8b GUG

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Can you name the 8b GUG?

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QuestionAnswerNotes
Mech: Change in transport speed of the ovum
Tumor marker of seminoma
intraurethral Rx for ED
HRT: w/ uterus, need estrogen and ?
MCC UTO in male children
Deletion or unbalanced translocation of chromosome 3 (VKL gene)
MC histology of cervival CA
MC cystic mass in reproductive-age women
Contraception w/ dec efficacy at higher BMI i.e. >198 lbs
antepartum hemorrhage after 20 wks
trophoblastic proliferation, cystic villi, no fetal tissue
division of ovum after 13 days
pain with sex
% of complex hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Appendix testes remnant of ?
If surgery unavailable for testicular torson, reduce by twisting?
BPH Rx SE: orthostasis, dizziness, fall risk
Tumor marker for choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma
Type of cancer after tx for mediastinal mass in college age woman
Any condition irritating the periotoneal lining inc which marker?
Tumor marker for dysgerminoma
Major SE of contraceptive implants
beta 2 receptors cause uterine ?
HTN after 20 wk gestation assoc w/ proteinuria
e of incontinence: unstable bladder
most prostate CA develops in which zone?
MC aneuploidy in abortuses
MCC Epididymal Orchitis in young men
Class of Rx for urge incontinence to dec contractility
Zone sampled in pap smear and biopsy
proliferation marker in endometrial cycle
normal strict morphology required to bind to?
Varicocele finding on U/S
MC breast carcinoma in situ
Other name for ovarian fibroma
umbilical cord inserts into the fetal membranes
Dz: epidermis of nipple contains tumor cells
Targeted therapy for ER+ breast CA
Papillary projections surrounded by Schiller-Duval bodies
MC testicular tumor
Marker WT-1
Flow of urine in retrograde fashion (to kidney) w/ voiding
MC trisomy in spontaneous abortion
hormone causing ovulation
Endometrium that has been hormonally influenced by pregnancy
Progestin in BCPs derived from spironolactone
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in postmeno
MC ovarian tumor (and cancer)
dilatation of ducts, inspissated (thick) secretions
exogenous testosterone leads to ? type of kidney stones
MCC testis CA >50yo
highest risk of prostate CA starting at what age?
elevated seminal leukocyte count aka?
Name: loss of cell polarity, inc N:C, irreg shape, prominent nucleoli
Mutation assoc w/ high grade endometrioid tumors
Proper name for 'chocolate cyst'
Contraceptive w/ SE: irregular bleeding, weight gain, bone loss
Ovarian tumor w/ KRAS and BRAF mutations
malignant germ cell tumor: PLAP, Oct 3/4, cKIT
Bladder cancer sx in 85% of cases
Tx of choice for vaginal atrophy
MC site of mets in metastatic breast cancer
#1 killer of neonates
CA most strongly associated w/ obesity
pau d' orange, cancer cells in dermal lymphatics
Infection causing bladder CA
Kidney CA stage T4, invades
'blue dot' sign and pain related to inflammation
testicular torsion perinatal only
MC histiological subtype of endometrial CA
Colposcopy: cells w/ inc collagen turn white w/ ?
Signet ring cells in ovary = ?
QuestionAnswerNotes
Removal of breast, pec minor and axillary lymph node
Origin of 90% ovarian cancers (aka MC form)
Special type breast CA, high grade but good prognosis
How to stage endometrial CA
MC neoplasm in young men
Hemangioblastoma of cerebellum and retina, renal cysts and RCC
tx: stress urinary incontinence that inc sphincter tone
intraabdominal pregnancy, later found in a 60yo woman
L1 proteins from HPV strains self-assemble into non-infectious units called?
MC STI
Most common estrogenic ovarian tumor
Worst SE of Magnesium sulfate
Malignant tumor of admixed proliferating trophoblasts, no villi
Syndrome: AD w/ 85% penetrance, BRCA
HTN after 20 wk w/o proteinuria
Hallmark pathological finding of granulosa cell tumots
Rx SE: PSA drops in half, ED, loss of libido
amenorrhea w/ high serum androgens, nl estrogen, low progesterone
Abnormally deep implantation onto the myometrium
HTN dx in first 20 weeks of pregnancy
IUD c/i in Wilson's disease
hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia
reflex test to triage ASCUS pap smear in women > 21
Appendix epididymis remnant of ?
Tx: stimulate ovary - induce endogenous FSH release
MC site of involvement in endometriosis
Mutation in mucinous ovarian tumors
MC composition of kidney stones
2nd most common primary site of mets to ovary
MC Tx of superficial bladder cancer
Breast duct/lobule cells that produce milk
Rx: adjuvant therapy for ER+ premenopausal breast Ca
Condition during lactation, mimics inflammatory breast cancer
% of simple atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
MC method of contraception
Most important reason fertility dec w/ female age is increasing ?
presence of endometrial glands in uterine myometrium
