8b GUG

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intraabdominal pregnancy, later found in a 60yo woman
MC gynecological CA worldwide
medical tx: urge incontinence
MC aneuploidy in abortuses
Assoc w/ uterine hyperplasia/CA in postmenopausal women
Marker WT-1
MC histology of cervival CA
Bladder cancer sx in 85% of cases
Colposcopy: cells w/ inc collagen turn white w/ ?
Endometrium that has been hormonally influenced by pregnancy
Tx symptomatic bone mets (prostate CA)
Kidney CA stage T4, invades
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in premenopausal
Targeted therapy for ER+ breast CA
normal strict morphology required to bind to?
hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia
Proper name for 'chocolate cyst'
division of ovum after 13 days
HTN after 20 wk gestation assoc w/ proteinuria
Inc prolif of glands rel to stroma 2/2 inactivation of ? gene
Contraception w/ dec efficacy at higher BMI i.e. >198 lbs
Renal CA assoc w/ Von Hippel-Lindau
MC site of involvement in endometriosis
screening for nonpalpable breast masses
Ovarian tumor w/ KRAS and BRAF mutations
Tumor from dense fibroconnective tissue of the breast
elevated seminal leukocyte count aka?
Tx: stimulate ovary - induce endogenous FSH release
class of Rx for urge incontinence to tighten outlet
MCC male infertility in the world
MC method of contraception
Appendix testes remnant of ?
Most important reason fertility dec w/ female age is increasing ?
Thin, long unilocular mass, associated with period
lobular (breast) carcinoma in situ is assoc w/ invasive cancer where ?
MC type of endometrial carcinoma
Syndrome: AD w/ 85% penetrance, BRCA
Chromosome of BRCA-2
dilatation of ducts, inspissated (thick) secretions
pain with sex
hormone causing ovulation
Cells that convert adrenal steroids to estrone
Origin of 90% ovarian cancers (aka MC form)
Long acting Rx for ED
Tumor marker for choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma
Malignant tumor of admixed proliferating trophoblasts, no villi
Abnormally deep implantation onto the myometrium
MC histiological subtype of endometrial CA
Lady on tamoxifen w/ post-menopausal bleeding - next step?
malignant germ cell tumor: AFP
Stage: detected from elevated PSA alone, normal DRE & TRUS
Given to prevent CW recurrence at mastectomy site
Tx PUV: Incise valve to damage leaflet
measure seminal vesciles - dilated due to?
pau d' orange, cancer cells in dermal lymphatics
Converts androgens to estrogen
reflex test to triage ASCUS pap smear in women > 21
Rx: adjuvant therapy for ER+ premenopausal breast Ca
amenorrhea w/ high serum androgens, nl estrogen, low progesterone
Perimenopausal uterine bleeding, first step?
MC breast carcinoma in situ
L1 proteins from HPV strains self-assemble into non-infectious units called?
HTN after 20 wk w/o proteinuria
Type of cancer after tx for mediastinal mass in college age woman
beta 2 receptors cause uterine ?
Lab value inc if patient is not making sperm
Still a cause of maternal and fetal death
MCC UTO in male children
acute infection w/ obstruction -1st step?
trophoblastic proliferation, cystic villi, no fetal tissue
hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca causing chemical castration
Most important prognostic factor in breast Ca
Mutation assoc w/ high grade endometrioid tumors
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in postmeno
% of simple hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in adolescence
If surgery unavailable for testicular torson, reduce by twisting?
e of incontinence: unstable bladder
postmenopausal, complex hyperplasia w/ atypia - tx?
Any condition irritating the periotoneal lining inc which marker?
Grading scheme for prostatic adenocarcinoma
Penile CA 0% in men who are ?
20-25% of adnexal masses, dx b/t age 10-30yo
twins share chorion but one gets more blood flow
Oral contraceptive in breastfeeding woman
Tx: tubal factor infertility
Special type breast CA, high grade but good prognosis
% of simple atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Type II endometrial carcinoma assoc w/ ?
Tumor marker of stromal cell tumors
MC site of ectopic pregnant
Type of incontinence: neurogenic dysfunction
How to stage endometrial CA
CA w/ high rate of extra-uterine dz, NO myometrial invasion of tumor
MCC testis CA >50yo
highest risk of prostate CA starting at what age?
most prostate CA develops in which zone?
Molecular? Type I, proliferative - simple hyperplasia
Chromosome 17, 85% lifetime breast Ca risk
Papillary projections surrounded by Schiller-Duval bodies
best imaging modality for tubal infertility
Tx: antagonist in breast; agonist in endometrium
proliferation marker in endometrial cycle
Most common estrogenic ovarian tumor
CA most strongly associated w/ obesity
MCC Epididymal Orchitis in young men
presence of endometrial glands in uterine myometrium
Sperm with DNA damage is assoc w/ ?
