EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Artery to choroid plexus
Port-wine stain at birth
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Homer-Wright rosettes
Artery to amygdala
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Artery to hippocampus
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Most common primary brain tumor
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Structure compromised in right anopia
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Artery to PLIC
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
PML is associated with which microbe?
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
First branch off the ICA
Artery to CBT
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Rosenthal fibers
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Artery to corpus callosum
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect

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