Antibiotic Coverage

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Can you name the Antibiotic based on Coverage?

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Organisms AffectedAntibioticMethod of Delivery
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNR, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas, AnaerobesIV
GNR not anaerobes (includes situations where the environment is anaerobic like intra-abdominal abscesses), PseudomonasN/A
Good for streptococcal infections, Gram – and Pseudomonas, Mycoplasma/Chlamydia/Legionella (good for respiratory pathogens)IV/PO
Broad Spectrum, Much less resistance, Does not treat pseudomonasIV
Broad (does not include Strep or Pseudomonas), N/A
Streptococci, Treponema, Oral Anaerobes, Haemophilus, Listeria, Enteric GNR, Pseudomonas IV
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNRPO
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNR, AnaerobesIV
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNR, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas, AnaerobesIV
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNRIV
Broad Spectrum ActivityN/A
Group A Streptococci, Treponema (syphilis)IV
Gram - NOT including Proteus or Pseudomonas, Useful for enterococcus (especially vancomycin resistant infections)N/A
Staphylococci only!PO
Respiratory Gram +, Mycoplasma, Chlamydia, Legionella (intracellular pathogens), Helicobacter/Campilobacter (Gram -)IV/PO
Gram +, abx resistant bacteria: MRSA, Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium, but not E.faecalis IV/PO
Gram +, C. difficileIV/PO
M. tuberculosis. F. tularensis, Yersinis pestisN/A
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNRIV
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNRIV
C. difficile, Vancomycin resistant EnterocicciPO
Gram + spectrum (especially resistant ones), but NOT E. faecalis (EnterococcusN/A
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNR, AnaerobesIV
Staphylococci only!IV
Same as azithromycin (respiratory pathogens)PO
Anaerobes, C difficile, Amoebae(Giardia, Entamoeba, Trichimonas)IV/PO
Broad spectrum covering staph and mycobacteriumN/A
Enteric GNR, PseudomonasIV
Organisms AffectedAntibioticMethod of Delivery
More potent against Gram +, Less potent against Gram - , More Anaerobes (oral)IV/PO
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNRPO
Staphylococci only!IV
GNR not anaerobes (includes situations where the environment is anaerobic like intra-abdominal abscesses), PseudomonasN/A
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNR, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas, AnaerobesIV
Enteric GNR, PseudomonasIV
Anaerobic GNR, Enteric GNR, Pseudomonas, AcinetobacterIV
Multi-drug resistant GNRN/A
Broad spectrum for gram positive and gram negative organisms in the urinary tractN/A
Vancomycin resistant Gram +IV
Erythyromycin + (less resistant), Atypical Mycobacteria infections (not TB)PO
Very good against Gram + including StaphN/A
Broad Spectrum , Intracellular BacteriaIV/PO
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNR, AnaerobesIV
Broad Spectrum, Lots of resistancePO
Streptococci, Treponema, Oral Anaerobes, Haemophilus, Listeria, Enteric GNR, Pseudomonas IV
Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enteric GNR, HaemophilusIV/PO
Gram - spectrumN/A
Vancomycin resistant Gram +IV
Used primarily in multi-drug resistant TuberculosisN/A
Intrcellular Bacteria, StaphylococciIV/PO
Gram + (strep and staph), Anaerobic organismsN/A
Same as clarithromycin, but particulary effective for those with Chlamydia infectionIV/PO
Kills gram positive organismsN/A
Gram – rods including Pseudomonas (but there is increasing resistance to it), B. Anthracis (anthrax), STDs (NOT syphillis or gonorrhea) IV/PO
Gram positive spectrum – can be used to treat organisms that are resistant to β-lactams and glycopeptides, Resistant Gram +, VR-MRSAN/A
Oral AnaerobesPO
Streptococci, Treponema, Oral Anaerobes, Haemophilus, ListeriaIV/PO

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