EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Structure compromised in central scotoma
First branch off the ICA
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Artery to choroid plexus
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Structure compromised in right anopia
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Artery to corpus callosum
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
PML is associated with which microbe?
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Artery to hippocampus
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Artery to amygdala
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Homer-Wright rosettes
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Artery to CBT
Most common primary brain tumor
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Rosenthal fibers
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Artery to PLIC
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Port-wine stain at birth
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake

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