EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

Random Science Quiz

Can you name the neuro term?

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Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Artery to amygdala
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
First branch off the ICA
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Port-wine stain at birth
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Rosenthal fibers
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Artery to CBT
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
PML is associated with which microbe?
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Homer-Wright rosettes
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Artery to PLIC
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Structure compromised in right anopia
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Artery to choroid plexus
Artery to hippocampus
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Most common primary brain tumor
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Artery to corpus callosum
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia

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