EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Port-wine stain at birth
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Artery to amygdala
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Homer-Wright rosettes
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
First branch off the ICA
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Artery to PLIC
Artery to CBT
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Rosenthal fibers
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Structure compromised in right anopia
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Artery to corpus callosum
Artery to hippocampus
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Artery to choroid plexus
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
PML is associated with which microbe?
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Most common primary brain tumor
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Tx of malignant hyperthermia

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