EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Structure compromised in right anopia
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
First branch off the ICA
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Most common primary brain tumor
Artery to choroid plexus
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Firstline epileptic tx for children
HintAnswerExtra
Rosenthal fibers
Artery to amygdala
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Homer-Wright rosettes
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Artery to CBT
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Artery to hippocampus
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Artery to PLIC
HintAnswerExtra
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Artery to corpus callosum
PML is associated with which microbe?
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Port-wine stain at birth
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Structure compromised in central scotoma
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral

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