EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Most common primary brain tumor
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Artery to PLIC
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
PML is associated with which microbe?
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Artery to amygdala
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Artery to hippocampus
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Artery to CBT
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Artery to corpus callosum
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
First branch off the ICA
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Structure compromised in right anopia
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Port-wine stain at birth
Homer-Wright rosettes
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Artery to choroid plexus
Rosenthal fibers
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing

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