EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Homer-Wright rosettes
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Artery to amygdala
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Artery to PLIC
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Artery to hippocampus
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Artery to choroid plexus
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Artery to CBT
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Firstline tx for absence seizures
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
First branch off the ICA
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Rosenthal fibers
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Port-wine stain at birth
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Most common primary brain tumor
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Structure compromised in right anopia
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Artery to corpus callosum
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
PML is associated with which microbe?
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts

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Created Jun 21, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, extra, supply