8b GUG

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Tumor marker for endodermal sinus tumor, embryonal carcinoma
If surgery unavailable for testicular torson, reduce by twisting?
Classic path change - failure of conversion of maternal vessels from low volume-high resistance to a high volume-low resistance system
Rx w/ SE: endometrial polyps
Best available protection against STIs
6 months w/o period
MCC Epididymal Orchitis in young men
MC Tx of superficial bladder cancer
Perimenopausal uterine bleeding, first step?
Zone sampled in pap smear and biopsy
amenorrhea w/ high serum androgens, nl estrogen, low progesterone
MC location of transitional cell cancer
Origin of 90% ovarian cancers (aka MC form)
Endometrium that has been hormonally influenced by pregnancy
Uterine size discrepant from dates
umbilical cord inserts into the fetal membranes
e of incontinence: unstable bladder
normal strict morphology required to bind to?
Sperm with DNA damage is assoc w/ ?
Tumor marker of seminoma
exogenous testosterone leads to ? type of kidney stones
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in adolescence
beta 2 receptors cause uterine ?
Grading scheme for prostatic adenocarcinoma
testicular torsion perinatal only
Tumor, sx: precocious puberty, hyperandrogenism, pelvic mass/pain
Chromosome 17, 85% lifetime breast Ca risk
HTN after 20 wk gestation assoc w/ proteinuria
class of Rx for urge incontinence to tighten outlet
Chromosome of BRCA-2
Higher percent of free PSA (25%+)
HPV: Binds rB allowing for cell immortalization
malignant germ cell tumor: AFP
MC site to endometriosis
2nd most common primary site of mets to ovary
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in postmenopausal
reflex test to triage ASCUS pap smear in women > 21
Type of cancer after tx for mediastinal mass in college age woman
malignant germ cell tumor: PLAP, Oct 3/4, cKIT
MC composition of kidney stones
dilatation of ducts, inspissated (thick) secretions
Infection causing bladder CA
Tx symptomatic bone mets (prostate CA)
Type II endometrial carcinoma assoc w/ ?
Mutation assoc w/ high grade endometrioid tumors
Deletion or unbalanced translocation of chromosome 3 (VKL gene)
MC infiltrating breast Ca
Lab value inc if patient is not making sperm
Removal of breast, pec minor and axillary lymph node
twins share chorion but one gets more blood flow
sudden huge increase in PSA likely due to?
Hallmark pathological finding of granulosa cell tumots
MC gynecological CA worldwide
Rx SE: PSA drops in half, ED, loss of libido
Rx: adjuvant therapy for ER+ premenopausal breast Ca
abnormal dev of chorionic villi in pregnancy can become?
lobular (breast) carcinoma in situ is assoc w/ invasive cancer where ?
IUD c/i in Wilson's disease
division of ovum after 13 days
MC method of contraception
% of simple hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Special type breast CA, high grade but good prognosis
MC site of involvement in endometriosis
Appendix testes remnant of ?
Tx: antagonist in breast; agonist in endometrium
Breast duct/lobule cells that produce milk
Composition of staghorn stone
bleeding but os is open or closed, but still viable pregnancy
Dz: epidermis of nipple contains tumor cells
CA w/ high rate of extra-uterine dz, NO myometrial invasion of tumor
Ovarian tumor w/ KRAS and BRAF mutations
MC renal tumor
Hemangioblastoma of cerebellum and retina, renal cysts and RCC
MC type of endometrial carcinoma
Progestin in BCPs derived from spironolactone
Induce fetal lung maturity - give mom ?
postmenopausal, complex hyperplasia w/ atypia - tx?
Syndrome w/ inc risk of colon, ovarian, endometrial, breast and uroepithelial CA
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in postmeno
Molecular? Type I, proliferative - simple hyperplasia
Inc prolif of glands rel to stroma 2/2 inactivation of ? gene
Antigen that lyses seminal coagulum
Cells that convert adrenal steroids to estrone
CA most strongly associated w/ obesity
MC cystic mass in reproductive-age women
Prevent sz in preeclampsia
Kidney CA stage T4, invades
HRT: w/ uterus, need estrogen and ?
Adnexal mass in reproductive age female, first r/o?
