8b GUG

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Can you name the 8b GUG?

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bleeding but os is open or closed, but still viable pregnancy
Marker WT-1
e of incontinence: unstable bladder
Sperm with DNA damage is assoc w/ ?
malignant germ cell tumor: beta HCG
trophoblastic proliferation, cystic villi, no fetal tissue
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in postmeno
division of ovum after 13 days
Contraception w/ dec efficacy at higher BMI i.e. >198 lbs
Zone sampled in pap smear and biopsy
beta 2 receptors cause uterine ?
oligohydramnios and 'key hole' sign
CA most strongly associated w/ obesity
Hemangioblastoma of cerebellum and retina, renal cysts and RCC
amenorrhea w/ high serum androgens, nl estrogen, low progesterone
malignant germ cell tumor: AFP
MCC of amenorrhea (after pregnancy)
male contraceptive = exogenous hormone?
Renal CA assoc w/ Von Hippel-Lindau
Infection causing bladder CA
Molecular? Type I, proliferative - simple hyperplasia
Tumor from dense fibroconnective tissue of the breast
Endometrial glands/stroma implanted outside uterine cavity/walls
Best available protection against STIs
Induce fetal lung maturity - give mom ?
Lab value inc if patient is not making sperm
highest risk of prostate CA starting at what age?
trophoblastic proliferation, fetus or fetal tissue present
MC cystic mass in reproductive-age women
HTN dx in first 20 weeks of pregnancy
Type of cancer after tx for mediastinal mass in college age woman
medical tx: urge incontinence
Name: loss of cell polarity, inc N:C, irreg shape, prominent nucleoli
hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca causing chemical castration
% of simple hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
MCC Epididymal Orchitis in young men
Adnexal mass in reproductive age female, first r/o?
abnormal dev of chorionic villi in pregnancy can become?
Syndrome w/ inc risk of colon, ovarian, endometrial, breast and uroepithelial CA
Tx: tubal factor infertility
Kidney CA stage T4, invades
Any condition irritating the periotoneal lining inc which marker?
Signet ring cells in ovary = ?
6 months w/o period
MC benign growth in breast
Tx: antagonist in breast; agonist in endometrium
most prostate CA develops in which zone?
Prevent sz in preeclampsia
L1 proteins from HPV strains self-assemble into non-infectious units called?
Targeted therapy for ER+ breast CA
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in adolescence
Penile CA 0% in men who are ?
'powder burn' lesions
HPV: Binds rB allowing for cell immortalization
Most important prognostic factor in breast Ca
Chromosome of BRCA-2
Mutation in mucinous ovarian tumors
MC histiological subtype of endometrial CA
Inc prolif of glands rel to stroma 2/2 inactivation of ? gene
MC breast carcinoma in situ
Lowest contraceptive failure rates
MC aneuploidy in abortuses
Tx: stimulate ovary - induce endogenous FSH release
Molecular? Type I, simple - complex hyperplasia
proliferation marker in endometrial cycle
MC location of transitional cell cancer
dilatation of ducts, inspissated (thick) secretions
MC testicular tumor
Long acting Rx for ED
Contraceptive w/ SE: irregular bleeding, weight gain, bone loss
Classic path change - failure of conversion of maternal vessels from low volume-high resistance to a high volume-low resistance system
CA w/ high rate of extra-uterine dz, NO myometrial invasion of tumor
Proper name for 'chocolate cyst'
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in premenopausal
#1 killer of neonates
HTN after 20 wk w/o proteinuria
Papillary projections surrounded by Schiller-Duval bodies
Dz: epidermis of nipple contains tumor cells
malignant germ cell tumor: PLAP, Oct 3/4, cKIT
MC type of endometrial carcinoma
Varicocele finding on U/S
Higher percent of free PSA (25%+)
Amniotic Fluid Index >90th %ile
Thin, long unilocular mass, associated with period
MCC male infertility in the world
Type II endometrial carcinoma assoc w/ ?
Tumor, sx: precocious puberty, hyperandrogenism, pelvic mass/pain
C/I for anticholinergic therapy
Deletion or unbalanced translocation of chromosome 3 (VKL gene)
If surgery unavailable for testicular torson, reduce by twisting?
MCC testis CA >50yo
measure seminal vesciles - dilated due to?
Perimenopausal uterine bleeding, first step?
Rx SE: PSA drops in half, ED, loss of libido
20-25% of adnexal masses, dx b/t age 10-30yo
Type of incontinence: neurogenic dysfunction
MC tumor of myometrium
Colposcopy: cells w/ inc collagen turn white w/ ?
'blue dot' sign and pain related to inflammation
class of Rx for urge incontinence to tighten outlet
MC ovarian germ cell tumor
pain with sex
Permanent cessation of menses x1yr w/ high FSH, low E2
exogenous testosterone leads to ? type of kidney stones
