EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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Can you name the neuro term?

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HintAnswerExtra
Most common site of berry aneurysms
Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue
Pathway of CNV3
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Dermatome at the nipple
'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension
Pathway of CNXII
Conjugate vertical gaze center
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
HintAnswerExtra
Rupture of bridging veins
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
Output nerves of cerebellum
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Dermatome at the kneecap
Muscle that opens jaw
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information
Dermatome at the umbilicus
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
HintAnswerExtra
Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
Location of GABA synthesis
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
Location of ACh synthesis
What are Lewy bodies composed of?
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
Tx of tremors
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
Astrocyte cell marker
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
Pathway of middle meningeal artery
Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin
Achilles reflex nerve root
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
Biceps reflex nerve root
Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
Pathway of CNV2
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
Area of lesion in comatose state
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia
Auditory center in the brain stem

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