EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Artery to amygdala
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Artery to PLIC
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Port-wine stain at birth
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Rosenthal fibers
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Structure compromised in right anopia
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
First branch off the ICA
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Artery to hippocampus
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Artery to choroid plexus
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Artery to corpus callosum
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
PML is associated with which microbe?
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Artery to CBT
Homer-Wright rosettes
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Most common primary brain tumor
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus

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