AP Euro Midterm Review Part !

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Can you name the various terms requisite to performing well on an AP Euro midterm?

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DescriptionTerm
Refers to the nation of France prior to the Revolution -- from the Valois to the Bourbons
The most famous and influential political club during the French Revolution
Term to describe the allying of nations such that no single nation or group of nations has an upper hand over the others
The defeat of this naval power in 1588 at the hands of the English marks a turning point in history
Period of French Revolution during which rural unrest was at its peak
Political group which aimed to attain popular sovereignty, more universal suffrage, legal equality, and religious toleration in England around the end of the 1st English Civil War
Members of this family include Peter the Great, Ivan the Terrible, and Catherine the Great
French holiday celebrating the fall of a great military fortress and symbol of feudalism in the French Revolution
Refers to the series of events in England in the 16th century wherein the Church of England broke away from the Roman Catholic Church
A series of laws by this name have been passed by England throughout history in order to do such things as get the weak and the poor working again for the sake of the whole
The question as to what would be done with the lands of the decaying Ottoman Empire
This 1783 treaty effectively ended the American Revolution, granting to the Americans their freedom from the rule of England
Oath produced by the National Assembly of France stating that the Third Estate would not leave until a constitution was drafted
Term used to describe the land-owning nobles throughout the Holy Roman Empire
Liberals in England during Exclusion Crisis who argued that the succession of James to the throne would ruin the nation due to his Catholicism, absolutism, and French biases
A council of the Roman Catholic Church which was used to condemn the 'Protestant heresies' that were arising during the Reformation period
Document passed by French revolutionaries who then forced King Louis XVI to sign it, effectively declaring the universality of the natural rights of the citizens of France
Members of the Society of Jesus, an arguably extreme religious group founded by Ignatius Loyola
Term used to describe the French thought leaders during the Enlightenment and Revolutionary periods; examples: Voltaire, Rousseau
Name given to the French civil wars in which groups of armed peoples roamed France; 'slingshot' in French; had great implications in how Louis XIV would choose to rule his nation
General term to describe the series of conflicts between the Roundheads and Cavaliers of England
The first French constitution; the year thereof
Characterized by a movement to the right on the political spectrum during the French Revolution; occurred as a result of the execution of Maximilien Robespierre
This peace treaty ended the Thirty Years' War
The body of five Directors who held executive power over the nation of France from the fall of Robespierre to the rise of Napoleon
Another term for a right that is universal or belonging to all people regardless of what their government or religion says; Aaother name for the 'truths we hold self-evident'
DescriptionTerm
Roman Catholic Church reform movement in the 14th-15th centuries in which it was argued that the final say on spiritual matters belonged to the Church as a whole, not just the Pope
The moderate party of the French Revolution
Peace treaty which ended the War of the Spanish Succession, establishing the rise of the British Empire and the fall of France's ambitions under Louis XIV for massive expansion
The political conservatives in England during the Exclusion Crisis who argued that the succession of James to the throne was requisite due to rules and tradition
The period of 'rebirth' (esp. in Italy) following the Middle Ages, characterized by a celebration of humanism and the arts
Radical revolutionary group which followed the ideals of Hébert, such as dechristianization of France, namely during the Reign of Terror
Members of the clergy who refused to join the new religious institution under the French Revolutionary government by refusing to take the oath of loyalty to the new constitution
Name given to the destructive series of wars from 1618-1648 in which both Catholic-Protestant conflict and Habsburg-Bourbon rivarly played a tremendous role
Law passed during the French Revolution which brought the Roman Catholic Church in France under the wing of the French government
Family synonymous with the rule of Austria and the Holy Roman Empire
Refers to the period of time during which great strides were accomplished in the fields of mathematics, physics, astronomy, biology, medicine, chemistry, and more
After being locked out of the Estates General meeting at the beginning of the French Revolutionary period, the Third Estate declared itself
Noble family which rose to control the kingship of Prussia as result of their allying against France in the War of the Spanish Succession
French legislative assembly prior to the French Revolution (during the Old Regime)
Executive government committee formed during the later French Revolution, resulting in the 'Reign of Terror'
Refers to the 15th century rulers responsible for unifying their respective nations and bringing them out of 'medieval times' and into more efficient, centralized governments
Term used to describe the system of laws that are natural and thus universal
Term used to describe a system of government in which an absolute monarch follows the ideals of the Enlightenment
Peace treaty between the Schmalkaldic League and Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, effectively ending the military component of the Protestant Reformation
Could be defined as 'Economic Philosophes'; examples: Adam Smith, Turgot
The set of philosophies and ideals which depict a more worldly celebration of humanity and its accomplishments
National economic strategy in which the government would break down internal tariffs, build overseas empires, and other things in order to lower imports and raise exports
The overthrow of King James II of England and the replacement with William III of Orange and Mary II
The rebellion of serfs during the reign of Catherine the Great (Catherine II) in Russia
Radical revolutionaries dedicated to progressing the revolution further left; consisted of the lower class urban laborers who also made up the bulk of the military

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