Science / 8b GUG

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measure seminal vesciles - dilated due to?
Given to prevent CW recurrence at mastectomy site
medical tx: urge incontinence
HPV: Binds rB allowing for cell immortalization
MCC Epididymal Orchitis in young men
e of incontinence: unstable bladder
implantation into cornu of uterus or lower uterine segment
Rx: adjuvant therapy for ER+ premenopausal breast Ca
Syndrome w/ inc risk of colon, ovarian, endometrial, breast and uroepithelial CA
MC gynecological CA worldwide
Tx: tubal factor infertility
hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca causing chemical castration
MC site of ectopic pregnant
MC cystic mass in reproductive-age women
Adnexal mass in reproductive age female, first r/o?
Other name for ovarian fibroma
malignant germ cell tumor: beta HCG
Marker WT-1
Removal of breast, pec minor and axillary lymph node
exogenous testosterone leads to ? type of kidney stones
hormone causing ovulation
Rx w/ SE: endometrial polyps
Chemo combo for advanced bladder CA
HTN dx in first 20 weeks of pregnancy
MCC of amenorrhea (after pregnancy)
trophoblastic proliferation, fetus or fetal tissue present
6 months w/o period
highest risk of prostate CA starting at what age?
L1 proteins from HPV strains self-assemble into non-infectious units called?
hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia
Cells that convert adrenal steroids to estrone
Rx: adjuvant therapy for postmenopausal breast Ca
MC testicular tumor
If surgery unavailable for testicular torson, reduce by twisting?
Higher percent of free PSA (25%+)
IUD c/i in Wilson's disease
Most common estrogenic ovarian tumor
proliferation marker in endometrial cycle
Assoc w/ uterine hyperplasia/CA in postmenopausal women
Endometrial glands/stroma implanted outside uterine cavity/walls
MCC male infertility in the world
Syndrome: AD w/ 85% penetrance, BRCA
Tumor marker of stromal cell tumors
CA w/ high rate of extra-uterine dz, NO myometrial invasion of tumor
Chromosome of BRCA-2
Amniotic Fluid Index >90th %ile
Papillary projections surrounded by Schiller-Duval bodies
MC Tx of superficial bladder cancer
Penile CA 0% in men who are ?
Bladder cancer sx in 85% of cases
Special type breast CA, high grade but good prognosis
Tx: antagonist in breast; agonist in endometrium
Colposcopy: cells w/ inc collagen turn white w/ ?
Dz: epidermis of nipple contains tumor cells
Mutation in mucinous ovarian tumors
HTN after 20 wk w/o proteinuria
MC site to endometriosis
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in postmeno
Most important prognostic factor in breast Ca
Still a cause of maternal and fetal death
umbilical cord inserts into the fetal membranes
Abnormally deep implantation onto the myometrium
MC neoplasm in young men
twins share chorion but one gets more blood flow
MC ovarian germ cell tumor
Long acting Rx for ED
most prostate CA develops in which zone?
Targeted therapy for ER+ breast CA
MC site of involvement in endometriosis
Mutation assoc w/ high grade endometrioid tumors
sudden huge increase in PSA likely due to?
Most important reason fertility dec w/ female age is increasing ?
BPH Rx SE: orthostasis, dizziness, fall risk
Ovarian tumor w/ KRAS and BRAF mutations
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in adolescence
Rx SE: PSA drops in half, ED, loss of libido
presence of endometrial glands in uterine myometrium
Perimenopausal uterine bleeding, first step?
Breast duct/lobule cells that produce milk
20-25% of adnexal masses, dx b/t age 10-30yo
Type II endometrial carcinoma assoc w/ ?
Lab value inc if patient is not making sperm
elevated seminal leukocyte count aka?
division of ovum after 13 days
oligohydramnios and 'key hole' sign
Progestin in BCPs derived from spironolactone
How to stage endometrial CA
Lowest contraceptive failure rates
MC composition of kidney stones
MC ovarian tumor (and cancer)
2nd most common primary site of mets to ovary
% of complex atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Induce fetal lung maturity - give mom ?
mech of finasteride, dutasteride
MC trisomy in spontaneous abortion
Tx of choice for vaginal atrophy
MC aneuploidy in abortuses
bleeding but os is open or closed, but still viable pregnancy
MC infiltrating breast Ca
low value w/ anovulation: failure to centrally stimulate follicular growth
Tumor, sx: precocious puberty, hyperandrogenism, pelvic mass/pain
Uterine size discrepant from dates
Condition during lactation, mimics inflammatory breast cancer
Tx: stimulate ovary - induce endogenous FSH release
Kidney CA stage T4, invades
'powder burn' lesions
Targeted therapy for HER2+ breast CA
Best available protection against STIs
MC tumor of myometrium
MC site of mets in metastatic breast cancer
MC method of contraception
screening for nonpalpable breast masses
Sv consequence of anovulatory cycle
Prevent sz in preeclampsia
trophoblastic proliferation, cystic villi, no fetal tissue
Origin of 90% ovarian cancers (aka MC form)
Type of cancer after tx for mediastinal mass in college age woman
best imaging modality for tubal infertility
Contraceptive w/ SE: irregular bleeding, weight gain, bone loss
intraurethral Rx for ED
abnormal dev of chorionic villi in pregnancy can become?
