EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Homer-Wright rosettes
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Artery to amygdala
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Structure compromised in right anopia
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
PML is associated with which microbe?
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Artery to CBT
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Artery to PLIC
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Most common primary brain tumor
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Artery to corpus callosum
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Artery to choroid plexus
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Rosenthal fibers
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Port-wine stain at birth
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Artery to hippocampus
First branch off the ICA
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Firstline epileptic tx for children

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