When they were under the reign of the egyptians and working as slaves
What is transubstantiation?
An Eastern Orthodox and Catholic belief
What is the lectern?
It often has an eagle on it which represents the fact god is always watching you (eyes like a hawk)
What is the name of the Jewish New Year?
It falls in the month of Tishri. At New Year the shofar is blown, Jews ask for forgiveness and eat apple with honey, celebrationary dinners and fish heads.
What does kosher mean?
All fruits and vegetables are Kosher, as well as fish with fins and scales, poultry and animals that eat grass and have cloven feet.
What does the bread and wine represent?
He gave this meal to the disciples at the last supper.
Why are there stained glass windows in churches?
They often depict scenes from the Bible and can help worshippers focus on God
What is placed on the altar?
This can be the most important feature or most focused on object in a Church and where people take their communion.
Which denomination do not have Holy Communion?
Methodists have non alcoholic wone which is served by the elders
What is a mezuzah?
It will be stuck on every door of a Jewish house apart from a cupboard or toilet
Name a christian belief
Christians believe there is only one God and that Jesus is his son and the Messiah. They also believe in the holy spirit which is everywhere. They must follow the ten commandments and go to church.
What does Ner Tamid mean?
This candle is kept burning to represent God and his presence.
What is a covenant?
Abraham promise to follow and obey God in return for descendants and the promised land
What is the definition of a church?
There are many different types of churches in different denominations.
Why is the kippah worn?
Men wear kippahs but once married women may cover their heads or wear wigs
What was Abraham willing to sacrifice for God?
God stopped Abraham at the last minute because Abraham had already proved his faith.
What is a tefillin?
They are worn by obeservant Jews during weekday morning prayers
What must Jews not eat together?
Jews must wait 3 hours after eating meat before drinking or eat anything with milk.
When is the Sabbath?
The Sabbath is the Jewish holy day it gives the oppurtunity for Jewish families to spend time together, rest and think about God.
Where are scrolls read in a synagogue?
The bimah is a raised platform in front of the arc
What is Haroset?
Haroset represented the mortar used by the slaves.
What are the five main denominations? (in alphabetic order)
Another name for the society of friends is the quakers
What is the difference between the Bar and Bat Mitzvah?
A barr mitzvah will take place when a boy reaches 13 and becomes a son of law.
Where is the Torah kept in a synagogue?
The Torah is very special and highly decorated it is kept behind curtains at the back of a synagogue.
What was the last deadly plague?
The Angel of Death killed the eldest son of each Egyptian man but passed over the houses of the Jews because of the lamb blood on their doors
Name one difference between Orthodox and Reform?
Orthodox men and women pray separately, their synagogues are more elaborate, they have services in Hebrew, there is a strict dress code, they follow more rules, they are more strict
What does a Bar/Bat Mitzvah represent?
A girl will have her Bat Mitzvah at the age of 12 (sometimes 13) and a boy at 13
What happens at a baptism?
A candle will usually be lit to show the baby has now entered a world of light since they are a christian.
What is the Jewish place of worship?
A synagogue will always face towards Jerusalem.
What does a baptism symbolise?
The baby will usually wear white to represent purity.
What must Jews not do on the Sabbath
Some strict Jews will not use electricity either. Jews may also not prepare food.
What do roasted egg, bitter herbs and lettuce represent?
Egg is the exodus or new start, bitter herbs are the cruelty of Egyptians and lettuce is the bittersweet aftertaste the hebrews experienced when they left Egypt.
What would a boy wear at a Bar Mitzvah?
In the early morning of the Sabbath a boy is called to the stage and will read the Torah for the first time. Afterwards he will recieve a prayer scarf and prayer book.
How many candles does the menorah have?
The seven candles represent the days of creation.
What do the tassles on a tallith represent?
Talliths are traditionally made out of wool
What is used to read the Torah with?
The yad is a pointing stick it is used so one does not lose their place or damage the beautiful scrolls
What is the Holy Trintity?
It is like a flower God is the roots, Jesus is the stem and leaves and the Holy spirit is the flower.
What is Hannukah?
Celebrates when the Jews defeated the Syreans and lit a candle in the temple which miraculously burned for 8 days when there was only a little supply of oil (enough for about a day)
How many different groups of Christians are there?
A third of the worlds population are Christian
What shape is a typical Church?
Many churches are not this shape but this is more traditional
What is a font?
This will contain holy blessed water.
Why is Passover important to Jews?
The Jews worked as slaves, Moses was found in the river and grew up as a prince, he killed a man who beat the Hebrews, Moses left the city but was told by God to returnand save the Hebrews. He returned and threatened the Pharoah with the 10 deadly plagues finally the pharoah gave in and let the Hebrew go but changed his mind and ran after them but Moses saved them anyway.
What do Roman Catholics call Holy Communion?
In other denominations it is also called Lords Supper and Eucharist
What is confirmation?
To do this you must undertake responsibility and show devotion and belief in the church and god
What is the responsibilty of a godparent?
A good godparent must be someone who can be responsible, make good and right decisions and be a good role model and christian
Where does a rabbi stand?
The rabbi is always a man in Orthodox Judaism but can be both genders in a reform synagogue.
What represents the blood on the doors when the Angel of Death came and passed over?
Becuase lamb blood was put on the doors of the jews houses
What is the word for food rules?
You must not eat meat with blood in it, you can't eat insects,animals with solid hooves.
What are similarities between Orthodox and Reform?
They both follow the 10 commandments, they both have the star of david as a symbol, they both share the belief in one god and both follow the torah.
What is consubstantiation?
A protestant belief
Where is a Christian service read from?
This is where the vicar/minister will stand to preach