EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Most common primary brain tumor
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Artery to amygdala
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Artery to PLIC
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Artery to corpus callosum
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Artery to hippocampus
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Artery to choroid plexus
Artery to CBT
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Structure compromised in right anopia
First branch off the ICA
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
PML is associated with which microbe?
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Rosenthal fibers
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Homer-Wright rosettes
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Port-wine stain at birth
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips

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Created Jun 21, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, extra, supply