EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Emergency tx of glaucoma
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Structure compromised in right anopia
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
PML is associated with which microbe?
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Artery to corpus callosum
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Rosenthal fibers
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Most common primary brain tumor
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Artery to hippocampus
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Artery to amygdala
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Artery to CBT
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Port-wine stain at birth
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Artery to PLIC
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
First branch off the ICA
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Homer-Wright rosettes
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Artery to choroid plexus
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation

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Created Jun 21, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, extra, supply