8b GUG

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Can you name the 8b GUG?

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Call-Exner bodies, Inhibin+
Lowest contraceptive failure rates
Tumor, sx: precocious puberty, hyperandrogenism, pelvic mass/pain
Papillary projections surrounded by Schiller-Duval bodies
Higher percent of free PSA (25%+)
MC trisomy in spontaneous abortion
Other name for ovarian fibroma
Assoc w/ uterine hyperplasia/CA in postmenopausal women
Tumor from dense fibroconnective tissue of the breast
MCC of amenorrhea (after pregnancy)
Condition during lactation, mimics inflammatory breast cancer
MC location of transitional cell cancer
pain with sex
malignant germ cell tumor: PLAP, Oct 3/4, cKIT
male contraceptive = exogenous hormone?
Zone sampled in pap smear and biopsy
HPV: Binds rB allowing for cell immortalization
division of ovum after 13 days
dilatation of ducts, inspissated (thick) secretions
Mech: Change in transport speed of the ovum
e of incontinence: unstable bladder
Marker WT-1
MC histology of cervival CA
MC ovarian tumor (and cancer)
MCC UTO in male children
Perimenopausal uterine bleeding, first step?
malignant germ cell tumor: AFP
Grading scheme for prostatic adenocarcinoma
Given to prevent CW recurrence at mastectomy site
MC type of endometrial carcinoma
trophoblastic proliferation, cystic villi, no fetal tissue
Endometrium that has been hormonally influenced by pregnancy
% of complex hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Cells that convert adrenal steroids to estrone
malignant germ cell tumor: beta HCG
Worst SE of Magnesium sulfate
Converts androgens to estrogen
MC testicular tumor
Infection causing bladder CA
MC gynecologic CA
Sperm with DNA damage is assoc w/ ?
Permanent cessation of menses x1yr w/ high FSH, low E2
Lady on tamoxifen w/ post-menopausal bleeding - next step?
Tx: stimulate ovary - induce endogenous FSH release
exogenous testosterone leads to ? type of kidney stones
bleeding but os is open or closed, but still viable pregnancy
Chemo combo for advanced bladder CA
MC site of mets in metastatic breast cancer
Any condition irritating the periotoneal lining inc which marker?
MC site of ectopic pregnant
Rx: adjuvant therapy for postmenopausal breast Ca
BPH Rx SE: orthostasis, dizziness, fall risk
Long acting Rx for ED
Most important reason fertility dec w/ female age is increasing ?
hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca causing chemical castration
CA w/ high rate of extra-uterine dz, NO myometrial invasion of tumor
MC Tx of superficial bladder cancer
medical tx: urge incontinence
Why is stage I breast Ca 10-year survival only 75%?
20-25% of adnexal masses, dx b/t age 10-30yo
Special type breast CA, high grade but good prognosis
Type of incontinence: outlet obstruction
Syndrome w/ inc risk of colon, ovarian, endometrial, breast and uroepithelial CA
Type of cancer after tx for mediastinal mass in college age woman
MCC Epididymal Orchitis in young men
Penile CA 0% in men who are ?
Still a cause of maternal and fetal death
Tx: antagonist in breast; agonist in endometrium
C/I for anticholinergic therapy
breast path - clown face
most prostate CA develops in which zone?
tx: stress urinary incontinence that inc sphincter tone
Chromosome of BRCA-2
HPV: Degrades p53 in the host cell
HTN after 20 wk gestation assoc w/ proteinuria
intraurethral Rx for ED
Origin of 90% ovarian cancers (aka MC form)
abnormal dev of chorionic villi in pregnancy can become?
Targeted therapy for ER+ breast CA
ovarian neoplasm w/ 3 germinal layers
Type of incontinence: neurogenic dysfunction
MC neoplasm in young men
oligohydramnios and 'key hole' sign
'blue dot' sign and pain related to inflammation
Tx: tubal factor infertility
Tumor marker for choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma
Renal CA assoc w/ Von Hippel-Lindau
Tumor marker of seminoma
Bladder cancer sx in 85% of cases
amenorrhea w/ high serum androgens, nl estrogen, low progesterone
Tx PUV: Incise valve to damage leaflet
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in premenopausal
% of simple atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Bilateral ovarian mets w/ signet ring
intraabdominal pregnancy, later found in a 60yo woman
hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia
lobular (breast) carcinoma in situ is assoc w/ invasive cancer where ?
class of Rx for urge incontinence to tighten outlet
MC gynecological CA worldwide
umbilical cord inserts into the fetal membranes
L1 proteins from HPV strains self-assemble into non-infectious units called?
Prevent sz in preeclampsia
Molecular? Type I, simple - complex hyperplasia
MC site to endometriosis
Rx SE: PSA drops in half, ED, loss of libido
Stage: detected from elevated PSA alone, normal DRE & TRUS
