EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Rosenthal fibers
Structure compromised in right anopia
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Artery to hippocampus
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Homer-Wright rosettes
Artery to choroid plexus
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Artery to PLIC
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Port-wine stain at birth
Artery to corpus callosum
Artery to CBT
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Artery to amygdala
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Emergency tx of glaucoma
First branch off the ICA
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Most common primary brain tumor
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
PML is associated with which microbe?
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration

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