EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Astrocyte cell marker
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
Location of ACh synthesis
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue
Auditory center in the brain stem
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
Conjugate vertical gaze center
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
What are Lewy bodies composed of?
Dermatome at the nipple
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
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Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
Rupture of bridging veins
Tx of tremors
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
Achilles reflex nerve root
Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?
Biceps reflex nerve root
Pathway of middle meningeal artery
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?
Pathway of CNV3
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
Area of lesion in comatose state
Pathway of CNXII
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
HintAnswerExtra
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
Output nerves of cerebellum
Pathway of CNV2
Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
Muscle that opens jaw
Location of GABA synthesis
Most common site of berry aneurysms
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Dermatome at the umbilicus
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Dermatome at the kneecap
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information
Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?
Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia

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Created Jul 12, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:extra, high, immunology, molecule, yield