Name: loss of cell polarity, inc N:C, irreg shape, prominent nucleoli
#1 killer of neonates
intraurethral Rx for ED
Condition during lactation, mimics inflammatory breast cancer
Major SE of contraceptive implants
% of complex atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Deletion or unbalanced translocation of chromosome 3 (VKL gene)
HPV: Degrades p53 in the host cell
MC benign growth in breast
6 months w/o period
Mech: Change in transport speed of the ovum
Rx: adjuvant therapy for postmenopausal breast Ca
Hemangioblastoma of cerebellum and retina, renal cysts and RCC
Contraceptive w/ SE: irregular bleeding, weight gain, bone loss
Induce fetal lung maturity - give mom ?
Best available protection against STIs
malignant germ cell tumor: beta HCG
umbilical cord inserts into the fetal membranes
Hallmark pathological finding of granulosa cell tumots
Tumor marker for dysgerminoma
Infection causing bladder CA
low value w/ anovulation: failure to centrally stimulate follicular growth
MCC of amenorrhea (after pregnancy)
Molecular? Type I, simple - complex hyperplasia
Higher percent of free PSA (25%+)
trophoblastic proliferation, fetus or fetal tissue present
exogenous testosterone leads to ? type of kidney stones
MC cystic mass in reproductive-age women
Why is stage I breast Ca 10-year survival only 75%?
Class of Rx for urge incontinence to dec contractility
'powder burn' lesions
BPH Rx SE: orthostasis, dizziness, fall risk
HRT: w/ uterus, need estrogen and ?
Dz: epidermis of nipple contains tumor cells
Permanent cessation of menses x1yr w/ high FSH, low E2
Varicocele finding on U/S
sudden huge increase in PSA likely due to?
MC trisomy in spontaneous abortion
breast path - clown face
Amniotic Fluid Index >90th %ile
MC site of mets in metastatic breast cancer
ovarian neoplasm w/ 3 germinal layers
Call-Exner bodies, Inhibin+
Lowest contraceptive failure rates
HPV: Binds rB allowing for cell immortalization
Other name for ovarian fibroma
MC Tx of superficial bladder cancer
antepartum hemorrhage after 20 wks
Prevent sz in preeclampsia
bleeding but os is open or closed, but still viable pregnancy
mech of finasteride, dutasteride
MC gynecologic CA
Removal of breast, pec minor and axillary lymph node
HTN dx in first 20 weeks of pregnancy
malignant germ cell tumor: PLAP, Oct 3/4, cKIT
Classic path change - failure of conversion of maternal vessels from low volume-high resistance to a high volume-low resistance system
2nd most common primary site of mets to ovary
Targeted therapy for HER2+ breast CA
Breast duct/lobule cells that produce milk
implantation into cornu of uterus or lower uterine segment
Adnexal mass in reproductive age female, first r/o?
Composition of staghorn stone
Chemo combo for advanced bladder CA
Endometrial glands/stroma implanted outside uterine cavity/walls
Type of incontinence: outlet obstruction
Bilateral ovarian mets w/ signet ring
Tx of choice for vaginal atrophy
MC neoplasm in young men
Rx SE: PSA drops in half, ED, loss of libido
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in postmenopausal
Antigen that lyses seminal coagulum
% of complex hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Sv consequence of anovulatory cycle
C/I for anticholinergic therapy
Most important RF for uterine CA
oligohydramnios and 'key hole' sign
tx: stress urinary incontinence that inc sphincter tone
Mutation in mucinous ovarian tumors
MC infiltrating breast Ca
Uterine size discrepant from dates
MC testicular tumor
Main mode of spread of ovarian cancer
IUD c/i in Wilson's disease
Worst SE of Magnesium sulfate
'blue dot' sign and pain related to inflammation
Tumor marker for endodermal sinus tumor, embryonal carcinoma
Progestin in BCPs derived from spironolactone
Zone sampled in pap smear and biopsy
MC site to endometriosis
MC composition of kidney stones
MC ovarian germ cell tumor
MC tumor of myometrium
MC renal tumor
MC group of aneuploidy in spont ab
male contraceptive = exogenous hormone?
MC location of transitional cell cancer
Appendix epididymis remnant of ?
MC ovarian tumor (and cancer)
Signet ring cells in ovary = ?
Tumor marker of seminoma
testicular torsion perinatal only
Tumor, sx: precocious puberty, hyperandrogenism, pelvic mass/pain
Syndrome w/ inc risk of colon, ovarian, endometrial, breast and uroepithelial CA
Flow of urine in retrograde fashion (to kidney) w/ voiding
abnormal dev of chorionic villi in pregnancy can become?
monoclonal ab to HER-2 neu
Rx w/ SE: endometrial polyps

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Created Nov 17, 2012ReportNominate