8b GUG

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beta 2 receptors cause uterine ?
If surgery unavailable for testicular torson, reduce by twisting?
Tumor marker for endodermal sinus tumor, embryonal carcinoma
male contraceptive = exogenous hormone?
Long acting Rx for ED
MCC Epididymal Orchitis in young men
MCC UTO in male children
Why is stage I breast Ca 10-year survival only 75%?
Oral contraceptive in breastfeeding woman
twins share chorion but one gets more blood flow
Any condition irritating the periotoneal lining inc which marker?
e of incontinence: unstable bladder
MC testicular tumor
Zone sampled in pap smear and biopsy
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in postmenopausal
Tumor marker of seminoma
Removal of breast, pec minor and axillary lymph node
Tumor marker of stromal cell tumors
Given to prevent CW recurrence at mastectomy site
Flow of urine in retrograde fashion (to kidney) w/ voiding
HTN after 20 wk gestation assoc w/ proteinuria
MC group of aneuploidy in spont ab
Special type breast CA, high grade but good prognosis
Grading scheme for prostatic adenocarcinoma
Other name for ovarian fibroma
Varicocele finding on U/S
monoclonal ab to HER-2 neu
Composition of staghorn stone
Colposcopy: cells w/ inc collagen turn white w/ ?
Malignant tumor of admixed proliferating trophoblasts, no villi
HPV: Binds rB allowing for cell immortalization
Tx: antagonist in breast; agonist in endometrium
Type of cancer after tx for mediastinal mass in college age woman
Name: loss of cell polarity, inc N:C, irreg shape, prominent nucleoli
Deletion or unbalanced translocation of chromosome 3 (VKL gene)
CA w/ high rate of extra-uterine dz, NO myometrial invasion of tumor
Type of incontinence: neurogenic dysfunction
Tx of choice for vaginal atrophy
Chemo combo for advanced bladder CA
HTN after 20 wk w/o proteinuria
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in premenopausal
#1 killer of neonates
MC trisomy in spontaneous abortion
MC gynecologic CA
MC breast carcinoma in situ
Molecular? Type I, proliferative - simple hyperplasia
Induce fetal lung maturity - give mom ?
MC gynecological CA worldwide
Proper name for 'chocolate cyst'
Tx symptomatic bone mets (prostate CA)
proliferation marker in endometrial cycle
MCC male infertility in the world
Mutation in mucinous ovarian tumors
Thin, long unilocular mass, associated with period
trophoblastic proliferation, fetus or fetal tissue present
Stage: detected from elevated PSA alone, normal DRE & TRUS
malignant germ cell tumor: PLAP, Oct 3/4, cKIT
pain with sex
HPV: Degrades p53 in the host cell
MC location of transitional cell cancer
measure seminal vesciles - dilated due to?
Hallmark pathological finding of granulosa cell tumots
Main mode of spread of ovarian cancer
acute infection w/ obstruction -1st step?
MC infiltrating breast Ca
2nd most common primary site of mets to ovary
Chromosome 17, 85% lifetime breast Ca risk
Mutation assoc w/ high grade endometrioid tumors
Converts androgens to estrogen
Infection causing bladder CA
Antigen that lyses seminal coagulum
Permanent cessation of menses x1yr w/ high FSH, low E2
malignant germ cell tumor: beta HCG
Contraception w/ dec efficacy at higher BMI i.e. >198 lbs
postmenopausal, complex hyperplasia w/ atypia - tx?
Contraceptive w/ SE: irregular bleeding, weight gain, bone loss
Amniotic Fluid Index >90th %ile
malignant germ cell tumor: AFP
Signet ring cells in ovary = ?
Rx w/ SE: endometrial polyps
Higher percent of free PSA (25%+)
Appendix epididymis remnant of ?
6 months w/o period
HTN dx in first 20 weeks of pregnancy
Classic path change - failure of conversion of maternal vessels from low volume-high resistance to a high volume-low resistance system
MC site of involvement in endometriosis
Endometrial glands/stroma implanted outside uterine cavity/walls
lobular (breast) carcinoma in situ is assoc w/ invasive cancer where ?
MC composition of kidney stones
Inc prolif of glands rel to stroma 2/2 inactivation of ? gene
Ovarian tumor w/ KRAS and BRAF mutations
Tumor, sx: precocious puberty, hyperandrogenism, pelvic mass/pain
implantation into cornu of uterus or lower uterine segment
BPH Rx SE: orthostasis, dizziness, fall risk
Tumor marker for choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma
ovarian neoplasm w/ 3 germinal layers
L1 proteins from HPV strains self-assemble into non-infectious units called?
bleeding but os is open or closed, but still viable pregnancy
Appendix testes remnant of ?
Perimenopausal uterine bleeding, first step?
