8b GUG

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IUD c/i in Wilson's disease
Condition during lactation, mimics inflammatory breast cancer
Major SE of contraceptive implants
MC site to endometriosis
Oral contraceptive in breastfeeding woman
Amniotic Fluid Index >90th %ile
MC site of mets in metastatic breast cancer
Tumor from dense fibroconnective tissue of the breast
Dz: epidermis of nipple contains tumor cells
low value w/ anovulation: failure to centrally stimulate follicular growth
MC trisomy in spontaneous abortion
Endometrium that has been hormonally influenced by pregnancy
Stage: detected from elevated PSA alone, normal DRE & TRUS
Syndrome w/ inc risk of colon, ovarian, endometrial, breast and uroepithelial CA
Type II endometrial carcinoma assoc w/ ?
Chromosome 17, 85% lifetime breast Ca risk
implantation into cornu of uterus or lower uterine segment
Higher percent of free PSA (25%+)
intraabdominal pregnancy, later found in a 60yo woman
Type of incontinence: neurogenic dysfunction
HTN dx in first 20 weeks of pregnancy
presence of endometrial glands in uterine myometrium
hormone causing ovulation
hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca causing chemical castration
Type of incontinence: outlet obstruction
Most common estrogenic ovarian tumor
malignant germ cell tumor: beta HCG
Chromosome of BRCA-2
Hemangioblastoma of cerebellum and retina, renal cysts and RCC
sudden huge increase in PSA likely due to?
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in postmenopausal
Progestin in BCPs derived from spironolactone
MC site of involvement in endometriosis
hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia
Infection causing bladder CA
most prostate CA develops in which zone?
Penile CA 0% in men who are ?
dilatation of ducts, inspissated (thick) secretions
Endometrial glands/stroma implanted outside uterine cavity/walls
Rx SE: PSA drops in half, ED, loss of libido
proliferation marker in endometrial cycle
MC gynecological CA worldwide
Contraception w/ dec efficacy at higher BMI i.e. >198 lbs
Induce fetal lung maturity - give mom ?
#1 killer of neonates
HPV: Degrades p53 in the host cell
CA most strongly associated w/ obesity
acute infection w/ obstruction -1st step?
umbilical cord inserts into the fetal membranes
monoclonal ab to HER-2 neu
Tx PUV: Incise valve to damage leaflet
Targeted therapy for HER2+ breast CA
MC aneuploidy in abortuses
Perimenopausal uterine bleeding, first step?
Most important prognostic factor in breast Ca
Classic path change - failure of conversion of maternal vessels from low volume-high resistance to a high volume-low resistance system
MC method of contraception
MC type of endometrial carcinoma
MC histology of cervival CA
Grading scheme for prostatic adenocarcinoma
Tx of choice for vaginal atrophy
Thin, long unilocular mass, associated with period
Sv consequence of anovulatory cycle
Tx: tubal factor infertility
pau d' orange, cancer cells in dermal lymphatics
Rx: adjuvant therapy for ER+ premenopausal breast Ca
Renal CA assoc w/ Von Hippel-Lindau
MC breast carcinoma in situ
Molecular? Type I, simple - complex hyperplasia
beta 2 receptors cause uterine ?
Tumor marker of stromal cell tumors
Long acting Rx for ED
MC composition of kidney stones
breast path - clown face
BPH Rx SE: orthostasis, dizziness, fall risk
2nd most common primary site of mets to ovary
Main mode of spread of ovarian cancer
Any condition irritating the periotoneal lining inc which marker?
Varicocele finding on U/S
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in adolescence
Chemo combo for advanced bladder CA
Ovarian tumor w/ KRAS and BRAF mutations
Tx: stimulate ovary - induce endogenous FSH release
ovarian neoplasm w/ 3 germinal layers
MC location of transitional cell cancer
Abnormally deep implantation onto the myometrium
MC tumor of myometrium
MC ovarian tumor (and cancer)
Special type breast CA, high grade but good prognosis
Lowest contraceptive failure rates
Tx: antagonist in breast; agonist in endometrium
malignant germ cell tumor: AFP
class of Rx for urge incontinence to tighten outlet
Zone sampled in pap smear and biopsy
exogenous testosterone leads to ? type of kidney stones
MC infiltrating breast Ca
male contraceptive = exogenous hormone?
antepartum hemorrhage after 20 wks
Inc prolif of glands rel to stroma 2/2 inactivation of ? gene
lobular (breast) carcinoma in situ is assoc w/ invasive cancer where ?
Targeted therapy for ER+ breast CA
Breast duct/lobule cells that produce milk
best imaging modality for tubal infertility
Tumor marker for endodermal sinus tumor, embryonal carcinoma
Given to prevent CW recurrence at mastectomy site
Still a cause of maternal and fetal death
MCC male infertility in the world
normal strict morphology required to bind to?
