EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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HintAnswerExtra
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Artery to hippocampus
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Artery to PLIC
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Port-wine stain at birth
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Rosenthal fibers
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
PML is associated with which microbe?
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
HintAnswerExtra
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
First branch off the ICA
Most common primary brain tumor
Structure compromised in right anopia
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
HintAnswerExtra
Artery to amygdala
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Artery to corpus callosum
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Artery to choroid plexus
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Artery to CBT
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Homer-Wright rosettes
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia

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Created Jun 21, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, extra, supply