EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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HintAnswerExtra
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Artery to PLIC
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
First branch off the ICA
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Most common primary brain tumor
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Artery to corpus callosum
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
HintAnswerExtra
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Artery to choroid plexus
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
PML is associated with which microbe?
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Port-wine stain at birth
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Artery to amygdala
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Artery to hippocampus
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Rosenthal fibers
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
HintAnswerExtra
Homer-Wright rosettes
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Artery to CBT
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Structure compromised in right anopia
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat

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Created Jun 21, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, extra, supply