EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Pathway of CNV3
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
Muscle that opens jaw
Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
Dermatome at the kneecap
Auditory center in the brain stem
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
Dermatome at the nipple
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue
Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
Biceps reflex nerve root
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
Conjugate vertical gaze center
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation
Dermatome at the umbilicus
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression
Rupture of bridging veins
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
HintAnswerExtra
Pathway of CNXII
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
Location of ACh synthesis
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
Achilles reflex nerve root
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
Pathway of middle meningeal artery
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information
Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?
HintAnswerExtra
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
What are Lewy bodies composed of?
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
Pathway of CNV2
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
Output nerves of cerebellum
Area of lesion in comatose state
Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Most common site of berry aneurysms
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
Location of GABA synthesis
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Astrocyte cell marker
Tx of tremors

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Created Jul 12, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:extra, high, immunology, molecule, yield