Science / Big Block 6 ID Review

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Causes HCC indirectly 2-2 chronic inflammation
Squamous cell bladder cancer in middle east or Africa
AIDS, CD4 less than 50, wasting illness, fever, night sweats, weight loss, diarrhea, AP, LAD, HSM
Antifungal that causes rigors and decreased GFR
Vaginal itching, greenish discharge, motile trichomonads
AIDS, CD4 less than 50, necrotizing retinitis, hepatitis, pneumonia, encephalitis, esophagitis, polyradiculitis, explosive diarrhea
Spread by tsetse fly
Causes Burkitt's lymphoma by upregulating anti-apoptotic proteins
Seizures w/ ring enhancing brain lesion: AIDS pt w/ CD4 less than 100
Fever, muscle pain, eosinophilia, & periorbital edema after eating raw meat
Resp. alkalosis w/ hypoxia & inc. A-a gradient (dyspnea on exertion); bilat interstitial infiltrates in AIDS w/ CD4
Sexually active 14yo w/ pearly white nodules w/ central umbilication on genitals & trunk
Causes Kaposi's sarcoma, with HIV
Sequalae of parvovirus in pregnant woman
Spread by deerfly
Sexually active women w/ painful vesicle, negative Tzanck smear & VDRL
Causes cancer directly by inactivating P53 & Rb
Scabby mouth in animals
Pneumonia after spelunking w/ bird droppings
Thrush (think AIDS CD4 less than 200)
Spread by reduviid bug
Imigrant child from romania w/ conjunctivitis, periorbital swelling, coughing, runny nose and high fever, small lesions w/ blue white centers in mouth
Antigenic shift causes global pandemics
Black vomitus & councilman bodies in liver
Pseudohyphae at 20C, germ tubes @ 37
Rash is the major reason for discontinuing this class of HIV drugs
Spread by ixodes tick--other than lyme
Diarrhea after hiking/drinking from a stream
B12 deficiency & abdominal symptoms
Irregular nonseptate hyphae w/ wide angles
Lymphatic filariasis
Antifungal that must be taken w/ food
untreated AIDs pt w/ 4w worsening hemiparesis & cognitive decline, several non-enhancing hypointense lesions in brain, nl opening pressure, elevated CSF protein & myelin basic prot
Cigar-shaped yeast w/ unequal budding
Pregnant woman's hubby scoops the cat poop b/c...
22yo w/ 1 wk flu-like sx, fatigue, sore throat, HSM, cervical lymphadenopathy
HIV drug class causing lactic acidosis
Spread by sandfly
US 4 corners, pulmonary edema 2-2 capillary leak, fever, myalgia
Itchy bottom in a kid
Fungus ball/hemoptysis after TB or cavitary lung dz
Pneumonia in SW desert/SoCal
Intestinal & liver granulomas & fibrosis in East Asia
Seizures w/ ring enhancing brain lesion: from developing world
LMN paralysis, fecal-oral spread
Pidgeon droppings, AIDS CD4 less than 50
Rose grower w/ lymphocutaneous infxn that spreads along lymphatic channels
MCC viral conjunctivitis
Arizona, productive cough, endospores containing spherules
Visceral larva migrans causing wheezing, hepatitis, cerebritis, eosinophilia
Spread by anopheles mosquito
Budding yeast (narrow-necked buds) w/ captain's wheel formation
Genital warts
Erythema infectiousum (slapped cheeks)
Spread by black fly of the genus Ceruleus
#1 cause of liver failure in the US
specific test for EBV infection
Antifungal w/ aplastic anemia as side effect
Iron deficiency anemia
A bunch of adults on a cruise w/ 1-2 days gastroenteritis
Soil-transmitted helminth infecting 800 million
N/V & erratic behavior --> death a few days after swimming in fresh water
Southeastern & midwestern US (Arkansas, beaver dam in Wisconsin). Fungus
Man from Mexico w/ pulmonary congestion, cardiomegaly, megacolon, megaesophagus
Fever, cough, HA, shaking chills, inflamed tick bite, tetrad configuration w/in RBCs, no RBC pigment
Eat raw fish in Asia, then RUQ pain, fever, hepatomegaly
OH/MS river valleys including Houston
Thin-based-bud and thick polysaccharide capsule
Rhinorrea, cough, low grade fever
Treatment for human flukes, except fasciola
Antifungal w/ SE = Stevens Johnson, alopecia
Aplastic crisis in sickle cell dz
Causes ATLL via tax gene transactivation of cellular genes
Sharp substernal pain that radiates, scratchy/leathery sound at lower left sternal border. Virus = ?
Endemic in sheep-raising areas; cystic hydatid dz
Acute intestinal abstruction in a child in the developing world; worm crawls out the mouth during surgery
Septate hyphae at acute angles
Antifungals that inhibit 1,3-glucan synthase & thus formation of fungal cell wall
Kid w/ fever 103 for a few days, rash appeared as it resolved
Causes HCC by randomly integrating into genome of hepatocyte
Neg HBeAg, HBsAg, IgM anti-HBc; pos anti-HBs, anti-HBc. Acute, chronic, resolved, or vaccinated?
HIV drug that causes insulin resistance
Ring worm, athlete's foot, jock itch
Gastroenteritis in unvaccinated kid
Lung manifestations after eating crabs
Traveler returns from Africa w/ 1 wk cyclic fevers, HA, splenomegaly, abnl brain scan
Cervical cancer
Vesiculopustular rash w/ scarring, high mortality
Intestinal & liver granulomas & fibrosis in Africa, South America, or Caribbean
Dx w/ Tzanck smear for multinucleated giant cells
Highlands of South America and Central America (fungus)
Rhinocerebral infection in pt w/ DKA
Pharyngitis + vesicles in throat
Skin infection w/ satellite lesions
Host can auto-infect w/ helminth causing larva currents
Intracellular yeast w/in macrophages
Antifungal w/ a visual (LSD) side effect
Antifungal used for mucorales spp
Rectal prolapse in African Child
Warty/verrucous ulcers on cooler body parts
Southeast Asia fungus (AIDS. red pigment)

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