EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Homer-Wright rosettes
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Structure compromised in right anopia
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Port-wine stain at birth
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Artery to CBT
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
First branch off the ICA
Artery to amygdala
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Artery to corpus callosum
Most common primary brain tumor
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Firstline tx for absence seizures
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
PML is associated with which microbe?
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Artery to hippocampus
Artery to choroid plexus
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Artery to PLIC
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Rosenthal fibers
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly

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