Water and Sodium Disorders

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Can you name the Water and Sodium Disorders?

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This condition is usually the result of severe hyperglycemia, which causes a dillutional effect by shifting water out of the ICF
Rapid correction of chronic hyponatremia may casue
Condition where renal tubules do not respond normally to ADH
What is the treatment for psychogenic (primary) polydipsia?Manage psychiatric disorder and avoid drugs that cause dry mouth
In hypernatremia correct ___% of the water deficit in the first 12-24 hours
Thrist is stimulated when serum osmolarity rises above _______ mOsm/kg
Polyuria is defined as an output of > ____ L/day
Hypoosmolarity is a serum osmolarity of less than:mOsm/kg
Ingestion of hypertonic NaCl or sodium bicarbonate can lead to this:
This type of hypotonic hyponatremia is a result of SIADH (syndrome of inappropriate secretion of ADH), or hypothyroidism
This type of hypotonic hyponatremia is a result of chronic congestive heart failure, portal hypertension or nephrotic syndrome
Decreased ADH production due to a primary increase in water intake in psychogenic (primary) polydipsia induces
Hypernatremia is defined as plasma sodium above:
Acute hyponatremia can cause death from the effects of
CNS effects in hypernatremia are due to:
What is the treatment for central DI?nasal spray
The most common cause of acute hyponatremia is
Where does demyelination occur in osmotic demyelination?
Hyponatremia is a plasma sodium concentration of less than
_______ is suppressed in conditions of hypotonicity, causing a dilute urine
A condition that reflects the inability of the kidneys to handle the excretion of free water to match oral intake
Do not increase plasma sodium concentration more than _____ mEq/L/day
An elderly patient with diminished mental status has an infection. What is their likely sodium status?
In diabetes insipidus this is the additional symptom in hypernatremia
This type of hypotonic hyponatremia is a result of contracted ECF volume from diarrhea, vomiting, etc
_______ secretion is stimulated in conditions of volume depletion or hypertonicity, causing water to be reabsorbed and a concentrated urine to be excreted
What is the treatment for nephrogenic DI?
Loss of potassium from EFC causes movement of potassium___ of the ICF
What is the mechanism for hypernatremia in diabetes insipidus?
THis provides the ultimate protection against hypernatremia

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