Water and Sodium Disorders

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Can you name the Water and Sodium Disorders?

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Decreased ADH production due to a primary increase in water intake in psychogenic (primary) polydipsia induces
A condition that reflects the inability of the kidneys to handle the excretion of free water to match oral intake
Acute hyponatremia can cause death from the effects of
Ingestion of hypertonic NaCl or sodium bicarbonate can lead to this:
This type of hypotonic hyponatremia is a result of chronic congestive heart failure, portal hypertension or nephrotic syndrome
In diabetes insipidus this is the additional symptom in hypernatremia
What is the treatment for central DI?nasal spray
The most common cause of acute hyponatremia is
Hyponatremia is a plasma sodium concentration of less than
An elderly patient with diminished mental status has an infection. What is their likely sodium status?
CNS effects in hypernatremia are due to:
Loss of potassium from EFC causes movement of potassium___ of the ICF
What is the treatment for psychogenic (primary) polydipsia?Manage psychiatric disorder and avoid drugs that cause dry mouth
Thrist is stimulated when serum osmolarity rises above _______ mOsm/kg
What is the mechanism for hypernatremia in diabetes insipidus?
_______ secretion is stimulated in conditions of volume depletion or hypertonicity, causing water to be reabsorbed and a concentrated urine to be excreted
Hypoosmolarity is a serum osmolarity of less than:mOsm/kg
Condition where renal tubules do not respond normally to ADH
This type of hypotonic hyponatremia is a result of SIADH (syndrome of inappropriate secretion of ADH), or hypothyroidism
This condition is usually the result of severe hyperglycemia, which causes a dillutional effect by shifting water out of the ICF
Do not increase plasma sodium concentration more than _____ mEq/L/day
Hypernatremia is defined as plasma sodium above:
Rapid correction of chronic hyponatremia may casue
In hypernatremia correct ___% of the water deficit in the first 12-24 hours
This type of hypotonic hyponatremia is a result of contracted ECF volume from diarrhea, vomiting, etc
Where does demyelination occur in osmotic demyelination?
What is the treatment for nephrogenic DI?
Polyuria is defined as an output of > ____ L/day
THis provides the ultimate protection against hypernatremia
_______ is suppressed in conditions of hypotonicity, causing a dilute urine

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