EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Rosenthal fibers
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Homer-Wright rosettes
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Artery to amygdala
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Artery to PLIC
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Port-wine stain at birth
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Artery to CBT
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
First branch off the ICA
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Artery to corpus callosum
Artery to hippocampus
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Most common primary brain tumor
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Structure compromised in right anopia
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
PML is associated with which microbe?
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Artery to choroid plexus
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy

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Created Jun 21, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, extra, supply