MC renal tumor
Most important prognostic factor in breast Ca
Deletion or unbalanced translocation of chromosome 3 (VKL gene)
low value w/ anovulation: failure to centrally stimulate follicular growth
MC composition of kidney stones
normal strict morphology required to bind to?
% of simple hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Rx: adjuvant therapy for ER+ premenopausal breast Ca
Most common estrogenic ovarian tumor
postmenopausal, complex hyperplasia w/ atypia - tx?
CA most strongly associated w/ obesity
mech of finasteride, dutasteride
MCC male infertility in the world
Hemangioblastoma of cerebellum and retina, renal cysts and RCC
Appendix epididymis remnant of ?
Removal of breast, pec minor and axillary lymph node
Mutation assoc w/ high grade endometrioid tumors
If surgery unavailable for testicular torson, reduce by twisting?
Inc prolif of glands rel to stroma 2/2 inactivation of ? gene
Tumor marker for endodermal sinus tumor, embryonal carcinoma
IUD c/i in Wilson's disease
Composition of staghorn stone
implantation into cornu of uterus or lower uterine segment
Classic path change - failure of conversion of maternal vessels from low volume-high resistance to a high volume-low resistance system
Tx of choice for vaginal atrophy
Proper name for 'chocolate cyst'
Major SE of contraceptive implants
elevated seminal leukocyte count aka?
MC site of involvement in endometriosis
MC benign growth in breast
Thin, long unilocular mass, associated with period
Oral contraceptive in breastfeeding woman
Flow of urine in retrograde fashion (to kidney) w/ voiding
Mutation in mucinous ovarian tumors
Progestin in BCPs derived from spironolactone
Most important RF for uterine CA
reflex test to triage ASCUS pap smear in women > 21
Hallmark pathological finding of granulosa cell tumots
MC infiltrating breast Ca
Ovarian tumor w/ KRAS and BRAF mutations
Antigen that lyses seminal coagulum
highest risk of prostate CA starting at what age?
HRT: w/ uterus, need estrogen and ?
Type II endometrial carcinoma assoc w/ ?
Kidney CA stage T4, invades
MC ovarian germ cell tumor
Syndrome: AD w/ 85% penetrance, BRCA
HTN after 20 wk w/o proteinuria
Induce fetal lung maturity - give mom ?
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in postmenopausal
Signet ring cells in ovary = ?
Name: loss of cell polarity, inc N:C, irreg shape, prominent nucleoli
Colposcopy: cells w/ inc collagen turn white w/ ?
Malignant tumor of admixed proliferating trophoblasts, no villi
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in adolescence
MC method of contraception
Breast duct/lobule cells that produce milk
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in postmeno
2nd most common primary site of mets to ovary
Abnormally deep implantation onto the myometrium
Tumor marker for dysgerminoma
Tumor marker of stromal cell tumors
Adnexal mass in reproductive age female, first r/o?
MCC testis CA >50yo
testicular torsion perinatal only
Endometrial glands/stroma implanted outside uterine cavity/walls
Uterine size discrepant from dates
best imaging modality for tubal infertility
Targeted therapy for HER2+ breast CA
beta 2 receptors cause uterine ?
Chromosome 17, 85% lifetime breast Ca risk
screening for nonpalpable breast masses
Dz: epidermis of nipple contains tumor cells
trophoblastic proliferation, fetus or fetal tissue present
Tx symptomatic bone mets (prostate CA)
Rx w/ SE: endometrial polyps
measure seminal vesciles - dilated due to?
% of complex atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
HTN dx in first 20 weeks of pregnancy
MC aneuploidy in abortuses
MC breast carcinoma in situ
How to stage endometrial CA
Contraceptive w/ SE: irregular bleeding, weight gain, bone loss
sudden huge increase in PSA likely due to?
'powder burn' lesions
Contraception w/ dec efficacy at higher BMI i.e. >198 lbs
6 months w/o period
Molecular? Type I, proliferative - simple hyperplasia
MC group of aneuploidy in spont ab
MC cystic mass in reproductive-age women
Lab value inc if patient is not making sperm
Appendix testes remnant of ?
monoclonal ab to HER-2 neu
MC tumor of myometrium
Main mode of spread of ovarian cancer
hormone causing ovulation
Amniotic Fluid Index >90th %ile
Class of Rx for urge incontinence to dec contractility
acute infection w/ obstruction -1st step?
Best available protection against STIs
MC histiological subtype of endometrial CA
Varicocele finding on U/S
#1 killer of neonates
Sv consequence of anovulatory cycle
pau d' orange, cancer cells in dermal lymphatics
antepartum hemorrhage after 20 wks
presence of endometrial glands in uterine myometrium
proliferation marker in endometrial cycle
twins share chorion but one gets more blood flow

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Created Nov 17, 2012ReportNominate