8b GUG

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QuestionAnswerNotes
Prevent sz in preeclampsia
malignant germ cell tumor: AFP
% of complex hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Why is stage I breast Ca 10-year survival only 75%?
% of simple hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
20-25% of adnexal masses, dx b/t age 10-30yo
measure seminal vesciles - dilated due to?
intraabdominal pregnancy, later found in a 60yo woman
MC site of involvement in endometriosis
Appendix testes remnant of ?
MC trisomy in spontaneous abortion
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in adolescence
How to stage endometrial CA
Kidney CA stage T4, invades
MC site of ectopic pregnant
Rx: adjuvant therapy for ER+ premenopausal breast Ca
Renal CA assoc w/ Von Hippel-Lindau
Stage: detected from elevated PSA alone, normal DRE & TRUS
Endometrium that has been hormonally influenced by pregnancy
CA w/ high rate of extra-uterine dz, NO myometrial invasion of tumor
Syndrome w/ inc risk of colon, ovarian, endometrial, breast and uroepithelial CA
MC location of transitional cell cancer
C/I for anticholinergic therapy
MC composition of kidney stones
Tumor marker for dysgerminoma
Tx symptomatic bone mets (prostate CA)
Sperm with DNA damage is assoc w/ ?
Endometrial glands/stroma implanted outside uterine cavity/walls
HRT: w/ uterus, need estrogen and ?
IUD c/i in Wilson's disease
ovarian neoplasm w/ 3 germinal layers
Malignant tumor of admixed proliferating trophoblasts, no villi
Worst SE of Magnesium sulfate
intraurethral Rx for ED
low value w/ anovulation: failure to centrally stimulate follicular growth
Lady on tamoxifen w/ post-menopausal bleeding - next step?
CA most strongly associated w/ obesity
MC tumor of myometrium
Tumor, sx: precocious puberty, hyperandrogenism, pelvic mass/pain
Contraceptive w/ SE: irregular bleeding, weight gain, bone loss
'powder burn' lesions
Lab value inc if patient is not making sperm
trophoblastic proliferation, fetus or fetal tissue present
Breast duct/lobule cells that produce milk
Chromosome of BRCA-2
Call-Exner bodies, Inhibin+
MC testicular tumor
Removal of breast, pec minor and axillary lymph node
e of incontinence: unstable bladder
Colposcopy: cells w/ inc collagen turn white w/ ?
Targeted therapy for ER+ breast CA
Name: loss of cell polarity, inc N:C, irreg shape, prominent nucleoli
Tumor marker of seminoma
Mech: Change in transport speed of the ovum
beta 2 receptors cause uterine ?
Class of Rx for urge incontinence to dec contractility
Contraception w/ dec efficacy at higher BMI i.e. >198 lbs
Grading scheme for prostatic adenocarcinoma
Varicocele finding on U/S
MC histiological subtype of endometrial CA
Rx: adjuvant therapy for postmenopausal breast Ca
Inc prolif of glands rel to stroma 2/2 inactivation of ? gene
Proper name for 'chocolate cyst'
lobular (breast) carcinoma in situ is assoc w/ invasive cancer where ?
highest risk of prostate CA starting at what age?
Hallmark pathological finding of granulosa cell tumots
Tx PUV: Incise valve to damage leaflet
'blue dot' sign and pain related to inflammation
Most important RF for uterine CA
Zone sampled in pap smear and biopsy
% of complex atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Special type breast CA, high grade but good prognosis
QuestionAnswerNotes
hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia
Oral contraceptive in breastfeeding woman
MC site of mets in metastatic breast cancer
Bladder cancer sx in 85% of cases
twins share chorion but one gets more blood flow
Other name for ovarian fibroma
MCC of amenorrhea (after pregnancy)
MC method of contraception
screening for nonpalpable breast masses
If surgery unavailable for testicular torson, reduce by twisting?
Deletion or unbalanced translocation of chromosome 3 (VKL gene)
MCC testis CA >50yo
acute infection w/ obstruction -1st step?
normal strict morphology required to bind to?
division of ovum after 13 days
Molecular? Type I, proliferative - simple hyperplasia
Assoc w/ uterine hyperplasia/CA in postmenopausal women
bleeding but os is open or closed, but still viable pregnancy
MC histology of cervival CA
MC ovarian tumor (and cancer)
sudden huge increase in PSA likely due to?
MCC UTO in male children
Perimenopausal uterine bleeding, first step?
Amniotic Fluid Index >90th %ile
Composition of staghorn stone
dilatation of ducts, inspissated (thick) secretions
trophoblastic proliferation, cystic villi, no fetal tissue
Best available protection against STIs
pau d' orange, cancer cells in dermal lymphatics
malignant germ cell tumor: beta HCG
MC cystic mass in reproductive-age women
Chemo combo for advanced bladder CA
Type of cancer after tx for mediastinal mass in college age woman
Higher percent of free PSA (25%+)
Tumor marker for choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma
Cells that convert adrenal steroids to estrone
Molecular? Type I, simple - complex hyperplasia
Penile CA 0% in men who are ?
