Landmark Supreme Court Cases

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Can you name the Landmark Supreme Court Cases?

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Established the Supreme Court's power to strike down acts of United States Congress that were in conflict with the Constitution.1803
The court stated the doctrine of implied powers, from the Necessary and Proper Clause at Article I, section 8. To fulfill its goal, the federal government may use any means the con1819
The power to regulate interstate navigation is granted to Congress by the Commerce Clause of the Constitution.1824
Blacks, whether free or slaves, cannot be U.S. citizens. Consequently, they cannot sue in federal courts. Also, slavery cannot be outlawed in the western territories before they ac1857
Segregated facilities for blacks and whites are constitutional under the doctrine of separate but equal, which held for close to 60 years.1896
Established the idea that 'clear and present danger' in certain speech is not protected by the First Amendment. Schenck's attempts to obstruct recruitment processes were perceived1919
Established the “fighting words doctrine” that some words are not protected under the First Amendment because they are tantamount to violent actions.1942
American citizens of Japanese descent can be interned and deprived of basic constitutional rights; first application of the strict scrutiny test.1944
Government reimbursing transportation costs to and from Catholic schools does not violate the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment; however, a wall of separation must be ere1947
segregated schools in the several states are unconstitutional in violation of the 14th Amendment. Found that 'The 'separate but equal' doctrine adopted in Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U1955
Evidence obtained by searches and seizures in violation of the United States Constitution is inadmissible in a criminal trial in a state court.1961
Government-directed prayer in public schools, even if it is denominationally neutral and non-mandatory, violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment.1962
Anyone charged with a serious criminal offense has the right to an attorney and the state must provide one if they are unable to afford legal counsel1963
Public officials, to prove they were libelled, must show not only that a statement is false, but also that it has been published with malicious intent.1964
Interstate commerce, and hence the Federal Civil Rights Act of 1964 (prohibiting discrimination against blacks) applies to places of public accommodation patronized by interstate t1964
A person in police custody has the right to speak to an attorney.1964
Married people are entitled to use contraception and making it a crime to sell to them same is unconstitutional. (A later case, Eisenstadt v. Baird, extended this to unmarried adul1965
Police must advise criminal suspects of their rights under the Constitution to remain silent, to consult with a lawyer and to have one appointed if he is an indigent. The interroga1966
Evidence obtained by wiretapping a public phonebooth without a warrant is not admissible in court, just as if a private phone line had been eavesdropped.1967
Laws that prohibit marriage between races (anti-miscegenation statutes) are unconstitutional.1967
Mere advocacy of the use of force, or of violation of law (in this case, by a Ku Klux Klan leader) is protected by the 1st Amendment free speech clause. Only inciting others to tak1969
One should not be convicted for wearing a jacket in a courtroom emblazoned with the phrase '**** the Draft' (in the Vietnam War context), as this is communication, protected by the1971
To be obscene, a work must fail several tests to determine its value to society, essentially having 'no redeeming social value' to be so declared.1973
holdingcaseyear
Sex-based discriminations are inherently suspect. A statute giving benefits to the spouses of male, but not female members of the uniformed services (on the assumption that only th1973
Struck down abortion laws restricting abortion prior to viability as unconstitutional, prohibiting most restrictions in the first trimester and permitting only health-related restr1973
The President of the United States is not above the law.1974
Race based set-asides in educational opportunities violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Constitution. The decision leaves the door open to some race usage in admission decisi1978
Upheld the common law rule that the insane cannot be executed.1986
Law prohibiting burning of the American flag is unconstitutional as violating the First Amendment.1989
Family having requested the termination of life-sustaining treatments of their vegetative relative, the state may constitutionally oppose this request, for lack of evidence of a cl1990
Placed tighter restrictions on abortion by upholding parts of Pennsylvania's abortion laws. Also reaffirmed the decisions of Roe v. Wade but permitted additional restrictions in th1992
Private parade organizers have a right to exclude groups with whose message they disagree from participating.1995
New York's prohibition on assisting suicide does not violate the Equal Protection Clause.1997
Private organizations' First Amendment right of expressive association allows them to choose their own membership and expel members based on their sexual orientation even if such d2000
US Supreme court ended the recount of ballots in Florida and awarded the US presidency to George W. Bush.2000
A narrowly tailored use of race in student admission decisions may be permissible under the Fourteenth Amendment's Equal Protection Clause, as a diverse student body is beneficial 2003
Texas law that prohibits homosexuals from engaging in consensual sodomy in private is prohibited by Fourteenth Amendment due process clause as lacking a rational basis.2003
Teaching intelligent design in public school biology classes violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment because intelligent design is not science and 'cannot uncouple2005
upheld power of a local government to seize property for economic development purposes.2005
Held that the Congress can prohibit a specific abortion procedure (Intact dilation and extraction—also known as partial-birth abortion) on grounds that it 'implicates additional2007
Ruled that 'The Second Amendment protects an individual right to possess a firearm unconnected with service in a militia, and to use that arm for traditionally lawful purposes, suc2008
foreign terrorism suspects have constitutional rights to challenge their detention at the Guantánamo Bay naval base in United States courts.2008
Municipalities may not decline to certify the results of an otherwise fair exam merely because it would have made disproportionately more white applicants eligible for promotion.2009
A defendant may waive his right to counsel for police interrogation, even if police initiate the interrogation after the defendant's assertion of his right to counsel at an arraign2009
limits on corporate and union political expenditures during an election cycle violate the First Amendment; establishes corporate personhood.2010

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