Mid Tudor Crisis 1534 - 69 Events Timeline

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Thomas Cranmer is burned at the stake for heresy
Marriage between Henry VIII and Anne of Cleves annulled
July – Book of Homilies – Set of Protestants sermons for priests who were unable to preach effectively
Cardinal Reginald Pole is made Archbishop of Canterbury
Census to reduce unauthorised begging.
42 Articles – strongly protestant, confirmed justification by faith and predestination. (Was never enacted in to law due to Edward’s death)
1st Act of Uniformity introduces the Book of Common Prayer
Act of 6 Articles Repealed
A bill is introduced, and later enacted, called the Act of Supremacy, which declares Henry to be the supreme head of the Church of England
SUCCESSION – 3rd Act of Succession – Edward is inline then his heirs, then Mary then Elizabeth
Vestment Controversy
The Necessary Doctrine and Erudition for Any Christian Man, (also known as the King’s Book) was published and attributed to King Henry VIII.
Birth of Prince Edward
Death of Queen Mary, Princess Elizabeth succeeds her
Bishops Ridley and Latimer are burned at the stake for heresy
John Rogers is burned at the stake, he was the first to be sentenced under the renewed heresy laws
Beginning of the Debasement of Coinage
Ket’s Rebellion Rising in Norfolk, primarily caused by enclosure and other socio-economic issues. Also involved calls for further protestant reforms to take place.
Edward Seymour declared Lord Protector of England
Henry VIII authorizes the first publication of “the Great Bible” in English to be read in church services.
Elizabeth allows a Latin version of the Prayer Book
People ordered to pay poor relief – refusers would be taken to court
Execution of Anne Askew for denying Transubstantiation
Bishop Stephen Gardiner, Lord Chancellor of England dies
Enclosure Commission established under John Hales
Forces loyal to Princess Mary disperse Suffolk’s troops and Lady Jane Grey is imprisoned in the Tower of London
Henry VIII and Katherine Howard are married
Wyatt’s Rebellion
End of Debasement of Coinage
Rebellion of the Northern Earls
Act of parliament – Voluntary contributions were given by parishioners to help impotent poor.
New Ordinal – new rules about ordination of new clergy – clergy would still wear catholic vestments.
Pilgrimage of Grace rebellion. Robert Aske led a band of nine thousand followers and they entered and occupied York. Henry authorised Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk to promise
Act ordering that Land used from crops for at least four of the last 35 years must remain arable
Royal injunctions – Clergy must preach in English and have an English bible in their church
Outbreak of plague may have killed 20% of the population of London
Vagrancy Act – Impotent poor to be helped with collections made by churches.
1st Marian Act of Repeal – all reforms under Edward VI were undone.
Henry’s last will excludes Gardiner from the Privy Council.
Worst Harvest of the century
Pope takes Pole’s title ‘Legate’ away
2nd Act of Uniformity – Confirmed 2nd book of common prayer.
Execution of Lady Jane Grey and her husband, Guildford Dudley
Government send commissioners to catch people enclosing unlawfully
French and Spanish Monarchs declared bankrupt
Elizabethan Settlement – Act of Uniformity and Supremacy. Established Elizabeth I as supreme Governor of the Church of England. Restored religious law established in 1552
Royal Injunctions (Cromwell) – Priests told to promote supremacy and ten articles. They should also offer both an English Bible and Latin Bible
Queen Mary and Prince Philip of Spain are married
Stone Alters removed and replaced with wooden ones (Stone suggested sacrifice but wood suggested a more simple meal in remembrance)
Katherine Howard is executed for adultery and treason
Statute of Artificers placed a cap on wages of skilled labourers
John Dudley, the Duke of Northumberland, is executed for treason
FACTION – The Exeter Conspiracy
Act of the 39 Articles – clearly set out protestant beliefs but did not fully satisfy more radical protestants.
FACTION - Somerset’s Fall from Power
Outbreak of Sweating Sickness
Act for Dissolution of the Smaller Monasteries
2nd Book of Common Prayer – Fully protestant
Attempt to revive cloth industry and towns by restricting the rules of apprenticeship
Act of the 6 Articles – clear statement of Catholicism. Transubstantiation, Celibacy of Priests, confirmed all sacraments
Elizabeth I falls ill with Small Pox
Influenza Epidemic spread through the country killing many.
Reginald Pole returns from exile
The Institution of the Christian Man
Small Pox epidemic
Government and church encourages people to contribute to poor relief
SUCCESSION – 3rd Act of Succession (1543) confirmed with slight alterations – Mary is only allowed to marry with Privy Council consent and Frances Grey is added to the successi
Cloth Trade – An act setting out the minimum standards of cloth. Only those who had served proper apprenticeships could be weavers
Mary I passes the Second Act of Repeal which voided all religious laws passed after 1529
SUCCESSION – 2nd Henrician Act of Succession – Elizabeth is removed from the succession (Mary was already removed in 1534)
Elizabeth tries to ban clerical marriage but compromises upon sending wives and children away
Henry VIII and Catherine Parr marry
Edward VI dies
Collapse in Cloth Exports
Mary I passes the renewed heresy laws which permits the sentence of death by burning
Lincolnshire Uprising after the closure of Louth Abbey
Royal Injunctions (Cromwell) – Continued moves towards Protestantism with attacks on images and sermons against worshiping images.
Edward Seymour is executed based on trumped up charges of treason
FACTION – Failed conservative plot against Catherine Parr
Lady Jane Grey is proclaimed Queen of England
Cumberland Rising
Death of Henry VIII, Edward the Prince of Wales succeeds him
Tax on Sheep and Cloth Increased
1st Book of Common Prayer – A compromise – only ceremonial changes established.
Act of the 10 Articles - 4 Sacraments lost. Ambiguity regarding the Eucharist and passage in to heaven.
Act restricting Cloth manufacture to places where the industry had been established for at least ten years.
Bishop Stephen Gardiner is created Lord Chancellor of England after his release from the Tower of London
John Hooper, Bishop of Gloucester is burned at the stake for heresy
FACTION – Failed conservative plot against Cranmer
Western Rebellion Rising in the West of England against the Prayer Book and King Edward VI's religious policies. Ended at the Battle of Samford Courtenay
The English Litany – Set of prayers enforced that were to be spoken in English

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