EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Firstline tx for absence seizures
PML is associated with which microbe?
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Rosenthal fibers
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Most common primary brain tumor
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Structure compromised in right anopia
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Artery to choroid plexus
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
HintAnswerExtra
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Artery to CBT
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Port-wine stain at birth
Artery to hippocampus
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
HintAnswerExtra
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
First branch off the ICA
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Homer-Wright rosettes
Artery to PLIC
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Artery to corpus callosum
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Artery to amygdala
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia

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