EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Artery to CBT
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Artery to PLIC
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Structure compromised in right anopia
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
First branch off the ICA
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Most common primary brain tumor
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Artery to corpus callosum
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Homer-Wright rosettes
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
PML is associated with which microbe?
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Artery to hippocampus
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Rosenthal fibers
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Artery to amygdala
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Port-wine stain at birth
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Artery to choroid plexus
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral

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