150 Tudor Rebellion Nuggets

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NuggetRebellion (1st 3 letters)
Unrealistic aims – i.e Free Mary Queen of Scots
Cromwell and Kildare’s fall out. Cromwell favours Kildare’s rivals as he believed he would not impose reformation. Henry VIII summoned him and he sent his wife. 9th Kildare beg
Henry VII went to the sight of Blackheath
Planning was too public – the local Lord was alerted and they guessed the venue as it was the same place as a rebellion in 1549!
In London the majority of people stayed loyal and avoided joining the rebellion leading to its total collapse and leaders’ executions.
There was no bloodshed until Northampton and Warwick arrived
Rebels at Moushold heath kidnapped the sons of 4 of the local Justices of the Peace that had angered them
Henry VII did not continue to collect tax in 1489
Sir Richard Southwell had 15,000 sheep.
Warwick was sent to massacre rebels in 1549
16,000 marched to Norwich and stopped at mousehold heath
Richard Symonds was a priest from Oxford
Henry VII issued a papal bull excommunicating all rebels a day before the battle
Irish leader declared he was rebelling against Elizabeth’s ‘newly invented religion’
In Somerset the rebels gained some support and Lord Audley joined
The Statute of Uses was replaced in 1540 by the Statute of Wills which meant 2/3rds were not taxed.
1590s Protestant Churches established in Ireland followed by more plantations.
wanted to rule Ulster in 1558 but Elizabeth limited him to ‘the O’Neill’ head of the clan
Loyal Nobles tipped off Elizabeth. They were able to close gates and set up a barricade
JFMFG was killed early on and the brother of 14th Desmond (Fitzgerald), John Fitzgerald took over.
JFMFG returned to Ireland with Spanish and Italian troops. He was joined by the Fitzgerald brothers who had been in the tower.
The camp was run like a local government, they had an elected council, court of justice, prayers twice a day and regular food rations.
Elizabeth becomes concerned that Spain will become involved and agrees to his title – but he continues, ravages the Pale and MacDonnels
Total tax was £120,000 (4 times the tax of 1492)
The Poor Harvests of the 1590s put the local JPs on alert for any rebellions
1548 Enclosure Commission fails and commoners are upset
Henry VII did not fine any of the rebels in 1489.
1583 An English army clearly divides the Papal troops and Irish forces allowing them to easily crush the revolt
Returned to Ireland from Rome with news of the Papal Excommunication
Henry VII set up a ‘Great Council’ of advisors in February 1487
Henry VII needed funds to deal with the Brittany Crisis
Thomas Radcliffe (working for the English) tries to poison him – this gives him further reason to rebel
1573 After being forced in to the mountains the leaders are routed by an Anglo-Irish army.
definitely delayed reforms and in the end the rebels were promised concessions (albeit empty promises)
After the rebellion Lord Grey executed many Irish Gentry
A reaction to earlier atrocities under Gilbert and Drury carried out after the end of the Fitzgerald rebellion.
Henry VII paraded the real earl of Warwick
A number of articles showed concern over Priest’s wealth and corruption. Robert Ullanthorn , a parson, was continually acquiring land in his village.
1567 A dispute between rival clans results in the assassination of the leader
Somerset tried to deal with rebellion himself without taking advice from the regency council.
tax was cancelled and Wolsey was blamed by Henry VIII for all of the problems caused.
Plotted with Charles IX and MQS as the ‘defender of the faith’
John De La Pole, Earl of Lincoln was in Ireland
Aske did all that he could to avoid a battle – this included calming down the situation between rebels and the Earl of Derby
Had been in negotiations with Scotland which undermined English support.
Mary called together her council. Was given conflicting advice. i.e Told to leave London
Gerald Fitzgerald (14th Desmond) and his brother are put in the tower. Butler was let off!, he was Elizabeth’s cousin
He routed the English at the battle of Clontibret and then offered the crown of Ireland to Philip of Spain! (He refused)
It was led by John Egremont who has some Yorkist links
Henry VIII summoned local noble lord Hussey to deal with rising he failed and Henry then stepped up to Norfolk and Suffolk
NuggetRebellion (1st 3 letters)
rebels opposed tax collector the Earl of Northumberland who was later killed by tghe rebels
Organised rebels in to groups from towns so they knew each other. They then chose a captain.
