EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Artery to CBT
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Structure compromised in right anopia
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
PML is associated with which microbe?
Rosenthal fibers
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Artery to amygdala
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Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Artery to corpus callosum
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Most common primary brain tumor
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Artery to hippocampus
Homer-Wright rosettes
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Artery to PLIC
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Port-wine stain at birth
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
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Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Artery to choroid plexus
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
First branch off the ICA
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy

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