EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Rosenthal fibers
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Most common primary brain tumor
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
PML is associated with which microbe?
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Artery to choroid plexus
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Artery to hippocampus
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Artery to amygdala
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
First branch off the ICA
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Homer-Wright rosettes
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Structure compromised in right anopia
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Artery to PLIC
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Artery to CBT
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Artery to corpus callosum
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Port-wine stain at birth
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Selective MAO type B inhibitor

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