EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Firstline tx for absence seizures
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Artery to amygdala
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
First branch off the ICA
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Artery to PLIC
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Homer-Wright rosettes
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Structure compromised in right anopia
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Artery to hippocampus
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Port-wine stain at birth
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Most common primary brain tumor
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Artery to CBT
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
PML is associated with which microbe?
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Artery to choroid plexus
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Rosenthal fibers
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Artery to corpus callosum
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting

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