EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
Muscle that opens jaw
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch
Pathway of CNV2
Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
Rupture of bridging veins
Dermatome at the umbilicus
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
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Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Achilles reflex nerve root
Conjugate vertical gaze center
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
What are Lewy bodies composed of?
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia
Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation
Tx of tremors
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
Location of GABA synthesis
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision
Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy
Biceps reflex nerve root
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Auditory center in the brain stem
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
Dermatome at the nipple
Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Pathway of CNV3
HintAnswerExtra
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
Most common site of berry aneurysms
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
Output nerves of cerebellum
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Location of ACh synthesis
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
Dermatome at the kneecap
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
Area of lesion in comatose state
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
Pathway of CNXII
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Pathway of middle meningeal artery
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
Astrocyte cell marker
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression

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Created Jul 12, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:extra, immunology, molecule, yield