Psyc 101 Chapter 6 Bold Terms

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DefinitionTerm
occurs when a response is strengthened because it is followed by the removal of an aversive (unpleasant) stimulus
the reinforcer is given for the first response after a variable time interval has elapsed; the interval length varies around a predetermined avrage
the reappearance of an extinguished response after a period of nonexposure to the conditioned stimulus
when a conditioned stimulus functions as if it were an unconditioned stimulus
occurs when an organism's responding is influenced by the observation of others, who are called models
a form of learning in which voluntary responses come to be controlled by their consequences
a specific pattern of presentation of reinforcers over time
occurs when an event following a response weakens the tendency to make that response
occurs when a designated reponse is reinforced only some of the time
a small enclosure in which an animal can make a specific response that is systematically recorded while the consequences of the repsonse are controlled
the reinforcement of closer and closer approximations of a desired response
creates a graphic record of responding and reinforcement in a Skinner box as a function of time
occurs when an organism that has learned a response to a specific stimulus does not respond in the same way to new stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus
the reinforcer is given after a variable number of nonreinforced responses
refers to the initial stage of learning something
occurs when an organism that has learned a response to a specific stimulus responds in the same way to new stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus
events that acquire reinforcing qualities by being associated with primary reinforcers
the reinforcer is given for the first response that occurs after a fixed time interval has elapsed
learning that is not apparent from behavior when it first occurs
DefinitionTerm
a stimulus that evokes an unconditioned resoinse without previous conditioning
a previously neutral stimulus that has, through conditioning, acquired the capacity to evoke a conditioned response
the gradual weakening and disappearance of a conditioned response tendency
occurs when an organism continues to make a response after delivery of the reinforcer for it has been terminated
occurs when an event following a response increases an organism's tendency to make that response
any relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge that is due to experience
a learned reaction to a conditioned stimulus that occurs because of previous conditioning
events that are inherently reinforcing because the satisfy biological needs
occurs when an organism acquires a response that prevents some aversive stimulation from occurring
occurs when a response is strengthed because it is followed by the presentation of a rewarding stimulus
the reinforcer is given after a fixed number of nonreinforced responses
an unlearned reaction to an unconditioned stimulus that occurs without previous conditioning
in classical conditioning, consists of any presentation of a stimulus or pair of stimuli
cues that influence operant behavior by indicating the probable consequences (reinforcement or nonreinforcement) of a response
a type of learning in which a stimulus acquires the capacity to evoke a response that was originially evoked by another stimulus
the circumstances or rules that determine whether responses lead to the presentation of reinforcers
occurs when an organism acquires a response that decreases or ends some aversive stimulation
occurs when every instance of a designated response is reinforced

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Created Mar 14, 2011ReportNominate
Tags:definition, 101, bold, chapter, Chapter 6, term