EBSE Neuro Quiz 1

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Can you name the neuro term?

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HintAnswerExtra
Location of norepinephrine synthesis
Artery affected in stroke causing hoarseness and dysphagia
Muscle that opens jaw
Artery affected in stroke causing decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue + ipsilateral Horner's syndrome
Cell that myelinates multiple CNS axons
Location of 5-HT synthesis
Area of lesion in truncal ataxia
Where does the spinothalamic tract decussate?
Thalamic nucleus that receives auditory information
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to lower limb and face
Action of ciliary muscle in distant vision
Astrocyte cell marker
Where does the dorsal column tract decussate?
Action of ciliary muscle in near vision
Rupture of bridging veins
Nerve to levator palpebrae muscle
Site in hypothalamus that makes ADH
Cell that myelinates one PNS axon
Area of lesion in Kluver-Bucy syndrome
Increased CSF in the setting of atrophy
Sensory receptor responsible for vibration and pressure
Nerve to lateral rectus muscle
Horner's syndrome is associated w/ lesion above what spinal cord level?
Artery affected in stroke causing tongue deviating ipsilaterally
Dermatome at the umbilicus
Pathway of CNV2
Parkinson's disease results in the loss of dopaminergic neurons from what nucleus?
Pathway of CNXII
Reversible cause of dementia in the elderly
Neurotransmitter decreased in anxiety and Huntington's disease
Location of GABA synthesis
Schwannoma affecting CNVIII
In the basal ganglia, what inhibits the thalamus to decrease movement?
Thalamic nucleus that relays vision to the calcarine sulcus
Nerve that monitors carotid body and sinus chemo/baroreceptors
HintAnswerExtra
Thalamic nucleus that relays pain/temperature, pressure, touch, vibration, and proprioception information
Nerve damaged when eye looks down and out
Auditory center in the brain stem
Child presents w/ staggering gate + pes cavus + kyphoscoliosis
Innervation of muscles of mastication
Pathway of middle meningeal artery
Cell responsible for physical support, K+ metabolism, maintaining BBB
Layer of peripheral nerve that must be rejoined in microsurgery for limb reattachment
Common site of a berry aneurysm causing CNIII palsy
Dermatome at the nipple
Neurotransmitter decreased in Parkinson's disease and depression
Nonfluent aphasia w/ intact comprehension
Area of lesion in comatose state
Atrophy of strial nuclei + hydrocephalus ex vacuo
In the excitatory pathway of the basal ganglia, what disinhibits the thalamus via the GPi/substantia nigra?
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and static touch
What are Lewy bodies composed of?
Vagal nucleus responsible for motor innervation of pharynx, larynx, upper esophagus
Drug contraindicated in closed angle glaucoma
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for upper body and extremities
Neurotransmitter increased in schizophrenia
Pathway of CNV3
Nerve damage with eyes directed medially
Location of highest concentration of Na+ channels
'Floppy baby' presents at birth w/ tongue fasciculations
Nerve damaged when eye drifts upward and causes vertical diplopia
Fluent aphasia w/ impaired comprehension
Most common site of berry aneurysms
Location of ACh synthesis
Where does the lateral corticospinal tract decussate
Embryonic origin of Schwann cells
Area of lesion in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Conjugate vertical gaze center
Regulation of cerebral perfusion normally driven by
'Fried eggs' on H&E staining
HintAnswerExtra
Area of lesion in which eyes look away from lesion
Area of lesion in spatial neglect syndrome
Dermatome at inguinal ligament
Nerve that monitors aortic arch chemo/baroreceptors
Dermatome at the kneecap
Paralysis of conjugate vertical gaze
What connects Broca's and Wernicke's areas?
Sensory receptor responsible for position sense and dynamic fine touch
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemiparesis and hemiplegia
Cells destroyed in Guillian-Barre syndrome
Achilles reflex nerve root
Vagal nucleus of visceral sensation
Lesion in superior colliculi results in paralysis of
Thalamic nucleus that relays face sensation and taste information
Enzyme defect in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
In the basal ganglia, what stimulates the GPi to inhibit the thalamus?
Drug that aids delivery of chemo to brain tumors by transiently unraveling the BBB
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation to upper limb and face
Lumbar puncture usually performed at level of
Output nerves of cerebellum
Dorsal columns nucleus synapse for lower body and extremities
Hemballismus is characteristic of contralateral lesion of what nucleus?
Cells destroyed in multiple sclerosis
Nerve for taste from posterior 1/3 of tongue
Pathway of brain stem + vertebral arteries
Decreased CSF absorption by arachnoid villi leading to increased ICP, papilledema, herniation
Provides stimulatory feedback to contralateral cortex to module movement
Artery affected in stroke causing contralateral hemianopsia w/ macular sparing
Tx of tremors
Inflammatory infiltrate in Guillain-Barre syndrome
Medial cerebellum injured, which side will patient fall?
Biceps reflex nerve root
Area of lesion in anterograde amnesia
Area of lesion in re-emergence of primitive reflexes
Site in hypothalamus that makes oxytocin

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Created Jul 12, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:extra, high, immunology, molecule, yield