120 AP Literary Terms

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Can you name the 120 AP Literary Terms?

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Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
Repetition of a line, stanza, or phrase
A comparison using like, as, or so
A character, situation or symbol that is familiar to people from all cultures because it occurs frequently in literature, myth, religion or folklore
The opposite of hyperbole
Ex: FOR ti fy
A short pithy statement of a principle or precept
A figure of speech that replaces the name of something with a word or phrase closely associated with it
A character centering about a single quality, one that does not grow or change during the action of the plot
An emotional cleansing through expression of emotion
A satirical imitation of a poem or other writing
Anything that appeals to the senses
Ex: 'she passed away' as opposed to 'she died'
The use of a proper noun as a common name
Ex: All nerds wear glasses
The main character or force which creates conflict
The art of effective communication, especially persuasive discourse
A character who contrasts with the main character
A story where the conflict overcomes the main character
A complex or far-fetched comparison
The time and place in which the action of the plot occurs
A witty, pointed, terse saying
Traditionally a fourteen line love poem
Ex: Owen goes over the ocean
The ability of a work to appeal to a wide segment of the reading public
A pause in a line of poetry
Ex: Arrayed and Said or Fine and Rhyme
A statement of the opposite of what is meant. bitter or cutting speech
The repetition at close intervals of the final consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words
Seize the day
The events following the resolution of the final conflict of the plot
Compares an unfamiliar object or place by comparing it to the familiar
Something that has a deeper meaning
An element within a story that is out of its time frame
The perspective from which a story is told
The opposite of parallel construction
An all-knowing narrator
Humorous use of a word involving two interpretations of meaning
Short story illustraing a moral or religious lesson
Two ideas presented closely together for contrast
Unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
Ex: All hands on deck
Ex: My only love sprung from my only hate
Attribution of human characteristics to an animal or inanimate object
The expression of the opposite of what is intended
A two syllable beat with a stressed and then an unstressed syllable
The arrangement of details in such an order that the unimportant suddenly appears at the point where the critical detail should be
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events
The organizational pattern of a work
The atmosphere or feeling a literary work gives the reader
What a word suggests beyond its basic definition
Word Choice
Ex: bittersweet living, living death, jumbo shrimp
The use of humor to ridicule and expose the shortcomings and failings of society
Two succesive rhyming lines
Extravagant language
The writer's or speaker's attitude
A short, emotionally expressive poem
Elevating someone to the level of God
A literary type classified by form and technique
An error in diction caused by the substitution of one word for another similar in sound but different in meaning
Poetry with no fixed metrical pattern or representation
A form of satire that elevates low characters and low situations by using elevated language in literary traditions of the epic
A poem, play, or story that celebrates and idealizes a simple life
A literary form in which some or all of the characters are embodiments of abstract ideas. A story which carries a second meaning
The quality of a literary work which appeals to emotion
A brief quotation at the beginning of a literary work
A sudden flash of insight
A rhetorical device consisting of a switch in the normal word order
Insolence, arrogance, or pride...leads to the protagonist's downfall
Non-literal language
A four line stanza
The main character
The repeated use of the same grammatical structure in a sentence
An interruption by the introduction of an earlier event or past experience
A simple one-dimensional character
A harsh combination of sounds
A word or group of words used to characterize a person.
The ryhtmical pattern of a poem
Ex: any soap opera
The true, actual events...not figurative
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
The central idea of a literary work
A dramatic monologue
The running over of a sentence from one verse or stanza to the next in poetry
10 syllable line made up of 5 feet with each foot containing an unaccented followed by an accented syllable
A story that explains the origins of God's heroes or natural phenomenon
A three beat rhythm with two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable
A reference to something in previous literature or history
A stereotypical character
The way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences
A metaphor developed at length
Narrow in point of view or approach
A figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two unlike things
Language describing ideas and qualities rather than specific things. people, or places
Quality of being intentionally unclear
Ex: much of the spoken language in Huckleberry Finn
A reasonable conclusion drawn by the reader
A short narrative poem written in songlike stanza form
Any writing that isn't poetry or drama
Figure of speech where the subject is not alive
One who changes as the result of actions in the plot
A radical change in a character
Hints of what is to come
The struggle in the plot
Ex: I'm so hungry that I could eat a horse
Latin for 'in the middle of things'
Ex: To sit in solemn silence'
A recording of the thoughts and emotional experience of a character on one or more levels of consciousness
A sentence that delivers its point at the end
The way a writer uses language
'God from the machine'
A smooth, pleasant arrangement of sounds
A humorous play depending on an exaggerated, improbable situation
A usually formal poem expressing sorrow or lamentation for the dead
Ex: boom, crash, bang, jitterbug
The stage setting of a play
A protagonist who carries the action of the literary piece but does not embody the classic characteristics of courage, strength and nobility
A word's most literal and limited meaning
A short speech made by an actor onstage to the audience
Any literary work with a happy ending
A label given to a literary work whose main purpose is to give guidance in moral, ethical, or religious matters

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