8b GUG

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antepartum hemorrhage after 20 wks
intraabdominal pregnancy, later found in a 60yo woman
MC method of contraception
MC benign growth in breast
MC ovarian germ cell tumor
oligohydramnios and 'key hole' sign
umbilical cord inserts into the fetal membranes
Ovarian tumor w/ KRAS and BRAF mutations
Inc prolif of glands rel to stroma 2/2 inactivation of ? gene
Tx: antagonist in breast; agonist in endometrium
Flow of urine in retrograde fashion (to kidney) w/ voiding
male contraceptive = exogenous hormone?
Rx: adjuvant therapy for ER+ premenopausal breast Ca
MC tumor of myometrium
malignant germ cell tumor: beta HCG
HPV: Degrades p53 in the host cell
Origin of 90% ovarian cancers (aka MC form)
HTN after 20 wk gestation assoc w/ proteinuria
MC location of transitional cell cancer
testicular torsion perinatal only
Long acting Rx for ED
Main mode of spread of ovarian cancer
Penile CA 0% in men who are ?
abnormal dev of chorionic villi in pregnancy can become?
Kidney CA stage T4, invades
Tx symptomatic bone mets (prostate CA)
MC breast carcinoma in situ
Marker WT-1
twins share chorion but one gets more blood flow
MC renal tumor
bleeding but os is open or closed, but still viable pregnancy
Contraceptive w/ SE: irregular bleeding, weight gain, bone loss
HPV: Binds rB allowing for cell immortalization
Tumor, sx: precocious puberty, hyperandrogenism, pelvic mass/pain
division of ovum after 13 days
Bilateral ovarian mets w/ signet ring
malignant germ cell tumor: AFP
presence of endometrial glands in uterine myometrium
Perimenopausal uterine bleeding, first step?
postmenopausal, complex hyperplasia w/ atypia - tx?
CA most strongly associated w/ obesity
How to stage endometrial CA
trophoblastic proliferation, fetus or fetal tissue present
C/I for anticholinergic therapy
Uterine size discrepant from dates
MC site to endometriosis
tx: stress urinary incontinence that inc sphincter tone
most prostate CA develops in which zone?
hormone causing ovulation
Tx: tubal factor infertility
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in postmenopausal
Special type breast CA, high grade but good prognosis
Renal CA assoc w/ Von Hippel-Lindau
% of simple atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
proliferation marker in endometrial cycle
MCC UTO in male children
Tumor marker for choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma
Deletion or unbalanced translocation of chromosome 3 (VKL gene)
MC trisomy in spontaneous abortion
Converts androgens to estrogen
Progestin in BCPs derived from spironolactone
MC testicular tumor
MC histology of cervival CA
Proper name for 'chocolate cyst'
Endometrium that has been hormonally influenced by pregnancy
Worst SE of Magnesium sulfate
Varicocele finding on U/S
Any condition irritating the periotoneal lining inc which marker?
MC gynecologic CA
Condition during lactation, mimics inflammatory breast cancer
MC site of mets in metastatic breast cancer
Mutation in mucinous ovarian tumors
Cells that convert adrenal steroids to estrone
Zone sampled in pap smear and biopsy
Tumor marker for dysgerminoma
MC infiltrating breast Ca
Sperm with DNA damage is assoc w/ ?
MCC male infertility in the world
reflex test to triage ASCUS pap smear in women > 21
Given to prevent CW recurrence at mastectomy site
Chromosome of BRCA-2
highest risk of prostate CA starting at what age?
Tumor marker of seminoma
Grading scheme for prostatic adenocarcinoma
class of Rx for urge incontinence to tighten outlet
Adnexal mass in reproductive age female, first r/o?
Hemangioblastoma of cerebellum and retina, renal cysts and RCC
Rx w/ SE: endometrial polyps
measure seminal vesciles - dilated due to?
'powder burn' lesions
Chromosome 17, 85% lifetime breast Ca risk
Best available protection against STIs
Contraception w/ dec efficacy at higher BMI i.e. >198 lbs
% of complex hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
pau d' orange, cancer cells in dermal lymphatics
sudden huge increase in PSA likely due to?
Colposcopy: cells w/ inc collagen turn white w/ ?
MC group of aneuploidy in spont ab
Prevent sz in preeclampsia
Appendix epididymis remnant of ?
If surgery unavailable for testicular torson, reduce by twisting?
Most important RF for uterine CA
Signet ring cells in ovary = ?
Bladder cancer sx in 85% of cases
Most important prognostic factor in breast Ca
L1 proteins from HPV strains self-assemble into non-infectious units called?
Mutation assoc w/ high grade endometrioid tumors
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in adolescence
Classic path change - failure of conversion of maternal vessels from low volume-high resistance to a high volume-low resistance system
pain with sex
ovarian neoplasm w/ 3 germinal layers
Infection causing bladder CA
MCC Epididymal Orchitis in young men
Appendix testes remnant of ?
