8b GUG

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Tx: tubal factor infertility
e of incontinence: unstable bladder
MC infiltrating breast Ca
intraurethral Rx for ED
2nd most common primary site of mets to ovary
#1 killer of neonates
MC site of involvement in endometriosis
implantation into cornu of uterus or lower uterine segment
Name: loss of cell polarity, inc N:C, irreg shape, prominent nucleoli
MC breast carcinoma in situ
Renal CA assoc w/ Von Hippel-Lindau
Rx: adjuvant therapy for postmenopausal breast Ca
MCC Epididymal Orchitis in young men
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in postmenopausal
proliferation marker in endometrial cycle
Origin of 90% ovarian cancers (aka MC form)
beta 2 receptors cause uterine ?
reflex test to triage ASCUS pap smear in women > 21
Induce fetal lung maturity - give mom ?
Tx PUV: Incise valve to damage leaflet
Varicocele finding on U/S
IUD c/i in Wilson's disease
MC composition of kidney stones
malignant germ cell tumor: AFP
Worst SE of Magnesium sulfate
Contraception w/ dec efficacy at higher BMI i.e. >198 lbs
twins share chorion but one gets more blood flow
amenorrhea w/ high serum androgens, nl estrogen, low progesterone
elevated seminal leukocyte count aka?
MC type of endometrial carcinoma
Tumor from dense fibroconnective tissue of the breast
MC renal tumor
Still a cause of maternal and fetal death
Adnexal mass in reproductive age female, first r/o?
Dz: epidermis of nipple contains tumor cells
Papillary projections surrounded by Schiller-Duval bodies
Mutation assoc w/ high grade endometrioid tumors
Appendix epididymis remnant of ?
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in premenopausal
Stage: detected from elevated PSA alone, normal DRE & TRUS
Flow of urine in retrograde fashion (to kidney) w/ voiding
Converts androgens to estrogen
Ovarian tumor w/ KRAS and BRAF mutations
Main mode of spread of ovarian cancer
Bladder cancer sx in 85% of cases
Call-Exner bodies, Inhibin+
Class of Rx for urge incontinence to dec contractility
% of simple hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Colposcopy: cells w/ inc collagen turn white w/ ?
Most important prognostic factor in breast Ca
Amniotic Fluid Index >90th %ile
Mutation in mucinous ovarian tumors
acute infection w/ obstruction -1st step?
Penile CA 0% in men who are ?
Uterine size discrepant from dates
MC ovarian tumor (and cancer)
best imaging modality for tubal infertility
Tx: stimulate ovary - induce endogenous FSH release
Lab value inc if patient is not making sperm
MC site to endometriosis
Signet ring cells in ovary = ?
Hemangioblastoma of cerebellum and retina, renal cysts and RCC
Tumor, sx: precocious puberty, hyperandrogenism, pelvic mass/pain
Zone sampled in pap smear and biopsy
Condition during lactation, mimics inflammatory breast cancer
normal strict morphology required to bind to?
exogenous testosterone leads to ? type of kidney stones
MC trisomy in spontaneous abortion
Most common estrogenic ovarian tumor
highest risk of prostate CA starting at what age?
Assoc w/ uterine hyperplasia/CA in postmenopausal women
Endometrium that has been hormonally influenced by pregnancy
Type of cancer after tx for mediastinal mass in college age woman
Tx of choice for vaginal atrophy
Cells that convert adrenal steroids to estrone
MC benign growth in breast
MC site of ectopic pregnant
Long acting Rx for ED
Most important RF for uterine CA
CA w/ high rate of extra-uterine dz, NO myometrial invasion of tumor
If surgery unavailable for testicular torson, reduce by twisting?
postmenopausal, complex hyperplasia w/ atypia - tx?
medical tx: urge incontinence
% of simple atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
Malignant tumor of admixed proliferating trophoblasts, no villi
MC gynecologic CA
MC cystic mass in reproductive-age women
trophoblastic proliferation, fetus or fetal tissue present
MC aneuploidy in abortuses
Rx w/ SE: endometrial polyps
testicular torsion perinatal only
HRT: w/ uterus, need estrogen and ?
20-25% of adnexal masses, dx b/t age 10-30yo
Antigen that lyses seminal coagulum
presence of endometrial glands in uterine myometrium
Contraceptive w/ SE: irregular bleeding, weight gain, bone loss
Mech: Change in transport speed of the ovum
intraabdominal pregnancy, later found in a 60yo woman
Special type breast CA, high grade but good prognosis
'powder burn' lesions
MC group of aneuploidy in spont ab
MC location of transitional cell cancer
MC testicular tumor
6 months w/o period
Sv consequence of anovulatory cycle
MC tumor of myometrium
MCC testis CA >50yo
measure seminal vesciles - dilated due to?
first line hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca in postmeno
Lady on tamoxifen w/ post-menopausal bleeding - next step?
