EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Artery to amygdala
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Most common primary brain tumor
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
First branch off the ICA
PML is associated with which microbe?
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Port-wine stain at birth
Artery to CBT
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
HintAnswerExtra
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Artery to hippocampus
Rosenthal fibers
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Structure compromised in right anopia
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Artery to PLIC
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
HintAnswerExtra
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Artery to corpus callosum
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Homer-Wright rosettes
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Artery to choroid plexus
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic

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Created Jun 21, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, extra, supply