EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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Can you name the neuro term?

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'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
Dermatome at the umbilicus
Dermatome at the nipple
Astrocyte cell marker
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
Muscle that opens jaw
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
Achilles reflex nerve root
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Most common site of berry aneurysms
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
Pathway of CNXII
Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Auditory center in the brain stem
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
What are Lewy bodies composed of?
Output nerves of cerebellum
Area of lesion in comatose state
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Dermatome at the kneecap
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
Pathway of CNV3
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Biceps reflex nerve root
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
Rupture of bridging veins
Pathway of CNV2
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Location of GABA synthesis
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
Tx of tremors
Pathway of middle meningeal artery
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
Location of ACh synthesis
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
Conjugate vertical gaze center
Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes

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Created Jul 12, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:extra, immunology, molecule, yield