120 AP Literary Terms

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Can you name the 120 AP Literary Terms?

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Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
A complex or far-fetched comparison
Poetry with no fixed metrical pattern or representation
Ex: All nerds wear glasses
Any writing that isn't poetry or drama
Ex: Owen goes over the ocean
The use of a proper noun as a common name
A harsh combination of sounds
The repeated use of the same grammatical structure in a sentence
A protagonist who carries the action of the literary piece but does not embody the classic characteristics of courage, strength and nobility
A poem, play, or story that celebrates and idealizes a simple life
A radical change in a character
A character who contrasts with the main character
Figure of speech where the subject is not alive
'God from the machine'
The struggle in the plot
A statement of the opposite of what is meant. bitter or cutting speech
Ex: bittersweet living, living death, jumbo shrimp
Two succesive rhyming lines
A reasonable conclusion drawn by the reader
A figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two unlike things
Insolence, arrogance, or pride...leads to the protagonist's downfall
Ex: any soap opera
An interruption by the introduction of an earlier event or past experience
Short story illustraing a moral or religious lesson
The organizational pattern of a work
The ryhtmical pattern of a poem
The main character
A simple one-dimensional character
A story that explains the origins of God's heroes or natural phenomenon
A character, situation or symbol that is familiar to people from all cultures because it occurs frequently in literature, myth, religion or folklore
Any literary work with a happy ending
Ex: To sit in solemn silence'
A satirical imitation of a poem or other writing
Latin for 'in the middle of things'
A word or group of words used to characterize a person.
Attribution of human characteristics to an animal or inanimate object
A recording of the thoughts and emotional experience of a character on one or more levels of consciousness
An element within a story that is out of its time frame
A reference to something in previous literature or history
A word's most literal and limited meaning
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
Non-literal language
The use of humor to ridicule and expose the shortcomings and failings of society
The arrangement of details in such an order that the unimportant suddenly appears at the point where the critical detail should be
The way a writer uses language
A dramatic monologue
The way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences
What a word suggests beyond its basic definition
A four line stanza
An all-knowing narrator
Extravagant language
A usually formal poem expressing sorrow or lamentation for the dead
Ex: much of the spoken language in Huckleberry Finn
Ex: Arrayed and Said or Fine and Rhyme
A form of satire that elevates low characters and low situations by using elevated language in literary traditions of the epic
A brief quotation at the beginning of a literary work
The main character or force which creates conflict
Something that has a deeper meaning
Unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter
Ex: My only love sprung from my only hate
A witty, pointed, terse saying
A short speech made by an actor onstage to the audience
A literary type classified by form and technique
Repetition of a line, stanza, or phrase
Ex: boom, crash, bang, jitterbug
A smooth, pleasant arrangement of sounds
Narrow in point of view or approach
A label given to a literary work whose main purpose is to give guidance in moral, ethical, or religious matters
A comparison using like, as, or so
Two ideas presented closely together for contrast
A rhetorical device consisting of a switch in the normal word order
The art of effective communication, especially persuasive discourse
The atmosphere or feeling a literary work gives the reader
A humorous play depending on an exaggerated, improbable situation
The central idea of a literary work
A story where the conflict overcomes the main character
Elevating someone to the level of God
Compares an unfamiliar object or place by comparing it to the familiar
Word Choice
An error in diction caused by the substitution of one word for another similar in sound but different in meaning
The opposite of parallel construction
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
The quality of a literary work which appeals to emotion
Hints of what is to come
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events
The stage setting of a play
Traditionally a fourteen line love poem
Seize the day
An emotional cleansing through expression of emotion
The opposite of hyperbole
Ex: All hands on deck
A sentence that delivers its point at the end
The ability of a work to appeal to a wide segment of the reading public
The events following the resolution of the final conflict of the plot
One who changes as the result of actions in the plot
A short pithy statement of a principle or precept
A pause in a line of poetry
A stereotypical character
A three beat rhythm with two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable
Humorous use of a word involving two interpretations of meaning
The true, actual events...not figurative
A two syllable beat with a stressed and then an unstressed syllable
Ex: I'm so hungry that I could eat a horse
The writer's or speaker's attitude
Quality of being intentionally unclear
10 syllable line made up of 5 feet with each foot containing an unaccented followed by an accented syllable
The time and place in which the action of the plot occurs
Anything that appeals to the senses
The running over of a sentence from one verse or stanza to the next in poetry
A figure of speech that replaces the name of something with a word or phrase closely associated with it
A short narrative poem written in songlike stanza form
Language describing ideas and qualities rather than specific things. people, or places
A short, emotionally expressive poem
A sudden flash of insight
The repetition at close intervals of the final consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words
A character centering about a single quality, one that does not grow or change during the action of the plot
Ex: 'she passed away' as opposed to 'she died'
The expression of the opposite of what is intended
Ex: FOR ti fy
The perspective from which a story is told
A metaphor developed at length
A literary form in which some or all of the characters are embodiments of abstract ideas. A story which carries a second meaning

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