EBSE Neuro Quiz 2

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Firstline tx for absence seizures
Headache lasting longer than 30 minutes + steady pain + no photophobia
Artery to vestibular apparatus and cochlea
Brain tumor w/ spindle cells concentrically arranged in a whorled pattern + psammoma bodies
Port-wine stain at birth
Artery to corpus callosum
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing duration of Cl- channel opening
Blood supply of a subdural hematoma
Artery CST, medial lemniscus, CN12
Ash-leaf spots + hamartomas in CNS and skin + mental retardation
Dopamine receptor antagonist used to tx Huntington's
Bilateral acoustic schwannoma
Buildup of sulfatides leads to impaired production of myelin sheat
Neuromuscular blocking drug for muscle paralysis in surgery that produces sustained depolarization and prevents muscle contraction
Firstline tx for acute status epilepticus
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia occurs when there is a lesion in the
Structure compromised in right anopia
Infarct of this vessel causes 'locked-in' syndrome
Deficiency in this enzyme can cause cataracts
Acetazolamide decreases aqueous humor synthesis by inhibiting what enzyme?
Structure compromised in bitemporal hemianopia
Spherical tau protein aggregates + frontotemporal atrophy
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that tx glaucoma
NMDA receptor antagonist that tx Alzheimer's
Brain tumor that can cause secondary polycythemia
Nerve affected in 'blown pupil'
Type of herniation that can compress the anterior cerebral artery
Tx of malignant hyperthermia
Acetycholinesterase inhibitor that tx Alzheimer's
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to arylsulfatase A deficiency
Tx of Parkinson's that increases dopamine release
Artery to CST, medial lemniscus, CN6
Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Most common primary brain tumor
Tx of Parkinson's that prevents dopamine breakdown
Brain tumor w/ perivascular pseudorosettes + rod-shaped blepharoplasts near nucleus
INO results in lack of communication between ipsilateral CNIV and contralateral
HintAnswerExtra
Tx of wet age-related macular degeneration
Peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor
Drug class that facilitates GABAa action by increasing frequency of Cl- channel opening
Epileptic tx that irreversibly inhibits GABA transaminase
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor that flows through anterior chamber
Headache w/ pulsating pain + nausea + photophobia
Firstline prophylactic tx for status epilepticus
Structure compromised in left upper quandrantic anopia
Buildup of galactocerebroside destroys myelin sheat
Procaine, cocaine, and tetracaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Artery to hippocampus
Highly malignant brain tumor that can compress 4th ventricle and cause hydrocephalus
Partial (focal) seizures most commonly originate in which part of the brain?
Most common cause of seizures in the elderly
GFAP+ benign tumor in posterior fossa
Flashes and floaters + 'curtain drawn down' monocular vision loss
Lidocaine, mepivacaine, and bupivacaine are what type of local anesthetics?
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralateral hemianopia with macular sparing
Structure compromised in central scotoma
Rosenthal fibers
Firstline tx for tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures
Selective MAO type B inhibitor
Coma and death result when this type of herniation compresses the brain stem
Life threatening side effect of inhalation anesthetics and succinylcholine
Drug class that decreases synaptic transmission
Artery to ALIC and caudate
Epileptic tx that inhibits high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels
Retina whitening w/ cherry-red spot
Demyelination of CNS due to destruction of oligodendrocytes
First branch off the ICA
Emergency tx of glaucoma
Firstline epileptic tx for children
Optic structure that secretes aqueous humor
Local anesthetic that may result in severe cardiovascular toxicity
Structure compromised in left homonymous hemianopia
What can local anesthetics be given with to enhance local action?
Artery to choroid plexus
HintAnswerExtra
Enlarged blind spot and elevated optic disc with blurred margins on fundoscopic exam
Cavernous hemangiomas + retinal hemangioblastoma + pheochromocytoma
GFAP+ butterfly glioma
Tx of tonic-clonic seizures that is also a class IB antiarrhythmic
Antimuscarinic used in tx of Parkinson's that improves tremor and rigidity
Artery to amygdala
Allele that is protective against Alzheimer's disease
PML is associated with which microbe?
Occlusion of this artery may cause contralateral loss of pain/temp body, ipsi loss of pain/temp face, ipsilateral dysphagia, hoarseness, vertigo, diplopia, nystagmus, vomiting, ips
Most common benzodiazepine anesthetic used for endoscopy
Artery to PLIC
Scanning speech + intention tremor + nystagmus
Homer-Wright rosettes
Artery to posterior 2/3 of the thalamus (LGN, MGN, VPL)
Autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease due to deficiency of galactocerebrosidase
Dopamine agonist that tx Parkinson's
Anesthetic that blocks NMDA receptors and is a CV stimulant
Optic structure that collects aqueous humor from trabecular meshwork
Glaucoma drug that decreases aqueous humor synthesis but may cause ocular allergic rxns
Brain tumor w/ chicken-wire capillary pattern + 'fried egg' cells
Epileptic tx that blocks thalamic T-type Ca2+ channels
Group of progressive hereditary nerve disorders related to defective production of proteins in structure and function of peripheral nerves or myelin sheath
Migraine tx that inhibits trigeminal nerve activation
Epilepsy drug that can cause kidney stones + weight loss
Weak opioid agonist that also inhibits serotonin and NE reuptake
Tx of Parkinson's that can cross BBB and is converted by dopa decarboxylase in CNS to dopamine
Cafe-au-lait spots + pigmented iris hamartomas
Occlusion of this vessel may cause contralateral hemiparesis (lower limbs), loss of contra proprioception, ipsi paralysis of CN12
This vessel supplies medial surface of the brain, leg-foot area of motor and sensory cortices
Occlusion of this artery may result in contralater face and arm paralysis and sensory loss, aphasia, left hemineglect
Structure compromised in left lower quadrantic anopia
Tx of benzodiazepine overdose
Tetrabenazine and reserpine limit dopamine vesicle packaging and release and tx Huntington's by inhibiting
Mu-opioid partial agonist that produces analgesia but causes less respiratory depression than full agonists
Artery to CBT
Most common childhood supratentorial tumor

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Created Jun 21, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, extra, supply