120 AP Literary Terms

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Can you name the 120 AP Literary Terms?

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Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
Insolence, arrogance, or pride...leads to the protagonist's downfall
Ex: All nerds wear glasses
An emotional cleansing through expression of emotion
The repetition at close intervals of the final consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words
The expression of the opposite of what is intended
Ex: FOR ti fy
A reference to something in previous literature or history
The stage setting of a play
Ex: any soap opera
A literary form in which some or all of the characters are embodiments of abstract ideas. A story which carries a second meaning
Traditionally a fourteen line love poem
Compares an unfamiliar object or place by comparing it to the familiar
Ex: Arrayed and Said or Fine and Rhyme
Word Choice
Hints of what is to come
One who changes as the result of actions in the plot
A satirical imitation of a poem or other writing
A poem, play, or story that celebrates and idealizes a simple life
A witty, pointed, terse saying
The opposite of parallel construction
A metaphor developed at length
The use of a proper noun as a common name
A story where the conflict overcomes the main character
The ryhtmical pattern of a poem
A smooth, pleasant arrangement of sounds
A three beat rhythm with two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable
Ex: much of the spoken language in Huckleberry Finn
A usually formal poem expressing sorrow or lamentation for the dead
A humorous play depending on an exaggerated, improbable situation
A label given to a literary work whose main purpose is to give guidance in moral, ethical, or religious matters
Extravagant language
The true, actual events...not figurative
The art of effective communication, especially persuasive discourse
The time and place in which the action of the plot occurs
Non-literal language
A harsh combination of sounds
A recording of the thoughts and emotional experience of a character on one or more levels of consciousness
A stereotypical character
Quality of being intentionally unclear
Seize the day
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
A character who contrasts with the main character
A character centering about a single quality, one that does not grow or change during the action of the plot
An error in diction caused by the substitution of one word for another similar in sound but different in meaning
The ability of a work to appeal to a wide segment of the reading public
The way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences
Ex: To sit in solemn silence'
The struggle in the plot
The way a writer uses language
Any literary work with a happy ending
A two syllable beat with a stressed and then an unstressed syllable
Narrow in point of view or approach
A brief quotation at the beginning of a literary work
A word or group of words used to characterize a person.
The main character or force which creates conflict
Attribution of human characteristics to an animal or inanimate object
A literary type classified by form and technique
The events following the resolution of the final conflict of the plot
Figure of speech where the subject is not alive
The arrangement of details in such an order that the unimportant suddenly appears at the point where the critical detail should be
Any writing that isn't poetry or drama
Latin for 'in the middle of things'
The organizational pattern of a work
The central idea of a literary work
Elevating someone to the level of God
Poetry with no fixed metrical pattern or representation
A pause in a line of poetry
A four line stanza
Ex: I'm so hungry that I could eat a horse
Something that has a deeper meaning
The atmosphere or feeling a literary work gives the reader
A dramatic monologue
Ex: boom, crash, bang, jitterbug
Ex: bittersweet living, living death, jumbo shrimp
The quality of a literary work which appeals to emotion
Ex: 'she passed away' as opposed to 'she died'
Humorous use of a word involving two interpretations of meaning
10 syllable line made up of 5 feet with each foot containing an unaccented followed by an accented syllable
What a word suggests beyond its basic definition
A sentence that delivers its point at the end
A short speech made by an actor onstage to the audience
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
The running over of a sentence from one verse or stanza to the next in poetry
A comparison using like, as, or so
A statement of the opposite of what is meant. bitter or cutting speech
A sudden flash of insight
Language describing ideas and qualities rather than specific things. people, or places
Short story illustraing a moral or religious lesson
Ex: All hands on deck
An interruption by the introduction of an earlier event or past experience
A short pithy statement of a principle or precept
A character, situation or symbol that is familiar to people from all cultures because it occurs frequently in literature, myth, religion or folklore
Two ideas presented closely together for contrast
A radical change in a character
A figure of speech that replaces the name of something with a word or phrase closely associated with it
The perspective from which a story is told
Ex: Owen goes over the ocean
Ex: My only love sprung from my only hate
A short, emotionally expressive poem
The use of humor to ridicule and expose the shortcomings and failings of society
A figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two unlike things
The main character
'God from the machine'
A form of satire that elevates low characters and low situations by using elevated language in literary traditions of the epic
An all-knowing narrator
The repeated use of the same grammatical structure in a sentence
A word's most literal and limited meaning
A protagonist who carries the action of the literary piece but does not embody the classic characteristics of courage, strength and nobility
A short narrative poem written in songlike stanza form
Anything that appeals to the senses
Repetition of a line, stanza, or phrase
A rhetorical device consisting of a switch in the normal word order
A reasonable conclusion drawn by the reader
Unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter
Two succesive rhyming lines
The writer's or speaker's attitude
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events
A story that explains the origins of God's heroes or natural phenomenon
The opposite of hyperbole
A simple one-dimensional character
An element within a story that is out of its time frame
A complex or far-fetched comparison

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