EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Artery to hippocampus
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Artery to PLIC
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Artery to choroid plexus
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
First branch off the ICA
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
PML is associated with which microbe?
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Artery to CBT
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Artery to corpus callosum
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Homer-Wright rosettes
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Structure compromised in right anopia
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Rosenthal fibers
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Artery to amygdala
Port-wine stain at birth
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Most common primary brain tumor
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery

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Created Jun 21, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, extra, supply