EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Artery to CBT
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Most common primary brain tumor
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Artery to corpus callosum
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Rosenthal fibers
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
First branch off the ICA
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Artery to amygdala
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Port-wine stain at birth
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Structure compromised in right anopia
PML is associated with which microbe?
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Artery to choroid plexus
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Artery to PLIC
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Homer-Wright rosettes
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Artery to hippocampus
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6

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Created Jun 21, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, extra, supply