Mutation assoc w/ high grade endometrioid tumors
mech of finasteride, dutasteride
tx: stress urinary incontinence that inc sphincter tone
Assoc w/ uterine hyperplasia/CA in postmenopausal women
Hallmark pathological finding of granulosa cell tumots
'powder burn' lesions
MC Tx of superficial bladder cancer
% of simple atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
trophoblastic proliferation, cystic villi, no fetal tissue
MC neoplasm in young men
MC ovarian germ cell tumor
HTN after 20 wk w/o proteinuria
elevated seminal leukocyte count aka?
Tumor marker of seminoma
Best available protection against STIs
division of ovum after 13 days
Call-Exner bodies, Inhibin+
testicular torsion perinatal only
'blue dot' sign and pain related to inflammation
MC gynecologic CA
abnormal dev of chorionic villi in pregnancy can become?
Removal of breast, pec minor and axillary lymph node
Tumor marker for choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma
amenorrhea w/ high serum androgens, nl estrogen, low progesterone
Malignant tumor of admixed proliferating trophoblasts, no villi
CA w/ high rate of extra-uterine dz, NO myometrial invasion of tumor
HRT: w/ uterus, need estrogen and ?
Appendix testes remnant of ?
MC testicular tumor
intraurethral Rx for ED
Other name for ovarian fibroma
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in postmeno
MC histiological subtype of endometrial CA
Lady on tamoxifen w/ post-menopausal bleeding - next step?
Rx: adjuvant therapy for postmenopausal breast Ca
Mutation in mucinous ovarian tumors
Type of cancer after tx for mediastinal mass in college age woman
MC group of aneuploidy in spont ab
Prevent sz in preeclampsia
Rx w/ SE: endometrial polyps
20-25% of adnexal masses, dx b/t age 10-30yo
MCC testis CA >50yo
medical tx: urge incontinence
HTN after 20 wk gestation assoc w/ proteinuria
Permanent cessation of menses x1yr w/ high FSH, low E2
Converts androgens to estrogen
% of simple hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Deletion or unbalanced translocation of chromosome 3 (VKL gene)
Name: loss of cell polarity, inc N:C, irreg shape, prominent nucleoli
How to stage endometrial CA
Syndrome: AD w/ 85% penetrance, BRCA
Mech: Change in transport speed of the ovum
% of complex atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Appendix epididymis remnant of ?
MC renal tumor
MCC of amenorrhea (after pregnancy)
trophoblastic proliferation, fetus or fetal tissue present
Class of Rx for urge incontinence to dec contractility
Signet ring cells in ovary = ?
Antigen that lyses seminal coagulum
MC cystic mass in reproductive-age women
postmenopausal, complex hyperplasia w/ atypia - tx?
Proper name for 'chocolate cyst'
measure seminal vesciles - dilated due to?
Flow of urine in retrograde fashion (to kidney) w/ voiding
Bladder cancer sx in 85% of cases
Sperm with DNA damage is assoc w/ ?
MC site of ectopic pregnant
Uterine size discrepant from dates
MCC Epididymal Orchitis in young men
bleeding but os is open or closed, but still viable pregnancy
Most important reason fertility dec w/ female age is increasing ?
pain with sex
Kidney CA stage T4, invades
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in premenopausal
% of complex hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Contraceptive w/ SE: irregular bleeding, weight gain, bone loss
Lab value inc if patient is not making sperm
HPV: Binds rB allowing for cell immortalization
Molecular? Type I, proliferative - simple hyperplasia
Adnexal mass in reproductive age female, first r/o?
e of incontinence: unstable bladder
Why is stage I breast Ca 10-year survival only 75%?
Tx symptomatic bone mets (prostate CA)
C/I for anticholinergic therapy
malignant germ cell tumor: PLAP, Oct 3/4, cKIT
Colposcopy: cells w/ inc collagen turn white w/ ?
Marker WT-1
oligohydramnios and 'key hole' sign
6 months w/o period
If surgery unavailable for testicular torson, reduce by twisting?
Papillary projections surrounded by Schiller-Duval bodies
L1 proteins from HPV strains self-assemble into non-infectious units called?
Tumor marker for dysgerminoma
Tumor, sx: precocious puberty, hyperandrogenism, pelvic mass/pain
screening for nonpalpable breast masses
Cells that convert adrenal steroids to estrone
Origin of 90% ovarian cancers (aka MC form)
reflex test to triage ASCUS pap smear in women > 21
highest risk of prostate CA starting at what age?
MC benign growth in breast
Composition of staghorn stone
Most important RF for uterine CA
Bilateral ovarian mets w/ signet ring
twins share chorion but one gets more blood flow
MCC UTO in male children
Worst SE of Magnesium sulfate

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Created Nov 17, 2012ReportNominate