120 AP Literary Terms

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Can you name the 120 AP Literary Terms?

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Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
A figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two unlike things
A literary type classified by form and technique
The expression of the opposite of what is intended
A statement of the opposite of what is meant. bitter or cutting speech
The stage setting of a play
Repetition of a line, stanza, or phrase
A story where the conflict overcomes the main character
A complex or far-fetched comparison
The main character or force which creates conflict
'God from the machine'
A smooth, pleasant arrangement of sounds
The quality of a literary work which appeals to emotion
A four line stanza
The ryhtmical pattern of a poem
The time and place in which the action of the plot occurs
Poetry with no fixed metrical pattern or representation
A stereotypical character
A poem, play, or story that celebrates and idealizes a simple life
A two syllable beat with a stressed and then an unstressed syllable
A short narrative poem written in songlike stanza form
Elevating someone to the level of God
The main character
The true, actual events...not figurative
The use of humor to ridicule and expose the shortcomings and failings of society
The organizational pattern of a work
The way a writer uses language
A comparison using like, as, or so
A pause in a line of poetry
Compares an unfamiliar object or place by comparing it to the familiar
A metaphor developed at length
Latin for 'in the middle of things'
Word Choice
The use of a proper noun as a common name
10 syllable line made up of 5 feet with each foot containing an unaccented followed by an accented syllable
A usually formal poem expressing sorrow or lamentation for the dead
An element within a story that is out of its time frame
The arrangement of details in such an order that the unimportant suddenly appears at the point where the critical detail should be
Hints of what is to come
A protagonist who carries the action of the literary piece but does not embody the classic characteristics of courage, strength and nobility
The perspective from which a story is told
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events
A recording of the thoughts and emotional experience of a character on one or more levels of consciousness
Narrow in point of view or approach
The ability of a work to appeal to a wide segment of the reading public
A brief quotation at the beginning of a literary work
Ex: To sit in solemn silence'
A rhetorical device consisting of a switch in the normal word order
A reasonable conclusion drawn by the reader
An emotional cleansing through expression of emotion
A character who contrasts with the main character
A word or group of words used to characterize a person.
Ex: 'she passed away' as opposed to 'she died'
Anything that appeals to the senses
Two succesive rhyming lines
Insolence, arrogance, or pride...leads to the protagonist's downfall
A form of satire that elevates low characters and low situations by using elevated language in literary traditions of the epic
A story that explains the origins of God's heroes or natural phenomenon
Unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter
The opposite of hyperbole
A short pithy statement of a principle or precept
Ex: My only love sprung from my only hate
An error in diction caused by the substitution of one word for another similar in sound but different in meaning
Traditionally a fourteen line love poem
A figure of speech that replaces the name of something with a word or phrase closely associated with it
Seize the day
A sudden flash of insight
A dramatic monologue
The repeated use of the same grammatical structure in a sentence
A reference to something in previous literature or history
The way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences
The events following the resolution of the final conflict of the plot
A label given to a literary work whose main purpose is to give guidance in moral, ethical, or religious matters
Language describing ideas and qualities rather than specific things. people, or places
Ex: any soap opera
Ex: All hands on deck
The running over of a sentence from one verse or stanza to the next in poetry
A character centering about a single quality, one that does not grow or change during the action of the plot
Any literary work with a happy ending
A humorous play depending on an exaggerated, improbable situation
Extravagant language
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
Any writing that isn't poetry or drama
The repetition at close intervals of the final consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words
A satirical imitation of a poem or other writing
A word's most literal and limited meaning
An interruption by the introduction of an earlier event or past experience
A sentence that delivers its point at the end
Ex: I'm so hungry that I could eat a horse
Humorous use of a word involving two interpretations of meaning
A literary form in which some or all of the characters are embodiments of abstract ideas. A story which carries a second meaning
A harsh combination of sounds
Ex: boom, crash, bang, jitterbug
A witty, pointed, terse saying
A simple one-dimensional character
The struggle in the plot
Ex: much of the spoken language in Huckleberry Finn
The art of effective communication, especially persuasive discourse
A three beat rhythm with two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable
A short speech made by an actor onstage to the audience
Short story illustraing a moral or religious lesson
Figure of speech where the subject is not alive
Two ideas presented closely together for contrast
Non-literal language
What a word suggests beyond its basic definition
The central idea of a literary work
Ex: Arrayed and Said or Fine and Rhyme
Quality of being intentionally unclear
A character, situation or symbol that is familiar to people from all cultures because it occurs frequently in literature, myth, religion or folklore
Attribution of human characteristics to an animal or inanimate object
Ex: Owen goes over the ocean
A radical change in a character
A short, emotionally expressive poem
An all-knowing narrator
Ex: bittersweet living, living death, jumbo shrimp
The opposite of parallel construction
Ex: FOR ti fy
Something that has a deeper meaning
One who changes as the result of actions in the plot
Ex: All nerds wear glasses
The writer's or speaker's attitude
The atmosphere or feeling a literary work gives the reader

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