Most important reason fertility dec w/ female age is increasing ?
Tumor marker of seminoma
MCC abnml uterine bleeding in adolescence
Lowest contraceptive failure rates
Rx SE: PSA drops in half, ED, loss of libido
MC site of mets in metastatic breast cancer
'blue dot' sign and pain related to inflammation
Given to prevent CW recurrence at mastectomy site
division of ovum after 13 days
MC histiological subtype of endometrial CA
MC Tx of superficial bladder cancer
Major SE of contraceptive implants
Sperm with DNA damage is assoc w/ ?
Permanent cessation of menses x1yr w/ high FSH, low E2
Molecular? Type I, simple - complex hyperplasia
screening for nonpalpable breast masses
Targeted therapy for ER+ breast CA
Kidney CA stage T4, invades
Targeted therapy for HER2+ breast CA
Inc prolif of glands rel to stroma 2/2 inactivation of ? gene
hormonal therapy of metastatic breast Ca causing chemical castration
MC method of contraception
% of complex atypical hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
MCC male infertility in the world
Any condition irritating the periotoneal lining inc which marker?
male contraceptive = exogenous hormone?
HPV: Degrades p53 in the host cell
How to stage endometrial CA
Prevent sz in preeclampsia
dilatation of ducts, inspissated (thick) secretions
MC histology of cervival CA
Syndrome: AD w/ 85% penetrance, BRCA
most prostate CA develops in which zone?
% of complex hyperplasia that progressed to cancer
MC gynecological CA worldwide
Tx symptomatic bone mets (prostate CA)
MC ovarian germ cell tumor
Appendix testes remnant of ?
Higher percent of free PSA (25%+)
MC neoplasm in young men
Tumor marker for dysgerminoma
Deletion or unbalanced translocation of chromosome 3 (VKL gene)
Syndrome w/ inc risk of colon, ovarian, endometrial, breast and uroepithelial CA
Removal of breast, pec minor and axillary lymph node
Why is stage I breast Ca 10-year survival only 75%?
Endometrial glands/stroma implanted outside uterine cavity/walls
HTN after 20 wk w/o proteinuria
trophoblastic proliferation, cystic villi, no fetal tissue
C/I for anticholinergic therapy
Chromosome 17, 85% lifetime breast Ca risk
Tumor marker for choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma
ovarian neoplasm w/ 3 germinal layers
oligohydramnios and 'key hole' sign
Rx: adjuvant therapy for ER+ premenopausal breast Ca
tx: stress urinary incontinence that inc sphincter tone
Marker WT-1
Abnormally deep implantation onto the myometrium
low value w/ anovulation: failure to centrally stimulate follicular growth
Classic path change - failure of conversion of maternal vessels from low volume-high resistance to a high volume-low resistance system
BPH Rx SE: orthostasis, dizziness, fall risk
CA most strongly associated w/ obesity
Tumor marker of stromal cell tumors
malignant germ cell tumor: beta HCG
Hallmark pathological finding of granulosa cell tumots
Best available protection against STIs
hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and anosmia
Tumor marker for endodermal sinus tumor, embryonal carcinoma
bleeding but os is open or closed, but still viable pregnancy
Type of incontinence: outlet obstruction
Molecular? Type I, proliferative - simple hyperplasia
Progestin in BCPs derived from spironolactone
monoclonal ab to HER-2 neu
Tx: antagonist in breast; agonist in endometrium
Perimenopausal uterine bleeding, first step?
Grading scheme for prostatic adenocarcinoma
Chemo combo for advanced bladder CA
umbilical cord inserts into the fetal membranes
HPV: Binds rB allowing for cell immortalization
HTN after 20 wk gestation assoc w/ proteinuria
lobular (breast) carcinoma in situ is assoc w/ invasive cancer where ?
Thin, long unilocular mass, associated with period
HTN dx in first 20 weeks of pregnancy
Type of incontinence: neurogenic dysfunction
Bilateral ovarian mets w/ signet ring
breast path - clown face
mech of finasteride, dutasteride
sudden huge increase in PSA likely due to?
L1 proteins from HPV strains self-assemble into non-infectious units called?
Oral contraceptive in breastfeeding woman
Infection causing bladder CA
Composition of staghorn stone
Other name for ovarian fibroma
MCC UTO in male children
abnormal dev of chorionic villi in pregnancy can become?
Proper name for 'chocolate cyst'
antepartum hemorrhage after 20 wks
Chromosome of BRCA-2
MCC of amenorrhea (after pregnancy)
pain with sex
pau d' orange, cancer cells in dermal lymphatics
Type II endometrial carcinoma assoc w/ ?
Breast duct/lobule cells that produce milk
malignant germ cell tumor: PLAP, Oct 3/4, cKIT
hormone causing ovulation
class of Rx for urge incontinence to tighten outlet

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Created Nov 17, 2012ReportNominate