8b GUG

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Can you name the 8b GUG?

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Induce fetal lung maturity - give mom ?
Contraceptive w/ SE: irregular bleeding, weight gain, bone loss
6 months w/o period
best imaging modality for tubal infertility
Bladder cancer sx in 85% of cases
screening for nonpalpable breast masses
MCC Epididymal Orchitis in young men
sudden huge increase in PSA likely due to?
Major SE of contraceptive implants
Tx PUV: Incise valve to damage leaflet
Origin of 90% ovarian cancers (aka MC form)
Sv consequence of anovulatory cycle
class of Rx for urge incontinence to tighten outlet
reflex test to triage ASCUS pap smear in women > 21
MC group of aneuploidy in spont ab
If surgery unavailable for testicular torson, reduce by twisting?
HTN dx in first 20 weeks of pregnancy
Most important prognostic factor in breast Ca
Proper name for 'chocolate cyst'
MC neoplasm in young men
Uterine size discrepant from dates
HTN after 20 wk w/o proteinuria
Rx: adjuvant therapy for ER+ premenopausal breast Ca
trophoblastic proliferation, cystic villi, no fetal tissue
CA w/ high rate of extra-uterine dz, NO myometrial invasion of tumor
Given to prevent CW recurrence at mastectomy site
HPV: Degrades p53 in the host cell
Long acting Rx for ED
dilatation of ducts, inspissated (thick) secretions
Most important reason fertility dec w/ female age is increasing ?
Appendix epididymis remnant of ?
Type of cancer after tx for mediastinal mass in college age woman
measure seminal vesciles - dilated due to?
MC benign growth in breast
malignant germ cell tumor: beta HCG
malignant germ cell tumor: PLAP, Oct 3/4, cKIT
Targeted therapy for HER2+ breast CA
Molecular? Type I, proliferative - simple hyperplasia
Marker WT-1
Type of incontinence: outlet obstruction
Higher percent of free PSA (25%+)
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in postmeno
MC composition of kidney stones
MC trisomy in spontaneous abortion
Tumor marker of seminoma
trophoblastic proliferation, fetus or fetal tissue present
C/I for anticholinergic therapy
Tumor marker for endodermal sinus tumor, embryonal carcinoma
umbilical cord inserts into the fetal membranes
Removal of breast, pec minor and axillary lymph node
intraabdominal pregnancy, later found in a 60yo woman
Tx: tubal factor infertility
Stage: detected from elevated PSA alone, normal DRE & TRUS
hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia
Tx of choice for vaginal atrophy
Infection causing bladder CA
Lab value inc if patient is not making sperm
Any condition irritating the periotoneal lining inc which marker?
proliferation marker in endometrial cycle
MCC UTO in male children
MCC of amenorrhea (after pregnancy)
Classic path change - failure of conversion of maternal vessels from low volume-high resistance to a high volume-low resistance system
Prevent sz in preeclampsia
Assoc w/ uterine hyperplasia/CA in postmenopausal women
IUD c/i in Wilson's disease
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in postmenopausal
Converts androgens to estrogen
monoclonal ab to HER-2 neu
Worst SE of Magnesium sulfate
'blue dot' sign and pain related to inflammation
Papillary projections surrounded by Schiller-Duval bodies
Colposcopy: cells w/ inc collagen turn white w/ ?
lobular (breast) carcinoma in situ is assoc w/ invasive cancer where ?
Why is stage I breast Ca 10-year survival only 75%?
% of complex atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
ovarian neoplasm w/ 3 germinal layers
Call-Exner bodies, Inhibin+
elevated seminal leukocyte count aka?
Mech: Change in transport speed of the ovum
Chromosome of BRCA-2
oligohydramnios and 'key hole' sign
Amniotic Fluid Index >90th %ile
Other name for ovarian fibroma
MC site to endometriosis
MC testicular tumor
Endometrial glands/stroma implanted outside uterine cavity/walls
Syndrome w/ inc risk of colon, ovarian, endometrial, breast and uroepithelial CA
Name: loss of cell polarity, inc N:C, irreg shape, prominent nucleoli
MC tumor of myometrium
MC ovarian tumor (and cancer)
most prostate CA develops in which zone?
Progestin in BCPs derived from spironolactone
MC histiological subtype of endometrial CA
normal strict morphology required to bind to?
Hallmark pathological finding of granulosa cell tumots
Permanent cessation of menses x1yr w/ high FSH, low E2
amenorrhea w/ high serum androgens, nl estrogen, low progesterone
20-25% of adnexal masses, dx b/t age 10-30yo
MC site of involvement in endometriosis
Ovarian tumor w/ KRAS and BRAF mutations
% of complex hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Tumor from dense fibroconnective tissue of the breast
Composition of staghorn stone
Still a cause of maternal and fetal death
medical tx: urge incontinence