Call-Exner bodies, Inhibin+
Thin, long unilocular mass, associated with period
Cells that convert adrenal steroids to estrone
malignant germ cell tumor: AFP
Bilateral ovarian mets w/ signet ring
malignant germ cell tumor: beta HCG
Tx symptomatic bone mets (prostate CA)
Type II endometrial carcinoma assoc w/ ?
Tumor marker for endodermal sinus tumor, embryonal carcinoma
MC group of aneuploidy in spont ab
acute infection w/ obstruction -1st step?
twins share chorion but one gets more blood flow
Uterine size discrepant from dates
Rx: adjuvant therapy for postmenopausal breast Ca
Type of incontinence: neurogenic dysfunction
MC location of transitional cell cancer
oligohydramnios and 'key hole' sign
Still a cause of maternal and fetal death
low value w/ anovulation: failure to centrally stimulate follicular growth
CA w/ high rate of extra-uterine dz, NO myometrial invasion of tumor
Tumor from dense fibroconnective tissue of the breast
Lady on tamoxifen w/ post-menopausal bleeding - next step?
Tx PUV: Incise valve to damage leaflet
MC gynecological CA worldwide
bleeding but os is open or closed, but still viable pregnancy
HPV: Binds rB allowing for cell immortalization
Chemo combo for advanced bladder CA
Perimenopausal uterine bleeding, first step?
Tx: antagonist in breast; agonist in endometrium
Why is stage I breast Ca 10-year survival only 75%?
Renal CA assoc w/ Von Hippel-Lindau
postmenopausal, complex hyperplasia w/ atypia - tx?
Amniotic Fluid Index >90th %ile
class of Rx for urge incontinence to tighten outlet
Lowest contraceptive failure rates
QuestionAnswerNotes
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in adolescence
medical tx: urge incontinence
20-25% of adnexal masses, dx b/t age 10-30yo
screening for nonpalpable breast masses
% of simple hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
MC site to endometriosis
Classic path change - failure of conversion of maternal vessels from low volume-high resistance to a high volume-low resistance system
Chromosome of BRCA-2
C/I for anticholinergic therapy
mech of finasteride, dutasteride
MC infiltrating breast Ca
Lab value inc if patient is not making sperm
Prevent sz in preeclampsia
implantation into cornu of uterus or lower uterine segment
Oral contraceptive in breastfeeding woman
MC type of endometrial carcinoma
monoclonal ab to HER-2 neu
Most important prognostic factor in breast Ca
Main mode of spread of ovarian cancer
MC ovarian germ cell tumor
Stage: detected from elevated PSA alone, normal DRE & TRUS
measure seminal vesciles - dilated due to?
Rx w/ SE: endometrial polyps
trophoblastic proliferation, fetus or fetal tissue present
Tumor, sx: precocious puberty, hyperandrogenism, pelvic mass/pain
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in postmenopausal
male contraceptive = exogenous hormone?
Induce fetal lung maturity - give mom ?
Inc prolif of glands rel to stroma 2/2 inactivation of ? gene
% of complex atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Permanent cessation of menses x1yr w/ high FSH, low E2
Tx: tubal factor infertility
'powder burn' lesions
MC gynecologic CA
MC site of ectopic pregnant
Targeted therapy for HER2+ breast CA
Antigen that lyses seminal coagulum
HPV: Degrades p53 in the host cell
Penile CA 0% in men who are ?
MC tumor of myometrium
Tumor marker of stromal cell tumors
abnormal dev of chorionic villi in pregnancy can become?
Grading scheme for prostatic adenocarcinoma
Sv consequence of anovulatory cycle
Chromosome 17, 85% lifetime breast Ca risk
Higher percent of free PSA (25%+)
sudden huge increase in PSA likely due to?
Molecular? Type I, proliferative - simple hyperplasia
MC benign growth in breast
Composition of staghorn stone
Sperm with DNA damage is assoc w/ ?
MCC of amenorrhea (after pregnancy)
Adnexal mass in reproductive age female, first r/o?
Syndrome w/ inc risk of colon, ovarian, endometrial, breast and uroepithelial CA
ovarian neoplasm w/ 3 germinal layers
hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca causing chemical castration
Type of incontinence: outlet obstruction
lobular (breast) carcinoma in situ is assoc w/ invasive cancer where ?
Best available protection against STIs
Given to prevent CW recurrence at mastectomy site
MC renal tumor
6 months w/o period
MCC male infertility in the world
breast path - clown face
Endometrial glands/stroma implanted outside uterine cavity/walls
Converts androgens to estrogen
Molecular? Type I, simple - complex hyperplasia
Assoc w/ uterine hyperplasia/CA in postmenopausal women
Most important RF for uterine CA
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in premenopausal
Long acting Rx for ED
best imaging modality for tubal infertility

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Created Nov 17, 2012ReportNominate
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