EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Artery to hippocampus
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
PML is associated with which microbe?
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Artery to PLIC
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Artery to amygdala
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
HintAnswerExtra
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Homer-Wright rosettes
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Rosenthal fibers
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Artery to corpus callosum
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Most common primary brain tumor
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Artery to CBT
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
HintAnswerExtra
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
First branch off the ICA
Port-wine stain at birth
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Structure compromised in right anopia
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Artery to choroid plexus
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss

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Created Jun 21, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, extra, supply