Supreme Court & Equality Cases 5

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Can you name the Supreme Court & Equality Cases 5 ?

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Decision CaseJustice
Sex discrimination/Social Security; Soc Sec Act violates 5thAmend (dp clause) - only wife could collect $ if husband died
Upheld MS literacy test & poll tax - on paper, there was no discrimination, equal protection clause not technically violated McKenna 9-0
Says victims of civil rights murders by 18 men involved were not given due process (state action); feds will jump in if states wont, even in murder cases
- When applying for citizenship, refuses to promise to take up arms in oath bc of religion; Court upholds govt – if she cant take oath she cant be citizen
Stone says the govt had right to convict candidate of election fraud during Primary, conviction stands – any federal law dealing with elections also covers primary because they aStone 6-3
Upholds court decision for AL State troopers affirmative action plan
- Thind from the East Indies, wanted to become citizen, government said he couldn’t because he wasn’t Caucasian; SC once again said you can’t become a citizen either
won’t agree to taking up arms in oath, says he will only do it if for the greater good of humanity; SC upholds the government, says if you can’t take oath as written you can’
Held that a black person does not have to be guaranteed a black on jury in order for a fair trial
- Black says there needs to be a set ratio of black-white teachers
Erected new barriers for workers who try to prove w stats theyre victims of racial discrimination; Salmon industry in Alaska 5-4
- Aliens who had served in military in WW1 would be granted citizenship – Toyota is denied that right because he is Japanese; SC says he cannot be given citizenship because he is
Struck down law uw school board couldnt require students to attend schools other than closest to homesBlackmun 5-4
- States were told from this case on, they cannot exclude women from juries just because they’re women; 6th amend. – supposed to have jury composed of cross-section of the comm
Held that a county court judge was properly convicted under a fed law which forbade racial discrim in juror selection
Decision CaseJustice
- In a deportation case, do individuals have same rights as in criminal case? Brandies – deportation is a civil manner, not entitled to rights in a federal criminal court
Strikes down SF ordinance stating no1 could operate laundry in wooden bldg w/o permit; denys EP by not giving permits to Chinese
Upheld voluntary affirmative action program as not violating Title 7 of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Brennan 5-2
Says UT Law must admit black students; breaking EP clause of 14th; no way law school for blacks is equal to Univ. of Tex Law School Vincent
- Bland says she will only agree to take up arms if her Christian conscience allows; SC upholds government, says no
- Southern schools still fighting the Brown decision – protesting segregation of golf courses, recreation facilities; Court says recreation facilities had to be integrated immedi
Equal protection clause = state highway; Stewart says GA was involved bc murder took place on GA highway; Right to travel freely state to state (14th amendment)
Upheld 1870 Enforcement Act & convictions of several who used violence to prevent black from voting
- Butler didn’t see anything wrong with WA law saying aliens cant own land w/o declaring intent to become citizen– naturalization is normally handed by the federal government;
- Dem. Primary set up “jaybird” dem associations across TX– every election yr hold pre-primary elections (wouldn’t let blacks vote); pre-primary election a violation of 15t
gave black teachers pref over white teachers; since this case involves state action, the agreement since it deals with race must pass the strict scrutiny test Powell
Upholds DC law - no purposeful discrimination; racially neutral; purpose of law was to upgrade communicative ability of police officers, therefore this test (unlike Griggs) had a r
- Justice Berger writes unanimous opinion: says bussing is a valid method to integrate schools
- Group of blacks arrested for breaching the peace after sitting in at a bus station – fed law says there can be no segregation in interstate facilities

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