EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Port-wine stain at birth
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Structure compromised in right anopia
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Homer-Wright rosettes
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Artery to corpus callosum
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
PML is associated with which microbe?
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
First branch off the ICA
Artery to amygdala
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Artery to hippocampus
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Artery to CBT
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Artery to choroid plexus
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Most common primary brain tumor
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Artery to PLIC
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Rosenthal fibers
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery

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