120 AP Literary Terms

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Can you name the 120 AP Literary Terms?

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Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
Attribution of human characteristics to an animal or inanimate object
Short story illustraing a moral or religious lesson
A form of satire that elevates low characters and low situations by using elevated language in literary traditions of the epic
Ex: Arrayed and Said or Fine and Rhyme
A complex or far-fetched comparison
Ex: FOR ti fy
A label given to a literary work whose main purpose is to give guidance in moral, ethical, or religious matters
Ex: All nerds wear glasses
The way a writer uses language
Ex: any soap opera
What a word suggests beyond its basic definition
Any literary work with a happy ending
'God from the machine'
Ex: much of the spoken language in Huckleberry Finn
A four line stanza
Ex: Owen goes over the ocean
Hints of what is to come
A word or group of words used to characterize a person.
A witty, pointed, terse saying
A pause in a line of poetry
Non-literal language
A satirical imitation of a poem or other writing
Insolence, arrogance, or pride...leads to the protagonist's downfall
Poetry with no fixed metrical pattern or representation
Traditionally a fourteen line love poem
Unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter
Extravagant language
The events following the resolution of the final conflict of the plot
A literary form in which some or all of the characters are embodiments of abstract ideas. A story which carries a second meaning
Narrow in point of view or approach
A reasonable conclusion drawn by the reader
The time and place in which the action of the plot occurs
The use of a proper noun as a common name
Ex: All hands on deck
Ex: To sit in solemn silence'
A reference to something in previous literature or history
A sentence that delivers its point at the end
A character centering about a single quality, one that does not grow or change during the action of the plot
A recording of the thoughts and emotional experience of a character on one or more levels of consciousness
A radical change in a character
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
An error in diction caused by the substitution of one word for another similar in sound but different in meaning
A poem, play, or story that celebrates and idealizes a simple life
A usually formal poem expressing sorrow or lamentation for the dead
Seize the day
Ex: My only love sprung from my only hate
Ex: bittersweet living, living death, jumbo shrimp
A story where the conflict overcomes the main character
The art of effective communication, especially persuasive discourse
The running over of a sentence from one verse or stanza to the next in poetry
Compares an unfamiliar object or place by comparing it to the familiar
Elevating someone to the level of God
A figure of speech that replaces the name of something with a word or phrase closely associated with it
One who changes as the result of actions in the plot
The way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences
Language describing ideas and qualities rather than specific things. people, or places
A metaphor developed at length
A character, situation or symbol that is familiar to people from all cultures because it occurs frequently in literature, myth, religion or folklore
The opposite of parallel construction
Latin for 'in the middle of things'
A harsh combination of sounds
A two syllable beat with a stressed and then an unstressed syllable
A brief quotation at the beginning of a literary work
An interruption by the introduction of an earlier event or past experience
The atmosphere or feeling a literary work gives the reader
The main character or force which creates conflict
Word Choice
10 syllable line made up of 5 feet with each foot containing an unaccented followed by an accented syllable
A rhetorical device consisting of a switch in the normal word order
A statement of the opposite of what is meant. bitter or cutting speech
A stereotypical character
An element within a story that is out of its time frame
A smooth, pleasant arrangement of sounds
The use of humor to ridicule and expose the shortcomings and failings of society
The quality of a literary work which appeals to emotion
A three beat rhythm with two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable
A figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two unlike things
A comparison using like, as, or so
The struggle in the plot
A short, emotionally expressive poem
A literary type classified by form and technique
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
The repeated use of the same grammatical structure in a sentence
Two succesive rhyming lines
The ryhtmical pattern of a poem
Ex: I'm so hungry that I could eat a horse
Ex: boom, crash, bang, jitterbug
A dramatic monologue
The expression of the opposite of what is intended
A short speech made by an actor onstage to the audience
Any writing that isn't poetry or drama
The opposite of hyperbole
A short pithy statement of a principle or precept
A short narrative poem written in songlike stanza form
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events
The stage setting of a play
Humorous use of a word involving two interpretations of meaning
A character who contrasts with the main character
Figure of speech where the subject is not alive
The central idea of a literary work
Quality of being intentionally unclear
A story that explains the origins of God's heroes or natural phenomenon
The true, actual events...not figurative
The ability of a work to appeal to a wide segment of the reading public
An emotional cleansing through expression of emotion
Something that has a deeper meaning
A humorous play depending on an exaggerated, improbable situation
The repetition at close intervals of the final consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words
A simple one-dimensional character
Two ideas presented closely together for contrast
The arrangement of details in such an order that the unimportant suddenly appears at the point where the critical detail should be
The main character
The organizational pattern of a work
A word's most literal and limited meaning
The perspective from which a story is told
The writer's or speaker's attitude
An all-knowing narrator
A protagonist who carries the action of the literary piece but does not embody the classic characteristics of courage, strength and nobility
Anything that appeals to the senses
Ex: 'she passed away' as opposed to 'she died'
Repetition of a line, stanza, or phrase
A sudden flash of insight

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