EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Artery to ALIC and caudate
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Rosenthal fibers
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
PML is associated with which microbe?
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Artery to corpus callosum
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
First branch off the ICA
HintAnswerExtra
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Structure compromised in right anopia
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Artery to choroid plexus
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Artery to CBT
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Most common primary brain tumor
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Artery to amygdala
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Homer-Wright rosettes
HintAnswerExtra
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Artery to hippocampus
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Port-wine stain at birth
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Artery to PLIC
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies

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Created Jun 21, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, extra, supply