Fitzgerald and Butler fight and are summoned to Elizabeth.
The rebels attacked English colonies – in response the English rout Fitzgerald’s tenants, capture Carrigafoyle (Desmond’s castle) and cut off the armies
There were internal problems. Cornish and Devonians did not get on with one another.
Article 20 states that the rebels want the new protestant catechism of 1548 to be taught.
The rebels outside Exeter negotiated for two weeks before being slaughtered. They did not want to fight, the government knew they could win once reinforcements had arrived.
Northampton was sent to deal with rebels in 1549. He captured then lost Norwich to the rebels again.
Anger at Sir John Flowerdew who had been enclosing
John Hales (Governments enclosure commission) expressed concerns over Anabaptists and Libertines infiltrating the rebels.
Henry summoned Ellerker and Bowes to London
In the city of Norwich 6% of the population own 60% of the goods and land
Seen as a ‘pre cursor to the Pilgrimage of Grace
174 were executed including Aske
Elizabeth I offered him a deal – ‘he could be ‘the o’neill’ if he accepted Elizabeth’s authority’ – he did not accept the deal
Thomas Cromwell replaced the 9th Earl of Kildare (Garret Og) with Englishmen Skeffington
Battle of Dussingdale where 3,000 rebels killed
Rebellious counties in 1497 did not pay the war tax although they were fined.
Although there was no battle the troops gathered to support Mary in 1553 were primed and ready to secure the legal succession with violence if necessary.
Robert Browne had 320 sheep stolen, his servants kidnapped. His wife and children had to hide in the woods for their own safety!
On 26th June 1549 – Somerset sent orders to ask rebels to go home. This action had already happened.
700 were executed, Irish culture was outlawed and more colonists came from England
maintained communications with Somerset in an attempt to avoid violence. However, the government knew they could win and slaughtered the rebels
Started as an enclosure riot in Attleborough and Wymondham
In 1599 Essex, leading 17,000 English troops, failed and made a truce with Hugh. Hugh continued to gets supplies and support from Spain and the Pope
Elizabeth releases the Fitzgerald brothers to bring stability to the troubled areas
Oath of honourable man
the leader left colchester to head to middleham and start rebellion
JFMFG flees to the mountains and continues the rebellion for 4 years with little success. In the end he flees abroad
Burgundy sent 2,000 German troops to support ‘Edward VI’
15,000 rebels at Guildford. There was a ruck between 500 of Lord Daubeney’s men and the rebels.
Henry VIII sent a false message that there was 100,000 soldiers in the way.
led by bigod in response to Henry VIII not keeping his promises to rebels
rish land was then destroyed so that it could not grow crops. In the famine of 1582 30,000 died
English set up new colonies in Connaught and Munster causing much anger
Rumours of his death triggered his son to start a rebellion
People of Devon ignored it.
There were internal problems. The demands did not reflect genuine anger instead it was merely the clergy
16,000 rebels maintained peaceful protest in the camp for 7 weeks.
Phil Nichols is paid to write a condemnation of the rebels
It had cost the crown £2m over 8 years
Rebellion in 1579’s main focus was to attack the Dublin administration
Northumberland made mistakes. Due to fleeing court he did not have enough time to call his own tenants to arms
two brothers left colchester and headed to worcester to start rebellion
Based on information received Mary had plotters Carew, Courtney and Croft arrested prior to rebellion.
8th Earl of Kildare was arrested for supporting Pretender
Henry VIII gave orders to massacre the Rebels but he was too far away for the message to get there in time.
Unrealistic aims- unlikely they would remove Cecil and escape treason
fled Ireland in 1607 looking for more foreign support that did not materialise
At York 4,000 rebels actually paid for lodgings when they could easily have taken it for free.
NuggetRebellion (1st 3 letters)
The 4 leaders were rounded up, tortured and executed.
