EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Structure compromised in right anopia
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Artery to CBT
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Artery to PLIC
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Artery to amygdala
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
HintAnswerExtra
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Rosenthal fibers
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Port-wine stain at birth
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Homer-Wright rosettes
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Artery to hippocampus
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Most common primary brain tumor
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Artery to corpus callosum
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
HintAnswerExtra
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
PML is associated with which microbe?
Artery to choroid plexus
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
First branch off the ICA
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
GFAP+ butterfly glioma

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Created Jun 21, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, extra, supply