120 AP Literary Terms

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Can you name the 120 AP Literary Terms?

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Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
Humorous use of a word involving two interpretations of meaning
Extravagant language
The main character
A pause in a line of poetry
A sudden flash of insight
A figure of speech that replaces the name of something with a word or phrase closely associated with it
A character centering about a single quality, one that does not grow or change during the action of the plot
A short narrative poem written in songlike stanza form
A short speech made by an actor onstage to the audience
A witty, pointed, terse saying
A two syllable beat with a stressed and then an unstressed syllable
Anything that appeals to the senses
Two ideas presented closely together for contrast
A complex or far-fetched comparison
10 syllable line made up of 5 feet with each foot containing an unaccented followed by an accented syllable
The quality of a literary work which appeals to emotion
The ryhtmical pattern of a poem
An error in diction caused by the substitution of one word for another similar in sound but different in meaning
What a word suggests beyond its basic definition
Figure of speech where the subject is not alive
The use of humor to ridicule and expose the shortcomings and failings of society
A story where the conflict overcomes the main character
Ex: FOR ti fy
A simple one-dimensional character
The atmosphere or feeling a literary work gives the reader
Ex: much of the spoken language in Huckleberry Finn
The time and place in which the action of the plot occurs
A four line stanza
The perspective from which a story is told
Ex: All nerds wear glasses
A usually formal poem expressing sorrow or lamentation for the dead
Seize the day
A smooth, pleasant arrangement of sounds
A form of satire that elevates low characters and low situations by using elevated language in literary traditions of the epic
A humorous play depending on an exaggerated, improbable situation
The repetition at close intervals of the final consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words
Hints of what is to come
Ex: To sit in solemn silence'
Traditionally a fourteen line love poem
Poetry with no fixed metrical pattern or representation
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
The repeated use of the same grammatical structure in a sentence
A brief quotation at the beginning of a literary work
Something that has a deeper meaning
Compares an unfamiliar object or place by comparing it to the familiar
'God from the machine'
The way a writer uses language
Quality of being intentionally unclear
Insolence, arrogance, or pride...leads to the protagonist's downfall
Ex: I'm so hungry that I could eat a horse
The organizational pattern of a work
The opposite of parallel construction
A three beat rhythm with two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable
The ability of a work to appeal to a wide segment of the reading public
Repetition of a line, stanza, or phrase
The way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences
A statement of the opposite of what is meant. bitter or cutting speech
A label given to a literary work whose main purpose is to give guidance in moral, ethical, or religious matters
The main character or force which creates conflict
Language describing ideas and qualities rather than specific things. people, or places
A harsh combination of sounds
The expression of the opposite of what is intended
A word or group of words used to characterize a person.
Any literary work with a happy ending
Ex: Arrayed and Said or Fine and Rhyme
Two succesive rhyming lines
The struggle in the plot
Word Choice
Latin for 'in the middle of things'
A story that explains the origins of God's heroes or natural phenomenon
The arrangement of details in such an order that the unimportant suddenly appears at the point where the critical detail should be
Ex: bittersweet living, living death, jumbo shrimp
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events
Unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter
An interruption by the introduction of an earlier event or past experience
An all-knowing narrator
A character who contrasts with the main character
The events following the resolution of the final conflict of the plot
A sentence that delivers its point at the end
Any writing that isn't poetry or drama
A word's most literal and limited meaning
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
A stereotypical character
Short story illustraing a moral or religious lesson
A metaphor developed at length
Ex: All hands on deck
The central idea of a literary work
A comparison using like, as, or so
A short, emotionally expressive poem
Narrow in point of view or approach
A reasonable conclusion drawn by the reader
A reference to something in previous literature or history
The use of a proper noun as a common name
A rhetorical device consisting of a switch in the normal word order
Ex: Owen goes over the ocean
Ex: My only love sprung from my only hate
A protagonist who carries the action of the literary piece but does not embody the classic characteristics of courage, strength and nobility
A radical change in a character
A literary type classified by form and technique
The true, actual events...not figurative
An element within a story that is out of its time frame
Attribution of human characteristics to an animal or inanimate object
A satirical imitation of a poem or other writing
Elevating someone to the level of God
A dramatic monologue
Non-literal language
Ex: boom, crash, bang, jitterbug
A recording of the thoughts and emotional experience of a character on one or more levels of consciousness
An emotional cleansing through expression of emotion
A character, situation or symbol that is familiar to people from all cultures because it occurs frequently in literature, myth, religion or folklore
The writer's or speaker's attitude
Ex: 'she passed away' as opposed to 'she died'
The running over of a sentence from one verse or stanza to the next in poetry
The opposite of hyperbole
One who changes as the result of actions in the plot
A figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two unlike things
A poem, play, or story that celebrates and idealizes a simple life
The art of effective communication, especially persuasive discourse
The stage setting of a play
A literary form in which some or all of the characters are embodiments of abstract ideas. A story which carries a second meaning
Ex: any soap opera
A short pithy statement of a principle or precept

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