120 AP Literary Terms

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Can you name the 120 AP Literary Terms?

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Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
The way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences
Anything that appeals to the senses
The use of a proper noun as a common name
The perspective from which a story is told
'God from the machine'
A sudden flash of insight
The events following the resolution of the final conflict of the plot
The art of effective communication, especially persuasive discourse
Latin for 'in the middle of things'
Quality of being intentionally unclear
A form of satire that elevates low characters and low situations by using elevated language in literary traditions of the epic
A comparison using like, as, or so
A dramatic monologue
The organizational pattern of a work
An element within a story that is out of its time frame
10 syllable line made up of 5 feet with each foot containing an unaccented followed by an accented syllable
The use of humor to ridicule and expose the shortcomings and failings of society
An interruption by the introduction of an earlier event or past experience
A literary form in which some or all of the characters are embodiments of abstract ideas. A story which carries a second meaning
Any literary work with a happy ending
A figure of speech that replaces the name of something with a word or phrase closely associated with it
Something that has a deeper meaning
A humorous play depending on an exaggerated, improbable situation
The ryhtmical pattern of a poem
A literary type classified by form and technique
A story where the conflict overcomes the main character
A stereotypical character
A label given to a literary work whose main purpose is to give guidance in moral, ethical, or religious matters
Ex: To sit in solemn silence'
The writer's or speaker's attitude
A statement of the opposite of what is meant. bitter or cutting speech
A short speech made by an actor onstage to the audience
A metaphor developed at length
Ex: much of the spoken language in Huckleberry Finn
A sentence that delivers its point at the end
Ex: bittersweet living, living death, jumbo shrimp
A three beat rhythm with two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable
A rhetorical device consisting of a switch in the normal word order
The arrangement of details in such an order that the unimportant suddenly appears at the point where the critical detail should be
A reference to something in previous literature or history
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
Narrow in point of view or approach
The repetition at close intervals of the final consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words
A pause in a line of poetry
Ex: 'she passed away' as opposed to 'she died'
A character, situation or symbol that is familiar to people from all cultures because it occurs frequently in literature, myth, religion or folklore
A recording of the thoughts and emotional experience of a character on one or more levels of consciousness
A protagonist who carries the action of the literary piece but does not embody the classic characteristics of courage, strength and nobility
Ex: My only love sprung from my only hate
Ex: All nerds wear glasses
The main character or force which creates conflict
The ability of a work to appeal to a wide segment of the reading public
A short pithy statement of a principle or precept
The main character
A short narrative poem written in songlike stanza form
Ex: I'm so hungry that I could eat a horse
A character centering about a single quality, one that does not grow or change during the action of the plot
One who changes as the result of actions in the plot
A reasonable conclusion drawn by the reader
A brief quotation at the beginning of a literary work
Ex: Arrayed and Said or Fine and Rhyme
The running over of a sentence from one verse or stanza to the next in poetry
Poetry with no fixed metrical pattern or representation
A harsh combination of sounds
Repetition of a line, stanza, or phrase
Compares an unfamiliar object or place by comparing it to the familiar
A poem, play, or story that celebrates and idealizes a simple life
Insolence, arrogance, or pride...leads to the protagonist's downfall
A satirical imitation of a poem or other writing
The repeated use of the same grammatical structure in a sentence
The way a writer uses language
Ex: Owen goes over the ocean
Short story illustraing a moral or religious lesson
A character who contrasts with the main character
Unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter
The struggle in the plot
Extravagant language
A smooth, pleasant arrangement of sounds
A four line stanza
Non-literal language
The opposite of parallel construction
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
A radical change in a character
Figure of speech where the subject is not alive
Ex: boom, crash, bang, jitterbug
What a word suggests beyond its basic definition
A word or group of words used to characterize a person.
Two ideas presented closely together for contrast
A witty, pointed, terse saying
An all-knowing narrator
Seize the day
Ex: All hands on deck
An error in diction caused by the substitution of one word for another similar in sound but different in meaning
Any writing that isn't poetry or drama
Ex: FOR ti fy
Word Choice
The true, actual events...not figurative
A two syllable beat with a stressed and then an unstressed syllable
Traditionally a fourteen line love poem
Attribution of human characteristics to an animal or inanimate object
Hints of what is to come
Two succesive rhyming lines
The central idea of a literary work
Humorous use of a word involving two interpretations of meaning
A figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two unlike things
A short, emotionally expressive poem
Elevating someone to the level of God
A story that explains the origins of God's heroes or natural phenomenon
The atmosphere or feeling a literary work gives the reader
A word's most literal and limited meaning
A usually formal poem expressing sorrow or lamentation for the dead
A simple one-dimensional character
The expression of the opposite of what is intended
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events
The opposite of hyperbole
A complex or far-fetched comparison
The time and place in which the action of the plot occurs
The stage setting of a play
The quality of a literary work which appeals to emotion
Ex: any soap opera
Language describing ideas and qualities rather than specific things. people, or places
An emotional cleansing through expression of emotion

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