Endocrine drugs

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Can you name the Endocrinology histology?

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IndicationDrugContraindications, side effects and note
T2DM (by blocking ATP-sensitive K channel)Weight gain, hypoglycemia, nausea, vomiting, alcohol-induced flushing
Hyperaldosteronism (Conn's syndrome)Hyperkalemia
HypoglycemiaSubcutaneous injection, can cause hyperglycemia
PCOS (for increasing fertility, via blocking estrogen inhibition of hypothalamus)Vasomotor flushing, visual blurring, ovary enlargement
Cortisol suppression tests, psoriasis, eczemaThinning skin
PCOS (hirsutism, by inhibiting binding of testosterone)Mild liver injury, GI
T1DM (short acting) Hypoglycemia, onset: 15 min, peak: 1h, lasts: 4h
Hyperthyroidism (more potent, crosses placenta)Cold dry skin, decreased pulse pressure, bradycardia, decreased appetite, fatigue, fever, rashes, jaundice, hepatitis, agranulocytosis
PCOS (hirsutism, by inhibiting binding of testosterone)Liver toxicity, gynecomastia, erectile dysfunction
HyperthyroidismDelayed hypothyroidism
Hypoaldosteronism, chronic adrenal insufficiencyHypokalemic alkalosis
HypothyroidismWarm moist skin, increased CO and pulse pressure, increased appetite, weakness
PCOS (hirsutism, by blocking T to DHT conversion)Impotence
T1DM and T2DMWeight gain, hypoglycemia
Precocious pubertyHeadache, depression, insomnia, nausea and vomiting
T1DM (long acting) Hypoglycemia, onset: 1hr, peak: 6h, lasts: 18h
Myxedema coma, preparing for iodine therapyWarm moist skin, increased CO and pulse pressure, increased appetite, weakness
Osteoporosis (for increasing bone mass)Very expensive
Anything (adrenal crisis, chronic adrenal insufficiency)Cushingoid syndrome, edema, hypokalemic alkalosis, myopathy, induced ACTH insufficiency, reduced intestinal absorption of calcium
T2DM (by blocking PPAR in adipocytes)Weight gain, possible liver disease and cardiac failure, bladder cancer
IndicationDrugContraindications, side effects and note
Obesity (against appetite)Depression, anxiety, nausea
PCOS (hirsutism)Hyperkalemia
T2DM (by activating AMPPK)Lactic acidosis, anorexia, nausea, flatulence, diarrhea
Hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidismHypothyroidism (via Wolff-Chaikoff effect) or hyperthyroidism, hyperthyroidism if used for >8 weeks (Jod Basedow phenomenon)
T2DM (by blocking ATP-sensitive K channel, weakly)Weight gain, hypoglycemia, nausea, vomiting
T2DM (by increasing insulin release)Expensive, by injection, also decreases appetite, gastric motility
Obesity (against fat absorption)Steatorrhea
Osteoporosis, osteomalacia, rickets, hypoparathyroidismHypercalcemia, particularly dangerous in patients taking digoxin
Hyperthyroidism (less potent, does not cross placenta)Cold dry skin, decreased pulse pressure, bradycardia, decreased appetite, fatigue, fever, rashes, jaundice, hepatitis, agranulocytosis
Kidney stones, idiopathic hypercalciuriaHypercalcemia
T2DM (by reducing incretin degradation)Oral administration, decreases appetite with less effect
T1DM (long acting) Hypoglycemia, onset: 4hr, peak: none, lasts: 18h
Paget's disease, osteoporosis, hypercalcemia of malignancyGastric irritation (abdo pain, diarrhea, loss of taste), bone pain, headache, rash
T1DM (intermediate acting) Hypoglycemia, onset: 30 min, peak: 2h, lasts: 8h
Paget's diseaseA cytotoxic antibiotic
Paget's disease, hyperparathyroidism, idiopathic juvenile hypercalcemia, vitamin D toxicosis, osteoporosisHypocalcemia, kidney stones
Hyperparathyroidism, hypercalcemiaInhibit PTH synthesis at lower concentrations of calcium
Obesity (against appetite)Increased heart rate, hypertension, sympathetic activation (dry mouth, constipation, nausea)
T2DM (by inhibiting carb absorption)Flatulence, diarrhea

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