EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Dermatome at the umbilicus
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation
Achilles reflex nerve root
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
Biceps reflex nerve root
Muscle that opens jaw
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
Most common site of berry aneurysms
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information
Pathway of CNV3
'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
Area of lesion in comatose state
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue
Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?
Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
Tx of tremors
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Auditory center in the brain stem
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
Astrocyte cell marker
Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia
Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?
Conjugate vertical gaze center
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
Location of GABA synthesis
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
Output nerves of cerebellum
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Pathway of CNV2
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
Location of ACh synthesis
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Pathway of middle meningeal artery
Pathway of CNXII
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
What are Lewy bodies composed of?
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
Rupture of bridging veins
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
Dermatome at the nipple
Dermatome at the kneecap

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