EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Emergency tx of glaucoma
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Artery to hippocampus
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Homer-Wright rosettes
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Artery to choroid plexus
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Artery to amygdala
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Artery to CBT
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Port-wine stain at birth
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Artery to PLIC
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Structure compromised in right anopia
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Rosenthal fibers
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Artery to corpus callosum
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
PML is associated with which microbe?
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Most common primary brain tumor
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
First branch off the ICA
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease

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