EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
PML is associated with which microbe?
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
First branch off the ICA
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Artery to CBT
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Artery to PLIC
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Port-wine stain at birth
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Homer-Wright rosettes
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
HintAnswerExtra
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Structure compromised in right anopia
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Rosenthal fibers
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Artery to amygdala
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
HintAnswerExtra
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Artery to choroid plexus
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Artery to hippocampus
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Artery to corpus callosum
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Most common primary brain tumor
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the

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Created Jun 21, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, extra, supply