History / art exam 2

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Can you name the art exam 2?

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DefinitionWord
religious movement and historical era kicked off by Martin Luther in 1517, when he nailed 95 Theses to the door of Wittenberg Cathedral, PROTESTING the church’s doctrine (like th
Renaissance philosophy that sees the human as an individual, but also a member of secular society – features an increased focus on human values & interests in contrast to merely
term denoting features or styles created during Greek and Roman eras.
putting subject of image in background
from the Latin maniera, or hand, a movement that grew as a response to the High Renaissance, featuring technical virtuosity, erudite subject matter, elegant figures, ambiguous spac
ongoing debate concerning the primacy of drawing vs. that of painting – often seen as a competition between analytical and spontaneous approaches to art production, or the import
also a feature of Gothic churches, creating higher ceilings and vertical thrust
“light/dark” – refers to the rendering of light and shade in a two-dimensional work of art
Gothic style using long, thin window lancets to replace wall surface, as in Sainte-Chappelle
tool used by Early Renaissance artists to create recession of space, but leaves compositional focus in foreground. Objects get smaller and less distinct as they recess into the bac
specifically a feature of Gothic churches; buttresses add support to the outside of church walls, and flying buttresses are built so that they stand away from the wall, and attach
the Catholic church’s response to Luther’s allegations, reminding its followers (and especially those who would follow Luther) the price of abandoning Catholicism
Gothic style predicated on the use of right angles and sprawling building mass, with a balance between horizontal and vertical employed instead of relentless verticality of French
– meaning “rebirth,” an era characterized by a growing belief that man can understand, even change his world, without the medieval fear of offending God with his arrogance.
articulated masonry in between panes of glass in a single window; becomes thinner and more delicate toward High Gothic era
DefinitionWord
“smoky” -- a particular approach to chiaroscuro characteristic of Leonardo da Vinci’s work. Figures seem to emerge from a background, and feature smudged, indistinct contours
printmaking method in which metal plate is incised with image, covered in ink and then wiped, leaving ink in crevices. Paper is laid over plate & run through press; ink absorbed by
Greek manner – convention for representing Madonna and Child in centralized composition, the Madonna in blue, child held in her arms, head tilted, and accented with gold
church that is also the seat of a bishop
the destruction of religious artworks,in the belief that venerating religious images was idolatry (the worship of objects), and distracting the faithful from the worship of God
sharply pointed roof forms
“day’s work,” indicated how much of a fresco could be completed in one day – evident in variations of color in sky of Giotto’s Lamentation in the Arena Chapel
tool used by Early Renaissance artists to created a recession of space in a painting. Uses orthogonals, or lines created by a road, railroad, buildings, etc. to lead eye back to a
three parts, or divided by three, as in Gothic church facades
sculpture located in portal door frames of church
space where nave and transept cross
sometimes shallow niches, sometimes deep, dark crevices, these are spaces included in the apse of a church that serve as sites for relics, small altars, or statues to be venerated
architectural plan featuring arms of equal length, vs. Latin cross, or cruciform plan (also called basilica) where nave is considerably longer than transept.
chiaroscuro technique that creates “spotlight” effect – high contrast between deep darks and blinding lights, heightening dramatic impact, associated with work of Caravaggio
recession of space expressed by perspectival rendering of primary object, as in Andrea Mantegna’s Dead Christ, or Foreshortened Christ.

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