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in postmenopausal
2nd most common primary site of mets to ovary
Still a cause of maternal and fetal death
Thin, long unilocular mass, associated with period
MC neoplasm in young men
Ovarian tumor w/ KRAS and BRAF mutations
Tx: stimulate ovary - induce endogenous FSH release
presence of endometrial glands in uterine myometrium
Infection causing bladder CA
L1 proteins from HPV strains self-assemble into non-infectious units called?
Type of incontinence: outlet obstruction
MC infiltrating breast Ca
male contraceptive = exogenous hormone?
Appendix epididymis remnant of ?
Uterine size discrepant from dates
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in premenopausal
Abnormally deep implantation onto the myometrium
amenorrhea w/ high serum androgens, nl estrogen, low progesterone
MC ovarian germ cell tumor
Type II endometrial carcinoma assoc w/ ?
class of Rx for urge incontinence to tighten outlet
breast path - clown face
elevated seminal leukocyte count aka?
MC renal tumor
#1 killer of neonates
Tx of choice for vaginal atrophy
Converts androgens to estrogen
6 months w/o period
MC type of endometrial carcinoma
Mutation in mucinous ovarian tumors
HTN after 20 wk gestation assoc w/ proteinuria
MCC Epididymal Orchitis in young men
Any condition irritating the periotoneal lining inc which marker?
exogenous testosterone leads to ? type of kidney stones
QuestionAnswerNotes
Progestin in BCPs derived from spironolactone
Induce fetal lung maturity - give mom ?
MC aneuploidy in abortuses
Rx SE: PSA drops in half, ED, loss of libido
Adnexal mass in reproductive age female, first r/o?
% of simple atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Flow of urine in retrograde fashion (to kidney) w/ voiding
MC benign growth in breast
Mutation assoc w/ high grade endometrioid tumors
Given to prevent CW recurrence at mastectomy site
Antigen that lyses seminal coagulum
Lowest contraceptive failure rates
MC breast carcinoma in situ
Chromosome 17, 85% lifetime breast Ca risk
Rx w/ SE: endometrial polyps
Origin of 90% ovarian cancers (aka MC form)
Tumor marker for endodermal sinus tumor, embryonal carcinoma
MC gynecologic CA
Tumor marker of stromal cell tumors
Most important reason fertility dec w/ female age is increasing ?
Papillary projections surrounded by Schiller-Duval bodies
best imaging modality for tubal infertility
HPV: Degrades p53 in the host cell
most prostate CA develops in which zone?
oligohydramnios and 'key hole' sign
mech of finasteride, dutasteride
implantation into cornu of uterus or lower uterine segment
pain with sex
MC group of aneuploidy in spont ab
hormone causing ovulation
proliferation marker in endometrial cycle
Signet ring cells in ovary = ?
BPH Rx SE: orthostasis, dizziness, fall risk
Dz: epidermis of nipple contains tumor cells
MC STI
MC gynecological CA worldwide
Permanent cessation of menses x1yr w/ high FSH, low E2
monoclonal ab to HER-2 neu
Targeted therapy for HER2+ breast CA
Most important prognostic factor in breast Ca
testicular torsion perinatal only
Condition during lactation, mimics inflammatory breast cancer
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in postmeno
Bilateral ovarian mets w/ signet ring
Tx: tubal factor infertility
postmenopausal, complex hyperplasia w/ atypia - tx?
MCC male infertility in the world
Marker WT-1
Major SE of contraceptive implants
Most common estrogenic ovarian tumor
reflex test to triage ASCUS pap smear in women > 21
HPV: Binds rB allowing for cell immortalization
antepartum hemorrhage after 20 wks
MC Tx of superficial bladder cancer
Sv consequence of anovulatory cycle
medical tx: urge incontinence
Classic path change - failure of conversion of maternal vessels from low volume-high resistance to a high volume-low resistance system
malignant germ cell tumor: PLAP, Oct 3/4, cKIT
abnormal dev of chorionic villi in pregnancy can become?
hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca causing chemical castration
HTN after 20 wk w/o proteinuria
tx: stress urinary incontinence that inc sphincter tone
Hemangioblastoma of cerebellum and retina, renal cysts and RCC
HTN dx in first 20 weeks of pregnancy
Tx: antagonist in breast; agonist in endometrium
MC site to endometriosis
Tumor from dense fibroconnective tissue of the breast
Type of incontinence: neurogenic dysfunction
umbilical cord inserts into the fetal membranes
Syndrome: AD w/ 85% penetrance, BRCA
Long acting Rx for ED
Main mode of spread of ovarian cancer

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Created Nov 17, 2012ReportNominate
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