EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Most common primary brain tumor
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Rosenthal fibers
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Artery to corpus callosum
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Artery to amygdala
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Homer-Wright rosettes
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Artery to CBT
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
HintAnswerExtra
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Structure compromised in right anopia
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Artery to choroid plexus
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Artery to ALIC and caudate
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
PML is associated with which microbe?
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
First branch off the ICA
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
HintAnswerExtra
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Artery to PLIC
Artery to hippocampus
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Port-wine stain at birth
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting

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