8b GUG

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QuestionAnswerNotes
MC STI
pain with sex
Main mode of spread of ovarian cancer
Converts androgens to estrogen
Tx of choice for vaginal atrophy
% of simple hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Tx: tubal factor infertility
Uterine size discrepant from dates
Why is stage I breast Ca 10-year survival only 75%?
MC gynecologic CA
bleeding but os is open or closed, but still viable pregnancy
screening for nonpalpable breast masses
Removal of breast, pec minor and axillary lymph node
malignant germ cell tumor: beta HCG
Appendix testes remnant of ?
measure seminal vesciles - dilated due to?
Molecular? Type I, simple - complex hyperplasia
MC gynecological CA worldwide
male contraceptive = exogenous hormone?
reflex test to triage ASCUS pap smear in women > 21
intraurethral Rx for ED
If surgery unavailable for testicular torson, reduce by twisting?
Other name for ovarian fibroma
e of incontinence: unstable bladder
Still a cause of maternal and fetal death
HTN after 20 wk w/o proteinuria
most prostate CA develops in which zone?
How to stage endometrial CA
hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia
CA w/ high rate of extra-uterine dz, NO myometrial invasion of tumor
MC type of endometrial carcinoma
Breast duct/lobule cells that produce milk
Antigen that lyses seminal coagulum
MC site of ectopic pregnant
C/I for anticholinergic therapy
monoclonal ab to HER-2 neu
6 months w/o period
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in premenopausal
Higher percent of free PSA (25%+)
% of complex atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
HTN dx in first 20 weeks of pregnancy
Rx: adjuvant therapy for postmenopausal breast Ca
Most common estrogenic ovarian tumor
MC site of mets in metastatic breast cancer
Adnexal mass in reproductive age female, first r/o?
Hallmark pathological finding of granulosa cell tumots
Rx w/ SE: endometrial polyps
MC renal tumor
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in postmenopausal
Mutation assoc w/ high grade endometrioid tumors
Thin, long unilocular mass, associated with period
% of complex hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
MC tumor of myometrium
abnormal dev of chorionic villi in pregnancy can become?
Endometrium that has been hormonally influenced by pregnancy
tx: stress urinary incontinence that inc sphincter tone
Deletion or unbalanced translocation of chromosome 3 (VKL gene)
Colposcopy: cells w/ inc collagen turn white w/ ?
Grading scheme for prostatic adenocarcinoma
Chemo combo for advanced bladder CA
amenorrhea w/ high serum androgens, nl estrogen, low progesterone
Composition of staghorn stone
umbilical cord inserts into the fetal membranes
Progestin in BCPs derived from spironolactone
MC site to endometriosis
Syndrome: AD w/ 85% penetrance, BRCA
Sperm with DNA damage is assoc w/ ?
Type II endometrial carcinoma assoc w/ ?
Zone sampled in pap smear and biopsy
class of Rx for urge incontinence to tighten outlet
Proper name for 'chocolate cyst'
Renal CA assoc w/ Von Hippel-Lindau
QuestionAnswerNotes
IUD c/i in Wilson's disease
Mutation in mucinous ovarian tumors
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in postmeno
Kidney CA stage T4, invades
Syndrome w/ inc risk of colon, ovarian, endometrial, breast and uroepithelial CA
MC ovarian germ cell tumor
MC benign growth in breast
Contraception w/ dec efficacy at higher BMI i.e. >198 lbs
MCC testis CA >50yo
MC cystic mass in reproductive-age women
20-25% of adnexal masses, dx b/t age 10-30yo
testicular torsion perinatal only
pau d' orange, cancer cells in dermal lymphatics
Tx PUV: Incise valve to damage leaflet
Cells that convert adrenal steroids to estrone
Perimenopausal uterine bleeding, first step?
Targeted therapy for HER2+ breast CA
MC aneuploidy in abortuses
Rx SE: PSA drops in half, ED, loss of libido
Class of Rx for urge incontinence to dec contractility
twins share chorion but one gets more blood flow
Tumor, sx: precocious puberty, hyperandrogenism, pelvic mass/pain
malignant germ cell tumor: PLAP, Oct 3/4, cKIT
Penile CA 0% in men who are ?
MC testicular tumor
trophoblastic proliferation, cystic villi, no fetal tissue
breast path - clown face
Major SE of contraceptive implants
Classic path change - failure of conversion of maternal vessels from low volume-high resistance to a high volume-low resistance system
Chromosome 17, 85% lifetime breast Ca risk
Chromosome of BRCA-2
MC infiltrating breast Ca
Most important RF for uterine CA
MC breast carcinoma in situ
Origin of 90% ovarian cancers (aka MC form)
Infection causing bladder CA
postmenopausal, complex hyperplasia w/ atypia - tx?
dilatation of ducts, inspissated (thick) secretions
Lowest contraceptive failure rates
Prevent sz in preeclampsia
ovarian neoplasm w/ 3 germinal layers
intraabdominal pregnancy, later found in a 60yo woman
HPV: Binds rB allowing for cell immortalization
sudden huge increase in PSA likely due to?
implantation into cornu of uterus or lower uterine segment
Tumor marker for dysgerminoma
Malignant tumor of admixed proliferating trophoblasts, no villi
malignant germ cell tumor: AFP
Tumor marker of stromal cell tumors
% of simple atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Appendix epididymis remnant of ?
