EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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Can you name the neuro term?

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HintAnswerExtra
Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy
Pathway of CNV2
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
Dermatome at the kneecap
Muscle that opens jaw
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?
Location of GABA synthesis
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision
Rupture of bridging veins
Pathway of CNV3
Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
What are Lewy bodies composed of?
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
Location of ACh synthesis
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
Tx of tremors
HintAnswerExtra
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
Pathway of CNXII
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
Dermatome at the nipple
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Most common site of berry aneurysms
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
Biceps reflex nerve root
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Achilles reflex nerve root
Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
HintAnswerExtra
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Area of lesion in comatose state
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Astrocyte cell marker
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
Pathway of middle meningeal artery
Auditory center in the brain stem
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Dermatome at the umbilicus
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?
Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression
Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?
Output nerves of cerebellum
Conjugate vertical gaze center
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch

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