EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Artery to PLIC
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Emergency tx of glaucoma
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Artery to choroid plexus
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Rosenthal fibers
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Artery to hippocampus
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Structure compromised in right anopia
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Artery to corpus callosum
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Port-wine stain at birth
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Artery to amygdala
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
First branch off the ICA
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Artery to CBT
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Homer-Wright rosettes
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
PML is associated with which microbe?
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Most common primary brain tumor
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam

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Created Jun 21, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, extra, supply