EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Firstline epileptic tx for children
PML is associated with which microbe?
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Rosenthal fibers
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Artery to hippocampus
Most common primary brain tumor
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Homer-Wright rosettes
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Structure compromised in right anopia
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Artery to PLIC
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Artery to CBT
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Artery to amygdala
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Artery to choroid plexus
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Port-wine stain at birth
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Artery to corpus callosum
First branch off the ICA
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Firstline tx for absence seizures
GFAP+ butterfly glioma

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