EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch
Output nerves of cerebellum
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
Conjugate vertical gaze center
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
Achilles reflex nerve root
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
Astrocyte cell marker
Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
Rupture of bridging veins
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
Muscle that opens jaw
Pathway of middle meningeal artery
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
Dermatome at the kneecap
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Location of ACh synthesis
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
Pathway of CNV3
Biceps reflex nerve root
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin
Dermatome at the umbilicus
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
Area of lesion in comatose state
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells
Pathway of CNXII
Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Dermatome at the nipple
Auditory center in the brain stem
Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
What are Lewy bodies composed of?
Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
Location of GABA synthesis
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Tx of tremors
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
Most common site of berry aneurysms
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
Pathway of CNV2

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Created Jul 12, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:extra, high, immunology, molecule, yield