EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Artery to amygdala
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Homer-Wright rosettes
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Rosenthal fibers
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Artery to choroid plexus
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Artery to hippocampus
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
PML is associated with which microbe?
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Artery to PLIC
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
First branch off the ICA
Artery to corpus callosum
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Most common primary brain tumor
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Artery to CBT
Port-wine stain at birth
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Structure compromised in right anopia
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus

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Created Jun 21, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, extra, supply