Science / EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Structure compromised in right anopia
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Artery to amygdala
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Artery to choroid plexus
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Homer-Wright rosettes
Artery to corpus callosum
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Port-wine stain at birth
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
PML is associated with which microbe?
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Artery to PLIC
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Artery to CBT
Most common primary brain tumor
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Artery to hippocampus
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Rosenthal fibers
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
First branch off the ICA
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists

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