that there was 100,000 soldiers in the way.
Rebels at Moushold heath kidnapped the sons of 4 of the local Justices of the Peace that had angered them
James Fitzmaurice Fitzgerald enters the fray – he gained much support from other clans angry at English land policy and also religious pressure
There were internal problems. The demands did not reflect genuine anger instead it was merely the clergy
Northumberland made mistakes. He misjudged how long it would take to march from Durham to Tilbury to release MQS
Aske did all that he could to avoid a battle – this included calming down the situation between rebels and the Earl of Derby
Returned to Ireland from Rome with news of the Papal Excommunication
wanted to rule Ulster in 1558 but Elizabeth limited him to ‘the O’Neill’ head of the clan
rebels opposed tax collector the Earl of Northumberland who was later killed by tghe rebels
A pardon was offered and not taken at Clyst Heath
Fitzgerald and Butler fight and are summoned to Elizabeth.
defeated rivals in Ulster and declared himself ‘The O’Neill’
Somerset tried to deal with rebellion himself without taking advice from the regency council.
Henry VII set up a ‘Great Council’ of advisors in February 1487
Henry VIII delegated to Cromwell to deal with the rebellion
1583 An English army clearly divides the Papal troops and Irish forces allowing them to easily crush the revolt
There were internal problems. Cornish and Devonians did not get on with one another.
Loyal Nobles tipped off Elizabeth. They were able to close gates and set up a barricade
600 Papal troops arrived
Angry that new titled, created by the English, was given to his brother (1st Tyrone) – he killed his brother
Henry VII punished any who offered support to rebellion– Lord Stanley executed and Fitzgerald arrested.
Northampton was sent to deal with rebels in 1549. He captured then lost Norwich to the rebels again.
NuggetRebellion (1st 3 letters)
Act of the 6 Articles confirmed doctrinal Catholicism.
Silken Thomas gives in to Anglo-Irish army, is arrested and executed with 5 of his uncles.
The monarch died while the rebellion continued leading to James VI & I agreeing a truce. The Rebellion fizzled out.
In London the majority of people stayed loyal and avoided joining the rebellion leading to its total collapse and leaders’ executions.
executed with Edward Earl of Warwick when caught trying to escape from London.
The camp was run like a local government, they had an elected council, court of justice, prayers twice a day and regular food rations.
Robert Browne had 320 sheep stolen, his servants kidnapped. His wife and children had to hide in the woods for their own safety!
the leader left colchester to head to middleham and start rebellion
The 4 leaders were rounded up, tortured and executed.
The rebels attacked English colonies – in response the English rout Fitzgerald’s tenants, capture Carrigafoyle (Desmond’s castle) and cut off the armies
maintained communications with Somerset in an attempt to avoid violence. However, the government knew they could win and slaughtered the rebels
definitely delayed reforms and in the end the rebels were promised concessions (albeit empty promises)
14th Desmond did not join until he was declared a traitor – afterwards he had nothing to lose
There was anger at English pressure on their land and Sidney’s plan to replace Fitzgerald and the Butlers with Englishmen.
Organised rebels in to groups from towns so they knew each other. They then chose a captain.
At York 4,000 rebels actually paid for lodgings when they could easily have taken it for free.
Henry VII went to the sight of Blackheath
Phil Nichols is paid to write a condemnation of the rebels
A pardon was offered and not taken at Dussingdale.
The Captains from each group of rebels met Aske each day and led their groups in line with the rebel leader’s plans
'kill the gentlemen'
1567 A dispute between rival clans results in the assassination of the leader
Sir Richard Southwell had 15,000 sheep.
mixture of nobles, commons and foreign (trained soldiers) looking to make a dynastic change.
Henry VII did not continue to collect tax in 1489
15,000 rebels at Guildford. There was a ruck between 500 of Lord Daubeney’s men and the rebels.
The Poor Harvests of the 1590s put the local JPs on alert for any rebellions
The Statute of Uses was replaced in 1540 by the Statute of Wills which meant 2/3rds were not taxed.
Had been in negotiations with Scotland which undermined English support.
Based on information received Mary had plotters Carew, Courtney and Croft arrested prior to rebellion.
700 were executed, Irish culture was outlawed and more colonists came from England
Richard Morison published Pamphlets attacking rebels and questioning their faith.
JFMFG was killed early on and the brother of 14th Desmond (Fitzgerald), John Fitzgerald took over.
Henry summoned Ellerker and Bowes to London
In 1600 he is forced back and in 1601 and the battle of Kinsale, the Spanish support is not enough for him to be defeated by the English
not secretive about his views of Cecil. He failed to gain support of masses or the mayor of London.
