Water and Sodium Disorders

Random Science Quiz

Can you name the Water and Sodium Disorders?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

How to Play
QuestionAnswerExtra Info
The most common cause of acute hyponatremia is
In diabetes insipidus this is the additional symptom in hypernatremia
This condition is usually the result of severe hyperglycemia, which causes a dillutional effect by shifting water out of the ICF
Hypernatremia is defined as plasma sodium above:
This type of hypotonic hyponatremia is a result of SIADH (syndrome of inappropriate secretion of ADH), or hypothyroidism
What is the treatment for psychogenic (primary) polydipsia?Manage psychiatric disorder and avoid drugs that cause dry mouth
_______ is suppressed in conditions of hypotonicity, causing a dilute urine
This type of hypotonic hyponatremia is a result of chronic congestive heart failure, portal hypertension or nephrotic syndrome
_______ secretion is stimulated in conditions of volume depletion or hypertonicity, causing water to be reabsorbed and a concentrated urine to be excreted
Loss of potassium from EFC causes movement of potassium___ of the ICF
This type of hypotonic hyponatremia is a result of contracted ECF volume from diarrhea, vomiting, etc
What is the treatment for central DI?nasal spray
Hypoosmolarity is a serum osmolarity of less than:mOsm/kg
In hypernatremia correct ___% of the water deficit in the first 12-24 hours
CNS effects in hypernatremia are due to:
An elderly patient with diminished mental status has an infection. What is their likely sodium status?
Do not increase plasma sodium concentration more than _____ mEq/L/day
THis provides the ultimate protection against hypernatremia
Polyuria is defined as an output of > ____ L/day
Acute hyponatremia can cause death from the effects of
Rapid correction of chronic hyponatremia may casue
Decreased ADH production due to a primary increase in water intake in psychogenic (primary) polydipsia induces
Condition where renal tubules do not respond normally to ADH
Thrist is stimulated when serum osmolarity rises above _______ mOsm/kg
What is the treatment for nephrogenic DI?
Where does demyelination occur in osmotic demyelination?
A condition that reflects the inability of the kidneys to handle the excretion of free water to match oral intake
Hyponatremia is a plasma sodium concentration of less than
Ingestion of hypertonic NaCl or sodium bicarbonate can lead to this:
What is the mechanism for hypernatremia in diabetes insipidus?

Friend Scores

  Player Best Score Plays Last Played
You You haven't played this game yet.

You Might Also Like...


Created May 17, 2011ReportNominate
Tags:disorder, water