Type II endometrial carcinoma assoc w/ ?
Tx of choice for vaginal atrophy
MC aneuploidy in abortuses
Mech: Change in transport speed of the ovum
20-25% of adnexal masses, dx b/t age 10-30yo
Tx: stimulate ovary - induce endogenous FSH release
Tx PUV: Incise valve to damage leaflet
Lowest contraceptive failure rates
BPH Rx SE: orthostasis, dizziness, fall risk
#1 killer of neonates
Abnormally deep implantation onto the myometrium
Still a cause of maternal and fetal death
elevated seminal leukocyte count aka?
6 months w/o period
malignant germ cell tumor: PLAP, Oct 3/4, cKIT
MCC of amenorrhea (after pregnancy)
beta 2 receptors cause uterine ?
Syndrome w/ inc risk of colon, ovarian, endometrial, breast and uroepithelial CA
IUD c/i in Wilson's disease
HTN dx in first 20 weeks of pregnancy
dilatation of ducts, inspissated (thick) secretions
acute infection w/ obstruction -1st step?
Dz: epidermis of nipple contains tumor cells
Hallmark pathological finding of granulosa cell tumots
2nd most common primary site of mets to ovary
Lady on tamoxifen w/ post-menopausal bleeding - next step?
Targeted therapy for ER+ breast CA
implantation into cornu of uterus or lower uterine segment
Endometrial glands/stroma implanted outside uterine cavity/walls
Sv consequence of anovulatory cycle
Type of incontinence: neurogenic dysfunction
Tumor from dense fibroconnective tissue of the breast
best imaging modality for tubal infertility
CA w/ high rate of extra-uterine dz, NO myometrial invasion of tumor
Rx: adjuvant therapy for postmenopausal breast Ca
MC neoplasm in young men
Papillary projections surrounded by Schiller-Duval bodies
Other name for ovarian fibroma
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in postmeno
MC ovarian tumor (and cancer)
Amniotic Fluid Index >90th %ile
lobular (breast) carcinoma in situ is assoc w/ invasive cancer where ?
medical tx: urge incontinence
Breast duct/lobule cells that produce milk
Rx SE: PSA drops in half, ED, loss of libido
HRT: w/ uterus, need estrogen and ?
Chemo combo for advanced bladder CA
mech of finasteride, dutasteride
% of complex atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
MC type of endometrial carcinoma
% of simple hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Targeted therapy for HER2+ breast CA
normal strict morphology required to bind to?
exogenous testosterone leads to ? type of kidney stones
MC site of involvement in endometriosis
MC site of ectopic pregnant
e of incontinence: unstable bladder
Malignant tumor of admixed proliferating trophoblasts, no villi
Antigen that lyses seminal coagulum
hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca causing chemical castration
Why is stage I breast Ca 10-year survival only 75%?
MC composition of kidney stones
MC histiological subtype of endometrial CA
Higher percent of free PSA (25%+)
Major SE of contraceptive implants
trophoblastic proliferation, cystic villi, no fetal tissue
MCC testis CA >50yo
Assoc w/ uterine hyperplasia/CA in postmenopausal women
Oral contraceptive in breastfeeding woman
Tumor marker of stromal cell tumors
intraurethral Rx for ED
Thin, long unilocular mass, associated with period
Lab value inc if patient is not making sperm
MC cystic mass in reproductive-age women
Molecular? Type I, proliferative - simple hyperplasia
monoclonal ab to HER-2 neu
MC gynecological CA worldwide
Syndrome: AD w/ 85% penetrance, BRCA
MC Tx of superficial bladder cancer
Removal of breast, pec minor and axillary lymph node
Type of incontinence: outlet obstruction
'blue dot' sign and pain related to inflammation
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in premenopausal
Stage: detected from elevated PSA alone, normal DRE & TRUS
HTN after 20 wk w/o proteinuria
screening for nonpalpable breast masses
Most common estrogenic ovarian tumor
low value w/ anovulation: failure to centrally stimulate follicular growth
Type of cancer after tx for mediastinal mass in college age woman
Induce fetal lung maturity - give mom ?
Most important reason fertility dec w/ female age is increasing ?
breast path - clown face
Tumor marker for endodermal sinus tumor, embryonal carcinoma
Call-Exner bodies, Inhibin+
Class of Rx for urge incontinence to dec contractility
hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia
amenorrhea w/ high serum androgens, nl estrogen, low progesterone
Composition of staghorn stone
Molecular? Type I, simple - complex hyperplasia
Permanent cessation of menses x1yr w/ high FSH, low E2
Name: loss of cell polarity, inc N:C, irreg shape, prominent nucleoli

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Created Nov 17, 2012ReportNominate