8b GUG

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QuestionAnswerNotes
beta 2 receptors cause uterine ?
Tumor marker of seminoma
best imaging modality for tubal infertility
amenorrhea w/ high serum androgens, nl estrogen, low progesterone
implantation into cornu of uterus or lower uterine segment
Sperm with DNA damage is assoc w/ ?
HRT: w/ uterus, need estrogen and ?
oligohydramnios and 'key hole' sign
Any condition irritating the periotoneal lining inc which marker?
Abnormally deep implantation onto the myometrium
Ovarian tumor w/ KRAS and BRAF mutations
Bladder cancer sx in 85% of cases
acute infection w/ obstruction -1st step?
MCC UTO in male children
Chromosome of BRCA-2
Oral contraceptive in breastfeeding woman
MC histiological subtype of endometrial CA
MC group of aneuploidy in spont ab
Mech: Change in transport speed of the ovum
MC ovarian germ cell tumor
Proper name for 'chocolate cyst'
Kidney CA stage T4, invades
MC method of contraception
Grading scheme for prostatic adenocarcinoma
Tumor marker for dysgerminoma
Inc prolif of glands rel to stroma 2/2 inactivation of ? gene
Endometrial glands/stroma implanted outside uterine cavity/walls
MC cystic mass in reproductive-age women
Call-Exner bodies, Inhibin+
Origin of 90% ovarian cancers (aka MC form)
Progestin in BCPs derived from spironolactone
Thin, long unilocular mass, associated with period
Class of Rx for urge incontinence to dec contractility
Lowest contraceptive failure rates
Antigen that lyses seminal coagulum
Perimenopausal uterine bleeding, first step?
monoclonal ab to HER-2 neu
Mutation in mucinous ovarian tumors
How to stage endometrial CA
mech of finasteride, dutasteride
Tx symptomatic bone mets (prostate CA)
Worst SE of Magnesium sulfate
Molecular? Type I, proliferative - simple hyperplasia
proliferation marker in endometrial cycle
MC composition of kidney stones
Flow of urine in retrograde fashion (to kidney) w/ voiding
20-25% of adnexal masses, dx b/t age 10-30yo
Most important reason fertility dec w/ female age is increasing ?
umbilical cord inserts into the fetal membranes
MC site of ectopic pregnant
Converts androgens to estrogen
presence of endometrial glands in uterine myometrium
MC renal tumor
Tumor, sx: precocious puberty, hyperandrogenism, pelvic mass/pain
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in postmenopausal
testicular torsion perinatal only
malignant germ cell tumor: AFP
% of complex atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
#1 killer of neonates
Tx: tubal factor infertility
Signet ring cells in ovary = ?
Syndrome: AD w/ 85% penetrance, BRCA
MCC Epididymal Orchitis in young men
Type of incontinence: outlet obstruction
Adnexal mass in reproductive age female, first r/o?
Syndrome w/ inc risk of colon, ovarian, endometrial, breast and uroepithelial CA
screening for nonpalpable breast masses
% of simple hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
'powder burn' lesions
highest risk of prostate CA starting at what age?
dilatation of ducts, inspissated (thick) secretions
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in premenopausal
QuestionAnswerNotes
Lady on tamoxifen w/ post-menopausal bleeding - next step?
6 months w/o period
MCC testis CA >50yo
lobular (breast) carcinoma in situ is assoc w/ invasive cancer where ?
Colposcopy: cells w/ inc collagen turn white w/ ?
Papillary projections surrounded by Schiller-Duval bodies
trophoblastic proliferation, fetus or fetal tissue present
% of simple atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
HPV: Degrades p53 in the host cell
Induce fetal lung maturity - give mom ?
MC STI
hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca causing chemical castration
L1 proteins from HPV strains self-assemble into non-infectious units called?
Dz: epidermis of nipple contains tumor cells
most prostate CA develops in which zone?
HPV: Binds rB allowing for cell immortalization
2nd most common primary site of mets to ovary
Most important RF for uterine CA
Chemo combo for advanced bladder CA
abnormal dev of chorionic villi in pregnancy can become?
Endometrium that has been hormonally influenced by pregnancy
reflex test to triage ASCUS pap smear in women > 21
HTN dx in first 20 weeks of pregnancy
Major SE of contraceptive implants
MC breast carcinoma in situ
C/I for anticholinergic therapy
Condition during lactation, mimics inflammatory breast cancer
Rx SE: PSA drops in half, ED, loss of libido
MC site to endometriosis
Most common estrogenic ovarian tumor
Hemangioblastoma of cerebellum and retina, renal cysts and RCC
Long acting Rx for ED
Hallmark pathological finding of granulosa cell tumots
measure seminal vesciles - dilated due to?
Penile CA 0% in men who are ?
