Language / 120 AP Literary Terms

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Can you name the 120 AP Literary Terms?

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Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
Poetry with no fixed metrical pattern or representation
Language describing ideas and qualities rather than specific things. people, or places
The repeated use of the same grammatical structure in a sentence
Two ideas presented closely together for contrast
A witty, pointed, terse saying
Ex: Arrayed and Said or Fine and Rhyme
A dramatic monologue
Non-literal language
The opposite of hyperbole
10 syllable line made up of 5 feet with each foot containing an unaccented followed by an accented syllable
Any literary work with a happy ending
An all-knowing narrator
A short, emotionally expressive poem
A complex or far-fetched comparison
The ability of a work to appeal to a wide segment of the reading public
Ex: My only love sprung from my only hate
The repetition at close intervals of the final consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words
A rhetorical device consisting of a switch in the normal word order
The central idea of a literary work
The way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences
Something that has a deeper meaning
The true, actual events...not figurative
Repetition of a line, stanza, or phrase
A four line stanza
Quality of being intentionally unclear
A harsh combination of sounds
The art of effective communication, especially persuasive discourse
A literary type classified by form and technique
One who changes as the result of actions in the plot
A figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two unlike things
Ex: boom, crash, bang, jitterbug
A character centering about a single quality, one that does not grow or change during the action of the plot
The time and place in which the action of the plot occurs
The use of humor to ridicule and expose the shortcomings and failings of society
The perspective from which a story is told
A simple one-dimensional character
Hints of what is to come
A sentence that delivers its point at the end
Latin for 'in the middle of things'
A usually formal poem expressing sorrow or lamentation for the dead
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
A form of satire that elevates low characters and low situations by using elevated language in literary traditions of the epic
'God from the machine'
A comparison using like, as, or so
An error in diction caused by the substitution of one word for another similar in sound but different in meaning
Narrow in point of view or approach
A word or group of words used to characterize a person.
Ex: any soap opera
A recording of the thoughts and emotional experience of a character on one or more levels of consciousness
The struggle in the plot
The atmosphere or feeling a literary work gives the reader
Compares an unfamiliar object or place by comparing it to the familiar
A pause in a line of poetry
The arrangement of details in such an order that the unimportant suddenly appears at the point where the critical detail should be
A statement of the opposite of what is meant. bitter or cutting speech
A literary form in which some or all of the characters are embodiments of abstract ideas. A story which carries a second meaning
Extravagant language
A character, situation or symbol that is familiar to people from all cultures because it occurs frequently in literature, myth, religion or folklore
Ex: bittersweet living, living death, jumbo shrimp
A short speech made by an actor onstage to the audience
A story that explains the origins of God's heroes or natural phenomenon
An emotional cleansing through expression of emotion
A three beat rhythm with two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable
The events following the resolution of the final conflict of the plot
Word Choice
The ryhtmical pattern of a poem
Ex: All hands on deck
An element within a story that is out of its time frame
Unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter
Seize the day
A humorous play depending on an exaggerated, improbable situation
The use of a proper noun as a common name
The running over of a sentence from one verse or stanza to the next in poetry
What a word suggests beyond its basic definition
The stage setting of a play
A smooth, pleasant arrangement of sounds
A radical change in a character
A protagonist who carries the action of the literary piece but does not embody the classic characteristics of courage, strength and nobility
Ex: much of the spoken language in Huckleberry Finn
The expression of the opposite of what is intended
Figure of speech where the subject is not alive
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
A word's most literal and limited meaning
Any writing that isn't poetry or drama
The writer's or speaker's attitude
Short story illustraing a moral or religious lesson
A short pithy statement of a principle or precept
Ex: I'm so hungry that I could eat a horse
Humorous use of a word involving two interpretations of meaning
Insolence, arrogance, or pride...leads to the protagonist's downfall
A reasonable conclusion drawn by the reader
A character who contrasts with the main character
Attribution of human characteristics to an animal or inanimate object
A figure of speech that replaces the name of something with a word or phrase closely associated with it
A stereotypical character
A two syllable beat with a stressed and then an unstressed syllable
A short narrative poem written in songlike stanza form
The main character or force which creates conflict
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events
The way a writer uses language
The organizational pattern of a work
A sudden flash of insight
Anything that appeals to the senses
A metaphor developed at length
Ex: To sit in solemn silence'
Two succesive rhyming lines
A poem, play, or story that celebrates and idealizes a simple life
Ex: FOR ti fy
The opposite of parallel construction
A satirical imitation of a poem or other writing
Ex: Owen goes over the ocean
The main character
A reference to something in previous literature or history
The quality of a literary work which appeals to emotion
Elevating someone to the level of God
Ex: 'she passed away' as opposed to 'she died'
Ex: All nerds wear glasses
A label given to a literary work whose main purpose is to give guidance in moral, ethical, or religious matters
An interruption by the introduction of an earlier event or past experience
A story where the conflict overcomes the main character
Traditionally a fourteen line love poem
A brief quotation at the beginning of a literary work

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