MC site of mets in metastatic breast cancer
Tx symptomatic bone mets (prostate CA)
MC infiltrating breast Ca
L1 proteins from HPV strains self-assemble into non-infectious units called?
2nd most common primary site of mets to ovary
MC aneuploidy in abortuses
MC location of transitional cell cancer
Appendix testes remnant of ?
Inc prolif of glands rel to stroma 2/2 inactivation of ? gene
'powder burn' lesions
Chemo combo for advanced bladder CA
hormone causing ovulation
Breast duct/lobule cells that produce milk
Penile CA 0% in men who are ?
Deletion or unbalanced translocation of chromosome 3 (VKL gene)
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in premenopausal
division of ovum after 13 days
Class of Rx for urge incontinence to dec contractility
pau d' orange, cancer cells in dermal lymphatics
Rx w/ SE: endometrial polyps
Main mode of spread of ovarian cancer
MC renal tumor
MCC testis CA >50yo
Rx SE: PSA drops in half, ED, loss of libido
Malignant tumor of admixed proliferating trophoblasts, no villi
Tumor marker of stromal cell tumors
hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca causing chemical castration
HTN after 20 wk gestation assoc w/ proteinuria
implantation into cornu of uterus or lower uterine segment
MC histology of cervival CA
breast path - clown face
Flow of urine in retrograde fashion (to kidney) w/ voiding
Tumor marker for choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma
MC breast carcinoma in situ
abnormal dev of chorionic villi in pregnancy can become?
MCC male infertility in the world
Endometrium that has been hormonally influenced by pregnancy
antepartum hemorrhage after 20 wks
#1 killer of neonates
Varicocele finding on U/S
Antigen that lyses seminal coagulum
highest risk of prostate CA starting at what age?
Hemangioblastoma of cerebellum and retina, renal cysts and RCC
BPH Rx SE: orthostasis, dizziness, fall risk
testicular torsion perinatal only
MC gynecologic CA
Tumor marker for dysgerminoma
MC cystic mass in reproductive-age women
pain with sex
MC Tx of superficial bladder cancer
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in adolescence
MC gynecological CA worldwide
% of simple hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Cells that convert adrenal steroids to estrone
exogenous testosterone leads to ? type of kidney stones
Type of incontinence: neurogenic dysfunction
MC ovarian germ cell tumor
MC method of contraception
Kidney CA stage T4, invades
MC type of endometrial carcinoma
Adnexal mass in reproductive age female, first r/o?
intraurethral Rx for ED
Abnormally deep implantation onto the myometrium
Rx: adjuvant therapy for postmenopausal breast Ca
Chromosome 17, 85% lifetime breast Ca risk
Tx: stimulate ovary - induce endogenous FSH release
% of simple atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
postmenopausal, complex hyperplasia w/ atypia - tx?
Type II endometrial carcinoma assoc w/ ?
Oral contraceptive in breastfeeding woman
HPV: Binds rB allowing for cell immortalization
malignant germ cell tumor: AFP
Special type breast CA, high grade but good prognosis
CA most strongly associated w/ obesity
Tx: antagonist in breast; agonist in endometrium
Molecular? Type I, simple - complex hyperplasia
beta 2 receptors cause uterine ?
Most important RF for uterine CA
Syndrome: AD w/ 85% penetrance, BRCA
Best available protection against STIs
Bilateral ovarian mets w/ signet ring
Lady on tamoxifen w/ post-menopausal bleeding - next step?
mech of finasteride, dutasteride
HRT: w/ uterus, need estrogen and ?
Perimenopausal uterine bleeding, first step?
Lowest contraceptive failure rates
male contraceptive = exogenous hormone?
How to stage endometrial CA
acute infection w/ obstruction -1st step?
Zone sampled in pap smear and biopsy
Contraception w/ dec efficacy at higher BMI i.e. >198 lbs
bleeding but os is open or closed, but still viable pregnancy
presence of endometrial glands in uterine myometrium
MC site of ectopic pregnant
low value w/ anovulation: failure to centrally stimulate follicular growth
Targeted therapy for ER+ breast CA
Condition during lactation, mimics inflammatory breast cancer
Renal CA assoc w/ Von Hippel-Lindau
Mutation in mucinous ovarian tumors
Signet ring cells in ovary = ?
Mutation assoc w/ high grade endometrioid tumors
Tumor, sx: precocious puberty, hyperandrogenism, pelvic mass/pain
Most common estrogenic ovarian tumor
Sperm with DNA damage is assoc w/ ?
twins share chorion but one gets more blood flow
Thin, long unilocular mass, associated with period
Grading scheme for prostatic adenocarcinoma
tx: stress urinary incontinence that inc sphincter tone
Dz: epidermis of nipple contains tumor cells
e of incontinence: unstable bladder

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