Science / Water and Sodium Disorders

Random Science Quiz

Can you name the Water and Sodium Disorders?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

Forced Order
Challenge
Share
Tweet
Embed
QuestionAnswerExtra Info
An elderly patient with diminished mental status has an infection. What is their likely sodium status?
What is the treatment for nephrogenic DI?
Hypernatremia is defined as plasma sodium above:
In diabetes insipidus this is the additional symptom in hypernatremia
_______ is suppressed in conditions of hypotonicity, causing a dilute urine
Do not increase plasma sodium concentration more than _____ mEq/L/day
This type of hypotonic hyponatremia is a result of contracted ECF volume from diarrhea, vomiting, etc
In hypernatremia correct ___% of the water deficit in the first 12-24 hours
Polyuria is defined as an output of > ____ L/day
Hypoosmolarity is a serum osmolarity of less than:mOsm/kg
What is the mechanism for hypernatremia in diabetes insipidus?
This type of hypotonic hyponatremia is a result of chronic congestive heart failure, portal hypertension or nephrotic syndrome
What is the treatment for central DI?nasal spray
The most common cause of acute hyponatremia is
Loss of potassium from EFC causes movement of potassium___ of the ICF
Hyponatremia is a plasma sodium concentration of less than
A condition that reflects the inability of the kidneys to handle the excretion of free water to match oral intake
Decreased ADH production due to a primary increase in water intake in psychogenic (primary) polydipsia induces
This condition is usually the result of severe hyperglycemia, which causes a dillutional effect by shifting water out of the ICF
Thrist is stimulated when serum osmolarity rises above _______ mOsm/kg
What is the treatment for psychogenic (primary) polydipsia?Manage psychiatric disorder and avoid drugs that cause dry mouth
Condition where renal tubules do not respond normally to ADH
CNS effects in hypernatremia are due to:
THis provides the ultimate protection against hypernatremia
_______ secretion is stimulated in conditions of volume depletion or hypertonicity, causing water to be reabsorbed and a concentrated urine to be excreted
Rapid correction of chronic hyponatremia may casue
 
Acute hyponatremia can cause death from the effects of
Where does demyelination occur in osmotic demyelination?
Ingestion of hypertonic NaCl or sodium bicarbonate can lead to this:
This type of hypotonic hyponatremia is a result of SIADH (syndrome of inappropriate secretion of ADH), or hypothyroidism

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
OR
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments

Extras


Your Account Isn't Verified!

In order to create a playlist on Sporcle, you need to verify the email address you used during registration. Go to your Sporcle Settings to finish the process.