120 AP Literary Terms

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Can you name the 120 AP Literary Terms?

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Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
A short speech made by an actor onstage to the audience
The true, actual events...not figurative
A literary type classified by form and technique
A reasonable conclusion drawn by the reader
One who changes as the result of actions in the plot
Repetition of a line, stanza, or phrase
Latin for 'in the middle of things'
The repeated use of the same grammatical structure in a sentence
Extravagant language
The way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences
A humorous play depending on an exaggerated, improbable situation
A character, situation or symbol that is familiar to people from all cultures because it occurs frequently in literature, myth, religion or folklore
A brief quotation at the beginning of a literary work
A short, emotionally expressive poem
Ex: My only love sprung from my only hate
Quality of being intentionally unclear
The central idea of a literary work
A harsh combination of sounds
A word's most literal and limited meaning
A pause in a line of poetry
The ability of a work to appeal to a wide segment of the reading public
A form of satire that elevates low characters and low situations by using elevated language in literary traditions of the epic
Anything that appeals to the senses
A dramatic monologue
A complex or far-fetched comparison
A sentence that delivers its point at the end
Two succesive rhyming lines
'God from the machine'
The events following the resolution of the final conflict of the plot
Ex: All hands on deck
A poem, play, or story that celebrates and idealizes a simple life
An error in diction caused by the substitution of one word for another similar in sound but different in meaning
Compares an unfamiliar object or place by comparing it to the familiar
A short pithy statement of a principle or precept
A two syllable beat with a stressed and then an unstressed syllable
A character who contrasts with the main character
A radical change in a character
The expression of the opposite of what is intended
The use of humor to ridicule and expose the shortcomings and failings of society
Humorous use of a word involving two interpretations of meaning
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
Short story illustraing a moral or religious lesson
The running over of a sentence from one verse or stanza to the next in poetry
The arrangement of details in such an order that the unimportant suddenly appears at the point where the critical detail should be
The art of effective communication, especially persuasive discourse
The main character or force which creates conflict
A figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two unlike things
The opposite of parallel construction
A literary form in which some or all of the characters are embodiments of abstract ideas. A story which carries a second meaning
An emotional cleansing through expression of emotion
A story that explains the origins of God's heroes or natural phenomenon
A protagonist who carries the action of the literary piece but does not embody the classic characteristics of courage, strength and nobility
Unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter
A short narrative poem written in songlike stanza form
The time and place in which the action of the plot occurs
A three beat rhythm with two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable
A stereotypical character
A figure of speech that replaces the name of something with a word or phrase closely associated with it
Any writing that isn't poetry or drama
Hints of what is to come
The perspective from which a story is told
Attribution of human characteristics to an animal or inanimate object
The opposite of hyperbole
Two ideas presented closely together for contrast
Something that has a deeper meaning
A satirical imitation of a poem or other writing
Narrow in point of view or approach
Ex: boom, crash, bang, jitterbug
The stage setting of a play
Seize the day
A witty, pointed, terse saying
Poetry with no fixed metrical pattern or representation
Ex: I'm so hungry that I could eat a horse
The main character
A rhetorical device consisting of a switch in the normal word order
Ex: any soap opera
Ex: much of the spoken language in Huckleberry Finn
A smooth, pleasant arrangement of sounds
Ex: All nerds wear glasses
A statement of the opposite of what is meant. bitter or cutting speech
The use of a proper noun as a common name
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
Ex: Owen goes over the ocean
An interruption by the introduction of an earlier event or past experience
Ex: To sit in solemn silence'
Non-literal language
An element within a story that is out of its time frame
A usually formal poem expressing sorrow or lamentation for the dead
The ryhtmical pattern of a poem
A character centering about a single quality, one that does not grow or change during the action of the plot
A word or group of words used to characterize a person.
A story where the conflict overcomes the main character
The repetition at close intervals of the final consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words
An all-knowing narrator
Traditionally a fourteen line love poem
A reference to something in previous literature or history
What a word suggests beyond its basic definition
A label given to a literary work whose main purpose is to give guidance in moral, ethical, or religious matters
Language describing ideas and qualities rather than specific things. people, or places
The atmosphere or feeling a literary work gives the reader
The struggle in the plot
The way a writer uses language
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events
A simple one-dimensional character
Ex: Arrayed and Said or Fine and Rhyme
Insolence, arrogance, or pride...leads to the protagonist's downfall
Figure of speech where the subject is not alive
A comparison using like, as, or so
The writer's or speaker's attitude
A four line stanza
Ex: FOR ti fy
The organizational pattern of a work
Word Choice
10 syllable line made up of 5 feet with each foot containing an unaccented followed by an accented syllable
Ex: bittersweet living, living death, jumbo shrimp
A metaphor developed at length
A recording of the thoughts and emotional experience of a character on one or more levels of consciousness
The quality of a literary work which appeals to emotion
Ex: 'she passed away' as opposed to 'she died'
A sudden flash of insight
Any literary work with a happy ending
Elevating someone to the level of God

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