Science / EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
First branch off the ICA
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
PML is associated with which microbe?
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Artery to CBT
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Artery to PLIC
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Artery to amygdala
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Artery to corpus callosum
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Homer-Wright rosettes
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Most common primary brain tumor
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Port-wine stain at birth
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Artery to hippocampus
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Rosenthal fibers
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Artery to choroid plexus
Structure compromised in right anopia
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake

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