Science / EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
Conjugate vertical gaze center
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?
Dermatome at the kneecap
Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
Dermatome at the umbilicus
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
Location of GABA synthesis
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
Dermatome at the nipple
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
Astrocyte cell marker
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy
Pathway of CNV3
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
Pathway of CNV2
What are Lewy bodies composed of?
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
Rupture of bridging veins
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
Pathway of CNXII
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
Pathway of middle meningeal artery
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
Muscle that opens jaw
Auditory center in the brain stem
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
Most common site of berry aneurysms
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
Output nerves of cerebellum
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia
'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
Location of ACh synthesis
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
Biceps reflex nerve root
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Achilles reflex nerve root
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Tx of tremors
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Area of lesion in comatose state
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension

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