120 AP Literary Terms

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Can you name the 120 AP Literary Terms?

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Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
A literary form in which some or all of the characters are embodiments of abstract ideas. A story which carries a second meaning
A word's most literal and limited meaning
A short narrative poem written in songlike stanza form
The struggle in the plot
A harsh combination of sounds
The perspective from which a story is told
A three beat rhythm with two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable
The events following the resolution of the final conflict of the plot
Ex: All hands on deck
A word or group of words used to characterize a person.
'God from the machine'
An element within a story that is out of its time frame
A simple one-dimensional character
The opposite of hyperbole
Word Choice
A smooth, pleasant arrangement of sounds
A satirical imitation of a poem or other writing
The art of effective communication, especially persuasive discourse
Ex: All nerds wear glasses
The repeated use of the same grammatical structure in a sentence
A complex or far-fetched comparison
A sudden flash of insight
Ex: any soap opera
Quality of being intentionally unclear
A figure of speech that replaces the name of something with a word or phrase closely associated with it
Extravagant language
A short, emotionally expressive poem
The ryhtmical pattern of a poem
The ability of a work to appeal to a wide segment of the reading public
Ex: Owen goes over the ocean
A pause in a line of poetry
A metaphor developed at length
The arrangement of details in such an order that the unimportant suddenly appears at the point where the critical detail should be
The way a writer uses language
A character centering about a single quality, one that does not grow or change during the action of the plot
A figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two unlike things
The way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences
Language describing ideas and qualities rather than specific things. people, or places
A radical change in a character
The use of a proper noun as a common name
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
A usually formal poem expressing sorrow or lamentation for the dead
Unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter
A dramatic monologue
Ex: much of the spoken language in Huckleberry Finn
The central idea of a literary work
A short pithy statement of a principle or precept
A literary type classified by form and technique
Anything that appeals to the senses
Non-literal language
A character, situation or symbol that is familiar to people from all cultures because it occurs frequently in literature, myth, religion or folklore
The opposite of parallel construction
Traditionally a fourteen line love poem
A brief quotation at the beginning of a literary work
10 syllable line made up of 5 feet with each foot containing an unaccented followed by an accented syllable
Ex: Arrayed and Said or Fine and Rhyme
The time and place in which the action of the plot occurs
The running over of a sentence from one verse or stanza to the next in poetry
Two succesive rhyming lines
Narrow in point of view or approach
A form of satire that elevates low characters and low situations by using elevated language in literary traditions of the epic
A character who contrasts with the main character
Attribution of human characteristics to an animal or inanimate object
A reasonable conclusion drawn by the reader
Something that has a deeper meaning
The quality of a literary work which appeals to emotion
One who changes as the result of actions in the plot
An error in diction caused by the substitution of one word for another similar in sound but different in meaning
The true, actual events...not figurative
Any writing that isn't poetry or drama
Figure of speech where the subject is not alive
A rhetorical device consisting of a switch in the normal word order
Two ideas presented closely together for contrast
The use of humor to ridicule and expose the shortcomings and failings of society
The stage setting of a play
A sentence that delivers its point at the end
Poetry with no fixed metrical pattern or representation
Short story illustraing a moral or religious lesson
The repetition at close intervals of the final consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words
Ex: bittersweet living, living death, jumbo shrimp
The atmosphere or feeling a literary work gives the reader
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
A humorous play depending on an exaggerated, improbable situation
Ex: boom, crash, bang, jitterbug
The writer's or speaker's attitude
A comparison using like, as, or so
The main character or force which creates conflict
A four line stanza
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events
Hints of what is to come
A witty, pointed, terse saying
Compares an unfamiliar object or place by comparing it to the familiar
A stereotypical character
A short speech made by an actor onstage to the audience
Ex: To sit in solemn silence'
An all-knowing narrator
A two syllable beat with a stressed and then an unstressed syllable
What a word suggests beyond its basic definition
Ex: FOR ti fy
A recording of the thoughts and emotional experience of a character on one or more levels of consciousness
Ex: I'm so hungry that I could eat a horse
A protagonist who carries the action of the literary piece but does not embody the classic characteristics of courage, strength and nobility
Ex: 'she passed away' as opposed to 'she died'
Insolence, arrogance, or pride...leads to the protagonist's downfall
Repetition of a line, stanza, or phrase
Elevating someone to the level of God
Humorous use of a word involving two interpretations of meaning
Seize the day
Latin for 'in the middle of things'
The main character
A poem, play, or story that celebrates and idealizes a simple life
Ex: My only love sprung from my only hate
A statement of the opposite of what is meant. bitter or cutting speech
A story that explains the origins of God's heroes or natural phenomenon
A story where the conflict overcomes the main character
A reference to something in previous literature or history
The organizational pattern of a work
An interruption by the introduction of an earlier event or past experience
Any literary work with a happy ending
The expression of the opposite of what is intended
An emotional cleansing through expression of emotion
A label given to a literary work whose main purpose is to give guidance in moral, ethical, or religious matters

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