Mid Tudor Crisis 1534 - 69 Events Timeline

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EventYear
FACTION – Failed conservative plot against Cranmer
Death of Queen Mary, Princess Elizabeth succeeds her
Cardinal Reginald Pole is made Archbishop of Canterbury
Ket’s Rebellion Rising in Norfolk, primarily caused by enclosure and other socio-economic issues. Also involved calls for further protestant reforms to take place.
July – Book of Homilies – Set of Protestants sermons for priests who were unable to preach effectively
FACTION – The Exeter Conspiracy
Mary I passes the Second Act of Repeal which voided all religious laws passed after 1529
Census to reduce unauthorised begging.
Collapse in Cloth Exports
Act of the 39 Articles – clearly set out protestant beliefs but did not fully satisfy more radical protestants.
SUCCESSION – 3rd Act of Succession – Edward is inline then his heirs, then Mary then Elizabeth
Elizabeth allows a Latin version of the Prayer Book
SUCCESSION – 3rd Act of Succession (1543) confirmed with slight alterations – Mary is only allowed to marry with Privy Council consent and Frances Grey is added to the successi
Elizabethan Settlement – Act of Uniformity and Supremacy. Established Elizabeth I as supreme Governor of the Church of England. Restored religious law established in 1552
Act for Dissolution of the Smaller Monasteries
Influenza Epidemic spread through the country killing many.
Outbreak of plague may have killed 20% of the population of London
A bill is introduced, and later enacted, called the Act of Supremacy, which declares Henry to be the supreme head of the Church of England
Pope takes Pole’s title ‘Legate’ away
Marriage between Henry VIII and Anne of Cleves annulled
New Ordinal – new rules about ordination of new clergy – clergy would still wear catholic vestments.
Lincolnshire Uprising after the closure of Louth Abbey
Mary I passes the renewed heresy laws which permits the sentence of death by burning
Birth of Prince Edward
FACTION - Somerset’s Fall from Power
Vagrancy Act – Impotent poor to be helped with collections made by churches.
Bishops Ridley and Latimer are burned at the stake for heresy
Reginald Pole returns from exile
People ordered to pay poor relief – refusers would be taken to court
Wyatt’s Rebellion
Act of the 10 Articles - 4 Sacraments lost. Ambiguity regarding the Eucharist and passage in to heaven.
EventYear
Act ordering that Land used from crops for at least four of the last 35 years must remain arable
2nd Book of Common Prayer – Fully protestant
Thomas Cranmer is burned at the stake for heresy
Execution of Anne Askew for denying Transubstantiation
Elizabeth I falls ill with Small Pox
Queen Mary and Prince Philip of Spain are married
Cloth Trade – An act setting out the minimum standards of cloth. Only those who had served proper apprenticeships could be weavers
John Dudley, the Duke of Northumberland, is executed for treason
The English Litany – Set of prayers enforced that were to be spoken in English
The Necessary Doctrine and Erudition for Any Christian Man, (also known as the King’s Book) was published and attributed to King Henry VIII.
1st Book of Common Prayer – A compromise – only ceremonial changes established.
Royal Injunctions (Cromwell) – Priests told to promote supremacy and ten articles. They should also offer both an English Bible and Latin Bible
Government send commissioners to catch people enclosing unlawfully
Pilgrimage of Grace rebellion. Robert Aske led a band of nine thousand followers and they entered and occupied York. Henry authorised Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk to promise
Act of parliament – Voluntary contributions were given by parishioners to help impotent poor.
Forces loyal to Princess Mary disperse Suffolk’s troops and Lady Jane Grey is imprisoned in the Tower of London
Western Rebellion Rising in the West of England against the Prayer Book and King Edward VI's religious policies. Ended at the Battle of Samford Courtenay
End of Debasement of Coinage
Lady Jane Grey is proclaimed Queen of England
Henry VIII authorizes the first publication of “the Great Bible” in English to be read in church services.
Rebellion of the Northern Earls
Edward Seymour is executed based on trumped up charges of treason
42 Articles – strongly protestant, confirmed justification by faith and predestination. (Was never enacted in to law due to Edward’s death)
Cumberland Rising
SUCCESSION – 2nd Henrician Act of Succession – Elizabeth is removed from the succession (Mary was already removed in 1534)
Act of 6 Articles Repealed
Beginning of the Debasement of Coinage
John Rogers is burned at the stake, he was the first to be sentenced under the renewed heresy laws
Enclosure Commission established under John Hales
Vestment Controversy
Attempt to revive cloth industry and towns by restricting the rules of apprenticeship
EventYear
Government and church encourages people to contribute to poor relief
Execution of Lady Jane Grey and her husband, Guildford Dudley
Act of the 6 Articles – clear statement of Catholicism. Transubstantiation, Celibacy of Priests, confirmed all sacraments
Henry’s last will excludes Gardiner from the Privy Council.
Royal injunctions – Clergy must preach in English and have an English bible in their church
1st Marian Act of Repeal – all reforms under Edward VI were undone.
Edward VI dies
John Hooper, Bishop of Gloucester is burned at the stake for heresy
1st Act of Uniformity introduces the Book of Common Prayer
Henry VIII and Catherine Parr marry
2nd Act of Uniformity – Confirmed 2nd book of common prayer.
Worst Harvest of the century
French and Spanish Monarchs declared bankrupt
Elizabeth tries to ban clerical marriage but compromises upon sending wives and children away
Royal Injunctions (Cromwell) – Continued moves towards Protestantism with attacks on images and sermons against worshiping images.
Bishop Stephen Gardiner is created Lord Chancellor of England after his release from the Tower of London
Outbreak of Sweating Sickness
Katherine Howard is executed for adultery and treason
Edward Seymour declared Lord Protector of England
FACTION – Failed conservative plot against Catherine Parr
Stone Alters removed and replaced with wooden ones (Stone suggested sacrifice but wood suggested a more simple meal in remembrance)
Statute of Artificers placed a cap on wages of skilled labourers
Death of Henry VIII, Edward the Prince of Wales succeeds him
Act restricting Cloth manufacture to places where the industry had been established for at least ten years.
Henry VIII and Katherine Howard are married
Small Pox epidemic
The Institution of the Christian Man
Tax on Sheep and Cloth Increased
Bishop Stephen Gardiner, Lord Chancellor of England dies

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