EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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Can you name the neuro term?

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Dermatome at the umbilicus
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
Auditory center in the brain stem
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
Conjugate vertical gaze center
Most common site of berry aneurysms
Biceps reflex nerve root
Dermatome at the nipple
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
Location of GABA synthesis
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?
Pathway of CNV2
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Pathway of CNV3
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin
Astrocyte cell marker
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
Output nerves of cerebellum
Pathway of CNXII
Achilles reflex nerve root
Tx of tremors
Location of ACh synthesis
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Area of lesion in comatose state
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
Rupture of bridging veins
What are Lewy bodies composed of?
Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Muscle that opens jaw
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue
Dermatome at the kneecap
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
Pathway of middle meningeal artery

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