EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
First branch off the ICA
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
PML is associated with which microbe?
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Artery to choroid plexus
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Artery to CBT
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Structure compromised in right anopia
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Artery to PLIC
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Homer-Wright rosettes
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Port-wine stain at birth
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Most common primary brain tumor
Artery to hippocampus
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Rosenthal fibers
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Artery to amygdala
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Artery to corpus callosum
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus

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Created Jun 21, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, extra, supply