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Antifungals that inhibit 1,3-glucan synthase & thus formation of fungal cell wall
Fever, muscle pain, eosinophilia, & periorbital edema after eating raw meat
Southeast Asia fungus (AIDS. red pigment)
Diarrhea after hiking/drinking from a stream
HIV drug class causing lactic acidosis
Sequalae of parvovirus in pregnant woman
22yo w/ 1 wk flu-like sx, fatigue, sore throat, HSM, cervical lymphadenopathy
Black vomitus & councilman bodies in liver
Causes HCC by randomly integrating into genome of hepatocyte
Pseudohyphae at 20C, germ tubes @ 37
Southeastern & midwestern US (Arkansas, beaver dam in Wisconsin). Fungus
Spread by deerfly
N/V & erratic behavior --> death a few days after swimming in fresh water
specific test for EBV infection
Erythema infectiousum (slapped cheeks)
Antifungal w/ a visual (LSD) side effect
Sharp substernal pain that radiates, scratchy/leathery sound at lower left sternal border. Virus = ?
Resp. alkalosis w/ hypoxia & inc. A-a gradient (dyspnea on exertion); bilat interstitial infiltrates in AIDS w/ CD4
Rose grower w/ lymphocutaneous infxn that spreads along lymphatic channels
Ring worm, athlete's foot, jock itch
Host can auto-infect w/ helminth causing larva currents
Budding yeast (narrow-necked buds) w/ captain's wheel formation
Causes Kaposi's sarcoma, with HIV
Pidgeon droppings, AIDS CD4 less than 50
Sexually active women w/ painful vesicle, negative Tzanck smear & VDRL
Intestinal & liver granulomas & fibrosis in East Asia
Vesiculopustular rash w/ scarring, high mortality
untreated AIDs pt w/ 4w worsening hemiparesis & cognitive decline, several non-enhancing hypointense lesions in brain, nl opening pressure, elevated CSF protein & myelin basic prot
Spread by reduviid bug
Antifungal w/ SE = Stevens Johnson, alopecia
LMN paralysis, fecal-oral spread
Scabby mouth in animals
Acute intestinal abstruction in a child in the developing world; worm crawls out the mouth during surgery
Lymphatic filariasis
Squamous cell bladder cancer in middle east or Africa
HIV drug that causes insulin resistance
Antifungal that causes rigors and decreased GFR
Rhinorrea, cough, low grade fever
Itchy bottom in a kid
Pregnant woman's hubby scoops the cat poop b/c...
Fever, cough, HA, shaking chills, inflamed tick bite, tetrad configuration w/in RBCs, no RBC pigment
Causes HCC indirectly 2-2 chronic inflammation
Rash is the major reason for discontinuing this class of HIV drugs
Antifungal that must be taken w/ food
Vaginal itching, greenish discharge, motile trichomonads
Eat raw fish in Asia, then RUQ pain, fever, hepatomegaly
Intracellular yeast w/in macrophages
A bunch of adults on a cruise w/ 1-2 days gastroenteritis
Spread by black fly of the genus Ceruleus
Iron deficiency anemia
Causes Burkitt's lymphoma by upregulating anti-apoptotic proteins
Dx w/ Tzanck smear for multinucleated giant cells
Highlands of South America and Central America (fungus)
Genital warts
Irregular nonseptate hyphae w/ wide angles
Treatment for human flukes, except fasciola
Arizona, productive cough, endospores containing spherules
Cigar-shaped yeast w/ unequal budding
AIDS, CD4 less than 50, wasting illness, fever, night sweats, weight loss, diarrhea, AP, LAD, HSM
Rhinocerebral infection in pt w/ DKA
Kid w/ fever 103 for a few days, rash appeared as it resolved
Man from Mexico w/ pulmonary congestion, cardiomegaly, megacolon, megaesophagus
Spread by tsetse fly
Warty/verrucous ulcers on cooler body parts
Gastroenteritis in unvaccinated kid
Spread by anopheles mosquito
Pharyngitis + vesicles in throat
Pneumonia in SW desert/SoCal
B12 deficiency & abdominal symptoms
MCC viral conjunctivitis
Spread by sandfly
Aplastic crisis in sickle cell dz
Sexually active 14yo w/ pearly white nodules w/ central umbilication on genitals & trunk
OH/MS river valleys including Houston
Thrush (think AIDS CD4 less than 200)
Spread by ixodes tick--other than lyme
Cervical cancer
Thin-based-bud and thick polysaccharide capsule
Antigenic shift causes global pandemics
Pneumonia after spelunking w/ bird droppings
Causes cancer directly by inactivating P53 & Rb
AIDS, CD4 less than 50, necrotizing retinitis, hepatitis, pneumonia, encephalitis, esophagitis, polyradiculitis, explosive diarrhea
US 4 corners, pulmonary edema 2-2 capillary leak, fever, myalgia
Lung manifestations after eating crabs
Septate hyphae at acute angles
Endemic in sheep-raising areas; cystic hydatid dz
Visceral larva migrans causing wheezing, hepatitis, cerebritis, eosinophilia
Imigrant child from romania w/ conjunctivitis, periorbital swelling, coughing, runny nose and high fever, small lesions w/ blue white centers in mouth
#1 cause of liver failure in the US
Antifungal used for mucorales spp
Traveler returns from Africa w/ 1 wk cyclic fevers, HA, splenomegaly, abnl brain scan
Soil-transmitted helminth infecting 800 million
Intestinal & liver granulomas & fibrosis in Africa, South America, or Caribbean
Fungus ball/hemoptysis after TB or cavitary lung dz
Neg HBeAg, HBsAg, IgM anti-HBc; pos anti-HBs, anti-HBc. Acute, chronic, resolved, or vaccinated?
Causes ATLL via tax gene transactivation of cellular genes
Antifungal w/ aplastic anemia as side effect
Skin infection w/ satellite lesions
Seizures w/ ring enhancing brain lesion: from developing world
Seizures w/ ring enhancing brain lesion: AIDS pt w/ CD4 less than 100
Rectal prolapse in African Child

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