Macroeconomics Trivia at Lightspeed

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Can you name the Macroeconomics potpourri at lightspeed?

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Hint or DefinitionAnswer (lower case only)Extra Info
Economy determines that a particular commodity will be used as money
rising in business cycle
Components of AS
annual 1-year difference when expenditures exceed revenues
In terms of AS and AD, and increase in prices caused by a decrease in AS, which is caused by and increase in the cost of doing business
Assuming a fixed money supply, an increase in prices will result in an increase in the transactions demand for money
taxes are assessed in brackets. A certain amount of income is assessed a certain tax
M1 and savings accounts, small-time deposits, and certain other accounts like money market mutual fundsalso known as M2
money required to buy goods and services (necessary to complete transactions)
Coins and Currency outside of financial institutions, demand deposits (checking accounts) excluding gov't and foreign deposits, and other checkable deposits (deposits you can writealso known as M1
Internal Mechanism that takes external shocks and translates them into the waves of the business cycle having to do with durable goods
inflation will tend to stay at the same rate unless there is a supply-side or demand-side shock
high point in business cycle
unemployment caused by a downturn in the business cycle
tax where when your income goes up, the percentage of your income paid in taxes stays the same
other internal mechanism that translates external shocks into waves of business cycle having to do with increased demand leading to increased investment
The Fed. has a portfolio of gov't bonds which they buy and sell on the open market
measure of how gov't debt has increased GDP
Tax where when your income goes up, the percentage of your income paid in taxes goes down
Inflationary Gap
keynesian phase, classical phase, intermediate phase
Equilibrium in terms of savings, investment, taxes, gov't spendingno space, all caps
total of all past debt minus the past surpluses, if the surpluses were used to pay down the debt
A tax on the value added at each stage of production
Upward-sloping to the right. Some sectors of the economy are in the Keynesian Phase, some sectors of the economy are in the Classical Phase. Those sectors of the economy in the Key
a horizontal line because the economy is far enough below PO that there are enough surplus workers and surplus factory capacity, so businesses can increase production without raisi
Hint or DefinitionAnswer (lower case only)Extra Info
RNNP definitionno commas RNNP = NNP x (100/CPI)
A vertical line at or usually shown just beyond PO because there is a limit to what the economy can produce. At that point, if people want more, the only thing that can happen is t
Classical economists 2 automatic mechanismsWrite out all the way, just a comma in between
spending, usually by a business, on capital goods, changes in inventory, and construction
low point in business cycle
The interest rate that banks charge other banks for overnight loansFed. sets a target rate
NNP definitionno commas
A measure in the change of prices, both in inflation and deflation, from the base yearFound by attaching prices to a lot of goods and services. CPI=(current year prices/base year prices)x100
Argue that by the time the gov't has recognized the problem, taken steps to fix the problem, and those steps have taken effect, the economy will have already corrected itself. Gov'plural
MPS definition
a payment, usually by the government, for which no goods or services are received in return
the utility brought about by the next additional equal unit of a good or service
unemployment caused by a mismatch of jobs and workers, either because of geography or skills
GNP definitionno commas
Suggests inverse relationship between inflation and unemployment. If you want lower unemployment, you have to accept higher inflationalso a result of stagflation
The interest rate that the Fed. charges member banks for loans
Trading of goods and services for other goods and services
Deflationary Gap
MPCjust the name
MPC definition
NDP definitionno commas
tax where when your income goes up, the percentage of your income paid in taxes goes up
Say's Law
Something that is money because the gov't says it's money
Believe gov't should intervene in the economy using monetary policy, shrinking the money supply to fight inflation and augmenting the money supply to fight unemploymentplural
If you side with labor, businesses raise prices, so workers have to demand higher wages, so businesses have to raise prices again to increase in cost of doing business, etc. If you
Hint or DefinitionAnswer (lower case only)Extra Info
If gov't comes in with increased demand for money, interest rates will go up, so GDP will decreaseForeign countries help keep this from happening because they add a lot of money to the supply
increase in prices due to an increase in demand
GDP definitionno commas
goods which are difficult for private corporations to provide and difficult to charge people for their use
a finished product used to produce other goods or services
manipulate the aggregate supply curve instead of the aggregate demand curve. Since GDP goes up, unemployment goes down. Since the LOP goes down, inflation goes down.
Mutual funds which act like savings accounts and try to keep cost of share at $1
RGDP definitionno commas. RGDP = GDP x (100/CPI)
unemployment caused by people entering or reentering the job market or voluntarily between jobsinclude 'unemployment'
how much an economy can produce utilizing all of its resources effectivelytakes some unemployment into account
NAIRUmeans that you can decrease unemployment to a certain point (NAIRU) before having increasing inflation
the stuff we buy
relates GDP to level of prices
Taxes are a disincentive. Increase tax rate, at a point people will stop working extra due to disincentive, so gov't revenue will decrease
The percentage of deposits that a bank needs to keep on hand
RGNP definitionno commas RGNP = GNP x (100/CPI)
falling in business cycle
People who use the service pay the tax. People who don't use the service don't pay the tax.
RNDP definitionno commas RNDP = NDP x (100/CPI)
Banks can call in loan whenever with proper notification
result of gov't deficit
Measure of how many times the money supply must turn over to buy GDP (ON AVERAGE)
Money stored as numbers on a computer
MPSjust the name
(unemployed people actively seeking a job)/(unemployed job seekers + employed)

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