20-25% of adnexal masses, dx b/t age 10-30yo
Any condition irritating the periotoneal lining inc which marker?
low value w/ anovulation: failure to centrally stimulate follicular growth
mech of finasteride, dutasteride
Most important prognostic factor in breast Ca
Bladder cancer sx in 85% of cases
MC group of aneuploidy in spont ab
presence of endometrial glands in uterine myometrium
Type of incontinence: outlet obstruction
MC breast carcinoma in situ
Contraception w/ dec efficacy at higher BMI i.e. >198 lbs
Tumor from dense fibroconnective tissue of the breast
HTN after 20 wk w/o proteinuria
#1 killer of neonates
proliferation marker in endometrial cycle
Bilateral ovarian mets w/ signet ring
Call-Exner bodies, Inhibin+
MC trisomy in spontaneous abortion
Marker WT-1
Amniotic Fluid Index >90th %ile
Mutation in mucinous ovarian tumors
BPH Rx SE: orthostasis, dizziness, fall risk
malignant germ cell tumor: beta HCG
Syndrome: AD w/ 85% penetrance, BRCA
pau d' orange, cancer cells in dermal lymphatics
MC ovarian germ cell tumor
HPV: Degrades p53 in the host cell
Malignant tumor of admixed proliferating trophoblasts, no villi
Lowest contraceptive failure rates
MC site of mets in metastatic breast cancer
% of complex atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
MCC testis CA >50yo
Signet ring cells in ovary = ?
Proper name for 'chocolate cyst'
hormone causing ovulation
highest risk of prostate CA starting at what age?
% of simple atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Other name for ovarian fibroma
breast path - clown face
Assoc w/ uterine hyperplasia/CA in postmenopausal women
Colposcopy: cells w/ inc collagen turn white w/ ?
tx: stress urinary incontinence that inc sphincter tone
best imaging modality for tubal infertility
male contraceptive = exogenous hormone?
Major SE of contraceptive implants
Targeted therapy for HER2+ breast CA
Tx PUV: Incise valve to damage leaflet
Condition during lactation, mimics inflammatory breast cancer
'blue dot' sign and pain related to inflammation
MC histiological subtype of endometrial CA
trophoblastic proliferation, cystic villi, no fetal tissue
% of complex hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Tumor marker for dysgerminoma
Varicocele finding on U/S
Worst SE of Magnesium sulfate
Name: loss of cell polarity, inc N:C, irreg shape, prominent nucleoli
MCC male infertility in the world
Why is stage I breast Ca 10-year survival only 75%?
MC histology of cervival CA
Still a cause of maternal and fetal death
Given to prevent CW recurrence at mastectomy site
MC neoplasm in young men
implantation into cornu of uterus or lower uterine segment
intraabdominal pregnancy, later found in a 60yo woman
MC ovarian tumor (and cancer)
'powder burn' lesions
Permanent cessation of menses x1yr w/ high FSH, low E2
Tumor marker of stromal cell tumors
MC benign growth in breast
Tx of choice for vaginal atrophy
monoclonal ab to HER-2 neu
L1 proteins from HPV strains self-assemble into non-infectious units called?
Main mode of spread of ovarian cancer
HTN dx in first 20 weeks of pregnancy
screening for nonpalpable breast masses
MC aneuploidy in abortuses
pain with sex
Long acting Rx for ED
MC gynecologic CA
MC testicular tumor
Lady on tamoxifen w/ post-menopausal bleeding - next step?
acute infection w/ obstruction -1st step?
Converts androgens to estrogen
Abnormally deep implantation onto the myometrium
Penile CA 0% in men who are ?
C/I for anticholinergic therapy
antepartum hemorrhage after 20 wks
Contraceptive w/ SE: irregular bleeding, weight gain, bone loss
ovarian neoplasm w/ 3 germinal layers
Tumor marker for choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma
Mech: Change in transport speed of the ovum
Papillary projections surrounded by Schiller-Duval bodies
Tx: stimulate ovary - induce endogenous FSH release
Most important RF for uterine CA
Appendix epididymis remnant of ?
Most common estrogenic ovarian tumor
trophoblastic proliferation, fetus or fetal tissue present
measure seminal vesciles - dilated due to?
MC site of ectopic pregnant
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in premenopausal
Most important reason fertility dec w/ female age is increasing ?
elevated seminal leukocyte count aka?
MC tumor of myometrium
Flow of urine in retrograde fashion (to kidney) w/ voiding
medical tx: urge incontinence
Class of Rx for urge incontinence to dec contractility
Rx: adjuvant therapy for postmenopausal breast Ca
Renal CA assoc w/ Von Hippel-Lindau
MCC UTO in male children
Stage: detected from elevated PSA alone, normal DRE & TRUS
most prostate CA develops in which zone?
MCC of amenorrhea (after pregnancy)
Type of incontinence: neurogenic dysfunction
hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia
intraurethral Rx for ED
Thin, long unilocular mass, associated with period
How to stage endometrial CA
Chemo combo for advanced bladder CA
oligohydramnios and 'key hole' sign
Oral contraceptive in breastfeeding woman
Sv consequence of anovulatory cycle
Endometrial glands/stroma implanted outside uterine cavity/walls
Tx: tubal factor infertility
Molecular? Type I, simple - complex hyperplasia
Targeted therapy for ER+ breast CA
hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca causing chemical castration

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Created Nov 17, 2012ReportNominate