EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension
Most common site of berry aneurysms
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
Dermatome at the umbilicus
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Astrocyte cell marker
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch
Output nerves of cerebellum
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
Location of ACh synthesis
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Dermatome at the nipple
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate
'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Dermatome at the kneecap
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
Biceps reflex nerve root
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
Location of GABA synthesis
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Achilles reflex nerve root
What are Lewy bodies composed of?
Conjugate vertical gaze center
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
Pathway of CNV2
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
Tx of tremors
Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Auditory center in the brain stem
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?
Rupture of bridging veins
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
Area of lesion in comatose state
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
Muscle that opens jaw
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia
'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
Pathway of CNV3
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
Pathway of middle meningeal artery
Pathway of CNXII
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?

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Created Jul 12, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:extra, high, immunology, molecule, yield