% of complex atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
oligohydramnios and 'key hole' sign
Syndrome w/ inc risk of colon, ovarian, endometrial, breast and uroepithelial CA
MC site of mets in metastatic breast cancer
mech of finasteride, dutasteride
intraurethral Rx for ED
Rx SE: PSA drops in half, ED, loss of libido
Uterine size discrepant from dates
How to stage endometrial CA
Tx: tubal factor infertility
Penile CA 0% in men who are ?
Tumor from dense fibroconnective tissue of the breast
MC site of ectopic pregnant
Kidney CA stage T4, invades
Adnexal mass in reproductive age female, first r/o?
hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca causing chemical castration
exogenous testosterone leads to ? type of kidney stones
CA most strongly associated w/ obesity
Most important prognostic factor in breast Ca
IUD c/i in Wilson's disease
Sperm with DNA damage is assoc w/ ?
Lab value inc if patient is not making sperm
MC cystic mass in reproductive-age women
MC ovarian germ cell tumor
Renal CA assoc w/ Von Hippel-Lindau
Tx PUV: Incise valve to damage leaflet
highest risk of prostate CA starting at what age?
Major SE of contraceptive implants
Class of Rx for urge incontinence to dec contractility
screening for nonpalpable breast masses
Bilateral ovarian mets w/ signet ring
'blue dot' sign and pain related to inflammation
Most common estrogenic ovarian tumor
MC ovarian tumor (and cancer)
sudden huge increase in PSA likely due to?
MC aneuploidy in abortuses
dilatation of ducts, inspissated (thick) secretions
Condition during lactation, mimics inflammatory breast cancer
Progestin in BCPs derived from spironolactone
medical tx: urge incontinence
MC site to endometriosis
normal strict morphology required to bind to?
Abnormally deep implantation onto the myometrium
Tumor marker for dysgerminoma
% of simple hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
breast path - clown face
Assoc w/ uterine hyperplasia/CA in postmenopausal women
amenorrhea w/ high serum androgens, nl estrogen, low progesterone
Hemangioblastoma of cerebellum and retina, renal cysts and RCC
reflex test to triage ASCUS pap smear in women > 21
best imaging modality for tubal infertility
MC histiological subtype of endometrial CA
Endometrium that has been hormonally influenced by pregnancy
Call-Exner bodies, Inhibin+
Still a cause of maternal and fetal death
MCC testis CA >50yo
Type of incontinence: outlet obstruction
% of simple atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Rx: adjuvant therapy for ER+ premenopausal breast Ca
Cells that convert adrenal steroids to estrone
trophoblastic proliferation, cystic villi, no fetal tissue
division of ovum after 13 days
% of complex hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
MC histology of cervival CA
20-25% of adnexal masses, dx b/t age 10-30yo
Chromosome of BRCA-2
Best available protection against STIs
Lowest contraceptive failure rates
Origin of 90% ovarian cancers (aka MC form)
intraabdominal pregnancy, later found in a 60yo woman
testicular torsion perinatal only
Targeted therapy for HER2+ breast CA
hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia
Bladder cancer sx in 85% of cases
MC Tx of superficial bladder cancer
Type II endometrial carcinoma assoc w/ ?
MC method of contraception
Molecular? Type I, simple - complex hyperplasia
umbilical cord inserts into the fetal membranes
hormone causing ovulation
presence of endometrial glands in uterine myometrium
Breast duct/lobule cells that produce milk
Rx: adjuvant therapy for postmenopausal breast Ca
Syndrome: AD w/ 85% penetrance, BRCA
Mech: Change in transport speed of the ovum
abnormal dev of chorionic villi in pregnancy can become?
Tx: stimulate ovary - induce endogenous FSH release
Most important reason fertility dec w/ female age is increasing ?
Prevent sz in preeclampsia
Worst SE of Magnesium sulfate
MC renal tumor
low value w/ anovulation: failure to centrally stimulate follicular growth
MC neoplasm in young men
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in adolescence
elevated seminal leukocyte count aka?
class of Rx for urge incontinence to tighten outlet
Dz: epidermis of nipple contains tumor cells
pau d' orange, cancer cells in dermal lymphatics
Papillary projections surrounded by Schiller-Duval bodies
tx: stress urinary incontinence that inc sphincter tone
Targeted therapy for ER+ breast CA
MC type of endometrial carcinoma
MC tumor of myometrium
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in postmeno
Marker WT-1
Lady on tamoxifen w/ post-menopausal bleeding - next step?
C/I for anticholinergic therapy
Most important RF for uterine CA
MC benign growth in breast
MCC of amenorrhea (after pregnancy)
antepartum hemorrhage after 20 wks
'powder burn' lesions
HRT: w/ uterus, need estrogen and ?
most prostate CA develops in which zone?
Sv consequence of anovulatory cycle

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