EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
Dermatome at the kneecap
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
What are Lewy bodies composed of?
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Conjugate vertical gaze center
Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
Location of GABA synthesis
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision
Muscle that opens jaw
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression
Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation
Achilles reflex nerve root
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
Dermatome at the umbilicus
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
Tx of tremors
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
Astrocyte cell marker
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
Auditory center in the brain stem
Location of ACh synthesis
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
Pathway of CNV3
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
Dermatome at the nipple
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate
Rupture of bridging veins
Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
Biceps reflex nerve root
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Most common site of berry aneurysms
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
Area of lesion in comatose state
Output nerves of cerebellum
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
Pathway of CNXII
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia
Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
Pathway of middle meningeal artery
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
Pathway of CNV2
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells

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Created Jul 12, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:extra, immunology, molecule, yield