EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Firstline tx for absence seizures
Artery to CBT
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Rosenthal fibers
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Most common primary brain tumor
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
Artery to ALIC and caudate
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Homer-Wright rosettes
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
PML is associated with which microbe?
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Structure compromised in right anopia
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Artery to amygdala
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Artery to hippocampus
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
First branch off the ICA
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Artery to corpus callosum
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Artery to PLIC
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Artery to choroid plexus
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
Port-wine stain at birth
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12

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Created Jun 21, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, extra, supply