EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Artery to PLIC
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Structure compromised in right anopia
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Artery to amygdala
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Homer-Wright rosettes
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
HintAnswerExtra
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Port-wine stain at birth
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Artery to choroid plexus
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Most common primary brain tumor
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
First branch off the ICA
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Rosenthal fibers
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Artery to CBT
HintAnswerExtra
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Artery to hippocampus
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Artery to corpus callosum
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
PML is associated with which microbe?
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine

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Created Jun 21, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, extra, supply