Science / EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Rosenthal fibers
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Port-wine stain at birth
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
PML is associated with which microbe?
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Artery to CBT
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Artery to hippocampus
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Structure compromised in right anopia
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Most common primary brain tumor
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Artery to choroid plexus
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
First branch off the ICA
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Homer-Wright rosettes
Artery to PLIC
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Artery to amygdala
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Artery to corpus callosum

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