EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Artery to choroid plexus
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Artery to CBT
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
PML is associated with which microbe?
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Rosenthal fibers
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Artery to PLIC
Artery to hippocampus
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Homer-Wright rosettes
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Artery to corpus callosum
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Structure compromised in right anopia
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Artery to amygdala
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Port-wine stain at birth
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
First branch off the ICA
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Most common primary brain tumor
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia

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Created Jun 21, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, extra, supply