Richard Morison published Pamphlets attacking rebels and questioning their faith.
Lord Russel massacred the rebels at Dussingdale. He had been delayed by another rebellion.
executed with Edward Earl of Warwick when caught trying to escape from London.
Plan was Seize Whitehall (where Elizabeth was) + Tower, use tower as a military base.
14th Desmond did not join until he was declared a traitor – afterwards he had nothing to lose
Hugh O’Neill had been loyal but suddenly turned and looked for support from Spain, France and Scotland – he was declared a traitor. Many people supported him on nationalistic g
Out of 24 articles in the Pontefract articles 9 were religious
In 1600 he is forced back and in 1601 and the battle of Kinsale, the Spanish support is not enough for him to be defeated by the English
Northumberland captured the tower, installed a new queen, had control of the council and exchequer and also commanded a strong military force.
Angry that new titled, created by the English, was given to his brother (1st Tyrone) – he killed his brother
Northumberland made mistakes. He misjudged how long it would take to march from Durham to Tilbury to release MQS
A pardon was offered and not taken at Dussingdale.
Many of his ‘friends’ deserted him
The monarch died while the rebellion continued leading to James VI & I agreeing a truce. The Rebellion fizzled out.
Charles V (HRE) only sent ammunition to help them
There was anger at English pressure on their land and Sidney’s plan to replace Fitzgerald and the Butlers with Englishmen.
Troops involved, namely the Germans and ‘wild’ Irish put people off joining.
Wanted to call parliament to guarantee the succession of James VI of Scotland after Elizabeth’s death
'we are Englishmen'
Henry VIII delegated to Cromwell to deal with the rebellion
Silken Thomas gives in to Anglo-Irish army, is arrested and executed with 5 of his uncles.
Henry VII punished any who offered support to rebellion– Lord Stanley executed and Fitzgerald arrested.
Henry Sidney expands plantation policy and looks to break up estates while colonising Ulster
1537 + Cromwell oversees 42 Statutes which imposes English law, including Protestantism
James Fitzmaurice Fitzgerald was angered by the imposition of Martial Law after the Shane O’Neill rebellion
The Captains from each group of rebels met Aske each day and led their groups in line with the rebel leader’s plans
Northumberland made mistakes. He did not have enough money to pay rebels – he only had £20 for 1,000 men so 600 deserted.
not secretive about his views of Cecil. He failed to gain support of masses or the mayor of London.
Lincoln was killed
defeated rivals in Ulster and declared himself ‘The O’Neill’
Henry and Lincoln met at East Stoke on 16th June 1487
disproportionate number of rebels cam from Dymchurch which had been hit by the cloth trade slump
Act of the 6 Articles confirmed doctrinal Catholicism.
Lord Skeffington and Lord Grey attacked Thomas’s stronghold at Maynorth Castle – those captured were executed
Henry VII pardoned Thomas Broughton.
Norfolk was traditionally a centre for religious reformism. The Lollards were there in the 14th century. Trade with the low countries increased this.
Somerset sent protestant preachers to rebel camp (Robert Watson) to preach obedience
riots in 1525 resulted in Henry blaming Wolsey, halving and then cancelling the tax/subsidy
600 Papal troops arrived
A pardon was offered and not taken at Clyst Heath
Only managed 300 supporters, 4 privy council arrive with a letter of ‘consolidation’ from the queen – councillors taken hostage.
James Fitzmaurice Fitzgerald enters the fray – he gained much support from other clans angry at English land policy and also religious pressure
Leaders Flamank, Michael Jo An Gof, Clergy and Gentry began to March
Henry VII wanted money for an army to deal with Warbeck. Tax was 1 subsidy and 2 x 15ths and 10ths
mixture of nobles, commons and foreign (trained soldiers) looking to make a dynastic change.
'kill the gentlemen'
The Earl of Surrey put down the rebellion
5,000 English attack Kilkenny and are victorious
Thomas Fitzgerald captured enemies in Dublin Castle, gained support from O’Moore, O’Carrol and others

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