8b GUG

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trophoblastic proliferation, fetus or fetal tissue present
Colposcopy: cells w/ inc collagen turn white w/ ?
BPH Rx SE: orthostasis, dizziness, fall risk
exogenous testosterone leads to ? type of kidney stones
6 months w/o period
Perimenopausal uterine bleeding, first step?
MC renal tumor
HTN after 20 wk gestation assoc w/ proteinuria
MC aneuploidy in abortuses
Lab value inc if patient is not making sperm
Chromosome of BRCA-2
MC breast carcinoma in situ
20-25% of adnexal masses, dx b/t age 10-30yo
Chromosome 17, 85% lifetime breast Ca risk
2nd most common primary site of mets to ovary
Origin of 90% ovarian cancers (aka MC form)
Mutation assoc w/ high grade endometrioid tumors
Uterine size discrepant from dates
Rx w/ SE: endometrial polyps
Contraceptive w/ SE: irregular bleeding, weight gain, bone loss
Ovarian tumor w/ KRAS and BRAF mutations
Targeted therapy for HER2+ breast CA
Stage: detected from elevated PSA alone, normal DRE & TRUS
Hemangioblastoma of cerebellum and retina, renal cysts and RCC
How to stage endometrial CA
% of complex atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
elevated seminal leukocyte count aka?
Abnormally deep implantation onto the myometrium
MC gynecologic CA
Rx: adjuvant therapy for ER+ premenopausal breast Ca
Tumor marker of stromal cell tumors
MC neoplasm in young men
Rx SE: PSA drops in half, ED, loss of libido
Kidney CA stage T4, invades
Type of incontinence: neurogenic dysfunction
Prevent sz in preeclampsia
MC tumor of myometrium
Proper name for 'chocolate cyst'
Best available protection against STIs
intraabdominal pregnancy, later found in a 60yo woman
HRT: w/ uterus, need estrogen and ?
Induce fetal lung maturity - give mom ?
umbilical cord inserts into the fetal membranes
MCC UTO in male children
Call-Exner bodies, Inhibin+
'blue dot' sign and pain related to inflammation
Tx: stimulate ovary - induce endogenous FSH release
MC cystic mass in reproductive-age women
MC site of mets in metastatic breast cancer
Main mode of spread of ovarian cancer
Condition during lactation, mimics inflammatory breast cancer
CA w/ high rate of extra-uterine dz, NO myometrial invasion of tumor
Adnexal mass in reproductive age female, first r/o?
MC trisomy in spontaneous abortion
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in postmeno
MC site of ectopic pregnant
Tumor, sx: precocious puberty, hyperandrogenism, pelvic mass/pain
highest risk of prostate CA starting at what age?
C/I for anticholinergic therapy
hormone causing ovulation
MCC Epididymal Orchitis in young men
If surgery unavailable for testicular torson, reduce by twisting?
postmenopausal, complex hyperplasia w/ atypia - tx?
Grading scheme for prostatic adenocarcinoma
Infection causing bladder CA
Other name for ovarian fibroma
Most important RF for uterine CA
Renal CA assoc w/ Von Hippel-Lindau
Progestin in BCPs derived from spironolactone
Breast duct/lobule cells that produce milk
hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia
Type of incontinence: outlet obstruction
Cells that convert adrenal steroids to estrone
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in adolescence
amenorrhea w/ high serum androgens, nl estrogen, low progesterone
% of complex hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Sperm with DNA damage is assoc w/ ?
proliferation marker in endometrial cycle
MC site to endometriosis
MC type of endometrial carcinoma
lobular (breast) carcinoma in situ is assoc w/ invasive cancer where ?
dilatation of ducts, inspissated (thick) secretions
MC histology of cervival CA
Papillary projections surrounded by Schiller-Duval bodies
Syndrome: AD w/ 85% penetrance, BRCA
pau d' orange, cancer cells in dermal lymphatics
'powder burn' lesions
breast path - clown face
beta 2 receptors cause uterine ?
Removal of breast, pec minor and axillary lymph node
low value w/ anovulation: failure to centrally stimulate follicular growth
MC infiltrating breast Ca
MC method of contraception
Long acting Rx for ED
Tumor marker of seminoma
Syndrome w/ inc risk of colon, ovarian, endometrial, breast and uroepithelial CA
MCC of amenorrhea (after pregnancy)
MC ovarian germ cell tumor
malignant germ cell tumor: PLAP, Oct 3/4, cKIT
intraurethral Rx for ED
mech of finasteride, dutasteride
Dz: epidermis of nipple contains tumor cells
Given to prevent CW recurrence at mastectomy site
trophoblastic proliferation, cystic villi, no fetal tissue
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in postmenopausal
Lowest contraceptive failure rates
class of Rx for urge incontinence to tighten outlet
Assoc w/ uterine hyperplasia/CA in postmenopausal women
Molecular? Type I, simple - complex hyperplasia
presence of endometrial glands in uterine myometrium
Tx: tubal factor infertility
Classic path change - failure of conversion of maternal vessels from low volume-high resistance to a high volume-low resistance system
Type of cancer after tx for mediastinal mass in college age woman
Penile CA 0% in men who are ?
