History / Mid Tudor Crisis 1534 - 69 Events Timeline

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Forced Order
Henry VIII authorizes the first publication of “the Great Bible” in English to be read in church services.
Royal Injunctions (Cromwell) – Continued moves towards Protestantism with attacks on images and sermons against worshiping images.
Forces loyal to Princess Mary disperse Suffolk’s troops and Lady Jane Grey is imprisoned in the Tower of London
New Ordinal – new rules about ordination of new clergy – clergy would still wear catholic vestments.
Act of the 10 Articles - 4 Sacraments lost. Ambiguity regarding the Eucharist and passage in to heaven.
Statute of Artificers placed a cap on wages of skilled labourers
Beginning of the Debasement of Coinage
Act restricting Cloth manufacture to places where the industry had been established for at least ten years.
Mary I passes the renewed heresy laws which permits the sentence of death by burning
Act ordering that Land used from crops for at least four of the last 35 years must remain arable
Pilgrimage of Grace rebellion. Robert Aske led a band of nine thousand followers and they entered and occupied York. Henry authorised Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk to promise
Vestment Controversy
Elizabeth I falls ill with Small Pox
People ordered to pay poor relief – refusers would be taken to court
Cumberland Rising
July – Book of Homilies – Set of Protestants sermons for priests who were unable to preach effectively
Wyatt’s Rebellion
The English Litany – Set of prayers enforced that were to be spoken in English
Influenza Epidemic spread through the country killing many.
Execution of Anne Askew for denying Transubstantiation
Edward VI dies
John Hooper, Bishop of Gloucester is burned at the stake for heresy
Royal Injunctions (Cromwell) – Priests told to promote supremacy and ten articles. They should also offer both an English Bible and Latin Bible
1st Act of Uniformity introduces the Book of Common Prayer
Bishops Ridley and Latimer are burned at the stake for heresy
Act of the 39 Articles – clearly set out protestant beliefs but did not fully satisfy more radical protestants.
End of Debasement of Coinage
FACTION – Failed conservative plot against Catherine Parr
2nd Act of Uniformity – Confirmed 2nd book of common prayer.
Small Pox epidemic
Act of 6 Articles Repealed
Reginald Pole returns from exile
Thomas Cranmer is burned at the stake for heresy
Outbreak of plague may have killed 20% of the population of London
SUCCESSION – 3rd Act of Succession – Edward is inline then his heirs, then Mary then Elizabeth
Rebellion of the Northern Earls
French and Spanish Monarchs declared bankrupt
Outbreak of Sweating Sickness
Birth of Prince Edward
42 Articles – strongly protestant, confirmed justification by faith and predestination. (Was never enacted in to law due to Edward’s death)
Mary I passes the Second Act of Repeal which voided all religious laws passed after 1529
Cardinal Reginald Pole is made Archbishop of Canterbury
Act of the 6 Articles – clear statement of Catholicism. Transubstantiation, Celibacy of Priests, confirmed all sacraments
Government send commissioners to catch people enclosing unlawfully
The Necessary Doctrine and Erudition for Any Christian Man, (also known as the King’s Book) was published and attributed to King Henry VIII.
Marriage between Henry VIII and Anne of Cleves annulled
Cloth Trade – An act setting out the minimum standards of cloth. Only those who had served proper apprenticeships could be weavers
Lincolnshire Uprising after the closure of Louth Abbey
Henry’s last will excludes Gardiner from the Privy Council.
1st Marian Act of Repeal – all reforms under Edward VI were undone.
Act for Dissolution of the Smaller Monasteries
SUCCESSION – 3rd Act of Succession (1543) confirmed with slight alterations – Mary is only allowed to marry with Privy Council consent and Frances Grey is added to the successi
Collapse in Cloth Exports
Henry VIII and Katherine Howard are married
Elizabeth allows a Latin version of the Prayer Book
John Dudley, the Duke of Northumberland, is executed for treason
John Rogers is burned at the stake, he was the first to be sentenced under the renewed heresy laws
Royal injunctions – Clergy must preach in English and have an English bible in their church
Edward Seymour is executed based on trumped up charges of treason
Vagrancy Act – Impotent poor to be helped with collections made by churches.
Tax on Sheep and Cloth Increased
FACTION – The Exeter Conspiracy
Census to reduce unauthorised begging.
Lady Jane Grey is proclaimed Queen of England
Ket’s Rebellion Rising in Norfolk, primarily caused by enclosure and other socio-economic issues. Also involved calls for further protestant reforms to take place.
Bishop Stephen Gardiner, Lord Chancellor of England dies
Henry VIII and Catherine Parr marry
Government and church encourages people to contribute to poor relief
Edward Seymour declared Lord Protector of England
Pope takes Pole’s title ‘Legate’ away
Elizabethan Settlement – Act of Uniformity and Supremacy. Established Elizabeth I as supreme Governor of the Church of England. Restored religious law established in 1552
Stone Alters removed and replaced with wooden ones (Stone suggested sacrifice but wood suggested a more simple meal in remembrance)
Enclosure Commission established under John Hales
A bill is introduced, and later enacted, called the Act of Supremacy, which declares Henry to be the supreme head of the Church of England
FACTION - Somerset’s Fall from Power
FACTION – Failed conservative plot against Cranmer
Elizabeth tries to ban clerical marriage but compromises upon sending wives and children away
2nd Book of Common Prayer – Fully protestant
The Institution of the Christian Man
SUCCESSION – 2nd Henrician Act of Succession – Elizabeth is removed from the succession (Mary was already removed in 1534)
Western Rebellion Rising in the West of England against the Prayer Book and King Edward VI's religious policies. Ended at the Battle of Samford Courtenay
Bishop Stephen Gardiner is created Lord Chancellor of England after his release from the Tower of London
Queen Mary and Prince Philip of Spain are married
Worst Harvest of the century
1st Book of Common Prayer – A compromise – only ceremonial changes established.
Katherine Howard is executed for adultery and treason
Act of parliament – Voluntary contributions were given by parishioners to help impotent poor.
Death of Henry VIII, Edward the Prince of Wales succeeds him
Death of Queen Mary, Princess Elizabeth succeeds her
Attempt to revive cloth industry and towns by restricting the rules of apprenticeship
Execution of Lady Jane Grey and her husband, Guildford Dudley

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