EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Structure compromised in right anopia
Port-wine stain at birth
Artery to corpus callosum
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Most common primary brain tumor
Homer-Wright rosettes
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
First branch off the ICA
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Artery to hippocampus
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Rosenthal fibers
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
PML is associated with which microbe?
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Artery to choroid plexus
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Artery to PLIC
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Artery to CBT
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Artery to amygdala
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Emergency tx of glaucoma
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Firstline epileptic tx for children

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