Sv consequence of anovulatory cycle
CA most strongly associated w/ obesity
pain with sex
Bilateral ovarian mets w/ signet ring
Tumor marker for endodermal sinus tumor, embryonal carcinoma
Most important prognostic factor in breast Ca
Flow of urine in retrograde fashion (to kidney) w/ voiding
Deletion or unbalanced translocation of chromosome 3 (VKL gene)
HPV: Degrades p53 in the host cell
best imaging modality for tubal infertility
Lady on tamoxifen w/ post-menopausal bleeding - next step?
MC gynecological CA worldwide
abnormal dev of chorionic villi in pregnancy can become?
MC histiological subtype of endometrial CA
testicular torsion perinatal only
Permanent cessation of menses x1yr w/ high FSH, low E2
MC location of transitional cell cancer
MC ovarian tumor (and cancer)
malignant germ cell tumor: AFP
% of simple atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
twins share chorion but one gets more blood flow
Major SE of contraceptive implants
Tx symptomatic bone mets (prostate CA)
MC group of aneuploidy in spont ab
MCC male infertility in the world
Amniotic Fluid Index >90th %ile
HTN after 20 wk w/o proteinuria
Inc prolif of glands rel to stroma 2/2 inactivation of ? gene
Signet ring cells in ovary = ?
Most important reason fertility dec w/ female age is increasing ?
Higher percent of free PSA (25%+)
Why is stage I breast Ca 10-year survival only 75%?
e of incontinence: unstable bladder
Malignant tumor of admixed proliferating trophoblasts, no villi
MC composition of kidney stones
Tumor marker for dysgerminoma
Oral contraceptive in breastfeeding woman
Worst SE of Magnesium sulfate
Marker WT-1
Type II endometrial carcinoma assoc w/ ?
Appendix testes remnant of ?
Molecular? Type I, proliferative - simple hyperplasia
Endometrium that has been hormonally influenced by pregnancy
Tx PUV: Incise valve to damage leaflet
most prostate CA develops in which zone?
MCC testis CA >50yo
L1 proteins from HPV strains self-assemble into non-infectious units called?
HPV: Binds rB allowing for cell immortalization
Hallmark pathological finding of granulosa cell tumots
Most common estrogenic ovarian tumor
Targeted therapy for ER+ breast CA
Tx: antagonist in breast; agonist in endometrium
Bladder cancer sx in 85% of cases
Still a cause of maternal and fetal death
antepartum hemorrhage after 20 wks
Mech: Change in transport speed of the ovum
Tumor from dense fibroconnective tissue of the breast
MC site of involvement in endometriosis
Any condition irritating the periotoneal lining inc which marker?
Varicocele finding on U/S
Tx of choice for vaginal atrophy
tx: stress urinary incontinence that inc sphincter tone
IUD c/i in Wilson's disease
Thin, long unilocular mass, associated with period
medical tx: urge incontinence
Composition of staghorn stone
Endometrial glands/stroma implanted outside uterine cavity/walls
Converts androgens to estrogen
MC Tx of superficial bladder cancer
Antigen that lyses seminal coagulum
measure seminal vesciles - dilated due to?
monoclonal ab to HER-2 neu
% of simple hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
HTN dx in first 20 weeks of pregnancy
ovarian neoplasm w/ 3 germinal layers
#1 killer of neonates
Contraception w/ dec efficacy at higher BMI i.e. >198 lbs
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in premenopausal
bleeding but os is open or closed, but still viable pregnancy
MC testicular tumor
sudden huge increase in PSA likely due to?
Tumor marker for choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma
Zone sampled in pap smear and biopsy
MC benign growth in breast
Class of Rx for urge incontinence to dec contractility
malignant germ cell tumor: beta HCG
normal strict morphology required to bind to?
Name: loss of cell polarity, inc N:C, irreg shape, prominent nucleoli
male contraceptive = exogenous hormone?
Mutation in mucinous ovarian tumors
reflex test to triage ASCUS pap smear in women > 21
Appendix epididymis remnant of ?
oligohydramnios and 'key hole' sign
Chemo combo for advanced bladder CA
division of ovum after 13 days
acute infection w/ obstruction -1st step?
Special type breast CA, high grade but good prognosis
screening for nonpalpable breast masses
Rx: adjuvant therapy for postmenopausal breast Ca
hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca causing chemical castration
implantation into cornu of uterus or lower uterine segment

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Created Nov 17, 2012ReportNominate