EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
Tx of tremors
Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
Location of GABA synthesis
Pathway of CNV3
Pathway of middle meningeal artery
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
Achilles reflex nerve root
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation
Muscle that opens jaw
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
Auditory center in the brain stem
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells
Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate
Rupture of bridging veins
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
Astrocyte cell marker
Most common site of berry aneurysms
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch
Conjugate vertical gaze center
Pathway of CNV2
'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia
'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
Biceps reflex nerve root
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
Dermatome at the umbilicus
Location of ACh synthesis
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
Dermatome at the nipple
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
Dermatome at the kneecap
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
Output nerves of cerebellum
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
Area of lesion in comatose state
What are Lewy bodies composed of?
Pathway of CNXII
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia

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