EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Artery to corpus callosum
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Most common primary brain tumor
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Homer-Wright rosettes
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Rosenthal fibers
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Artery to choroid plexus
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Artery to CBT
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
PML is associated with which microbe?
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Artery to amygdala
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Artery to PLIC
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Artery to hippocampus
Port-wine stain at birth
Structure compromised in right anopia
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
First branch off the ICA
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase

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