To advance beyond the goalline at the start of a period.
To assist a player at the start, or at any other point in a game.
To hold or push off from the goal posts or their fixtures, the sides or ends of the pool.
To take an active part in the game when standing on the floor or to jump to play the ball/tackle.*
To take or hold the entire ball under the water when tackled.
To strike at the ball with a clenched fist.*
To play or touch the ball with two hands at the same time.*
To push or push off from an opponent who is not holding the ball.
To be within two metres of the opponents’ goal line except when behind the line of the ball. (Offside)
To take a penalty throw other than in the prescribed manner.
To delay unduly when taking a free throw, goal throw or corner throw.
For a goalkeeper to go or touch the ball beyond the halfway line.
To last touch the ball that goes out of the side of the field of play (or rebound off the side).
For a team to retain possession of the ball for more than 30 seconds of actual play without shooting at their opponent’s goal.
To waste time.
To simulate being fouled.
For an excluded player or a substitute to enter/re-enter the field of play, including without having received a signal from the secretary or referee, from any place other than the player’s own re-entry area, by jumping or pushing off from the side or wall of the pool or field of play, or affecting the alignment of the goal.
To interfere with the taking of a penalty throw.
For the defending goalkeeper to fail to take up the correct position on the goal line at the taking of a penalty throw.
If an excluded player intentionally interferes with play.
To interfere with the taking of a free throw, goal throw or corner throw.
To attempt to block a pass or shot with two hands outside the 5 metre area.
To splash in the face of an opponent intentionally.
To impede or otherwise prevent the free movement of an opponent who is not holding the ball.
To hold, sink or pull back an opponent who is not holding the ball.
To use two hands to hold an opponent anywhere in the field of play.
Upon a change of possession, for a defending player to commit a foul on any player of the team in possession of the ball, anywhere in the attacking team’s half of the field of play.
To kick or strike an opponent intentionally or make disproportionate movements with that intent.
To be guilty of misconduct, including the use of unacceptable language, aggressive or persistent foul play, to refuse obedience to or show disrespect for a referee or official.
To commit an act of brutality against an opponent or official.
For a defending player to commit any foul within the 5 metre area but for which a goal would probably have resulted.
For a defending player within the 5 metre area to kick or strike an opponent or commit an act of brutality.
For an excluded player intentionally to interfere with play, including affecting the alignment of the goal.
For a goalkeeper or any other defending player to pull over the goal completely with the object of preventing a probable goal.
For a player or substitute who is not entitled under the Rules to participate in the play at that time to enter the field of play.
For the coach, or any team official of the team not in possession of the ball to request a timeout.
For the coach, or any team official to take any action with intent to prevent a probable goal or to delay the game.
If, in the last minute of the game, a penalty throw is awarded to a team, the coach may elect to maintain possession of the ball and be awarded a free throw.