EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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HintAnswerExtra
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Artery to CBT
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Artery to choroid plexus
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Port-wine stain at birth
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
First branch off the ICA
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Structure compromised in right anopia
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Artery to corpus callosum
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
HintAnswerExtra
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Most common primary brain tumor
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Artery to PLIC
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Rosenthal fibers
Artery to hippocampus
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
PML is associated with which microbe?
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Artery to amygdala
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
HintAnswerExtra
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Structure compromised in central scotoma
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Homer-Wright rosettes
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath

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Created Jun 21, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, extra, supply