EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Firstline epileptic tx for children
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
PML is associated with which microbe?
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
First branch off the ICA
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Artery to PLIC
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Port-wine stain at birth
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Artery to amygdala
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Rosenthal fibers
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Most common primary brain tumor
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Artery to choroid plexus
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Structure compromised in right anopia
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Artery to hippocampus
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Homer-Wright rosettes
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Artery to corpus callosum
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Artery to CBT
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine

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Created Jun 21, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, extra, supply