5,000 English attack Kilkenny and are victorious
Northumberland made mistakes. He did not have enough money to pay rebels – he only had £20 for 1,000 men so 600 deserted.
James Fitzmaurice Fitzgerald was angered by the imposition of Martial Law after the Shane O’Neill rebellion
On 26th June 1549 – Somerset sent orders to ask rebels to go home. This action had already happened.
tax was cancelled and Wolsey was blamed by Henry VIII for all of the problems caused.
Cromwell and Kildare’s fall out. Cromwell favours Kildare’s rivals as he believed he would not impose reformation. Henry VIII summoned him and he sent his wife. 9th Kildare beg
Unrealistic aims – i.e Free Mary Queen of Scots
Leaders Flamank, Michael Jo An Gof, Clergy and Gentry began to March
Henry VIII summoned local noble lord Hussey to deal with rising he failed and Henry then stepped up to Norfolk and Suffolk
NuggetRebellion (1st 3 letters)
Somerset sent protestant preachers to rebel camp (Robert Watson) to preach obedience
1537 + Cromwell oversees 42 Statutes which imposes English law, including Protestantism
Mary called together her council. Was given conflicting advice. i.e Told to leave London
English set up new colonies in Connaught and Munster causing much anger
Henry Sidney expands plantation policy and looks to break up estates while colonising Ulster
In 1599 Essex, leading 17,000 English troops, failed and made a truce with Hugh. Hugh continued to gets supplies and support from Spain and the Pope
Warwick was sent to massacre rebels in 1549
People of Devon ignored it.
riots in 1525 resulted in Henry blaming Wolsey, halving and then cancelling the tax/subsidy
Henry VIII gave orders to massacre the Rebels but he was too far away for the message to get there in time.
rish land was then destroyed so that it could not grow crops. In the famine of 1582 30,000 died
fled Ireland in 1607 looking for more foreign support that did not materialise
Rebellion in 1579’s main focus was to attack the Dublin administration
A reaction to earlier atrocities under Gilbert and Drury carried out after the end of the Fitzgerald rebellion.
JFMFG flees to the mountains and continues the rebellion for 4 years with little success. In the end he flees abroad
After the rebellion Lord Grey executed many Irish Gentry
It had cost the crown £2m over 8 years
In Somerset the rebels gained some support and Lord Audley joined
Unrealistic aims- unlikely they would remove Cecil and escape treason
Thomas Fitzgerald captured enemies in Dublin Castle, gained support from O’Moore, O’Carrol and others
Henry VII paraded the real earl of Warwick
16,000 rebels maintained peaceful protest in the camp for 7 weeks.
A number of articles showed concern over Priest’s wealth and corruption. Robert Ullanthorn , a parson, was continually acquiring land in his village.
Elizabeth releases the Fitzgerald brothers to bring stability to the troubled areas
8th Earl of Kildare was arrested for supporting Pretender
JFMFG returned to Ireland with Spanish and Italian troops. He was joined by the Fitzgerald brothers who had been in the tower.
Total tax was £120,000 (4 times the tax of 1492)
1573 After being forced in to the mountains the leaders are routed by an Anglo-Irish army.
disproportionate number of rebels cam from Dymchurch which had been hit by the cloth trade slump
Battle of Dussingdale where 3,000 rebels killed
Article 20 states that the rebels want the new protestant catechism of 1548 to be taught.
Irish leader declared he was rebelling against Elizabeth’s ‘newly invented religion’
There was no bloodshed until Northampton and Warwick arrived
The rebels outside Exeter negotiated for two weeks before being slaughtered. They did not want to fight, the government knew they could win once reinforcements had arrived.
Rebellious counties in 1497 did not pay the war tax although they were fined.
Gerald Fitzgerald (14th Desmond) and his brother are put in the tower. Butler was let off!, he was Elizabeth’s cousin
Planning was too public – the local Lord was alerted and they guessed the venue as it was the same place as a rebellion in 1549!
Henry VII needed funds to deal with the Brittany Crisis
Northumberland made mistakes. Due to fleeing court he did not have enough time to call his own tenants to arms
Plotted with Charles IX and MQS as the ‘defender of the faith’
Thomas Radcliffe (working for the English) tries to poison him – this gives him further reason to rebel
Northumberland captured the tower, installed a new queen, had control of the council and exchequer and also commanded a strong military force.
Lord Russel massacred the rebels at Dussingdale. He had been delayed by another rebellion.
1590s Protestant Churches established in Ireland followed by more plantations.

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