120 AP Literary Terms

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Can you name the 120 AP Literary Terms?

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Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
Non-literal language
A reference to something in previous literature or history
The repetition at close intervals of the final consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words
A story where the conflict overcomes the main character
Language describing ideas and qualities rather than specific things. people, or places
The atmosphere or feeling a literary work gives the reader
A witty, pointed, terse saying
Something that has a deeper meaning
A sentence that delivers its point at the end
A character who contrasts with the main character
Seize the day
A brief quotation at the beginning of a literary work
A character, situation or symbol that is familiar to people from all cultures because it occurs frequently in literature, myth, religion or folklore
A short pithy statement of a principle or precept
Ex: Arrayed and Said or Fine and Rhyme
A poem, play, or story that celebrates and idealizes a simple life
The organizational pattern of a work
The events following the resolution of the final conflict of the plot
10 syllable line made up of 5 feet with each foot containing an unaccented followed by an accented syllable
Ex: 'she passed away' as opposed to 'she died'
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events
Short story illustraing a moral or religious lesson
Humorous use of a word involving two interpretations of meaning
Ex: All nerds wear glasses
Repetition of a line, stanza, or phrase
The time and place in which the action of the plot occurs
A short speech made by an actor onstage to the audience
'God from the machine'
The true, actual events...not figurative
The expression of the opposite of what is intended
An emotional cleansing through expression of emotion
The opposite of parallel construction
A simple one-dimensional character
Ex: To sit in solemn silence'
An all-knowing narrator
A sudden flash of insight
A word or group of words used to characterize a person.
The main character
Ex: bittersweet living, living death, jumbo shrimp
A dramatic monologue
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
Unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter
A comparison using like, as, or so
The stage setting of a play
Insolence, arrogance, or pride...leads to the protagonist's downfall
A form of satire that elevates low characters and low situations by using elevated language in literary traditions of the epic
An error in diction caused by the substitution of one word for another similar in sound but different in meaning
Figure of speech where the subject is not alive
A satirical imitation of a poem or other writing
Anything that appeals to the senses
An interruption by the introduction of an earlier event or past experience
A label given to a literary work whose main purpose is to give guidance in moral, ethical, or religious matters
The use of a proper noun as a common name
A pause in a line of poetry
Narrow in point of view or approach
A recording of the thoughts and emotional experience of a character on one or more levels of consciousness
The repeated use of the same grammatical structure in a sentence
The struggle in the plot
Elevating someone to the level of God
Ex: FOR ti fy
Ex: any soap opera
A figure of speech that replaces the name of something with a word or phrase closely associated with it
The perspective from which a story is told
A complex or far-fetched comparison
Ex: My only love sprung from my only hate
Two ideas presented closely together for contrast
Word Choice
The use of humor to ridicule and expose the shortcomings and failings of society
A reasonable conclusion drawn by the reader
Traditionally a fourteen line love poem
Poetry with no fixed metrical pattern or representation
A radical change in a character
A two syllable beat with a stressed and then an unstressed syllable
A four line stanza
A short, emotionally expressive poem
Ex: boom, crash, bang, jitterbug
Ex: I'm so hungry that I could eat a horse
A usually formal poem expressing sorrow or lamentation for the dead
The central idea of a literary work
The art of effective communication, especially persuasive discourse
A figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two unlike things
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
A story that explains the origins of God's heroes or natural phenomenon
Ex: Owen goes over the ocean
One who changes as the result of actions in the plot
A harsh combination of sounds
A stereotypical character
Ex: much of the spoken language in Huckleberry Finn
A short narrative poem written in songlike stanza form
The way a writer uses language
Attribution of human characteristics to an animal or inanimate object
Ex: All hands on deck
A literary type classified by form and technique
Latin for 'in the middle of things'
The opposite of hyperbole
The arrangement of details in such an order that the unimportant suddenly appears at the point where the critical detail should be
Quality of being intentionally unclear
A smooth, pleasant arrangement of sounds
Any writing that isn't poetry or drama
What a word suggests beyond its basic definition
Compares an unfamiliar object or place by comparing it to the familiar
An element within a story that is out of its time frame
A protagonist who carries the action of the literary piece but does not embody the classic characteristics of courage, strength and nobility
A literary form in which some or all of the characters are embodiments of abstract ideas. A story which carries a second meaning
A statement of the opposite of what is meant. bitter or cutting speech
The ryhtmical pattern of a poem
A character centering about a single quality, one that does not grow or change during the action of the plot
The quality of a literary work which appeals to emotion
The main character or force which creates conflict
A word's most literal and limited meaning
Two succesive rhyming lines
The running over of a sentence from one verse or stanza to the next in poetry
The ability of a work to appeal to a wide segment of the reading public
The way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences
A three beat rhythm with two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable
Extravagant language
Hints of what is to come
The writer's or speaker's attitude
A rhetorical device consisting of a switch in the normal word order
A metaphor developed at length
Any literary work with a happy ending
A humorous play depending on an exaggerated, improbable situation

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