EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Homer-Wright rosettes
Artery to amygdala
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Artery to hippocampus
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Structure compromised in right anopia
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Rosenthal fibers
Artery to CBT
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Artery to ALIC and caudate
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
First branch off the ICA
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Artery to choroid plexus
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Port-wine stain at birth
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Most common primary brain tumor
PML is associated with which microbe?
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Artery to PLIC
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Artery to corpus callosum
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma

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