Supreme Court & Equality Cases 5

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Can you name the Supreme Court & Equality Cases 5 ?

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Decision CaseJustice
Upheld MS literacy test & poll tax - on paper, there was no discrimination, equal protection clause not technically violated McKenna 9-0
Upholds DC law - no purposeful discrimination; racially neutral; purpose of law was to upgrade communicative ability of police officers, therefore this test (unlike Griggs) had a r
Sex discrimination/Social Security; Soc Sec Act violates 5thAmend (dp clause) - only wife could collect $ if husband died
Strikes down SF ordinance stating no1 could operate laundry in wooden bldg w/o permit; denys EP by not giving permits to Chinese
Struck down law uw school board couldnt require students to attend schools other than closest to homesBlackmun 5-4
- Dem. Primary set up “jaybird” dem associations across TX– every election yr hold pre-primary elections (wouldn’t let blacks vote); pre-primary election a violation of 15t
Says UT Law must admit black students; breaking EP clause of 14th; no way law school for blacks is equal to Univ. of Tex Law School Vincent
gave black teachers pref over white teachers; since this case involves state action, the agreement since it deals with race must pass the strict scrutiny test Powell
Says victims of civil rights murders by 18 men involved were not given due process (state action); feds will jump in if states wont, even in murder cases
- Bland says she will only agree to take up arms if her Christian conscience allows; SC upholds government, says no
- Butler didn’t see anything wrong with WA law saying aliens cant own land w/o declaring intent to become citizen– naturalization is normally handed by the federal government;
- When applying for citizenship, refuses to promise to take up arms in oath bc of religion; Court upholds govt – if she cant take oath she cant be citizen
Upholds court decision for AL State troopers affirmative action plan
won’t agree to taking up arms in oath, says he will only do it if for the greater good of humanity; SC upholds the government, says if you can’t take oath as written you can’
Erected new barriers for workers who try to prove w stats theyre victims of racial discrimination; Salmon industry in Alaska 5-4
Decision CaseJustice
- Justice Berger writes unanimous opinion: says bussing is a valid method to integrate schools
Equal protection clause = state highway; Stewart says GA was involved bc murder took place on GA highway; Right to travel freely state to state (14th amendment)
Held that a black person does not have to be guaranteed a black on jury in order for a fair trial
- Aliens who had served in military in WW1 would be granted citizenship – Toyota is denied that right because he is Japanese; SC says he cannot be given citizenship because he is
- Thind from the East Indies, wanted to become citizen, government said he couldn’t because he wasn’t Caucasian; SC once again said you can’t become a citizen either
Stone says the govt had right to convict candidate of election fraud during Primary, conviction stands – any federal law dealing with elections also covers primary because they aStone 6-3
- Southern schools still fighting the Brown decision – protesting segregation of golf courses, recreation facilities; Court says recreation facilities had to be integrated immedi
Upheld 1870 Enforcement Act & convictions of several who used violence to prevent black from voting
Held that a county court judge was properly convicted under a fed law which forbade racial discrim in juror selection
Upheld voluntary affirmative action program as not violating Title 7 of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Brennan 5-2
- Black says there needs to be a set ratio of black-white teachers
- Group of blacks arrested for breaching the peace after sitting in at a bus station – fed law says there can be no segregation in interstate facilities
- In a deportation case, do individuals have same rights as in criminal case? Brandies – deportation is a civil manner, not entitled to rights in a federal criminal court
- States were told from this case on, they cannot exclude women from juries just because they’re women; 6th amend. – supposed to have jury composed of cross-section of the comm

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