120 AP Literary Terms

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Can you name the 120 AP Literary Terms?

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Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
Seize the day
A recording of the thoughts and emotional experience of a character on one or more levels of consciousness
Ex: Owen goes over the ocean
A reasonable conclusion drawn by the reader
A sentence that delivers its point at the end
Ex: I'm so hungry that I could eat a horse
A figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two unlike things
A complex or far-fetched comparison
A smooth, pleasant arrangement of sounds
Any literary work with a happy ending
A character who contrasts with the main character
A satirical imitation of a poem or other writing
Insolence, arrogance, or pride...leads to the protagonist's downfall
A character centering about a single quality, one that does not grow or change during the action of the plot
A word or group of words used to characterize a person.
The opposite of hyperbole
10 syllable line made up of 5 feet with each foot containing an unaccented followed by an accented syllable
A sudden flash of insight
The central idea of a literary work
Narrow in point of view or approach
An interruption by the introduction of an earlier event or past experience
Humorous use of a word involving two interpretations of meaning
A literary form in which some or all of the characters are embodiments of abstract ideas. A story which carries a second meaning
The arrangement of details in such an order that the unimportant suddenly appears at the point where the critical detail should be
A two syllable beat with a stressed and then an unstressed syllable
A metaphor developed at length
Ex: FOR ti fy
An element within a story that is out of its time frame
A short, emotionally expressive poem
A label given to a literary work whose main purpose is to give guidance in moral, ethical, or religious matters
The running over of a sentence from one verse or stanza to the next in poetry
A pause in a line of poetry
The quality of a literary work which appeals to emotion
A witty, pointed, terse saying
A dramatic monologue
The ryhtmical pattern of a poem
Language describing ideas and qualities rather than specific things. people, or places
A poem, play, or story that celebrates and idealizes a simple life
One who changes as the result of actions in the plot
Ex: boom, crash, bang, jitterbug
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
Ex: My only love sprung from my only hate
A figure of speech that replaces the name of something with a word or phrase closely associated with it
The writer's or speaker's attitude
Two ideas presented closely together for contrast
A story where the conflict overcomes the main character
A harsh combination of sounds
A rhetorical device consisting of a switch in the normal word order
Ex: any soap opera
The way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences
Ex: All hands on deck
The repeated use of the same grammatical structure in a sentence
The repetition at close intervals of the final consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words
A protagonist who carries the action of the literary piece but does not embody the classic characteristics of courage, strength and nobility
A stereotypical character
Ex: much of the spoken language in Huckleberry Finn
The art of effective communication, especially persuasive discourse
Traditionally a fourteen line love poem
A character, situation or symbol that is familiar to people from all cultures because it occurs frequently in literature, myth, religion or folklore
A reference to something in previous literature or history
The expression of the opposite of what is intended
Latin for 'in the middle of things'
A form of satire that elevates low characters and low situations by using elevated language in literary traditions of the epic
Ex: To sit in solemn silence'
The true, actual events...not figurative
Extravagant language
A story that explains the origins of God's heroes or natural phenomenon
A word's most literal and limited meaning
The ability of a work to appeal to a wide segment of the reading public
Poetry with no fixed metrical pattern or representation
A comparison using like, as, or so
Ex: All nerds wear glasses
Two succesive rhyming lines
A short pithy statement of a principle or precept
Short story illustraing a moral or religious lesson
A short speech made by an actor onstage to the audience
The atmosphere or feeling a literary work gives the reader
'God from the machine'
The use of humor to ridicule and expose the shortcomings and failings of society
Word Choice
The perspective from which a story is told
Definition/ExampleLiterary Term
A four line stanza
A three beat rhythm with two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable
Repetition of a line, stanza, or phrase
The organizational pattern of a work
Elevating someone to the level of God
A brief quotation at the beginning of a literary work
Ex: Arrayed and Said or Fine and Rhyme
A literary type classified by form and technique
A statement of the opposite of what is meant. bitter or cutting speech
Compares an unfamiliar object or place by comparing it to the familiar
A humorous play depending on an exaggerated, improbable situation
Something that has a deeper meaning
Ex: bittersweet living, living death, jumbo shrimp
Quality of being intentionally unclear
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events
The main character
What a word suggests beyond its basic definition
A simple one-dimensional character
Hints of what is to come
An all-knowing narrator
The stage setting of a play
A radical change in a character
The main character or force which creates conflict
Attribution of human characteristics to an animal or inanimate object
Unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter
The opposite of parallel construction
The struggle in the plot
Ex: 'she passed away' as opposed to 'she died'
The events following the resolution of the final conflict of the plot
Non-literal language
The time and place in which the action of the plot occurs
Anything that appeals to the senses
Figure of speech where the subject is not alive
A short narrative poem written in songlike stanza form
The use of a proper noun as a common name
An emotional cleansing through expression of emotion
The way a writer uses language
Any writing that isn't poetry or drama
An error in diction caused by the substitution of one word for another similar in sound but different in meaning
A usually formal poem expressing sorrow or lamentation for the dead

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