120 AP Literary Terms

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Can you name the 120 AP Literary Terms?

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Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
The opposite of parallel construction
'God from the machine'
The perspective from which a story is told
A harsh combination of sounds
Anything that appeals to the senses
Ex: any soap opera
An element within a story that is out of its time frame
A metaphor developed at length
The art of effective communication, especially persuasive discourse
Language describing ideas and qualities rather than specific things. people, or places
Repetition of a line, stanza, or phrase
Narrow in point of view or approach
A complex or far-fetched comparison
A sentence that delivers its point at the end
Something that has a deeper meaning
Attribution of human characteristics to an animal or inanimate object
A short, emotionally expressive poem
A protagonist who carries the action of the literary piece but does not embody the classic characteristics of courage, strength and nobility
A sudden flash of insight
The atmosphere or feeling a literary work gives the reader
The expression of the opposite of what is intended
Seize the day
Ex: My only love sprung from my only hate
Any literary work with a happy ending
Unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter
A brief quotation at the beginning of a literary work
An interruption by the introduction of an earlier event or past experience
A figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two unlike things
A short narrative poem written in songlike stanza form
A simple one-dimensional character
A character who contrasts with the main character
Two ideas presented closely together for contrast
A four line stanza
A form of satire that elevates low characters and low situations by using elevated language in literary traditions of the epic
What a word suggests beyond its basic definition
A dramatic monologue
Ex: Arrayed and Said or Fine and Rhyme
One who changes as the result of actions in the plot
A humorous play depending on an exaggerated, improbable situation
Non-literal language
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
A reference to something in previous literature or history
Word Choice
Ex: All nerds wear glasses
Ex: 'she passed away' as opposed to 'she died'
The struggle in the plot
A short pithy statement of a principle or precept
The organizational pattern of a work
An error in diction caused by the substitution of one word for another similar in sound but different in meaning
Any writing that isn't poetry or drama
A story that explains the origins of God's heroes or natural phenomenon
Latin for 'in the middle of things'
A word's most literal and limited meaning
The time and place in which the action of the plot occurs
A satirical imitation of a poem or other writing
The arrangement of details in such an order that the unimportant suddenly appears at the point where the critical detail should be
An emotional cleansing through expression of emotion
A short speech made by an actor onstage to the audience
Insolence, arrogance, or pride...leads to the protagonist's downfall
A rhetorical device consisting of a switch in the normal word order
A word or group of words used to characterize a person.
The writer's or speaker's attitude
A poem, play, or story that celebrates and idealizes a simple life
The use of humor to ridicule and expose the shortcomings and failings of society
The main character or force which creates conflict
10 syllable line made up of 5 feet with each foot containing an unaccented followed by an accented syllable
Extravagant language
A literary form in which some or all of the characters are embodiments of abstract ideas. A story which carries a second meaning
A witty, pointed, terse saying
The repetition at close intervals of the final consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words
Compares an unfamiliar object or place by comparing it to the familiar
Two succesive rhyming lines
Hints of what is to come
A character centering about a single quality, one that does not grow or change during the action of the plot
Ex: To sit in solemn silence'
A reasonable conclusion drawn by the reader
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events
Ex: bittersweet living, living death, jumbo shrimp
A story where the conflict overcomes the main character
A literary type classified by form and technique
The events following the resolution of the final conflict of the plot
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
The way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences
An all-knowing narrator
Ex: Owen goes over the ocean
A pause in a line of poetry
The ability of a work to appeal to a wide segment of the reading public
A radical change in a character
Ex: boom, crash, bang, jitterbug
A label given to a literary work whose main purpose is to give guidance in moral, ethical, or religious matters
The stage setting of a play
The central idea of a literary work
A figure of speech that replaces the name of something with a word or phrase closely associated with it
The use of a proper noun as a common name
A two syllable beat with a stressed and then an unstressed syllable
A smooth, pleasant arrangement of sounds
Humorous use of a word involving two interpretations of meaning
Figure of speech where the subject is not alive
The true, actual events...not figurative
A comparison using like, as, or so
A stereotypical character
Poetry with no fixed metrical pattern or representation
The repeated use of the same grammatical structure in a sentence
Elevating someone to the level of God
The quality of a literary work which appeals to emotion
The opposite of hyperbole
Ex: I'm so hungry that I could eat a horse
The way a writer uses language
The main character
A character, situation or symbol that is familiar to people from all cultures because it occurs frequently in literature, myth, religion or folklore
A statement of the opposite of what is meant. bitter or cutting speech
The running over of a sentence from one verse or stanza to the next in poetry
A three beat rhythm with two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable
A recording of the thoughts and emotional experience of a character on one or more levels of consciousness
Ex: All hands on deck
Ex: much of the spoken language in Huckleberry Finn
Quality of being intentionally unclear
A usually formal poem expressing sorrow or lamentation for the dead
Short story illustraing a moral or religious lesson
The ryhtmical pattern of a poem
Traditionally a fourteen line love poem
Ex: FOR ti fy

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