EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Pathway of CNXII
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
Output nerves of cerebellum
Dermatome at the umbilicus
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
Muscle that opens jaw
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression
Astrocyte cell marker
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
Conjugate vertical gaze center
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Pathway of CNV2
Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Auditory center in the brain stem
Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia
Most common site of berry aneurysms
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?
'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin
Area of lesion in comatose state
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
Rupture of bridging veins
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Tx of tremors
Pathway of CNV3
Biceps reflex nerve root
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
Location of GABA synthesis
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
Location of ACh synthesis
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate
What are Lewy bodies composed of?
Dermatome at the nipple
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
Dermatome at the kneecap
Pathway of middle meningeal artery
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells
Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
Achilles reflex nerve root
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue

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