How to stage endometrial CA
Most important reason fertility dec w/ female age is increasing ?
Tx of choice for vaginal atrophy
Endometrium that has been hormonally influenced by pregnancy
Malignant tumor of admixed proliferating trophoblasts, no villi
intraurethral Rx for ED
Oral contraceptive in breastfeeding woman
MC gynecological CA worldwide
MC infiltrating breast Ca
Why is stage I breast Ca 10-year survival only 75%?
Special type breast CA, high grade but good prognosis
Ovarian tumor w/ KRAS and BRAF mutations
twins share chorion but one gets more blood flow
Stage: detected from elevated PSA alone, normal DRE & TRUS
Worst SE of Magnesium sulfate
MC site of mets in metastatic breast cancer
Tx PUV: Incise valve to damage leaflet
MCC UTO in male children
screening for nonpalpable breast masses
MC trisomy in spontaneous abortion
Progestin in BCPs derived from spironolactone
testicular torsion perinatal only
reflex test to triage ASCUS pap smear in women > 21
Hallmark pathological finding of granulosa cell tumots
Given to prevent CW recurrence at mastectomy site
Assoc w/ uterine hyperplasia/CA in postmenopausal women
hormone causing ovulation
Bladder cancer sx in 85% of cases
Grading scheme for prostatic adenocarcinoma
Most common estrogenic ovarian tumor
best imaging modality for tubal infertility
presence of endometrial glands in uterine myometrium
Breast duct/lobule cells that produce milk
IUD c/i in Wilson's disease
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in postmenopausal
MC method of contraception
HRT: w/ uterus, need estrogen and ?
postmenopausal, complex hyperplasia w/ atypia - tx?
Chromosome 17, 85% lifetime breast Ca risk
Bilateral ovarian mets w/ signet ring
Condition during lactation, mimics inflammatory breast cancer
HTN after 20 wk gestation assoc w/ proteinuria
MC ovarian tumor (and cancer)
HPV: Degrades p53 in the host cell
Still a cause of maternal and fetal death
Targeted therapy for HER2+ breast CA
Appendix testes remnant of ?
Rx: adjuvant therapy for ER+ premenopausal breast Ca
Uterine size discrepant from dates
MC site to endometriosis
low value w/ anovulation: failure to centrally stimulate follicular growth
Flow of urine in retrograde fashion (to kidney) w/ voiding
Syndrome: AD w/ 85% penetrance, BRCA
% of complex hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Mutation assoc w/ high grade endometrioid tumors
Tumor marker for dysgerminoma
implantation into cornu of uterus or lower uterine segment
Major SE of contraceptive implants
Origin of 90% ovarian cancers (aka MC form)
Call-Exner bodies, Inhibin+
Type of incontinence: outlet obstruction
Tumor marker for endodermal sinus tumor, embryonal carcinoma
intraabdominal pregnancy, later found in a 60yo woman
tx: stress urinary incontinence that inc sphincter tone
Tx symptomatic bone mets (prostate CA)
breast path - clown face
umbilical cord inserts into the fetal membranes
Removal of breast, pec minor and axillary lymph node
Appendix epididymis remnant of ?
Sv consequence of anovulatory cycle
Tumor marker of stromal cell tumors
MC site of ectopic pregnant
MC Tx of superficial bladder cancer
Tumor marker of seminoma
% of simple atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
mech of finasteride, dutasteride
Cells that convert adrenal steroids to estrone
Lady on tamoxifen w/ post-menopausal bleeding - next step?
Most important RF for uterine CA
normal strict morphology required to bind to?
antepartum hemorrhage after 20 wks
hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia
Rx: adjuvant therapy for postmenopausal breast Ca
MC composition of kidney stones
Class of Rx for urge incontinence to dec contractility
acute infection w/ obstruction -1st step?
Other name for ovarian fibroma
% of complex atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
MC site of involvement in endometriosis
Composition of staghorn stone
Chemo combo for advanced bladder CA
Rx w/ SE: endometrial polyps
MC gynecologic CA
MC histology of cervival CA
MC group of aneuploidy in spont ab
monoclonal ab to HER-2 neu
Abnormally deep implantation onto the myometrium
2nd most common primary site of mets to ovary
pau d' orange, cancer cells in dermal lymphatics
Converts androgens to estrogen
MC neoplasm in young men
Tumor marker for choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma
lobular (breast) carcinoma in situ is assoc w/ invasive cancer where ?
sudden huge increase in PSA likely due to?
MC renal tumor
ovarian neoplasm w/ 3 germinal layers
Main mode of spread of ovarian cancer
Antigen that lyses seminal coagulum
Mech: Change in transport speed of the ovum
elevated seminal leukocyte count aka?
BPH Rx SE: orthostasis, dizziness, fall risk

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