EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?
Pathway of middle meningeal artery
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
Location of ACh synthesis
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
Muscle that opens jaw
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
Tx of tremors
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
What are Lewy bodies composed of?
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
Achilles reflex nerve root
Pathway of CNV3
Pathway of CNV2
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
Dermatome at the nipple
Area of lesion in comatose state
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
Dermatome at the umbilicus
Auditory center in the brain stem
Biceps reflex nerve root
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression
Most common site of berry aneurysms
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
Conjugate vertical gaze center
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
Pathway of CNXII
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells
Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Location of GABA synthesis
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
Astrocyte cell marker
Dermatome at the kneecap
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy
Output nerves of cerebellum
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
Rupture of bridging veins
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation

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