Deletion or unbalanced translocation of chromosome 3 (VKL gene)
CA most strongly associated w/ obesity
Marker WT-1
HTN after 20 wk w/o proteinuria
Most important prognostic factor in breast Ca
Higher percent of free PSA (25%+)
hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia
Tumor from dense fibroconnective tissue of the breast
If surgery unavailable for testicular torson, reduce by twisting?
Type II endometrial carcinoma assoc w/ ?
Given to prevent CW recurrence at mastectomy site
Chromosome 17, 85% lifetime breast Ca risk
medical tx: urge incontinence
Assoc w/ uterine hyperplasia/CA in postmenopausal women
MC histology of cervival CA
exogenous testosterone leads to ? type of kidney stones
Sv consequence of anovulatory cycle
Targeted therapy for HER2+ breast CA
MC neoplasm in young men
bleeding but os is open or closed, but still viable pregnancy
Amniotic Fluid Index >90th %ile
twins share chorion but one gets more blood flow
Mutation assoc w/ high grade endometrioid tumors
Rx: adjuvant therapy for ER+ premenopausal breast Ca
MC tumor of myometrium
BPH Rx SE: orthostasis, dizziness, fall risk
division of ovum after 13 days
pau d' orange, cancer cells in dermal lymphatics
Other name for ovarian fibroma
MCC of amenorrhea (after pregnancy)
Lab value inc if patient is not making sperm
Tx: antagonist in breast; agonist in endometrium
normal strict morphology required to bind to?
MC benign growth in breast
low value w/ anovulation: failure to centrally stimulate follicular growth
Bilateral ovarian mets w/ signet ring
class of Rx for urge incontinence to tighten outlet
QuestionAnswerNotes
MC Tx of superficial bladder cancer
MC testicular tumor
Permanent cessation of menses x1yr w/ high FSH, low E2
Name: loss of cell polarity, inc N:C, irreg shape, prominent nucleoli
Why is stage I breast Ca 10-year survival only 75%?
hormone causing ovulation
Tumor marker for choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma
MC trisomy in spontaneous abortion
Best available protection against STIs
intraabdominal pregnancy, later found in a 60yo woman
Breast duct/lobule cells that produce milk
Tumor marker for endodermal sinus tumor, embryonal carcinoma
malignant germ cell tumor: PLAP, Oct 3/4, cKIT
breast path - clown face
CA w/ high rate of extra-uterine dz, NO myometrial invasion of tumor
MC gynecologic CA
MC site of involvement in endometriosis
Tx of choice for vaginal atrophy
male contraceptive = exogenous hormone?
Prevent sz in preeclampsia
Appendix testes remnant of ?
% of complex hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
postmenopausal, complex hyperplasia w/ atypia - tx?
MC type of endometrial carcinoma
trophoblastic proliferation, cystic villi, no fetal tissue
e of incontinence: unstable bladder
Appendix epididymis remnant of ?
Infection causing bladder CA
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in adolescence
antepartum hemorrhage after 20 wks
Tx: stimulate ovary - induce endogenous FSH release
Rx: adjuvant therapy for postmenopausal breast Ca
Type of cancer after tx for mediastinal mass in college age woman
Cells that convert adrenal steroids to estrone
Tumor marker of stromal cell tumors
Varicocele finding on U/S
MC location of transitional cell cancer
IUD c/i in Wilson's disease
Composition of staghorn stone
pain with sex
Stage: detected from elevated PSA alone, normal DRE & TRUS
elevated seminal leukocyte count aka?
sudden huge increase in PSA likely due to?
malignant germ cell tumor: beta HCG
Removal of breast, pec minor and axillary lymph node
Molecular? Type I, simple - complex hyperplasia
ovarian neoplasm w/ 3 germinal layers
Targeted therapy for ER+ breast CA
HTN after 20 wk gestation assoc w/ proteinuria
MCC male infertility in the world
Malignant tumor of admixed proliferating trophoblasts, no villi
'blue dot' sign and pain related to inflammation
intraurethral Rx for ED
Tx PUV: Incise valve to damage leaflet
tx: stress urinary incontinence that inc sphincter tone
Special type breast CA, high grade but good prognosis
Renal CA assoc w/ Von Hippel-Lindau
MC ovarian tumor (and cancer)
Still a cause of maternal and fetal death
Contraceptive w/ SE: irregular bleeding, weight gain, bone loss
MC aneuploidy in abortuses
Contraception w/ dec efficacy at higher BMI i.e. >198 lbs
MC site of mets in metastatic breast cancer
Uterine size discrepant from dates
MC gynecological CA worldwide
Classic path change - failure of conversion of maternal vessels from low volume-high resistance to a high volume-low resistance system
Main mode of spread of ovarian cancer
Rx w/ SE: endometrial polyps
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in postmeno
Type of incontinence: neurogenic dysfunction
MC infiltrating breast Ca
Zone sampled in pap smear and biopsy

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Created Nov 17, 2012ReportNominate
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