Stage: detected from elevated PSA alone, normal DRE & TRUS
Tx symptomatic bone mets (prostate CA)
Class of Rx for urge incontinence to dec contractility
HPV: Degrades p53 in the host cell
monoclonal ab to HER-2 neu
Worst SE of Magnesium sulfate
Hallmark pathological finding of granulosa cell tumots
MC renal tumor
Tumor marker for endodermal sinus tumor, embryonal carcinoma
Molecular? Type I, simple - complex hyperplasia
Classic path change - failure of conversion of maternal vessels from low volume-high resistance to a high volume-low resistance system
% of simple hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Molecular? Type I, proliferative - simple hyperplasia
Composition of staghorn stone
Flow of urine in retrograde fashion (to kidney) w/ voiding
Permanent cessation of menses x1yr w/ high FSH, low E2
Call-Exner bodies, Inhibin+
Appendix testes remnant of ?
Zone sampled in pap smear and biopsy
MCC testis CA >50yo
dilatation of ducts, inspissated (thick) secretions
HRT: w/ uterus, need estrogen and ?
antepartum hemorrhage after 20 wks
reflex test to triage ASCUS pap smear in women > 21
pau d' orange, cancer cells in dermal lymphatics
male contraceptive = exogenous hormone?
Tx PUV: Incise valve to damage leaflet
Mech: Change in transport speed of the ovum
Grading scheme for prostatic adenocarcinoma
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in premenopausal
MC breast carcinoma in situ
malignant germ cell tumor: PLAP, Oct 3/4, cKIT
MC location of transitional cell cancer
Most important RF for uterine CA
'blue dot' sign and pain related to inflammation
breast path - clown face
MC gynecologic CA
Major SE of contraceptive implants
Type of incontinence: outlet obstruction
Sperm with DNA damage is assoc w/ ?
Any condition irritating the periotoneal lining inc which marker?
Infection causing bladder CA
Varicocele finding on U/S
testicular torsion perinatal only
Main mode of spread of ovarian cancer
class of Rx for urge incontinence to tighten outlet
MC histiological subtype of endometrial CA
Oral contraceptive in breastfeeding woman
amenorrhea w/ high serum androgens, nl estrogen, low progesterone
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in postmenopausal
Contraception w/ dec efficacy at higher BMI i.e. >198 lbs
MC group of aneuploidy in spont ab
intraabdominal pregnancy, later found in a 60yo woman
Type of incontinence: neurogenic dysfunction
Why is stage I breast Ca 10-year survival only 75%?
% of complex hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Proper name for 'chocolate cyst'
% of simple atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
beta 2 receptors cause uterine ?
CA most strongly associated w/ obesity
pain with sex
MC benign growth in breast
Renal CA assoc w/ Von Hippel-Lindau
#1 killer of neonates
Thin, long unilocular mass, associated with period
HTN after 20 wk gestation assoc w/ proteinuria
Antigen that lyses seminal coagulum
Converts androgens to estrogen
normal strict morphology required to bind to?
malignant germ cell tumor: AFP
Tumor marker for choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma
ovarian neoplasm w/ 3 germinal layers
Lady on tamoxifen w/ post-menopausal bleeding - next step?
MCC UTO in male children
Malignant tumor of admixed proliferating trophoblasts, no villi
Inc prolif of glands rel to stroma 2/2 inactivation of ? gene
Name: loss of cell polarity, inc N:C, irreg shape, prominent nucleoli
Chromosome 17, 85% lifetime breast Ca risk
C/I for anticholinergic therapy
Endometrium that has been hormonally influenced by pregnancy
Deletion or unbalanced translocation of chromosome 3 (VKL gene)
Signet ring cells in ovary = ?
Tumor marker for dysgerminoma
MC type of endometrial carcinoma
Appendix epididymis remnant of ?
tx: stress urinary incontinence that inc sphincter tone
Tumor from dense fibroconnective tissue of the breast
Hemangioblastoma of cerebellum and retina, renal cysts and RCC
Tumor marker of seminoma
acute infection w/ obstruction -1st step?
MC histology of cervival CA
postmenopausal, complex hyperplasia w/ atypia - tx?
Bilateral ovarian mets w/ signet ring
lobular (breast) carcinoma in situ is assoc w/ invasive cancer where ?

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