Special type breast CA, high grade but good prognosis
acute infection w/ obstruction -1st step?
beta 2 receptors cause uterine ?
HPV: Degrades p53 in the host cell
Type of incontinence: neurogenic dysfunction
Tx: antagonist in breast; agonist in endometrium
Best available protection against STIs
Bladder cancer sx in 85% of cases
HTN after 20 wk gestation assoc w/ proteinuria
'blue dot' sign and pain related to inflammation
MC neoplasm in young men
mech of finasteride, dutasteride
Worst SE of Magnesium sulfate
Call-Exner bodies, Inhibin+
Signet ring cells in ovary = ?
Amniotic Fluid Index >90th %ile
MCC of amenorrhea (after pregnancy)
MC ovarian tumor (and cancer)
division of ovum after 13 days
Rx: adjuvant therapy for ER+ premenopausal breast Ca
MC site of involvement in endometriosis
QuestionAnswerNotes
medical tx: urge incontinence
Tumor marker of seminoma
Ovarian tumor w/ KRAS and BRAF mutations
Assoc w/ uterine hyperplasia/CA in postmenopausal women
antepartum hemorrhage after 20 wks
Abnormally deep implantation onto the myometrium
Type of incontinence: outlet obstruction
Given to prevent CW recurrence at mastectomy site
Flow of urine in retrograde fashion (to kidney) w/ voiding
Tx: stimulate ovary - induce endogenous FSH release
Endometrial glands/stroma implanted outside uterine cavity/walls
hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca causing chemical castration
#1 killer of neonates
Bilateral ovarian mets w/ signet ring
CA most strongly associated w/ obesity
highest risk of prostate CA starting at what age?
Sv consequence of anovulatory cycle
Mech: Change in transport speed of the ovum
Tumor marker for choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma
Condition during lactation, mimics inflammatory breast cancer
Dz: epidermis of nipple contains tumor cells
MC group of aneuploidy in spont ab
Any condition irritating the periotoneal lining inc which marker?
MC Tx of superficial bladder cancer
MC histology of cervival CA
Induce fetal lung maturity - give mom ?
Marker WT-1
BPH Rx SE: orthostasis, dizziness, fall risk
Targeted therapy for ER+ breast CA
Most important reason fertility dec w/ female age is increasing ?
lobular (breast) carcinoma in situ is assoc w/ invasive cancer where ?
MC method of contraception
'powder burn' lesions
exogenous testosterone leads to ? type of kidney stones
Tumor from dense fibroconnective tissue of the breast
low value w/ anovulation: failure to centrally stimulate follicular growth
MC location of transitional cell cancer
MCC male infertility in the world
presence of endometrial glands in uterine myometrium
Tumor marker for endodermal sinus tumor, embryonal carcinoma
MCC UTO in male children
Type of cancer after tx for mediastinal mass in college age woman
Most important prognostic factor in breast Ca
Contraceptive w/ SE: irregular bleeding, weight gain, bone loss
MC composition of kidney stones
Molecular? Type I, proliferative - simple hyperplasia
Oral contraceptive in breastfeeding woman
MC histiological subtype of endometrial CA
Tx symptomatic bone mets (prostate CA)
MC trisomy in spontaneous abortion
proliferation marker in endometrial cycle
oligohydramnios and 'key hole' sign
HRT: w/ uterus, need estrogen and ?
Long acting Rx for ED
Stage: detected from elevated PSA alone, normal DRE & TRUS
Papillary projections surrounded by Schiller-Duval bodies
Hemangioblastoma of cerebellum and retina, renal cysts and RCC
normal strict morphology required to bind to?
2nd most common primary site of mets to ovary
best imaging modality for tubal infertility
Lady on tamoxifen w/ post-menopausal bleeding - next step?
hormone causing ovulation
Inc prolif of glands rel to stroma 2/2 inactivation of ? gene
Varicocele finding on U/S
Permanent cessation of menses x1yr w/ high FSH, low E2
MCC Epididymal Orchitis in young men
Name: loss of cell polarity, inc N:C, irreg shape, prominent nucleoli
elevated seminal leukocyte count aka?
L1 proteins from HPV strains self-assemble into non-infectious units called?
Lab value inc if patient is not making sperm
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in adolescence
trophoblastic proliferation, fetus or fetal tissue present

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Created Nov 17, 2012ReportNominate
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